History Of Most Important German Jewish Family Medal Mendelssohn Family
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History Of Most Important German Jewish Family Medal Mendelssohn Family:
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The Gesellschaft der Freunde was from 1792 until its prohibition in 1935 a Jewish aid organization in Berlin. Its members supported each other in cases of poverty, unemployment, illness and death. The Society was founded on January 29, 1792 on the initiative of Isaac Euchel, Aaron Halle-Wolfssohn,Joseph Mendelssohn, Nathan Oppenheimer and Aron Neo. Initially, the Society was an organization of enlightened bachelors who actively intervened in day-to-day political debates, such as the "early funeral." Around 1820 the Society became the cultural center of the Jewish community and the most important association of Berlin Jewry, led by respected and economically successful personalities. It was located on its own property, Neue Friedrichstraße 35, not far from the Alexanderplatz and the Old Synagogue, Heidereutergasse.
From 1880 the club withdrew from the public and became the informal center of executives of Berlin-based private and public banks, publishing houses, chemical, electrical and other important companies. During the period of the Weimar Republic there was a growing membership of non-Jewish members. On November 25, 1935, the society was banned by the National Socialists.
by Jewish bank ...Mendelssohn & Co.Jump to navigationJump to searchFormer Bankhaus Mendelssohn & Co., Jägerstraße 49–50 nearGendarmenmarkt; built 1891-1893
Mendelssohn & Co.was aprivate bankbased inBerlin,Germany. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, it was one of the preeminent banking houses in Europe.
It was established in 1795 byJoseph Mendelssohnin Berlin. In 1804, his younger brotherAbraham Mendelssohn Bartholdyjoined the company. In 1815, they moved into their new headquarters at Jägerstraße 51, thereby laying the foundations of Berlin's financial district. Mendelssohn & Co. remained in that building until its divestiture in 1939.
Mendelssohn quickly rose to prominence among European banks. Starting in the 1850s, they acted asRoyal bankersfor theRussianTsar, dominating the Central European financial market for Russiansovereign bondsuntilWorld War I. TheMendelssohn familythrough the descendants of the founding brothers continued to run the company.
Mendelssohn & Co. survived thefinancial meltdownof the 1930s comparatively well. Following the death ofFranz von MendelssohnandPaul von Mendelssohn-Bartholdy[de]in 1935,Rudolf Löbwas appointed as chairman of the bank, the first non-family member to be chairman. In 1938, under intense pressure of Mendelssohn & Co. were forced to hand over their assets toDeutsche Bank, and eventually to shut down.
Joseph MendelssohnJump to navigationJump to searchJoseph MendelssohnBornAugust 11, 24, style="margin: 0.5em 0px; line-height: inherit;">Joseph Mendelssohn(August 11, 1770 – November 24, 1848) was aGerman Jewishbanker.
He was the oldest son of the influential philosopherMoses Mendelssohn. In 1795, he founded his own banking house. In 1804, his younger brother,Abraham Mendelssohn Bartholdy, the father of the Mendelssohn, joined the company. The bankMendelssohn & Co.continued under the control of theMendelssohn familyand would rise to prominence during the 19th century, becoming one of the most important and influential German banks during the early 20th century.