Liddell Hart T E Lawrence In Arabia & After Feisal Arab Revolt Syria Hejaz Aqaba
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Liddell Hart T E Lawrence In Arabia & After Feisal Arab Revolt Syria Hejaz Aqaba:
‘T. E. Lawrence’
In Arabia and After
Basil Liddell Hart
This is the 1940 Edition, though in well-used condition and with a missing frontispiece
“In his preface, Basil Liddell Hart explains that while it had been his original intention to write a history of the Arab Revolt (in which Lawrence would play a large part), as his study progressed and deepened, the picture changed and he realised that had it not been for Lawrence, the Arab Revolt would have remained merely a collection of slight almost fleeting incidents. Because of him, it had an important bearing on the course of events further afield and on the course of warfare itself. It was for this reason that he was compelled to rethink his original aims and the book became a study of Lawrence himself.”
Front cover and spine
Further images of this book are shown below
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‘T. E. Lawrence’
In Arabia and After
1. The Crusader
I. The Sick Man
II. The Life-Line
III. The Undercurrent
The Arab Revolt
I. The Tocsin Rings
II. Men or a Man
III. The Wedge
IV. Spreading Ripples
V. Martial Reveries
VI. Spreading the Infection
VII. Strategy Fulfilled
VIII. A New Horizon
IX. Securing the Base
X. Leverage on Palestine
XI. A Regular Campaign
XII. More and More Regular
XIII. The Final Stroke-Preparation
XIV. The Final Stroke-Execution
XV. The Road to Damascus
I. Troubles of a Man with a Conscience
II. The Seven Pillars of Wisdom
The Man of Reflection
The Man of Action
The Near And Middle East
Arabia, Syria And Mesopotamia
Battle of Tafila
'T. E.' From A Photograph By Howard Coster
Feisal's Army Coming Back Into Yanbo. December, 1916
The Triumphal Entry Into Aqaba. July, 1917
Railway Raiding Party: Newcombe on Left; Hornby on Right
Lawrence Amid The Results Of A Raid
The 'Blue Mist' In Wadi Ithm
Lawrence's 'Ghazala', And Foal
'Tulips' Exploding On The Railway Near Deraa
Ja'Far Pasha And Sherif Nasir At Shobek
Lawrence At Aqaba
Lawrence On Arrival At Damascus
'T.E.' At Power Boat Yard. June, 1934
‘T. E. Lawrence’
In Arabia and After
SECURING THE BASE
August — September, 1917
Lawrence's persuasion secures the transfer of Feisal's forces to Aqaba, for operations in the north as Allenby's mobile wing - Liquid funds - The Turkish threat to Aqaba is paralysed by pricks - Lawrence begins to operate against the railway
Lawrence's first definite proposal towards the new campaign was that Wejh should be abandoned, and Feisal's whole force transferred to Aqaba. When the authorities in Cairo hesitated before this bold suggestion, Lawrence increased its boldness, urging the withdrawal from the Yanbo-Medina area of all the stores and money that were being used to sustain the operations of Ali and Abdulla. While Feisal was at Aqaba far up the flank of the Hejaz railway, and Allenby was before Gaza threatening an advance into Palestine, the Turks were not likely to strengthen the garrison of Medina. The important thing was to prevent them weakening it, and trying to withdraw their forces northward. A little encouragement, through a further slackening of effort in the south, might aid this purpose without involving any serious danger to the Arabs in the Hejaz.
Here, however, Lawrence was donning the mantle of Robertson and pressing a military theory beyond the limits of political expediency. But the stiffening of opposition to this further suggestion brought with it a relaxation of caution towards his first. Thus Lawrence's political instinct was justified, and he promptly exploited the weakening.
Aqaba was only 130 miles from the British position at the Wadi Ghazze, whereas it was 700 miles from Mecca. He suggested that, as a logical consequence, Feisal's force should be transferred from Hussein's sphere of control to Allenby's and become an autonomous army with Feisal its commander, under Allenby's supreme command. Their future lines of operation ran in the same direction.
Before this proposal could be adopted, three potential human obstacles had to be overcome — Feisal, Wingate, and Hussein. Lawrence was able to give the assurance that Feisal would accept — they had talked this matter over in Wejh months before. Would Wingate hand over to another the care of the now sturdy infant he had done so much to nurse? Clayton sounded him; he found him willing to see the larger issue and relinquish Feisal's force for Allenby's use. Thus of the possible obstacles, only Hussein remained. Lawrence offered to go down and persuade him.
The Duffer in had just returned from Aqaba, and she was ordered to carry Lawrence to Jidda. On the way she called at Wejh; here he disembarked and travelled by aeroplane to Jeida, a hundred miles distant, the advanced base to which Feisal's army had moved early in July in order to operate more effectively against the railway. The air way of travel was a pleasantly quick contrast to his last inland ride in this region, and on arrival at Jeida it was a joy to meet again his old comrades, themselves now crowned with the laurels of many successful railway raids. From him they heard fragments of his experiences in the north, and from them he gathered news of what had happened in the past three months.
On the debit side was the detachment of the Billi from the Sherifian cause. Early in May their Sheikh had joined the Turks at El Ala with four hundred of his men, and although he evaded their invitation to attack Feisal, he induced his brother to leave Feisal's army, bringing away his men and the arms with which they had been supplied. Another accession to the Turkish side, more notable than really influential, was Ibn Rashid, the Emir of Hail. His arrival, indeed, was the sequel to a disaster; for in April, when conveying a large convoy of supplies to the Turks in Medina, he had been trapped and routed by Zeid near Hanakiye, eighty miles north-east of Medina. Zeid had captured three thousand richly laden camels, a similar number of sheep, four mountain guns, and two hundred and fifty prisoners, mostly Turks. This was one of the most important coups of the Hejaz war, and the gain far outweighed the fact that Ibn Rashid himself with about a thousand followers had then joined the Turks at Medain Saleh. His chief effect was to impose an extra strain on their limited supplies.
In the raids on the railway that hampered its working the handful of British officers had continued to play the foremost part. The Arabs, indeed, regarded them as exhausting allies and complained — 'Newcombe is like fire; he burns friend and enemy.' And Lawrence, who had strategic reasons for wishing that Newcombe would not press too hard on the railway, remarks that he did four times as much as any other Englishman would have done and ten times as much as the Arabs thought necessary! Their passive resistance had played a part in baulking the original British intention of severing the railway completely, although the Turks had also taken a shrewd step to frustrate a strong concentration of effort — by filling in the wells within reach of their main stations. In the middle of May Newcombe had made several breaks around Muadhdham, between Medain Saleh and Tebuk, slipping away before the forces from these stations could close upon him. He reported that the repairs were being made with old rails, which showed how the Turks were being hit in their weak side — the material side. In July Newcombe and Davenport made a large scale raid, with marked success, on a long section of the line near Qal'at Zamrud, 140 miles north of Medina, while the Arabs captured the station immediately above it. Joyce carried out a series of raids further south around Toweira with a mixed force of Egyptian, French Algerian, and Arab troops, destroying thousands of rails and several large culverts.
Feisal, however, had moved to Jeida without enthusiasm, under pressure from Wilson and Abdulla. His thoughts wandered ever to the north, to Aqaba and to Syria. Thus he welcomed with delight both the news and the message that Lawrence brought. He accepted the new plan instantly, ordered his camelry to march to Aqaba, and made arrangements that the Arab regulars, now numbering about 1,800 men, should be shipped there as early as possible together with all the stores from Wejh. He also gave Lawrence a letter for Hussein.
Next morning at dawn Lawrence flew back to Wejh, and re-embarked in the Dujferin for Jidda, where he received Wilson's unstinted promise of moral and material support. Hussein came down from Mecca, and, under Wilson's influence, agreed to Feisal's transfer. Lawrence was -truck by the similarity between the two men in the narrow orbit of their thought, their loyalty to a cause, and their intense honesty of purpose, which in Hussein's case led him, perhaps not without cause, to view everyone else, save Wilson, as potential 'crooks'.
Yet Lawrence himself was hardly less disturbed when a telegram from Cairo reported that the Howeitat were in treacherous correspondence with the Turks at Ma'an, and a second telegram suggested that Auda was in the plot. As he held the keys to Aqaba, the menace was obvious. Lawrence boarded the Hardinge and sailed at once for Aqaba, which he reached on the afternoon of August 5th.
On landing he did not tell Nasir of the report, but simply asked for a swift camel and a guide. He also told Nasir that Hussein had granted him a month's leave to visit Mecca, a long sought privilege which so delighted Nasir that he sold Lawrence Ghazala, peerless among camels. Riding through the night up the Wadi Ithm Lawrence reached Guweira and found Auda talking with other leaders in a tent. They showed signs of confusion, but he greeted them gaily, and chatted about trivialities until he had a chance of speaking to Auda and his cousin Mohammed el Dheilan alone.
When he mentioned the subject of their correspondence with the Turks they told an elaborate story of a ruse played on the Turks. It was too elaborate to be convincing. Lawrence pretended to enter into the joke, but he perceived that 'there was more behind. They were angry that no guns or troops had yet come to their support; and that no rewards had been given them for taking Aqaba. They were anxious to know how I had learnt of their secret dealings, and how much more I knew. We were on a slippery ledge'. So was Lawrence, as an individual, although he does not emphasize the point. He played on their fears by carelessly quoting, as if they were his own words, actual phrases from the letters they had exchanged with the Turks. And he told them incidentally that Feisal's whole army was coming up, and also of the munitions and money that Allenby was sending. Finally he suggested that Auda might like an advance instalment of Feisal's bounty.
'Auda saw that the immediate moment would not be unprofitable: that Feisal would be highly profitable: and that the Turks would be always with him if other resources failed. So he agreed, in a very good temper, to accept my advance; and with it to keep the Howeitat well-fed and cheerful.'
Easier in mind, Lawrence set out back to Aqaba after dark. Riding all night, he had a talk with Nasir on arrival and paddled out in a derelict canoe to the Hardinge just as the dawn was coming. He had been gone only thirty-six hours, and had not been expected back for a week. But while he went below to sleep, the ship made full steam for Suez. Thence he telephoned a reassuring report to Cairo, in which he said that the reports of treachery were unfounded . . .
Please note: to avoid opening the book out, with the risk of damaging the spine, some of the pages were slightly raised on the inner edge when being scanned, which has resulted in some blurring to the text and a shadow on the inside edge of the final images. Colour reproduction is shown as accurately as possible but please be aware that some colours are difficult to scan and may result in a slight variation from the colour shown below to the actual colour.
Some of the illustrations may be shown enlarged for greater detail and clarity.
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To estimate the “packed weight” each book is first weighed and then an additional amount of 150 grams is added to allow for the packaging material (all books are securely wrapped and posted in a cardboard book-mailer). The weight of the book and packaging is then rounded up to the nearest hundred grams to arrive at the shipping figure. I make no charge for packaging materials and do not seek to profit from shipping and handling.
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