Marrow Of Divinity Puritan Theology/religion/church History Very Rare 1st 1659 For Sale
VERY RARE, ORIGINAL 1659 EDITION OF: "MEDULLA THEOLOGIAE: OR THE MARROW OF DIVINITY." This important 17th century work was written by noted Puritan theologian Samuel Clarke and printed by Thomas Ratcliff for Thomas Underhill, London. Author was a nonconformisttheologian and thepreeminent Puritan biographer of his time. The present treatise contains his esteemed collection of thoughts and opinions of the leading Protestant casuists. We could not locate another obtainable copy of this early work,and toour knowledge all other known copies are institutionally held. [Wing C4547]."Clark's treatise [Medulla Theologiae] is notable because it bills itself, in the extended title, as containing 'sundry questions and cases of conscience, both speculative and practical: the greatest part of them collected out of the works of our most judicious, experienced and orthodox English divines'. In this regard - as a collection of opinions from the best Protestant casuists, as well as the rigid question and answer format which augments its prescriptive tone - it is strikingly similar to many Catholic treatises, though notably, the casuists themselves are rarely cited and scriptural references are meticulously included to justify all of its major assertions" [see: "Authority and Inwardness: The Power of Conscience in Early Modern England" by Wesley R. Kisting (2007), pp. 57-58]."Samuel Clarke (1599-1683) was the son of a clergyman and was educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He was several times in trouble during the 1630s for his Nonconformity. In 1642 he became curate of St. Bennet Fink in London and during the 1640s he was prominent among the London clergy. In 1660 he joined Richard Baxter and other ministers in welcoming the king's return, but was nonetheless ejected in 1662. Thereafter he lived in retirement, attending the parish churches of the Church of England and devoting himself to writing. Early in his career as an author Clarke found a successful formula in producing the lives of the pious and famous" [see: "The Spirituality of the Later English Puritans" by Dewey D. Wallace (1987), p. 17]."Samuel Clarke (1599-1683)...was a moderate Presbyterian minister. After a long career starting in the 1620s, predominantly as curate of St. Benet Fink, London, and as governor and twice president of Sion's College, he sought accommodation with the post-Restoration regime. He took part in the Savoy Conference, was ejected from his living, and eventually retired to Hammersmith. Here he continued his biographical work, producing expanded new editions and original work...While his works are a valuable source, his polemical purpose is clear, producing testimonies of puritans worthy moderation, neither sectarian or humorless: these are examples by life rather than doctrine" [see: "Puritans and Puritanism in Europe and America" by Francis J.Bremer and Tom Webster, Vol. 1, (2006), p. 56].Samuel Clarke (1599-1683) was a noted English clergyman and significant Puritan biographer. He was born at Wolston, Warwickshire, the son of Hugh Clarke (d. 1634), who was vicar of Wolston for forty years. Clarke was educated by his father till he was thirteen; then at the free school in Coventry; and when seventeen was entered at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He was ordained about 1622, and held charges at Knowle in Warwickshire, Thornton-le-Moors in Cheshire, and Shotwick on the estuary of the Dee. Here, in 1626, he married Katherine, daughter of Valentine Overton, rector of Bedworth, Warwickshire.Clarke had already given some offense by his puritan tendencies. He accepted a lectureship at Coventry, where he was opposed by Samuel Buggs, who held both the city churches. Buggs persuaded Bishop Thomas Morton to inhibit Clarke from preaching, and, though Archbishop George Abbot had given him a license, Clarke had to leave Coventry. He was protected by Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke, and finally accepted another lectureship in Warwick, where complaints were still made of his omission of ceremonies. In 1633 he was inducted to the rectory of Alcester, presented to him by Lord Brook. Clarke make himself conspicuous by attacking James I's "Book of Sports", set forth afresh by authority in 1634.In 1640 he was deputed with Arthur Salwey to visit Charles I at York in order to complain of the et cetera oath. The king made some difficulty in seeing them, but promised that they should not be molested till their petition could come before parliament. In 1642 Richard Baxter was preaching for Clarke at Alcester, when the guns of the battle of Edgehill were heard, and next day they rode over the battle-field.Clarke going to London soon afterwards was pressed to the curacy of St. Bennet Fink, in the gift of the chapter of Windsor. The former curate having been expelled, Clarke was elected in his place by the parishioners, and when the war was over resigned Alcester, which was troubled by 'sectaries,' in order to retain it. He occupied himself in writing books, dated from his study in Threadneedle Street. He was well known among the London clergy; was a governor and twice president of Sion College; and served on the committee of ordainers for London in 1643. He was one of the fifty-seven ministers who, in January 1649, signed a protest against taking away the king's life. He assisted in drawing up the "jus divinum ministerii evangelici", issued by the London Provincial Assembly in 1653, in defense of the regular ministry against the lay-preaching permitted by the independents. In 1654 he was an assistant to the parliamentary commission for the expulsion of scandalous ministers and schoolmasters in the city of London.At the Restoration Clarke was deputed by the London ministers to congratulate the king; and he took part with Baxter and others in the Savoy Conference. He was ejected in 1662, with two of his sons and four other members of his family. In 1665, with a few other Nonconformists, he took the oath against resistance imposed by the Five Mile Act. Judge John Kelynge, before whom he appeared, congratulated the swearers upon their renunciation of the solemn league and covenant. Clarke disavowed this interpretation, and to put his motives beyond suspicion retired to Hammersmith in April 1666. Before his ejection he married his friend Baxter to Margaret Charlton (September 1662). Clarke continued to communicate at his parish church. He moved to Isleworth, and spent his time in compiling popular books, chiefly on biography.Condition: Rare book remains in good to fair condition [see images]. Volume bound in contemporary calf [leather] with raised bands and maroon and gold leather spine label; cover worn, front board detached though present, spine tips frayed, endpapers lacking, title page toned with scattered tearing, some mild toning, couple of old institutional markings, etc., generally clean internally. Volume bound in small folio format numbering 458 pages with extensive separate preliminaries and terminal index leaf; and measures approx 11" tall x 8" wide x 1.75" thick. Quite a find and a very worthy acquisition indeed.Payment and Shipping: Please see our response and offer with confidence. Never a reserve and very low opening offer as always. 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Marrow Of Divinity Puritan Theology/religion/church History Very Rare 1st 1659: $213