Imperial Cross Russian Czar Nicholas Ii Romanov Family Commemorative Insignia
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Imperial Cross Russian Czar Nicholas Ii Romanov Family Commemorative Insignia:
IMPERIAL CROSS RUSSIAN CZAR NICHOLAS II ROMANOV FAMILY COMMEMORATIVE INSIGNIA Description20131GREAT COLLECTIBLE!BRAND NEW WELL-MADE ITEM!SECURE AND SPEEDY DELIVERY FROM LAS VEGAS, NEVADA- THE SILVER STATE!GREAT ITEM! HONEST PRICE! SUPERB QUALITY!Only positive response from our buyers, regarding this item.
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Buyer: germanaire ( 42 )SIMPLY THE BEST!UNIQUE BEAUTIFUL ITEM!LIMITED COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE! IMPERIAL CROSS RUSSIAN CZAR NICHOLAS II ROMANOV FAMILY INSIGNIA COMMEMORATIVE BADGE. Insignia commemorates the last Russian Imperial Dynasty- The House of Romanov and Death of the last Emperor of Russia- Nikolai The Second Romanov Family.SOMBER STUNNING DESIGN- Seven ruby red crystals around Czar head symbolize blood droplets of each Seven members of Nicholas II Romanov Family killed by Bolsheviks in 1918. Also these 7 red ruby gemstones represent bullets of Nagant revolver seven-chambered cylinder pistol- so called Russian Seven-Shooter. It was used in the execution of the Imperial Family by Bolshevik's Commissar Yakov (Yankel) Mikhailovich Yurovsky. Russian letter "H" is "N" in Latin alphabet. It stands for the first letter in Russian name NIKOLAI (Nicholas) and THE SECOND- Latin digit 2 (II) below the letter. Very detailed artwork and solid craftsmanship!Beautiful well-made item solid cast metal. Very good size- it is measured 2" by 2" inches (5 cm x 5 cm) in length with very robust 2-3 mm thickness. Deep rich black & white hard enameled colors. Highest quality triple antique silver plating over solid metal. Jewelry style solid looking, high quality pin backside mount deluxe attachment. Provides superior locking power. Manufacturer Comb logo stamp. MUSEUM QUALITY MINIATURE PIECE OF ART!GREAT SOLID COLLECTIBLE AND PERFECT SPIRITUAL GIFT FOR RUSSIAN IMPERIAL MEMORABILIA AFICIONADOS!EVEN BETTER THAN PICTURES IN PERSON!* SECURE & SPEEDY USA SHIPPING WITH DELIVERY CONFIRMATION SERVICE *>~~~>LAST RUSSIAN EMPEROR NICHOLAS II ROMANOV FAMILY.Today, Nicholas II, Alexandra, and all their five children are considered martyrs in the Russian Orthodox Church for their devotion and exemplary lifestyle dedicated to Christ the Lord. Imperial Family member:
Czar (Tsar) Nicholas,
Czarina (Tsarina) Alexandra,
Czar's Daughters Grand Duchesses (Czarinas):
Maria, Olga, Tatiana and legendary Anastasia.The imperial family was executed by Bolsheviks firing squad on July 17, 1918 after months in captivity. They were shot in the basement room of the house of a Yekaterinburg merchant Ipatiev. Their bodies were dumped in a shallow unmarked grave on the city's outskirts and sprayed with acid to make them unidentifiable. Martyrdom for religion and fatherland...CZAR NIKOLAI ALEXANDROVICH (1868-1918).EMPEROR OF ALL RUSSIA 1894-1917. Nicholas II, the last Russian Emperor, was the eldest son of Alexander III and was born on May 6, 1868. He ascended the throne after the death of his father on October 20, 1894, and was crowned on May 14, 1896. The ceremony in Moscow was overshadowed by a catastrophe on Khodynskoe Field, where more than a thousand spectators were crushed to death.
He married the daughter of Grand Duke Ludwig of Hessen, Alice Victoria Eleanor Louisa Beatrice (Alexandra Feodorovna), and had five children. The Czarevich Alexei suffered from hemophilia and was a permanent invalid. There were four daughters. Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia. According to contemporaries, Nicholas was gentle and approachable. Those who met him easily forgot that they were face to face with the Emperor. In private life, he was undemanding but had contradictions in his character, tending to weakness and inconsistency. A stubborn supporter of the right of the sovereign, despite growing pressure for revolution, he did not give way on a single issue, even when common sense and circumstances demanded it. He struggled desperately to hold on to power during both the 1905 and 1917 revolutions. Freedoms accorded to people in his manifesto of October 17, 1905, were soon annulled.In foreign policy, Nicholas II took steps to stabilize the international situation, initiating two peace congresses at The Hague. During his reign, Russia was involved in two wars. In 1904-5, the country suffered a heavy defeat by Japan -- 400,000 men were killed, wounded or captured, and material losses were valued at 2.5-billion gold rubles. Even greater losses, however, were suffered in World War I, which Russia entered on the Allied side on August 1, 1914. Loss of territory, massive casualties and confusion at home were the main reasons for the Second Russian Revolution in February 1917. On March 2, 1917, Nicholas II abdicated.
After the abdication, the royal family first remained in Czarskoe Selo then, by decision of the interim government, were transported to Siberia. In April 1918, the Bolshevik government decided to move the Imperial family to Ekaterinburg in the Urals. Here, they were all shot on July 17, 1918. The bodies were hidden and have only recently been found and identified.THE HOUSE OF ROMANOVThe House of Romanov was the second and last imperial dynasty of Russia, which ruled the country from 1613 to 1761. From 1761 to 1917, Russia was ruled for five generations by a line of the House of Oldenburg descended from the marriage of a Romanov grand duchess to the Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. This line was officially also called Romanov, although genealogists sometimes style it, more accurately, Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov.The Holstein-Gottorps of Russia kept the surname Romanov and sought to emphasise their female-line descent from Peter the Great. Paul I was particularly proud to be great-grandson of the illustrious Russian monarch, although his German-born mother, Catherine II (of the House of Anhalt-Zerbst), insinuated in her memoirs that Paul's real father had been her lover Serge Saltykov. Painfully aware of the hazards resulting from battles of succession, Paul established the house law of the Romanovs, one of the strictest in Europe, basing the succession to agnatic primogeniture, as well as requiring Orthodox faith from the monarch and dynasts, as well as from the consort of emperor and from those of first heirs in line. Later, Alexander I, facing prospect of a morganatic alliance of his brother and heir, added the requirement that consorts of Russian dynasts had to be of equal birth (i.e., born to a royal or sovereign house). Otherwise their children forfeited all rights to the throne.Paul I was murdered in his palace in Saint Petersburg. Alexander I succeeded him on the throne, and later died without having left a male heir. Nicholas I, a brother of the latter monarch, was surprised to find himself on the throne. His era, like the one of Paul I, was marked by enormous attention to the army. Nonetheless, Russia lost the Crimean War, although it had some brilliant admirals on its side, including Pavel Nakhimov. Nicholas I fathered four sons, all of whom, he thought, could one day face the challenge of ruling Russia. Trying to prepare all the boys for the future, he provided an excellent education, especially a military one, for all of them.Alexander II became the next Russian emperor. Alexander was an educated, intelligent man, who held that his task was to keep peace in Europe and Russia. However, he believed only a country with a strong army could keep the peace. By paying attention to the army, giving much freedom to Finland, and freeing the serfs in 1861, he gained much support (Finns still dearly remember him). His family life was not so happy-his beloved wife Maria Alexandrovna had serious problems with her lungs, which led to her death and to the dissolution of the close-knit family due to his quick morganatic remarriage to his long time mistress, Princess Catherine Dolgoruki. His legitimization of his children by Catherine, and rumors that he was about to crown his new wife Empress, ending the morganatic status of his second marriage, caused great tension with the entire extended Romanov family. In particular, the Grand Duchesses were scandalized at the thought of being made permanently subordinate to Catherine Dolgoruki, since as an Empress she would retain precedence over all of them even after her husband's death. She would even have precedence over the future Empress, as Empress Dowagers were ranked higher than Empress Consorts in the Russian system of protocol. On March 13, 1881, Alexander was killed after returning from a military parade. Slavic patriotism, cultural revival, and Panslavist ideas grew in importance in the latter half of this century, drawing the dynasty to look more 'Russian'. Yet tighter commitment to orthodox faith was required of Romanovs. Several marriages were contracted with princesses from other Slavic monarchies and other orthodox kingdoms, and even a couple of cadet-line princesses were allowed to marry Russian high noblemen - when until 1850s, practically all marriages had been with German princelings.Alexander II was succeeded by his son Alexander III of Russia. A gigantic and imposing, if somewhat dull man, with great stamina, great lethargy, and poor manners. Alexander, fearful of the fate which had befallen his father, strengthened autocratic rule in Russia. Many of the reforms the more liberal Alexander II had pushed through were reversed. Alexander, at his brother's death, not only inherited the throne, but also a betrothed - Scandinavian princess Maria Fyodorovna. Despite contrasting natures and size, the pair got on famously, and produced six children.The eldest, Nicholas, became Tsar upon his father's sudden death (due to kidney disease) at age 49. Unready to inherit the throne, Nicholas reputedly said, "I am not ready, I do not want it. I am not a Tsar." Though an intelligent and kind-hearted man, lacking any preparation to rule, he continued his father's harsh polices. His Tsarina, the emotionally fragile German princess Alexandra Fyodorovna, was also a liability. While the Tsar bustled about on the front lines during World War I, the stubborn, traditionalist Tsarina held sway in court and in government. Shipping InfoINVENTORY ITEM 20131-b AW Az Apr DC SHIPPING (POSTAGE) + HANDLING (PACKAGING) = S&H TOTAL: DOMESTIC USA ONLY $2.99 ***We combine S&H on multiple items!*** (just request a combined invoice after you are done offerding)
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