Jewish Judaica/old Real Photo/l.golberg-lea Goldberg Israeli Poet?
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Jewish Judaica/old Real Photo/l.golberg-lea Goldberg Israeli Poet?:
Old Real PhotoL.Golberg-Lea Goldberg Israeli poet?
Lea Goldberg (1911 , Königsberg , now Kaliningrad , - 1970 , Jerusalem) , the Israeli poet , literary scholar and critic. Winner of the Israel Prize (1970). Written in Hebrew. Early childhood spent in Russia . In 1918 he moved with his family in Kovno , where she studied at Hebrew school. In 1926 he published his first poems (the newspaper " Lita Head "), and in 1928 was admitted to the university. In 1931 he attended lectures on Semitic languages and philosophy at the University of Berlin in 1932-33 . - University of Bonn , where she graduated with a degree of Doctor of Philosophy. In Israel in 1935 lived mostly in Tel Aviv. Joined a group of literary modernists " Yahdav ", which was headed by Shlyonsky with brokerage Goldberg assistance in preparation for the publication of her first collection of poems, " Tab'ot Auchan " (" Smoke Rings ," 1935 ) . In 1938-39 . Goldberg 's poem published in the weekly newspaper of the group " Turim ," based Shlensk .Goldberg acted as a theater critic in the newspaper " Davar " ( 1936-42 ) and the " Mishmar " ( 1943-48 ) , in 1949 - a literary consultant theater " Habima ". From 1952 to the end of his life was headed at the Hebrew University established its Department of Comparative Literature ( since 1963 - Associate Professor) . She was a member of the Academy of the Hebrew Language ( since 1959 ) .Poetry Goldberg, make up the bulk of its multifaceted creativity, written in a style manner that has developed among the young Jewish poets of Mandatory Palestine. Language of her works , despite its symbolic meaning , is simple and affordable. Her images, rhythms and rhymes, seemingly mundane hit extraordinary freshness. Late poetry Goldberg takes on even greater simplicity and transparency, which is moving towards the poet to direct and unencumbered expression of lyrical experience . Unlike most of his contemporaries , Goldberg did not write poems on topical subjects and rarely touched Jewish themes. Only in the years of the Holocaust , she expressed her feelings in a work devoted to Jewish themes - "Mi - Beit Yashan " (" From my old house ", 1944). Strongly attracted primarily to the fullness of artistic expression , Goldberg wrote about his childhood , nature , love (mostly hopeless and unrealizable ) of wilting and death. Among the outstanding works of poetic Goldberg is the cycle of " Mi- shirei ha insolent " (" Songs From the brook ") in the book " Al ha Preah " ( "Time to Blossom ", 1948). It phenomena of nature (rivers, rock , moon, grass) are the symbols of feelings and thoughts that concern the artist. One of the best landscape and philosophical works of the poet was the poem " Be- harey Jerusalem " (" In the mountains of Jerusalem "), included in the book "Barack ba Boker " (" Lightning at dawn ," 1956). The top of poetic skill Goldberg - a cycle of sonnets " Ahavat was Teresa di Mon" (" Love Teresa de Maine ") from the same collection . Immaculate shape sonnets written on behalf of an aging aristocrat 17 . and devoted unspoken love for a young tutor of her children. Liveliness and simplicity of the language , entertaining and sparkling humor distinguish Goldberg poems and stories for the little ones enjoying the great love of Israeli children .Two of the major prose works Goldberg " Mihtavim E nesi'a Medumi " (" Letters from an imaginary journey ," 1937 ) and " Be -hu ha - op " (" And he is the torch ," 1946 ) is basically autobiographical. The first of them, due to the relatively late period of life of the author , is a kind of elitist attitudes Goldberg interpretation of art. The action takes place in the second Lithuania. His character - easily vulnerable student , asserting their personality in dealing with the constant feeling of internal uncertainty , which inspires her mental disability of her immediate family .Goldberg was an erudite in European literature , but his research is mainly related to the Russian classics. She has written a monograph " Ahdut adam ve - ha - b - iekum itsirat Tolstoy " (" The unity of man and the universe in the works of Tolstoy ," 1959), a collection of articles on Pushkin, Lermontov , Gogol , Turgenev , Chekhov, Herzen , and under the title " ha ha sifrut Rusita ba - ha - mea - Tilia ' Esre "(" Russian literature of the 19th century ", 1968). Theory of poetry, problems metric rhyme character the book is devoted Goldberg " Hamishsha practice isodot b - ha - shear" (" Five chapters on the basics of poetry ," 1957).Peru Goldberg owns many translations of European classics into Hebrew. Among them are " War and Peace" Leo Tolstoy (1958), Chekhov's stories (1945), "Childhood" Gorky (1943 ), several plays and sonnets of Shakespeare (1957 ) , selected sonnets of Petrarch (1957), "Peer Gynt" by Ibsen (1958), Old French novel " Okassen and Nicolette " ( 1966). Together with Shlensk Goldberg edited the anthology of Russian poetry translations into Hebrew (1942). In his later years, Goldberg was fascinated by the fine arts , and served to illustrate some of his books. Unpublished poem by the poet entered the posthumous collection " Scheer ha - Chaim " (" The survivors of Life", 1971). Several poems Goldberg in the Russian translation published in the "Poets of Israel" (Wiley, 1963) and in the journal "Menorah" (Jerusalem, 1975).
size: 14 * 9 cm