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John Of Worcester Chronicon Ex Chronicis 1592 1st Ed Of Anglo-saxon Chronicle Nr For Sale

John Of Worcester Chronicon Ex Chronicis 1592 1st Ed Of Anglo-saxon Chronicle Nr

  OFFERED WITH is THE RARE AND HIGHLY DESIRABLE 1592 FIRST EDITION OF THE ‘CHRONICON EX CHRONICIS,’ AUTHORED BY JOHN OF WORCESTER OR FLORENCE OF WORCESTER (the latter is credited on the title, the former is preferred by modern scholars), WHICH IS IN FACT THE FIRST EDITION IN PRINT OF THE ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE IN ANY FORM, AS WELL AS THE FIRST EDITION OF JOHN OF WORCESTER’S CONTINUATION TO 1141,  printed in Latin in quarto at London by Thomas Dawson, complete in all respects, in very good to excellent condition, and bound attractively in full modern calf. The volume may be referenced as STC 3593.

 

THE EDITIO PRINCEPS, OR FIRST EDITION, OF THE ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE, WHICH IS BY FAR THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT SOURCE FOR KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING PRE-CONQUEST AND EARLY NORMAN ENGLAND.

 

The full title reads as follows:

 

“Chronicon ex Chronicis, ab initio mundi usque ad annum Domini. 1118. deductum, Auctore Florentio Wigorniensi monacho. / Accessit etiam continuation usq; ad annum Christi. 1141. per quondam eiusdem coenobij eruditum. / Nunquam antehac in lucem editum. / Londini, / Excudebat Thomas Dausonus, pro Ricardo Watkins. / 1592.”

 

CONCERNING THE ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE: 

 

“The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons. The original manuscript of the Chronicle was created late in the 9th century, probably in Wessex, during the reign of Alfred the Great. Multiple copies were made of that original which were distributed to monasteries across England, where they were independently updated. In one case, the Chronicle was still being actively updated in 1154.

 

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is the single most important source for the history of England in Anglo-Saxon times. Without the Chronicle and Bede's Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (the Ecclesiastical History of the English People), it would be impossible to write the history of the English from the Romans to the Norman Conquest. It is clear that records and annals of some kind began to be kept in England at the time of the earliest spread of Christianity, but no such records survive in their original form. Instead they were incorporated in later works, and it is thought likely that the Chronicle contains many of these. The history it tells is not only that witnessed by its compilers, but also that recorded by earlier annalists, whose work is in many cases preserved nowhere else.

Its importance is not limited to the historical information it provides, however. It is just as important a source for the early development of English. The Peterborough Chronicle changes from the standard Old English literary language to early Middle English after 1131, providing some of the earliest Middle English text known.

The Chronicle is not without literary interest. Inserted at various points since the 10th century are Old English poems in celebration of royal figures and their achievements: "The Battle of Brunanburh" (937), on King Æthelstan's victory over the combined forces of Vikings, Scots and the Strathclyde Britons, and five shorter poems, "Capture of the Five Boroughs" (942), "The Coronation of King Edgar" (973), "The Death of King Edgar" (975), "The Death of Prince Alfred" (1036), and "The Death of King Edward the Confessor" (1065).

 

CONCERNING THE USE OF THE ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE BY LATIN AND ANGLO-NORMAN HISTORIANS, INCLUDING JOHN OF WORCESTER: 

 

The three main Anglo-Norman historians, John of Worcester, William of Malmesbury, and Henry of Huntingdon, each had a copy of the Chronicle, which they adapted for their own purposes. Simeon of Durham also had a copy of the Chronicle. Some later medieval historians also used the Chronicle, and others took their material from those who had used it, and so the Chronicle became "central to the mainstream of English historical tradition".

 

Henry of Huntingdon used a copy of the Chronicle that was very similar to [E]. There is no evidence in his work of any of the entries in [E] after 1121, so although his manuscript may have been actually been [E], it may also have been a copy—either one taken of [E] prior to the entries he makes no use of, or a manuscript from which [E] was copied, with the copying taking place prior to the date of the last annal he uses. Henry also made use of the [C] manuscript.

 

The Waverley annals made use of a manuscript that was similar to [E], though it appears that it did not contain the entries focused on Peterborough. The manuscript of the chronicle translated by Geoffrey Gaimar's cannot be identified accurately, though according to historian Dorothy Whitelock it was "a rather better text than 'E' or 'F'". Gaimar implies that there was a copy at Winchester in his day (the middle of the 12th century); Whitelock suggests that there is evidence that a manuscript that has not survived to the present day was at Winchester in the mid-tenth century. If it survived to Gaimar's time that would explain why [A] was not kept up to date, and why [A] could be given to the monastery at Canterbury.

 

John of Worcester's Chronicon ex chronicis appears to have had a manuscript that was either [A] or similar to it; he makes use of annals that do not appear in other versions, such as entries concerning Edward the Elder's campaigns and information about Winchester towards the end of the chronicle. His account is often similar to that of [D], though there is less attention paid to Margaret of Scotland, an identifying characteristic of [D]. He had the Mercian register, which appears only in [C] and [D]; and he includes material from annals 979–982 which only appears in [C]. It is possible he had a manuscript that was an ancestor of [D]. He also had sources which have not been identified, and some of his statements have no earlier surviving source.

 

A manuscript similar to [E] was available to William of Malmesbury, though it is unlikely to have been [E] as that manuscript is known to have still been in Peterborough after the time William was working, and he does not make use of any of the entries in [E] that are specifically related to Peterborough. It is likely he had either the original from which [E] was copied, or a copy of that original. He mentions that the chronicles do not give any information on the murder of Alfred Atheling, but since this is covered in both [C] and [D] it is apparent he had no access to those manuscripts. On occasion he appears to show some knowledge of [D] but it is possible that his information was taken from John of Worcester's account. He also omits any reference to a battle fought by Cenwealh in 652; this battle is mentioned in [A], [B], and [C], but not in [E]. He does mention a battle fought by Cenwealh at Wirtgernesburg, which is not in any of the extant manuscripts, so it is possible he had a copy now lost.

 

CONCERNING JOHN OF WORCESTER, FLORENCE OF WORCESTER, AND THE ‘CHRONICON EX CHRONICIS’ OF 1592 (THE FIRST EDITION OF WHICH IS OFFERED HERE): 

   

John of Worcester (died circa 1140) was an English monk and chronicler. He is usually held to be the author of the Chronicon ex chronicis.

 

The Chronicon ex chronicis is a world history which begins with the creation and ends in 1140. The chronological framework of the Chronicon was provided by the chronicle of Marianus Scotus (d. 1082). A great deal of additional material, particularly relating to English history, was grafted onto it.

 

The greater part of the work, up to 1117 or 1118, was formerly attributed to the monk Florence of Worcester on the basis of the entry for his death under the annal of 1118, which credits his skill and industry for making the chronicle such a prominent work.[1] In this view, the other Worcester monk, John, merely wrote the final part of the work. However, there are two main objections against the ascription to Florence. First, there is no change of style in the Chroniconafter Florence's death, and second, certain sections before 1118 rely to some extent on the Historia novorum of Eadmer of Canterbury, which was completed sometime in 1121 x 1124.

 

The prevalent view today is that John of Worcester was the principal author and compiler. He is explicitly named as the author of two entries for 1128 and 1138, and two manuscripts (CCC MS 157 and the chronicula) were written in his hand. He was seen working on it at the behest of Wulfstan, bishop of Worcester, when the Anglo-Norman chronicler Orderic Vitalis visited Worcester:

 

"John, an Englishman by birth who entered the monastery of Worcester as a boy and won great repute for his learning and piety, continued the chronicle of Marianus Scotus and carefully recorded the events of William's reign and of his sons William Rufus and Henry up to the present. [...] John, at the command of the venerable Wulfstan bishop and monk [d. 1095], added to these chronicles [i.e. of Marianus Scotus] events of about a hundred years, by inserting a brief and valuable summary of many deeds of the Romans and Franks, Germans and other peoples whom he knew [...]”

   

THIS 1592 FIRST EDITION OF THE ‘CHRONICON EX CHRONICIS’ IS COMPLETE IN ALL RESPECTS. The volume is paginated as follows: [8], 584. The volume measures about 19.8 cm by 14.8 cm by 3.6 cm; each leaf measures about 186 mm by 137 mm.

 

The volume is attractively bound in modern calf decorated in antique style with blind borders and gilt bands upon the spine. The binding is in excellent condition and shows only a few minor scuffs and scratches upon the boards.

 

Internally, the volume is in very good to excellent condition, with generally clean pages, clear print and ample margins throughout. The title shows minor toning and three small library stamps of the ‘Inner Temple.’ The first three leaves were bound-in with the front board and the endpapers; as a result, leaf A3 (‘Candido Lectori’) is beginning to come away from the book-block. The final leaf is also mildly toned and bears an ‘Inner Temple’ stamp (the foot of the verso). Regardless of these relatively minor flaws, this is a very appealing example internally.

 

In all, this is THE RARE AND HIGHLY DESIRABLE 1592 FIRST EDITION OF THE ‘CHRONICON EX CHRONICIS,’ AUTHORED BY JOHN OF WORCESTER OR FLORENCE OF WORCESTER (the latter is credited on the title, the former is preferred by modern scholars), WHICH IS IN FACT THE FIRST EDITION IN PRINT OF THE ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE IN ANY FORM, AS WELL AS THE FIRST EDITION OF JOHN OF WORCESTER’S CONTINUATION TO 1141,  printed in Latin in quarto at London by Thomas Dawson, complete in all respects, in very good to excellent condition, bound attractively in full modern calf and OFFERED WITH .

 

 

Please take the time necessary to review the photos below in order to gain a better understanding of the content and condition of the volume. Please also take a moment to view my other sales of rare and desirable English and Continental printed books dating from the 15th through the 19th century.

 

Shipment is free for customers in the United States and Canada. For U.S. clients we ship either FedEx Ground for large shipments or USPS Priority for single books or smaller amounts. We ship using Canada Post for Canadian customers.

 

 Canadian buyers please note that we list on .com which automatically charges for international shipment. Your invoice will be amended to reflect free shipping.

 

 Please note as of January 2013 USPS has increased International shipping charges on average by 25%.

 

We charge for shipment of international orders.  We try to ship using USPS flat rate priority-mail boxes and we charge for shipment at cost or slightly below. Small 12mo books are shipped for USD 24.00. The cost of shipment for any book in Octavo, Quarto or small folio format is USD 60.00. The cost of shipment for large folios or quartos of equivalent size is USD 78.00. Multiple folio volumes and sets are, of course, generally more expensive and the cost of their shipment will always be quoted in the listing. With all of our sales if an individual client wins multiple books we charge only charge for the shipment of one book and cover the cost of shipment of the rest. Please note that mobile devices do not yet display correctly the shipment costs for international customers. Please enquire or consult the non-mobile site in order to obtain complete information concerning the cost of shipment.

   

All purchases save those by Canadian clients are shipped from New York State once per week, weather permitting. If you require faster service or special handling please let us know and we will do our best to accomodate.

                                         


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