Judaica-israel Palestine Health Department Anti-malaria Raport Book 1946 Maps
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Judaica-israel Palestine Health Department Anti-malaria Raport Book 1946 Maps:
JUDAICA-ISRAEL PALESTINE HEALTH DEPARTMENT ANTI-MALARIA RAPORT BOOK 1946 MAPS / DIAGRAMS
VERY RARE RAPORT BOOK for the year 1946 that includes a map and 8diagrams.
48 Pages written in Hebrew, 16.50cm x 24cm.
GOOD CONDITION, with age stains especially on the firsts and lasts pages of the book.
"At the time, malaria was treated chiefly by administering quinine tablets, made from the bark of the South American cinchona tree. “Keep quinine at work, at home and on a journey,” new immigrants were urged by a message printed on the back of Palestine entry permits, which added that quinine was “the best way to protect” themselves from the disease. “The mosquito is your enemy,” read the text. “Try to stay away from it.” This wasn’t working, and Kligler had a different idea: Efforts needed to concentrate not on humans but on the mosquitoes, and malaria could be not only endured but eliminated. The Malaria Research Institute that Kligler helped set up, which eventually had hundreds of workers, began draining marshes and spraying areas where they found concentrations of larvae. He developed ways of dealing with the different kinds of mosquitoes, and thought up methods like periodically changing the direction of water flow in an irrigation canal to eliminate the mosquito population breeding inside. Combined with a general improvement in public health under the British Mandate, the results were striking. In Jerusalem, for example, according to British statistics, 633 people were treated for the disease in 1923. The following year, the number had dropped to 347. Four years after that, in 1928, the number was 16. In 1925, the League of Nations Health Organization — the precursor of today’s World Health Organization — sent its Malaria Commission to Palestine; a resurgence of the disease in Europe after the First World War had made it a pressing concern. The members of the commission met Kligler andwere struck by the success of his program. The anti-malaria work in Palestine, the commission wrote in its final report, “by destroying pessimism, raising hopes, and, when the time is ripe, by providing us with much useful experience, becomes a welcome and invaluable addition to practical malariology, and the men who carried it out can be regarded as benefactors not only to the Palestinian population but to the world as a whole.” As a direct result of the campaign, land that had previously been considered barely inhabitable could be settled. By the time Kligler died in 1944, at age 55, the disease was in steep decline. By 1967, Israel had been declared entirely free of malaria."
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