Jackson Green Civil War Letter Merrill’s Horse 1861 Missouri Cavalry Amos Piper

Jackson Green Civil War Letter Merrill’s Horse 1861 Missouri Cavalry Amos Piper

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Jackson Green Civil War Letter Merrill’s Horse 1861 Missouri Cavalry Amos Piper:

Here we have two Civil war-related letters from Amos Piper to his sister, Marcy Whitney (one of the letters is actually written by Amos’s daughter). The first letter (4 pages long) reads as follows:

Yelverton Hardin Co. Dec. the 22nd

Dear Aunt,

By the request of father I take my pen to write you a few lines in answer to yours that he received some time ago since he had that stroke of the palsy he cannot write and it has also impaired his mind so he cant tell what he is writing when he does undertake it-he is rather better now than he has been for some time past. We had a letter from Jackson yesterday he was well & in good spirits. He is at-or was then at-Sedalia, MO but was going to start for Lexington the next morning. He is in a cavalry company under Col. Merrill he is a first-sargent & commissary. He wrote they had been out on a scouting expedition on they had taken 47 prisoners and 90 wagons guns & ammunition and lots of camp aquipages he says they have had no chance to fight yet the rebels shoot and run. If any of you want to write to him direct your letters to Sedalia, MO in care of Company C 2nd Regiment-Merrill’s Horse. Letters from friends at home soldiers are glad to get-Joseph’s family are well Charles has moved to Illinois he says he is about 40 miles from the Clark boys he wrote that he was going to see them soon they have five children their names are Randolph and Adeline & Alice & Perry Wells & Lizzie-Wells is in Oregon yet-he well the last time I heard from him we have had a very pleasant fall & winter so far very little cold weather yet-but-I expect we will have to make up for it-yet-I will give you the price of produce wheat is worth 80 cts per bushel corn 22 cts oats 18 cts potatoes 22 & pork is 2 dollars a hundred lbs & apples at no price for there is none if you have any over your way I would like to have you send me some for Christmas mince pies. Tell Abi and Sarah I am much obliged to them for the letters that they didn’t write. Father says if you want to see him you must come out here he wants you to write where Orlando Stevens widow is and all about the relations & how many are gone to the war. I believe I have wrote all the news I can think of at this time give our love to all of our relations and take a shore yourself write soon as you get this from your brother.

Amos Piper

Written by M.E. Hisey?

The second letter (two pages long) reads:

Yelverton O Dec the 27th 1864

Dear Sister

I take my pen to write you a few lines to let you know how I am. My health is poor at the best and my hearing is also bad which makes it very unpleasant to me. I hope you are well I want you to write to me and tell all about the old friends and relations. I want to know where Simonds widow is and Sarah Harris where is she now where is Luther Clifford now does he talk of coming to Ohio yet and where is John Foster we looked for him out here this last fall but we have not seen nor heard from him for a long time. How is Jeff Fitts getting along and all the rest of the relations? Give my love to Mrs. Webster and all of the rest of our acquaintances if you ever want to see me you must come here. I should like to see you very much you and Otis both and all the old friends. I am not able to do anything at all so you may know that the time passes away slowly you must write as soon as you get this without fail I am a staying with Joseph’s family now he is in the army now I will close by sending you all my love and respects hoping to hear from you soon.

From Your Brother

Amos Piper

P.S. I send Otis a paper direct to Kenton Hardin Co. O. A.P.

The “Jackson” that is referenced is Jackson Green. I am not sure what his relation was to Amos Piper.

Amos Piper was born on July 31, 1792 in Dracut, Massachusetts and died on January 1, 1868 in Yelverton, Ohio.

These letters are to Marcy Piper (Whitney), who was born on March 7, 1794 in Dracut, Massachusetts and died on January 13, 1880 in Rumney, New Hampshire. She was married to Otis Whitney of Cambridge, Massachusetts on July 20, 1823.

The following is some information on “Merrill’s Horse”:

The Second Missouri Volunteer Cavalry, also known officially as Merrill's Horse, was an cavalry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment was one of only a handful of Missouri regiments to be officially "named" as well as numbered.


Organized at Benton Barracks, St. Louis, Missouri, by Captain Lewis Merrill, 2nd Cavalry, U.S.A., under authority of Major General John C. Frémont, commander of the U.S. Army's Department of the West. Merrill organized his regiment from September 3 to December 11, 1861. (An additional Co. "L" was organized at St. Louis, Mo., January 1, 1863, and Co. "M" was organized at Warrenton, Mo. on June 30, 1863.) Before organization of Regiment was completed, it was ordered to march to Springfield, Mo., September, 1861. Fremont's Campaign against Springfield, Mo., September–October. At Sedalia, Missouri, Mo., till January, 1862. Scout through Saline County, Missouri December 3–12, 1861. Expedition to Milford, Missouri December 15–19. Battle of Shawnee Mound or Milford, Blackwater River, December 18. Roan's Tan Yard, Silver Creek, January 8, 1862. Knob Noster, Missouri January 22. Attached to Department of Missouri September, 1861, to January, 1862. District of Northeast Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to June, 1863. District of Southeast Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Arkansas Expedition, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Army of Arkansas, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to muster out.

Detailed Service

Moved to Northern Missouri and duty at Columbia, Glasgow, Sturgeon, ParisParis, Huntsville, PalmyraPalmyra and WarrentonWarrenton, operating against guerrillas and elements of the secessionist Missouri State Guard (MSG) January, 1862, to June, 1863. Expedition into Schuyler and Scotland Counties, against Porter's and Poindexter's MSG cavalry, July 12-August 8, 1862. Near Memphis, Mo., July 18. Brown Springs July 27. Moore's Mills, near Fulton, July 28. Kirksville August 6 (Detachment). Pursuit of Poindexter August 8–15, with skirmishes at Grand River, Lee's Ford, Chariton River and Walnut Creek, near Stockton, August 9. Switzler's Mill August 10. Little Compton Ferry, Yellow Creek, August 11. Roanoke September 6 (Detachment). Scotland and Boone Counties September 30 (Detachment). Joined Davidson's Cavalry Division at Pilot Knob June, 1863. Expedition to Little Rock, Ark., July 1-September 10. Grand Prairie August 17. Brownsville August 25. Bayou Metoe or Reed's Bridge August 27. Reconnaissance from Brownsville August 29. Bear Skin Lake, Ashby's Mills, September 7. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Pursuit of Price September 11–13. Near Little Rock September 11. Duty at Little Rock till March, 1864. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3. Benton Road March 23–24. Okolona April 2–3. Prairie D'Ann April 9–12. Camden April 15–18. Moro Bottom April 25–26. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. Scatterville July 28. Duty in Arkansas till September. Operating against Price September and October. Booneville, Mo., October 9–12. Little Blue October 21. Big Blue, State Line, October 22. Westport October 23. Battle of Charlot October 25. Mine Creek, Osage River, Marias des Cygnes, October 25. Grierson's Expedition from Memphis against Mobile & Ohio Railroad December 21, 1864, to January 15, 1865 (Co. "E"). Near Memphis February 9 (Detachment). Moved to Chattanooga, Tenn., and duty operating against guerrillas in Georgia and Alabama and escorting trains from Chattanooga to Atlanta January to September, 1865. Mustered out September 19, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 53 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 205 Enlisted men by disease. Total 262.

  • Brevet Brigadier General Lewis Merrill
  • Lieutenant Colonel John Y. Clopper

Letters are in good readable condition.

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Jackson Green Civil War Letter Merrill’s Horse 1861 Missouri Cavalry Amos Piper:

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