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Lt. Col. Duff Re: Wood Lakes Massacre Minnesota Indian Attacks Etc. July 3, 1864 For Sale
Lt. Col. Duff Re: Wood Lakes Massacre Minnesota Indian Attacks Etc. July 3, 1864
This is one of the Best Civil war Letters That I have ever come Across By Far! The Details of the Wood Lakes Massacre in Minnesota and Other Indian Attacks, Very Very Descriptive & Extremely Rare! Written in period Ink! 6 Pages in Length and Just Amazing Details; Translated Below!
Dist of Minn HeadQuarters Dist. of of the Northwest Paul Minn July 3rd, 1864 Lieut Col. W. Duff Adj Insp. Genrl. Present, That you may be correctly informed of the state of matters connected with the Indian war on the frontier of Minnesota, Iowa and the Territory of Dakota I beg leave to submit, very briefly the following facts, 1st Shortly after the Sioux outbreak of 1862 on the borders of this state, which was attended with untold horrors, and the massacre of nearly eight hundred white men, women and children, I was placed in command of the raw levies hastily thrown forward to check the savages. The Battle of Woods Lake a locality sixty or seventy miles above Fort Ridgely resulted in the total defeat of the concentrated force of the bands concerned in the outrages. About Two Thousand prisoners of Indians, men women, children were taken of whom upwards of three hundred of the former were tried by a Military Commission appointed by me, found guilty of participations in the murders and other crimes and condemned to be hung. The President Subsequently ordered the execution of thirty eight of these criminals, who were accordingly hung, and the remainder who have thus far survived the trying affects of close imprisonment are now in Military custody at Davenport Iowa. Some two hundred and fifty or three hundred of the warriors implicated in the outbreak escaped with their families and joined the upper and powerful bands of Sioux or Dakotas who roamed over the great plains between the upper Missoury and the British boundary line, subsisting on the Buffalo almost exclusively. The Gov't recognized the necessity of inflicting proper chastisement upon the murderers, and those bands who had harbored and protected them and in persuance of the orders of Major General Pope, General Sully ascended the Missouri river early in 1863 with a column of mounted troops and another mixed force of Infantry and cavalry under my command, marched from this direction it being General Popes intentions that the expedition should cooperate and finally unite at Devils Lake with a view to such utter moments as circumstances might indicate as proper to be made. In consequence of the extremely low stage of water in the Missouri, Gen. Sully's Command did not reach the point of junction designated and upon my arrival within thirty five miles of Devils lake, I ascertained that the great body of the Indians were on the Missouri coteau? I immediately changed the direction of the march from Northwest to Southwest and having one third of my force, comprising men and animals least efficient in consequence of fatigue and over work in an entrenched camp near Lake Jessie (see accompanying map). I made forced marches in the direction of the Missouri fell in with and fought the concentrated strength of the upper and lower bands of Sioux and defeated them in three separate engagements driving them across the Missouri River with a great loss in warriors, subsistence, Buffalo robes and other clothing and all their transportational ammounting to one hundred and fifty one more waggons carts etc. If it had been possible for Gen. Sully to have interposed his force between the retreating savages and he River, the destruction of the great body of the Indians would have been rendered certain and the war soon there after ended. But in spite of the efforts of that enterprising and active Officer, the great obstacles in his way could not be over come and I could not open communication with him. The season was one of unparalleled heat and drought and both branches of the expedition suffered alike for the want of good and sufficient water and of grass for the animals. Genl. Sully finally reached within a ten mile of my line of march about month subsequent to my return from the Missouri and on the 3rdof September fell upon and defeated a body of Sioux encamped near the James River inflicting a severe loss upon them. Since these events occurred the hostile combination has been strengthened by other powerful bands of the Jeton, Siouxs or Dakotas from the South and West of the Upper Missouri who avowed their purpose to prosecute the war and to put an entire stop to the emigration to Idaho by way of the Missouri River and over land. During the past winter most of the refugee murderers, being entirely destitute of food and clothing, which they lost during the engagements of the previous season as before stated crossed into British territory and made their way to Fort Garry and the Surrounding Settlements where they were enabled to subsist themselves until spring by exacting supplies for her Majesty's subjects. These refugees for the most part since the opening of Spring crossed back into our territories and probably joined the hostile camp which is said to be comprised of two thousand lodges, or between four and five thousand Warriors with a force nearly sixteen hundred Cavalry and mounted Infantry dispatched by me in compliance with General Popes orders, to reinforce him and about the same amount of strength from his own Dist. Should he be successful in meeting and inflicting upon those Indians a severe Defeat is it my opinion that this formidable Indian war can soon there after be closed, so you as any great demonstrations of strength on the part of the enemy are concerned, but the frontier will require to be guarded for some time to protect the settlers along the extensive line from petty raids. Should unfortunately there happen a failure to meet and chastise these Indians from any cause whatever, the whole border will be in great danger of attacks by large bodies of the savages. 2nd You have been furnished with an accurate statement of all the Military forces in this Dist from which you will perceive that there are soldiers along a line several hundred miles in extent varying from twelve to twenty miles distant from each other, which are occupied by small detachments. Daily communications is kept up between this small posts in order to deteck the passage of Indians on their way to the settlements, the stations being outside and beyond them. In my judgementit would be exceedingly unsafe to diminish this comparatively small force, before the termination of the Indian War. The establishment of a strong post on the James River and another at Devils Lake both of which have been named by the War Dept will tend greatly to a speedy suppression of hostilities on the part of the Indians. The garrisons of these posts are to consist of four companies of Cavalry and four companies of Infantry each, so that almost all of the expeditionary force dispatched from this post to join Genl. Sully, will be required for the two posts as the companies of the 30th Wisconsin Vols. who are to build Fort Wadsworth will as soon as relieved by companies of the returning expeditions march to you join the remainder of the Regiment under Gen. Sully on the Missiouri am Colonel Respectfully obdt. servant H.H. Sibley Genl. Commdg.
As you can see the Details are Just Amazing!!! Very Very Rare Civil War Letter Mentioning Indian Attacks going on during the Civil war! One of a Kind Item! Once gone probably never get another chance to own such an Extremely Rare piece of American History! Make sure you take a look at the other Colonial Coins and Rare Indian Cents, Silver Dollars, Civil War Tokens & Other Coins as well as an Awesome Assortment of14kt Gold Rings as well as Sterling Silver Rings that we currently have on at this time.
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Lt. Col. Duff Re: Wood Lakes Massacre Minnesota Indian Attacks Etc. July 3, 1864: $3,250