Passover Haggadah 1710 Frankfurt: "mateh Aron" Rare Pictures Judaica Book
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Passover Haggadah 1710 Frankfurt: "mateh Aron" Rare Pictures Judaica Book:
HAGGADAH SHEL PESSACH - MATEH AARON
An illustrated Haggadah with 14 copperplate engravings, woodcut title page and woodcut tailpieces, featuring the commentary of Rabbi Aaron Teomim, Sepher Mateh Aharon [“The Rod of Aaron”].
FRANKFURTH ON THE MAIN 1710.
ff. 45. Yaari 71. Yudlov 113. Occasional minor paper repairs, with some paper loss mainly on corners. Some tape on first 2 pages. Usual wine stains and signs of use. A very good, attractive copy of this finely illustrated Haggadah.
This early Frankfort edition employs the same 14 copperplate illustrations used in the renowned 1695 Amsterdam Haggadah (the first to use copperplate engravings rather than woodcuts) and precedes the 1712 second edition of the Amsterdam Haggadah. “This new technique allowed for a far more precise and detailed graphic image. In addition, Ben Jacob introduced a whole new iconographic approach to Haggadah illustration. Among his innovations were ‘the image of the Temple’ in Jerusalem” (Nanette Stahl). The 14 copper-engraved illustrations used in the Amsterdam Haggadah (and in the present Frankfort edition) were engraved after designs by artist Abraham ben Jacob, a convert to Judaism. Ben Jacob adapted most of his illustrations from Mathaeus Merian of Basel, who in the middle of the 17th century produced a large number of illustrations for Bibles and history books. Merian executed most of his Biblical designs while he was a resident of Frankfort; thus this illustrated Haggadah returns a number of his designs to the town of their origin, adapted for a Jewish audience by Ben Jacob.Rabbi Aaron ben Moses Teomim was a Czech-Polish rabbinical scholar; born about 1630, probably in Prague, where the Teomim-Fränkel family, from Vienna, had settled; died in Chmelnik, Poland, July 8, 1690. In 1670 he was called as rabbi to Worms, where he succeeded Samson Bacharach. Prior to this he had been a preacher at Prague. In a serious illness which overcame him on Passover evening, 1675 he vowed he would write a commentary on the Haggadah if he should be restored to health. On his recovery he published this commentary under the title "Maṭṭeh Aharon" (Aaron's Rod), Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1678.In 1677 Rabbi Aaron received a call to Lissa in Poland, which he declined; but in 1690 he accepted a call to the rabbinical seat of Cracow. He was there but three months when a Polish nobleman, probably in order to blackmail the congregation, ordered his arrest in Chmelnik, whither he had gone to attend the congregational Meeting of the Four Lands Lands (Arba' Arazot). On Sabbath, July 8, 1690, he was arrested, placed on horseback, and hurried to prison. He fell off the horse several times and was as often remounted. Before the jail was reached he had died of fright and ill-treatment. He was buried at Pintchov.As a character and as a rabbinical scholar, Aaron Teomim did not rise above the level of his contemporaries. In his rabbinical works, Teomim is a typical Pilpulist. His scholastic discourses are in accordance with the vogue of that age. That his theories, as exhibited in his treatment of the Haggadah, were appreciated by his contemporaries, is proved by the fact that his Haggadah was reprinted three times: at Amsterdam, in 1695; at Frankfort-on-the-Main, in 1710; at Amsterdam, in 1712.