Orig Ww2 Secret Intelligence Ffi French Resistance German Map Siege La Rochelle
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Orig Ww2 Secret Intelligence Ffi French Resistance German Map Siege La Rochelle:
NOTE: I liveam British but I live in France so all items will be posted from France.
Combined Postage: Multiple buys pay only theextra weight shipping in the same parcel. Please email me with your location and which other sales you may win and I will calculate the actual cost of the combined postage before you offer.If you win multiple sales PLEASE WAIT for a combined shipping invoice before paying, thank you. So see my otherphotos by clicking my other items!
This map is authenic and is in great condition. It would be an invaluable tool to any WWII archeologists planning digs etc.
For sale in this sale :- is an originalWW II German Map of the French La Rochelle coast and inland areas, which has been overprinted in red by the Free French Forces of the Interior, (FFI), known to the rest of the world as "The French Resistance".
This map would have been invaluable to both the Allied American, British, Canadian and French forces for the seige of La Rochelle.
The map is actuallytwo maps stuck together to make one large map of the Southern La Rochelle area.
The overprint is the second edition and is marked "Tres Secret", (Top Secret). It shows all the German defences put in place to fight any allied invasion of France from the West coast.
It is extremely detailed, showing amongst other things, Barbed Wire defences, Machine Gun posts, Artillery positions, Flame Thrower locations, Mines, and many other defence sytems.
The La Rochelle area of France was under siege right until the end of the war and was the last place in France to be freed. This only occured with the General surrender of Germany.
The map is German but the overprint is in French. There is a part of the overprint in the legend which reads "EM DAATL 2B 28.4.45". This is not German or French so could be a code. Itis likely tobe the "good until date", by which time a new updated 3rd edition would have been issued. But of course the Germans surrendered LA Rochelle on 7th May 1945 with the surrender ceremony held in the city on the 8th.
Underneath the images below I have placed some information concerning the Allied siege of La Rochelle, which lasted from June 1944 right up until 7th May 1945.
Most of these sales of mine featuring items from the end of World War Two come from the collection of Major, (later Colonel), Commandant Jean Bouwens de Boijen, the Senior French Liaison Officer of the Displaced Persons Division, Allied Liaison Section, based at the Headquarters of the THIRD U.S. Army in Occupation of Germany at the end of World War Two. His job along with the American and British armies was to help locate, sometimes detain, provise aid, and finally try to repatriate all the POWs and other internees that the Germans had locked up in camps, including many from Concentration camps. I have documents about and from some of these people in my other sales. CLICK HERE TO SEE THEM other items!
The Major/Colonel was first attached to the United States Army on 29th September 1944 and stayed with them during the liberation of France and the eventual invasion and taking of Germany.
There are many large size scans below so you can see the condition.
Be assured, thisis an originalWWII French Resistance Map, it is not a modern copy or reprint.I have many more WWII WWI and other military items up for sale right now and will be listing many more in the near future. To be notified when I list new items just click here favorites list! To see my other sales right now please click here other items!
Allied siege of La Rochelle 1944 - 1945
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
Date September 1944 – May 1945
Location La Rochelle
Result German surrender
Nazi Germany Free French
Commanders and leaders
Nazi Germany Vice-Admiral Ernst Schirlitz Surrendered to Free French Forces General de Larminat
The Allied siege of La Rochelle occurred during the Second World War in 1944–45, when Allied troops invaded France. La Rochelle was an important German base on the Atlantic, especially a major submarine base from where U-Boat campaigns were launched. Until the end of the war, La Rochelle was, with other harbours such as Royan or Saint-Nazaire, one of the remaining "Atlantic pockets" occupied by the Germans, which had been bypassed by the main thrust of the Allied invasion. On the North Sea, Dunkirk was similarly bypassed. The city was only liberated at the very end of the war, nine months after the Liberation of Paris, after the general German capitulation on 8 May 1945.
The siege (September 1944 – May 1945)
The "pocket" of La Rochelle ("Poche de La Rochelle") was a zone extending to a distance of about 10 kilometres around La Rochelle, reinforced by an anti-tank trench. After the allied landing in Normandy in June 1944, a large number of German troops had regrouped in the area.
The allied siege of the pocket of La Rochelle lasted from September 1944 to May 1945, without heavy bombardment. La Rochelle remained in German hands until the end of the war, much as other Atlantic harbours such as Brest, Saint-Nazaire, Lorient, Gironde-Nord, Gironde-Sud because the main thrust of the war was more concerned with focusing on Germany itself. Just surrounding the city was considered wiser than leading a frontal attack, as the city would ultimately fall anyway with the end of the war. The German command also wished to keep control of the coastal garrisons and rejected evacuation in order to maintain a threat on Allied shipping in the Atlantic.
U-boat bunker at the harbour of La Rochelle.
In total 39,500 French civilians were under the rule of Vice-Admiral Schirlitz, head of Navy Command West, in La Rochelle during the war. The German garrison numbered 22,000 men. During the siege the Allies still allowed for electricity, wood and some supplies to be delivered in order to alleviate the ordeal of the civilian population inside the walls of the city. The Free French Forces (FFI), were opposed to such a passive attitude, and desired to take these coastal cities by force, mostly out of considerations of national pride. FFI troops, however, remained unable to capture the city.
Agreements were made between the French and the German occupation force in La Rochelle, to the effect that the French would not attack and that in exchange the Germans would not destroy the port installations of La Rochelle-La Pallice.
In effect, La Rochelle was surrounded efficiently enough, and suffered enough from the siege, with harbour facilities being damaged by Allied air attacks, that the Germans were unable to launch major U-Boat attacks on Allied shipping for the duration of the siege. However, every week a Luftwaffe plane was able to break through the blockade and supply the garrison. In order to raise the morale of German troops in La Rochelle, the propaganda movie Kolberg, celebrating resistance against the French in 1806, was sent in by Göring and premiered simultaneously in Berlin and La Rochelle on 30 January 1945.
Allied offensive against German "Atlantic pockets"
From spring 1945, General De Larminat was put in charge of French forces in the region, with the objective of capturing La Rochelle. The United States was to give logistical support as well as strategic air support.
Nearby Royan was burnt to the ground by General de Larminat, a fate La Rochelle narrowly escaped.
The USAAF's 447th Bomb Group helped raze the nearby city of Royan.
The first city to be attacked was the nearby city of Royan, held by 5,500 German troops and inhabited by 3,000 French civilians. The city suffered a first strategic bombing on 5 January 1945 by the RAF, and then a massive attack by Allied troops under the French General de Larminat in Operation Vénérable on 14 April 1945, involving USAAF bombings on the 14th and 15th, bombardment by the fleet of Vice-Admiral Joseph Rue, and land attack by the 10th French Division and the 66th US Division. The French command apparently had advocated that the French harbours should be retaken by military force, rather than awaiting their eventual surrender by the Germans. The city suffered heavy bombardment by 1,000 planes, including those of the USAAF's 447th Bomb Group,] with the result that the city was razed, and 1,500 civilians killed, in what has been described by the historian Howard Zinn as a "crime".
Altogether, 27,000 artillery shells were fired over Royan, and the city saw one of the first military uses of napalm on 15 April 1945, dropped by Allied bombers, which made the city "a blazing furnace".
La Rochelle only escaped this fate as Royan was at the time considered as a higher priority, due to its commanding position on the Gironde River. After Royan was taken, Ile d'Oléron was also captured in Operation Jupiter and de Larminat was planning to capture La Rochelle next in Opération Mousquetaire, but the plan was cancelled with the capitulation of Germany.
The French regiments which participated to the operations were under-strength units incorporating FFI elements: the 50th and 158th Regiments of the French 23rd Infantry Division (known as Division de marche Oléron), in conjunction with the French 2nd Armored Division and other elements. The 4e régiment de Zouaves especially participated in the liberation of La Rochelle.
La Rochelle was the last French city to be liberated in 1945. It was only surrendered to the Allies on 7 May 1945, with the surrender ceremony occurring on 8 May 1945, at 23:45.
There is a Monument to the "pocket of La Rochelle" ("Mémorial de la poche de La Rochelle 1944-1945"), near Saint-Sauveur-d'Aunis.
US troops would remain in the area around La Rochelle, within the dispositions of the Atlantic Alliance, at the bases of La Rochelle, Croix-Chapeau, Bussac-Forêt, and Saint-Jean-d'Angély (Fontenet) until 1966, when Charles de Gaulle withdrew France from the military wing of NATO, and ordered the closure of NATO bases in France.
On 7 September 1996, a monument was established near the boundary of the La Rochelle pocket, near Saint-Sauveur-d'Aunis, the "Mémorial de la poche de la Rochelle", in memory of the soldiers who died in the operation.