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Iron Fist #14 Marvel Comics 1977 First Appearance Sabretooth Cgc 9.6 White Pgs For Sale
Iron Fist #14
Marvel Comics, 1977 1st appearance 'Sabretooth' John Byrne artwork
WHITE Pages CGC 9.6
Marvel Worldwide, Inc., commonly referred to as Marvel Comics and formerly Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, is an American company that publishes comic books and related media. In 2009,The Walt Disney CompanyacquiredMarvel Entertainment, Marvel Worldwide's parent company,for $4.24 billion.
Marvel started in 1939 asTimely Publications, and by the early 1950s had generally become known asAtlas Comics. Marvel's modern incarnation dates from 1961, the year that the company launchedFantastic Fourand other superhero titles created byStan Lee,Jack Kirby,Steve Ditko, and others.
Marvel counts amongits characterssuch well-known properties asSpider-Man, theX-Men, theFantastic Four,Iron Man, theHulk,Thor,Captain AmericaandDaredevil; antagonists such as theGreen Goblin,Magneto,Doctor Doom,Galactus, and theRed Skull. Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as theMarvel Universe, with locations that mirror real-life cities such as New York, Los Angeles and Chicago.
Martin Goodmanfounded the company later known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939,publishing comic books under theimprintTimely Comics.Goodman, apulp magazinepublisher who had started with aWesternpulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by then already highly popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he officially held the titles ofeditor, managing editor, andbusiness manager, with Abraham Goodman officially listed as publisher.
Timely's first publication,Marvel ComicsNo. 1 (cover datedOct. 1939), included the first appearance ofCarl Torch, and the first generally available appearance ofBill Everett'santi-heroNamor the Sub-Mariner, among other features. The issue was a great success, with it and a second printing the following month selling, combined, nearly 900,000 copies.While its contents came from an outside packager,Funnies, Inc., Timely by the following year had its own staff in place.
The company's first true editor, writer-artistJoe Simon, teamed with eminent industry legendJack Kirbyto create one of the first patriotically themedsuperheroes,Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1. (March 1941) It, too, proved a major sales hit, with sales of nearly one million.
While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these "big three", some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-dayretconappearances and flashbacks—include theWhizzer,Miss America, theDestroyer, the originalVision, and theAngel. Timely also published one of humor cartoonistBasil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper",as well as a line of featuring popular characters likeSuper Rabbitand the duoZiggy Pig and Silly Seal.
Goodman hired his wife's cousin,Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939.When editor Simon left the company in late 1941,Goodman made Lieber—by then writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service inWorld War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely, contributing to a number of different titles.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff.One of theseshell companiesthrough which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics No. 55 (May 1944). As well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics No. 12 (Winter 1946–47), were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961.
The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion.Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than even Timely had published, featuringhorror,Westerns, humor,funny animal,men's adventure-drama, giant monster,crime, andwar comics, and later and storiesand sports.
Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned,on comicscover-datedNovember 1951 even though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher, staff and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications.
Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of followingpopular trendsin television and movies—Westernsand war dramas prevailing for a time,drive-in moviemonsters another time—and even other comic books, particularly also published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, includingDan DeCarlo'sHomer the Happy Ghost(à laCasper the Friendly Ghost) and Homer Hooper (à laArchie Andrews). Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch (art bySyd ShoresandDick Ayers, variously), the Sub-Mariner (akaNamor) (drawn and most stories written byBill Everett), andCaptain America(writerStan Lee, artistJohn Romita Sr.).
The first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand were the science-fiction anthologyJourney into MysteryNo. 69 and the teen-humor titlePatsy WalkerNo. 95 (bothcover datedJune 1961), which each displayed an "MC" box on its cover.Then, in the wake ofDC Comics' success in reviving superheroes in the late 1950s and early 1960s, particularly with theFlash,Green Lantern, and other members of the team theJustice League of America, Marvel followed suit.The introduction of modern Marvel's firstsuperheroteam, inThe Fantastic Four#1, (Nov. 1961),began establishing the company's reputation. The majority of its superhero stories were written by editor-in-chiefStan Lee. The company continued to publish a smattering ofWestern comicssuch asRawhide Kid, humor comics such asMillie the Model, andromance comicssuch as Love Romances, and added thewar comicSgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos.
Editor-writer Lee and freelance artistJack Kirby's Fantastic Four, reminiscent of the non-superpowered adventuring quartet theChallengers of the Unknownthat Kirby had created for DC in 1957, originated in aCold Warculture that led their creators to revise the superhero conventions of previous eras to better reflect the psychological spirit of their age.Eschewing such comic book tropes as secret identities and even costumes at first, having a monster as one of the heroes, and having its characters bicker and complain in what was later called a "superheroes in the real world" approach, the series represented a change that proved to be a great success.Marvel began publishing further superhero titles featuring such heroes and antiheroes as Man, theX-Men, andDaredevil, and such memorable antagonists asDoctor Doom,Magneto,Galactus, theGreen Goblin, andDoctor Octopus. Lee and Steve Ditko generated the most successful new series inThe Amazing Spider-Man. Marvel even lampooned itself and other comics companies in aparodycomic,Not Brand Echh(a play on Marvel's dubbing of other companies as "Brand Echh", à la the then-common phrase "Brand X").
Marvel's comics had a reputation for focusing on characterization to a greater extent than most superhero comics before them.This applied to The Amazing Spider-Man in particular. Its young hero suffered from self-doubt and mundane problems like any other teenager. Marvel often presents flawed superheroes, freaks, and misfits—unlike the perfect, handsome, athletic heroes found in previous traditional comic books. Some Marvel heroes looked like villains and monsters. In time, this non-traditional approach would revolutionize comic books. Thisnaturalisticapproach even extended into topical politics. Wrote comics historian Mike Benton,
In the world of [rivalDC Comics']Supermancomic books, communism did not exist. Superman rarely crossed national borders or involved himself in political disputes.... From 1962 to 1965, there were more communists [in Marvel Comics] than on the subscription list ofPravda. Communist agents attack Ant-Man in his laboratory, red henchmen jump the Fantastic Four on the moon, andViet Congguerrillas take potshots at Iron Man.
Writer Geoff Boucher in 2009 reflected that, "Superman and DC Comics instantly seemed like boring oldPat Boone; Marvel felt likeThe Beatlesand theBritish Invasion. It was Kirby's artwork with its tension andpsychedeliathat made it perfect for the times—or was it Lee's bravado and melodrama, which was somehow insecure and brash at the same time?"
In 1968, while selling 50 million comic books a year, company founder Goodman revised the constraining distribution arrangement with Independent News he had reached under duress during the Atlas years, allowing him now to release as many titles as demand warranted.In the fall of that year he sold Marvel Comics and his other publishing businesses to thePerfect Film and Chemical Corporation, which grouped them as the subsidiaryMagazine Management Company, with Goodman remaining as publisher.In 1969, Goodman finally ended his distribution deal with Independent by signing withCurtis Circulation Company.
In 1971, theUnited States Department of Health, Education, and Welfareapproached Marvel Comics editor-in-chiefStan Leeto do a comic book story about drug abuse. Lee agreed and wrote a three-partSpider-Manstory portraying drug use as dangerous and unglamorous. However, the industry's self-censorship board, theComics Code Authority, refused to approve the story because of the presence of narcotics, deeming the context of the story irrelevant. Lee, with Goodman's approval, published the story regardless inThe Amazing Spider-Man#96–98 (May–July 1971), without the Comics Code seal. The market reacted well to the storyline, and the CCA subsequently revised the Code the same year.
Goodman retired as publisher in 1972 and installed his son, Chip, as publisher,Shortly thereafter, Lee succeeded him as publisher and also became Marvel's presidentfor a brief time.During his time as president, he appointed as editor-in-chiefRoy Thomas, who added "Stan Lee Presents" to the opening page of each comic book.
A series of new editors-in-chief oversaw the company during another slow time for the industry. Once again, Marvel attempted to diversify, and with the updating of the Comics Code achieved moderate to strong success with titles themed tohorror(The Tomb of Dracula), martial arts, (Shang-Chi: Master of Kung Fu),sword-and-sorcery(Conan the Barbarian,Red Sonja), satire (Howard the Duck) and science fiction (2001: A Space Odyssey, "Killraven" inAmazing Adventures,Star Trek, and, late in the decade, the long-runningStar Warsseries). Some of these were published in larger-format black and white magazines, under itsCurtis Magazinesimprint. Marvel was able to capitalize on its successful superhero comics of the previous decade by acquiring a new newsstand distributor and greatly expanding its comics line. Marvel pulled ahead of rivalDC Comicsin 1972, during a time when the price and format of the standard newsstand comic were in flux.Goodman increased the price and size of Marvel's November 1971 cover-dated comics from 15 cents for 36 pages total to 25 cents for 52 pages. DC followed suit, but Marvel the following month dropped its comics to 20 cents for 36 pages, offering a lower-priced product with a higher distributor discount.
Goodman, now disconnected from Marvel, set up a new company calledSeaboard Periodicalsin 1974, reviving Marvel's old Atlas name for a newAtlas Comicsline, but this lasted only a year-and-a-half.In the mid-1970s a decline of the newsstand distribution network affected Marvel. Cult hits such as Howard the Duck fell victim to the distribution problems, with some titles reporting low sales when in fact the first specialty comic book stores resold them at a later date.But by the end of the decade, Marvel's fortunes were reviving, thanks to the rise ofdirect marketdistribution—selling through those same comics-specialty stores instead of newsstands.
Marvel held its owncomic book convention, Marvelcon '75, in spring 1975, and promised a Marvelcon '76. At the 1975 event, Stan Lee used aFantastic Fourpanel discussion to announce thatJack Kirby, the artist co-creator of most of Marvel's signature characters, was returning to Marvel after having left in 1970 to work for rivalDC Comics.In October 1976, Marvel, which already licensed reprints in different countries, including the UK, created a superhero specifically for the British market.Captain Britaindebuted exclusively in the UK, and later appeared in American comics.
In 1978,Jim Shooterbecame Marvel's editor-in-chief. Although a controversial personality, Shooter cured many of the procedural ills at Marvel, including repeatedly missed deadlines. During Shooter's nine-year tenure as editor-in-chief,Chris ClaremontandJohn Byrne's run on theUncanny X-Menand Frank Miller's run onDaredevilbecame critical and commercial successes.Shooter brought Marvel into the rapidly evolvingdirect market,institutionalized creator royalties, starting with theEpic Comicsimprint forcreator-ownedmaterial in 1982; introduced company-wide crossover story arcs withContest of ChampionsandSecret Wars; and in 1986 launched the ultimately unsuccessfulNew Universeline to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Marvel Comics imprint.Star Comics, a children-oriented line differing from the regular Marvel titles, was briefly successful during this period.
Despite Marvel's successes in the early 1980s, it lost ground to rival DC in the latter half of the decade as many former Marvel stars defected to the competitor. DC scored critical and sales victorieswith titles andlimited seriessuch asWatchmen,Batman: The Dark Knight Returns,Crisis on Infinite Earths, Byrne's revamp ofSuperman, andAlan Moore'sSwamp Thing.
In 1986, Marvel's parent,Marvel Entertainment Group, was sold toNew World Entertainment, which within three years sold it toMacAndrews and Forbes, owned Perelman.
Marvel earned a great deal of money and recognition during the comic book boom of the early 1990s, launching the successful2099line of comics set in the future (Spider-Man 2099, etc.) and the creatively daring though commercially ofsuperherocomics created by novelist and filmmakerClive Barker.In 1991 Marvel began sellingMarvel Universe Cardswith trading card makerSkyBox International. These were collectible trading cards that featured the characters and events of the Marvel Universe. The 1990s saw the rise ofvariant covers, cover enhancements, andswimsuit issues.
Another common practice of this period was company-wide crossovers that affected the overall continuity of the fictionalMarvel Universe. In 1996, Marvel had almost all its titles participate in the "Onslaught Saga", a crossover that allowed Marvel to relaunch some of its flagship, albeit flagging, characters such as theAvengersand theFantastic Four, andoutsourcethem to the studios of former Marvel artists turnedImage Comicsfounders,Jim LeeandRob Liefeld. After an initial sales bump, sales quickly declined below expected levels,and Marvel discontinued the experiment after a one-year run; the characters soon returned to the Marvel Universe proper. In 1998, the company launched the imprintMarvel Knights, taking place within Marvel continuity; helmed by soon-to-become editor-in-chiefJoe Quesada, it featured tough, gritty stories showcasing such characters as theInhumans,Black suffered a major blow in early 1992, when seven of its most prized artists—Todd McFarlane(known for his work onSpider-Man),Jim Lee(X-Men),Rob Liefeld(X-Force),Marc Silvestri(Wolverine),Erik Larsen(The Amazing Spider-Man),Jim Valentino(Guardians of the Galaxy), andWhilce Portacio—left to form the successful companyImage Comics.
In late 1994, Marvel acquired the comic book distributorHeroes World Distributionto use as its own exclusive distributor.As the industry's other major publishers made exclusive distribution deals with other companies, the ripple effect resulted in the survival of only one other major distributor in North America,Diamond Comic Distributors Inc.In early 1997, when Marvel's Heroes World endeavor failed, Diamond also forged an exclusive deal with Marvel—giving the company its own section of its comics catalog Previews.
In 1991Ronald Perelman, whose company,Andrews Group, had purchased Marvel Comic's Parent corporation,Marvel Entertainment Group(MEG) in 1989, took the company public. Following the rapid rise of this stock, Perelman issued a series ofjunk bondsthat he used to acquire other entertainment companies, secured by MEG stock. Then, by the middle of the decade, the industry had slumped, and in December 1996 Marvel filed forChapter 11bankruptcy protection.In 1997,Toy Bizand MEG merged to end the bankruptcy, forming a new corporation,Marvel Enterprises.With his business partnerAvi Arad, publisherBill Jemas, and editor-in-chiefBob Harras, Toy Biz co-ownerIsaac Perlmutterhelped stabilize the comics line.
With the new millennium, Marvel Comics escaped from bankruptcy and again began diversifying its offerings. In 2001, Marvel withdrew from theComics Code Authorityand established its ownMarvel Rating Systemfor comics. The first title from this era to not have the code wasX-ForceNo. 119 (October 2001). Marvel also created newimprints, such asMAX(an explicit-content line) andMarvel Adventures(developed for child audiences). In addition, the company created analternate universeimprint,Ultimate Marvel, that allowed the company torebootits major titles by revising and updating its characters to introduce to a new generation.
Some of its characters have been turned into successful film franchises, such as theX-Menmovie series, starting in 2000, and the highest grossing seriesSpider-Man, beginning in 2002.
In a cross-promotion, the November 1, 2006, episode of the CBS soap operaThe Guiding Light, titled "She's a Marvel", featured the character Harley Davidson Cooper (played byBeth Ehlers) as a superheroine named the Guiding Light.The character's story continued in an eight-page backup feature, "A New Light", that appeared in several Marvel titles published November 1 and 8.Also that year, Marvel created awikion its Web site.
In late 2007 the company launchedMarvel Digital Comics Unlimited, a digital archive of over 2,500 back issues available for viewing, for a monthly or annual subscription fee.
In 2009 Marvel Comics closed its Open Submissions Policy, in which the company had accepted unsolicited samples from aspiring comic book artists, saying the time-consuming review process had produced no suitably professional work.The same year, the company commemorated its 70th anniversary, dating to its inception asTimely Comics, by issuing the one-shotMarvel Mystery Comics70th Anniversary Special No. 1 and a variety of other special issues.
On August 31, 2009,The Walt Disney Companyannounced a deal to acquire Marvel Comics' parent corporation, Marvel Entertainment, for $4 billion, with Marvelshareholdersto receive $30 and 0.745 Disney shares for each share of Marvel they own.
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Iron Fist #14 Marvel Comics 1977 First Appearance Sabretooth Cgc 9.6 White Pgs: $532