ADS, signed "Clay" as a young lawyer, one page, 8'' x 12.5'', Woodford County, Kentucky. Document is undated, but given the date references in the document, it appears to be circa 1801-1802. A legal document suing the estate of David Rowland for non-payment of 40 pounds due to Clay's client, William Ellis, assignee of John Breckenridge. In Very Good condition; intersecting folds with associated small holes and toning, area of dampstaining at the bottom portion of the document under the signature.
Given the date and location of this document, it is presumable that the John Breckenridge referred to in this legal suit is the same as the patriarch of the famed Breckenridge political family. John Breckinridge (December 2, 1760 - December 14, 1806) was a lawyer and politician from the state of Virginia. He served in the state legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky before being elected to the U.S. Senate and appointed United States Attorney General during the second term of President Thomas Jefferson. He is the progenitor of Kentucky's Breckinridge political family and the namesake of Breckinridge County, Kentucky.
Henry Clay, Sr. (April 12, 1777 - June 29, 1852) was a lawyer, politician and skilled orator who represented Kentucky in both the Senate and in the House of Representatives. He served three different terms as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives and was also Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829. He lost his campaigns for president in 1824, 1832 and 1844. Clay was a dominant figure in both the First and Second Party systems. In 1957, a Senate Committee selected Clay as one of the five greatest U.S. Senators, along with Daniel Webster, John C. Calhoun, Robert La Follette, and Robert Taft.
Dubbed the "Great Pacificator," Clay brokered important compromises during the Nullification Crisis and on the slavery issue. As part of the "Great Triumvirate" or "Immortal Trio," along with his colleagues Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun, he was instrumental in formulating the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850. He was viewed as the primary representative of Western interests in this group, and was given the names "Henry of the West" and "The Western Star."
Text in Full
Council of Woodford
Woodford County towit
William Ellis as[ig]nee of John Breckenridge complains of Rowland administrator and _____ Rowland and Rowland administrating of David Rowland deceased of a plea that they render to the plt the sum of £40 which from him they unjustly detain: For that whereas the said David Rowland in his life time towit on the 7th day of August 1801 [word illegible] of _____ in the Country aforesaid by his certain bill penal sealed with his seal & to the Court now here shown, the date whereof is the same day & year aforesaid promised to pay to the said John Breckenridge the said Sum of £20 on demand, under the penalty of £40: And whereas afterward towit on the 28th day of Sept. 1801 the said bill penal being still due &unpaid the said John Breckenridge for value received assigned the same to the plt - and the plt in tail says that he did on the ____ day of ____ in the year 180__ demand of the said David Rowland dec[eas]ed; and on the ____ day of ____ in the year 180__ of the defts the said defts the aforesaid sum of £20; and both he and they did then refuse to pay it: whereby & by value of the act of Assembly in such cases made and provided an action accrued to the plt to have and demand of the defts the said sum of Â£40: nevertheless the said defts, although often required, the said sum of £40 to the said plt have not paid but the same to pay hitherto have refused & still do refuse to the damage of the plt £___ and therefore he sues &c.
Autographed Document Signed (ADS)
Undated, ca. 1801-1802, Woodford County, KY
One page, measuring 8'' x 12.5''
In Very Good condition; intersecting folds with associated small holes and toning, area of staining at the bottom portion of the document barely affecting the signature
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