Hudson River School C19th Century Miniature Original Watercolors Ebony Frames

Hudson River School C19th Century Miniature Original Watercolors Ebony Frames

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Hudson River School C19th Century Miniature Original Watercolors Ebony Frames:

Hudson River School c19th Century Miniature Original Water Colors Etched Ebony Frames. Outside Stained Dark wood Framed with inside ebony hand etched material used to make chalk boards with gold inside trim covered with beveled glass frames. The painting with castle frame has a crack on the inside ebony,the other is in excellent condition. The paintings are Hudson River School Miniatures done in Water Color of landscapes. Extraordinary Detail and RARE in size! These paintings are unsigned. Paintings are in EXCELLENT CONDITION! MEASURE: Framed- 5 3/4" x 5 3/4" both frames. Unframed- 2 1/2". PLEASE WAIT FOR style="margin: 0.5em 0px; line-height: inherit; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">TheHudson River Schoolwas a mid-19th centuryAmericanart movement embodied by a group aesthetic vision was influenced byromanticism. The paintings for which the movement is named depict theHudson River Valleyand the surrounding area, including theCatskill,Adirondack, andWhite Mountains; eventually works by the second generation of artists associated with the school expanded to include other locales inNew England,the Maritimes, theAmerican West, andSouth America.


Neither the originator of the termHudson River Schoolnor its first published use has been fixed with certainty. The term is thought to have originated with theNew York Tribuneart criticClarence Cookor the landscape painterHomer Dodge Martin. As originally used, the term was meant disparagingly, as the work so labeled had gone out of favor after theplein-airBarbizon Schoolhad come into vogue among American patrons and collectors.

Hudson River School paintings reflect three themes of America in the 19th century: discovery, exploration, and settlement. The paintings also depict the American landscape as apastoralsetting, where human beings and nature coexist peacefully. Hudson River School landscapes are characterized by their realistic, detailed, and sometimes idealized portrayal of nature, often juxtaposing peaceful agriculture and the remaining wilderness, which was fast disappearing from the Hudson Valley just as it was coming to be appreciated for its qualities of ruggedness andsublimity. In general, Hudson River School artists believed that nature in the form of the American landscape was an ineffable manifestation of God, though the artists varied in the depth of their religious conviction. They took as their inspiration such European masters asClaude Lorrain,John ConstableandJ. M. W. Turner. Their reverence for America's natural beauty was shared with contemporary American writers such asHenry David ThoreauandRalph Waldo Emerson. Several painters were members of theDüsseldorf school of painting, others were educated by the GermanPaul Weber.

While the elements of the paintings were rendered realistically, many of the scenes were composed as a synthesis of multiple scenes or natural images observed by the artists. In gathering the visual data for their paintings, the artists would travel to extraordinary and extreme Environments, which generally had conditions that would not permit extended painting at the site. During these expeditions, the artists recorded sketches and memories, returning to their studios to paint the finished works later.

FounderThomas Cole,A View of the Two Lakes and Mountain House, Catskill Mountains, Morning,Brooklyn Museum of Art

The artistThomas Coleis generally acknowledged as the founder of the Hudson River School. Cole took a steamship up the Hudson in the autumn of 1825, the same year theErie Canalopened, stopping first atWest Point, then at Catskill landing. He hiked west high up into the EasternCatskill Mountainsof New York State to paint the first landscapes of the area. The first review of his work appeared in theNew York Evening Poston November 22, 1825. At that time, only the English native Cole, born in a landscape where autumnal tints were of browns and yellows, found the brilliant autumn hues of the area to be inspirational.[6]Cole's close friend,Asher Durand, became a prominent figure in the school as well. An important part of the popularity of the Hudson River School was its celebration of its themes of nationalism, nature, and property. However, its leading artists, such as Thomas Cole, were also suspicious (or perhaps ambivalent) of the economic and technological development of the age.

Second generationFrederic Edwin Church,Niagara Falls, 1857,Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.Albert Bierstadt,Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868,Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC.John Frederick Kensett,Mount Washington, 1869, Wellesley College MuseumAsher Brown Durand,The Catskills, 1859,Walters Art Museum, reflects the "sublime landscape" approach employed by the Hudson River school of painting.

Thesecond generationof Hudson River school artists emerged to prominence after Cole's premature death in 1848; its members included Cole's prize pupilFrederic Edwin Church,John Frederick Kensett, andSanford Robinson Gifford. Works by artists of this second generation are often described as examples ofLuminism. In addition to pursuing their art, many of the artists, including Kensett, Gifford and Church, were among the founders of theMetropolitan Museum of ArtinNew York City.

Most of the finest works of the Hudson River school were painted between 1855 and 1875. During that time, artists such as Frederic Edwin Church andAlbert Bierstadtwere celebrities. They were both influenced by theDüsseldorf school of painting, and Bierstadt had studied in that city for several years. When Church exhibited paintings such of the North,[13]thousands of people lined up around the block and paid fifty cents a head to view the solitary works. The epic size of the landscapes in these paintings, unexampled in earlier American painting, reminded Americans of the vast, untamed, but magnificent wilderness areas in their country. Such works were being painted during the period of settlement of the American West, preservation of national parks, and establishment of green city parks.

CollectionsPublic collections

One of the largest collections of paintings by artists of the Hudson River School is at theWadsworth AtheneuminHartford, Connecticut. Some of the most notable works in the Atheneum's collection are 13 landscapes by Thomas Cole, and 11 by Hartford native Frederic Edwin Church, both of whom were personal friends of the museum's founder,Daniel Wadsworth.

Other collections
  • Albany Institute of History & Artin Albany, New York
  • Arnot Art Museumin Elmira, New York
  • Berkshire Museumin Pittsfield, MA
  • Brooklyn Museumin Brooklyn, NY
  • Corcoran Gallery of Art, in Washington, DC
  • Crystal Bridges Museum, in Bentonville, AR
  • Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens, in Jacksonville, FL
  • Detroit Institute of Artsin Detroit, MI
  • Fenimore Art Museumin Cooperstown, NY
  • Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, in Poughkeepsie, NY
  • Fruitlands Museumin Harvard, MA
  • Gilcrease Museumin Tulsa, OK
  • Haggin Museumin Stockton, CA
  • Hudson River Museumin Yonkers, NY
  • Mabee-Gerrer Museum of Artin Shawnee, OK[14]
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art, in Manhattan, NY
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in Boston, MA
  • Museum of White Mountain Art at Jackson, in NH
  • National Gallery of Artin Washington, DC
  • Newark Museumin Newark, NJ
  • Newington-Cropsey Foundationin Hastings-on-Hudson, NY
  • New-York Historical Society, in Manhattan, NY
  • Olana State Historic Site, in Hudson, NY
  • St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, in St. Johnsbury, VT
  • Westervelt Warner Museum of American Art, in Tuscaloosa, AL
  • Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, in Madrid, Spain.

  • Worcester Art Museum, in Worcester, MA
Notable artists[edit]Main article:List of Hudson River School artists
  • Albert Bierstadt
  • William Mason Brown
  • John William Casilear
  • Frederic Edwin Church
  • Thomas Cole
  • Samuel Colman
  • Jasper Francis Cropsey
  • Thomas Doughty
  • Robert Duncanson
  • Asher Brown Durand
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford
  • James McDougal Hart
  • William Hart
  • William Stanley Haseltine
  • Martin Johnson Heade
  • Hermann Ottomar Herzog
  • Thomas Hill
  • David Johnson
  • John Frederick Kensett
  • Jervis McEntee
  • Thomas Moran
  • Frederic Remington
  • Robert Walter Weir[15][16]
  • Worthington Whittredge

Hudson River School C19th Century Miniature Original Watercolors Ebony Frames:

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