Rare Stunning Unique Egyptian Ushabti Ancient Middle Kingdom Funerary Statue
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Rare Stunning Unique Egyptian Ushabti Ancient Middle Kingdom Funerary Statue:
RARE Stunning Unique Egyptian Ushabti Ancient Middle Kingdom Funerary Statue
Up For sale, A very unique Collectable Antique Replica Solid Statue Of Ancient Egyptian Ushabti. It is 4.5" inches tall & has Egyptian Heliographics writing on the Front…You will be impressed by its stunning details.
Physical: 11cm (4.33" inches) Tall, 4cm (1.6" inches) Wide & 2cm (0.8" inches) Depth, it has Egyptian heliographic writing on the Front.
*** You'll Never Find This Piece Anywhere.... ONE OF A KIND ***
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Historical OutlineShabti (funerary figurines) from the Louvre.
The ushabti (also called shabti or shawabti, with a number of variant spellings) funerary figurines were placed in tombs among the grave goods and were intended to act as substitutes for the deceased, should he be called upon to do manual labor in the afterlife. They were used from the Middle Kingdom (around 1900 BC) until the end of the Ptolemaic Period nearly 2000 years later.A shabti of the pharaoh Pinedjem I, now residing in the Brooklyn Museum.
The term shabti applies to these figures prior to the Twenty-first dynasty of Egypt but after the end of the First Intermediate Period, and really only to figurines inscribed with Chapter Six of the Book of the Dead. Otherwise, they might better be defined by the generic term, funerary figurines.
The shawabti were a distinct class of funerary figurines within the area of Thebes during the New Kingdom.
The term ushabti became prevalent after the 21st Dynasty and remained in use until Ptolemaic times.
It is thought by some that the term ushabti meant "follower" or "answerer" in Ancient Egyptian, because the figurine "answered" for the deceased person and performed all the routine chores of daily life for its master, though it would be difficult to reconcile this derivation with the form of shawabti.
Shabti inscriptions often contain the 6th chapter of the Book of the Dead, translated as:
"Illumine the Osiris NN, whose word is truth. Hail, Shabti Figure! If the Osiris Ani be decreed to do any of the work which is to be done in Khert-Neter, let everything which standeth in the way be removed from him- whether it be to plough the fields, or to fill the channels with water, or to carry sand from the East to the West. The Shabti Figure replieth: I will do it, verily I am here when thou callest".
In rare cases different chapters of the Book of the Dead are written. Furthermore, shabtis often mention the name and the titles of the owner, without the spells of the Book of the Dead.
Before being inscribed on funerary figurines, the spell was written on some mid-Twelfth Dynasty coffins from Bersheh (about 1850 BC) and is known today as spell 472 of the Coffin Texts.Ushabti of Lady Sati. New Kingdom, Dynasty XVIII, reign of Amenhotep III, c. 1390-1352 BC. Possibly from Saqqara.
History of usage
Mentioned first in spell 472 of the Coffin Texts they were included in the grave goods of the dead as small figurines since the reign of Mentuhotep II of the 11th Dynasty. Some think that originally they may have symbolically replaced genuine sacrificial burials, a somewhat improbable theory as centuries had passed between the last known sacrificial burials and the appearance of the ushabtis. They were generally distinguished from other statuettes by being inscribed with the name of the deceased, his titles, and often with spell 472 of the Coffin Texts or the speech of the Shabti figure found in Chapter Six of the Book of the Dead In the 18th Dynasty during the reign of Amenhotep IV the figurines were inscribed with an offering addressed to the sun disk, Aten, rather than the traditional speech of the Shabti figure.
The ushabti was believed to magically animate after the dead had been judged, and work for the dead person as a substitute labourer in the fields of Osiris. From the New Kingdom on it was often referred to as servant.
From the 21st Dynasty on ushabtis became common and numerous in graves. In some tombs the floor was covered with a great many ushabti figurines, in others the ushabtis were neatly packed into ushabti boxes. At times 365 ushabti were placed in a deceased Ancient Egyptian's tomb, one for each day of the year, but pharaohs had considerably more of these servants than commoners, and king Taharqa had more than a thousand. Some tombs contained overseer ushabtis holding a flail, which were responsible for groups of ten ushabti each. These overseers became rare during the Late Period.
Shape and material Shabti in the British Museum in London
Ushabtis were mostly mummyform, but in the 18th Dynasty during the reign of Tuthmosis IV they began to be fashioned as servants with baskets, sacks, and other agricultural tools. They were made of clay, wood or stone, early ones were sometimes also made from wax. Later figurines were often made of less perishable materials: stone, terracotta, metal, glass and, most frequently, glazed earthenware (faience). While ushabtis manufactured for the rich were often little works of art, the great mass of cheaply made ushabtis became standardised—made from single molds with little detail. Produced in huge numbers, ushabtis are with scarabs the most numerous of all ancient Egyptian antiquities to survive.
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