Rare 1921 Franz Stassen German Poster Anti Polish Government Silesia Plebiscite
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Rare 1921 Franz Stassen German Poster Anti Polish Government Silesia Plebiscite:
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ITEM: You are offerding on a 1921 poster by the important German artist Franz Stassen concerningthe referendum on the fate of Upper Silesia after the First World War. The image starkly displays a Polish family with the father bowed and broken and proclaims in German that Poland offers no legal worker protections, a statement intended to stir up pro-German sentiment for the controversial post WWI vote (and early inter-war armed conflict). This is an exceedingly rare example of post-WWI German political propaganda.Poster measures 18 1/2" x 28 1/2" on old linen backing.
CONDITION: In very good condition with some soiling, has been protected for decades through old linen backing as seen.TheUpper Silesia plebiscitewas a border referendum mandated by theVersailles Treatyand carried out in March 1921 to determine a section of the border betweenWeimar GermanyandPoland. The region was ethnically mixed, chiefly among Germans, Poles andSilesians. According toprewarstatistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population.The period of the plebiscite campaign and interallied occupation was marked by violence. There weretwo Polish uprisings, and German volunteer paramilitary units came to the region as well. But the area was policed by French, British, and Italian troops, and overseen by an Interallied Commission, and the vote came off peacefully. The Allies decided to partition the region, but before they could divide it, local partisans of Poland and forces from Poland launched an uprising and took control of over half the area. The Germans responded with volunteer paramilitary units from all over Germany, which fought the Polish units. In the end, after renewed Allied military intervention, the final position of the opposing forces became, roughly, the new border. The decision was handed over to the League of Nations, which confirmed this border, and Poland received roughly one third of the plebiscite zone by area, including the greater part of the industrial region.