Jeremiah S Black, Attorney General/us Secretary Of State/civil War, Autograph For Sale

BLACK, JEREMIAH S. (1810-83) U.S. Attorney General - 1857-60; U.S. Secretary of State - 1860-61

Franked Envelope, 2 ¾” x 5”, as U.S. Attorney General during the presidency of James Buchanan, “Free, J.S. Black, Att[orne]y Gen[era]l,” also addressed by Black, to “Miss Lilly Macalester, 364 Spruce Street, Phil[adelphi]a City,” and bearing an August 7, 1857, Washington, D.C. postmark.

A prominent Philadelphia banker and businessman, Charles Macalester was a friend of many important politicians of the era, including James Buchanan. His daughter Lily was a good friend of President Buchanan’s niece, Harriett Lane.

The envelope is lightly and evenly toned, with wear and a few small tears at the edges.

Authenticity and buyer satisfaction guaranteed.

Shipping charges will be combined on purchases of multiple items. Amounts given in this listing are for delivery to addresses within the United States. Charges for delivery to addresses outside the U.S. will be quoted to the winning buyer after the item closes.

Sales tax of 7% will be charged on sales to Florida residents.

Steven L. Hoskin Historical Autographs

P.O. Box 2148

Venice, FL 34284

Member – Professional Autograph Dealers Association

(7612)

Jeremiah S. Black

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jeremiah Sullivan Black(January 10, 1810 – August 19, 1883) was anAmericanstatesman and lawyer. He was served as Chief Justice of Pennsylvania (1851-1854), Supreme Court Justice (1851-1856),Attorney General(1857-1860) and theU.S. Secretary of State(1860-1861) underPresidentJames Buchanan.

Early life

Black was born on January 10, 1810 inStony Creek, PennsylvanianearGlades, Pennsylvania. He was the son ofRepresentativeHenry Black, and his wife Mary (Sullivan) Black. He was largely self-educated andwas admitted to the Pennsylvania barbefore he was of age. He gradually became one of the leading American lawyers, and was a member of theSupreme Court of Pennsylvania(1851-57), serving asChief Justice(1851-54).

U.S. Attorney General and U.S. Secretary of State (1857-1861)

In 1857, he entered BuchananasAttorney General. In this capacity, he successfully contested the validity of the California land claims to about 19,000 square miles (49,000km²) of land, fraudulently alleged to have been granted to land-grabbers and others by theMexican governmentprior to the close of theMexican–American War.

WhenSecretary of StateLewis Cassresigned December 1861, Black was appointed to replace him, serving from 17 December 1860 to the end of Buchanan's term on 4 March 1861. Black successfully urged the appointment ofEdwin M. Stantonas his successor as Attorney General.

Black was perhaps the most influential of President Buchanan's official advisers, during the secession crisis. He denied the constitutionality of secession, and urged thatFort Sumterbe properly reinforced and defended. However, he also argued that a state could not be legally coerced by the Federal government.

In February 1861, President Buchanan nominated him for a seat on theSupreme Court; but his nominationwas defeated in the Senateby a single vote on 21 February. He becameReporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United Statesin 1861; but, after publishing the reports for the years 1861 and 1862, he resigned and devoted himself almost exclusively to his private law practice.

Later life, after government and death

After theAmerican Civil War, he vigorously opposed theCongressionalPlan forReconstructionand draftedPresident Johnson's message vetoing theReconstruction Actpassed on March 2, 1867; his veto was overridden. Black was also brieflyCounselfor President Johnson in his trial on his Article ofImpeachmentbefore theUnited States Senate, and forWilliam W. Belknap,United States Secretary of Warfrom 1869 to 1876, who in 1876 was impeached on a charge of corruption; he also representedSamuel J. Tildenduring the contest for the presidency between Tilden andRutherford B. Hayes. He died there at theBrockieinYork, Pennsylvania, on August 19, 1883 at the age of 73, and was buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery.

Personality, life, and children

On March 23, 1836, Black married the former Mary Forward (March 24, 1819 - February 24, 1897). They had four children, Rebecca Black,Chauncey Black, Henry Black, Jr. and Mary Sullivan Black.


Jeremiah S Black, Attorney General/us Secretary Of State/civil War, Autograph

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