Rare Vintage Porcelain 7-20-4 Cigar Advertising Sign Tobacco Original Antique 47 For Sale
sale / ESTATE SALE! See my other sales for other great items!
Rare, and wonderful
Original R.G. Sullivan’s
7-20-4 Quality Cigars sign.R.G. Sullivan
understood thiswhen he createdthe famed 7-
20-4 cigar and built itinto one of thelargest
cigar manufacturers in theworld.
Embargo in 1963,Roger G. Sullivan
manufactured the7-20-4 in Manchester, NH
with the principle of making acigar ofthe
finest quality.Measures approx. 26''x34''with the black wood frame. Very heavy.This sign is in great shape for its age. The colors are very bright and shiny. There are a chips commensurate with age, see pictures. No holes or bends. This is one of the best examples of this size sign I have seen.Rare vertical advertising sign ready to hang! Four color enamel with a few chips. I believe this to be a very rare sign in this shape.Questions? Please e-mail me! Concerns? See my response profile for the last 14 years on ! Economical shipping will be a flat $45 to the USA only. Free pickup if you're local. All winnings may be picked up direct in Downtown Phoenix, Arizona in Encanto ParkHistoric District. If there are multiple items you win,I do combine shippingwhen possible to save you money! (CASH ONLY if picking up locally.) Good luck and happy offerding!
CigarFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to:navigation,searchThis article is about the tobacco product. For other uses, seeCigar (disambiguation).This article'slead sectionmay not adequatelysummarizekey points of its contents.Please consider expanding the lead toprovide an accessible overviewof all important aspects of the article.(February 2013)Four cigars of different brands (from top:H. y Julieta)A semi-airtight cigar storage tube and a double guillotine-style cutter
Acigaris a tightly-rolled bundle of dried and fermentedtobaccothat is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities inBrazil,Cameroon,Cuba, theDominican thePhilippines,Canary Islands(Spain), and theEastern United States.
3.2Families in the cigar industry
4Marketing and distribution
6Size and shape
9.1Cigar travel cases
12.1United States embargo against Cuba
12.2Cigars specific to other countries
13In popular culture
The word "cigar" originated fromsikar, theYucatec Mayanword for smoking, which becamecigarroin Spanish, probably from the Mayansikar("to smoke rolled tobacco leaves" – fromsik, "tobacco;") or from the Spanish wordcigarra("grasshopper"). However, the word itself, and variations on it, did not come into general use until 1730. New names for cigars include "Jules", "Havana", "Vitole" and "Puro".An older alternate spelling is "segar",not uncommon in 19th century signs and Columbusis generally credited with the introduction of tobacco to Europe. Two of Columbus's crewmen during his 1492 journey,Rodrigo de JerezandLuis de Torres, are said to have encountered tobacco for the first time on the island ofHispaniola, when natives presented them with dry leaves that spread a peculiar fragrance. Tobacco was widely diffused among all of the islands of the Caribbean and therefore they again encountered it in Cuba where Columbus and his men had settled.His sailors reported that theTaínoson the island of Cuba smoked a primitive form of cigar, with twisted, dried tobacco leaves rolled in other leaves such as palm or plantain.
In due course, Spanish and other European sailors adopted the hobby of smoking rolls of leaves, as did theConquistadors, and smoking primitive cigars spread to Spain and Portugal and eventually France, most probably throughJean Nicot, the French ambassador to Portugal, who gave his name tonicotine. Later, the hobby spread to Italy and, after SirWalter Raleigh's voyages to the Americas, to Britain. Smoking became familiar throughout Europe—in pipes in Britain—by the mid-16th century and, half a century later, tobacco started to be grown commercially in America. Tobacco was originally thought to have medicinal qualities, but there were some who considered it evil. It was denounced byPhilip II of SpainandJames I of England.
Around 1592, the SpanishgalleonSan Clementebrought 50 kilograms (110lb) of tobacco seed to the Philippines over the Acapulco-Manila trade route. The seed was then distributed among the Roman Catholic missionaries, where the clerics found excellent climates and soils for growing high-quality tobacco on Philippine soil.
In the 19th century, cigar smoking was common, whilecigaretteswere still comparatively rare. In the early 20th century,Rudyard Kiplingwrote his famous smoking poem, "The Betrothed." The cigar business was an important industry, and factories employed many people before mechanized manufacturing of cigars became practical.
Inside an Ybor City cigar factory c. 1920
In 1869, Spanish cigar manufacturerVicente Martinez Ybormoved hisPrincipe de Gales(Prince of Wales) operations from the important cigar manufacturing center ofHavana, CubatoKey West, Floridato escape the turmoil of theTen Years' War. Other manufacturers followed, and Key West became another important cigar manufacturing center. In 1885, Ybor moved again, buying land near the then-small city ofTampa, Floridaand building the largest cigar factory in the world at the timein the newcompany townofYbor City. Friendly rival andFlor de Sánchez y Hayaowner Ignacio Haya built his own factory nearby in the same year, and many other cigar manufacturers soon followed, especially after an 1886 fire that gutted much of Key West. Thousands to the area from Key West, Cuba and New York to produce hundreds of millions of cigars annually. Local output peaked in 1929, when workers in Ybor City andWest Tamparolled over 500,000,000 "clear Havana" cigars, earning the town the nickname "Cigar Capital of the World".
In New York, cigars were made by rollers working in their own homes. It was reported that as of 1883, cigars were being manufactured in 127 apartment houses in New York, employing 1,962 families and 7,924 individuals. A state statute banning the practice, passed late that year at the urging of trade unions on the basis that the practice suppressed wages, was ruled unconstitutional less than four months later. The industry, which had relocated toBrooklynand other places onLong Islandwhile the law was in effect, then returned to New York.
As of 1905, there were 80,000 cigar-making operations in the United States, most of them small, family-operated shops where cigars were rolled and sold immediately.While most cigars are now made by machine, some, as a matter of prestige and quality, are still rolled by hand. This is especially true in Central America and Cuba, as well as in smallchinchalesfound in virtually every sizable city in the United States.Boxes of hand-rolled cigars bear the phrasetotalmente a mano(totally by hand) orhecho a mano(made by hand). These premium hand-rolled cigars are significantly different than the machine-made cigars sold in packs at drugstores or gas stations. Since the 1990s and onwards, this has led to severe contention between producers and aficionados of premium handmade cigars and cigarette manufacturing companies that create machine made, chemically formulated/altered products resembling cigars, and subsequently labeled as cigars.
King Edward VIIenjoyed smoking cigarettes and cigars, much to the chagrin of his mother,Queen Victoria. After her death, legend has it, King Edward said to his male guests at the end of a dinner party, "Gentlemen, you may smoke." In his name, a line of inexpensive American cigars has long been named King Edward. Classical pianist and composerFranz Lisztwas quoted as saying "A good Cuban cigar closes the door to the vulgarities of the world".Even a female literary giant of the Victorian era,George Sand, observed "The cigar is a perfect complement to an elegant lifestyle".
U.S. PresidentUlysses S. Grantsmoked cigars heavily, an estimated up to 12 a day. In late 1884, Grant was diagnosed with anoral cancerconsisting of malignantsquamous cell carcinoma. With his health failing, Grant devoted his time to his autobiography; five days after finishing it, he became the only U.S. president to die of cancer.
Sigmund Freud, the founder ofPsychoanalysis, smoked 20 cigars a day, despite health warnings from colleagues.Because of his frequent references tophallicsymbolism, it is often claimed that his colleagues challenged him on the "phallic" shape of the cigar. Freud is supposed to have replied "sometimes a cigar is just a cigar," however, there are no records of such a conversation ever having taken place.Initially concealing a cancerous growth in his mouth in 1923, Freud was eventually diagnosed with the same cancer as Grant's. Despite over 30 surgeries, and complications ranging from intense pain to insects infesting dead skin cells around the cancer, Freud smoked cigars until his life ended. Freud died at age 83 in a morphine-inducedcomato relieve the pain from his cancer.
Winston Churchill, who has been credited with the practice of dunking a cigar inport wineorbrandy,was rarely seen without a cigar during his time as Britain's wartime leader, so much so that a large cigar size was named in his honour.
In Cuba, revolutionariesFidel CastroandChe Guevarawere often seen smoking a cigar during the early days of theCuban Revolution. But Castro has claimed to have given up smoking in the early 1980s as part of a campaign to encourage the Cuban population to smoke less on health grounds.Many other celebrities were well-known cigar smokers, includingGroucho Marx,George Burns,Mark Twain,Jack Benny,Milton Berle,Rush Limbaugh,Red Auerbach,Ernie Kovacs,Raul Julia, andBill Cosby.
Rudyard Kipling said in his poem "The Betrothed", "And a woman is only a woman, but a good cigar is a smoke."
Apart from certain forms of heavily cured and strongsnuff, the cigar is the most potent form of self-dosing with tobacco, it has long had associations of being a male rite of passage, as it may have had during the pre-Columbian era in America. Its fumes and rituals have in American and European cultures established a "men's hut"; in the 19th century, men would retire to the "smoking room" after dinner to discuss serious issues.
ManufactureCigar makers inPuerto Rico, circa 1942
Tobacco leaves are harvested and aged using a process that combines use of heat and shade to reduce sugar and water content without causing the large leaves to rot. This first part of the process, calledcuring, takes between 25 and 45 days and varies substantially based upon climatic conditions as well as the construction of sheds or barns used to store harvested tobacco. The curing process is manipulated based upon the type of tobacco, and the desired color of the leaf. The second part of the process, calledfermentation, is carried out under conditions designed to help the leaf dry slowly. Temperature and humidity are controlled to ensure that the leaf continues to ferment, without rotting or disintegrating. This is where the flavor, burning, and aroma characteristics are primarily brought out in the leaf.
Cigar factory,Indianapolis, Indiana, 1908
Once the leaves have aged properly, they are sorted for use as filler or wrapper based upon their appearance and overall quality. During this process, the leaves are continually moistened and handled carefully to ensure each leaf is best used according to its individual qualities. The leaf will continue to be baled, inspected, un-baled, re-inspected, and baled again repeatedly as it continues its aging cycle. When the leaf has matured according to the manufacturer's specifications, it will be used in the production of a cigar.
Quality cigars are still handmade.An experienced cigar-roller can produce hundreds of very good, nearly identical, cigars per day. The rollers keep the tobacco moist — especially the wrapper — and use specially designed crescent-shaped knives, calledchavetas, to form the filler and wrapper leaves quickly and accurately.Once rolled, the cigars are stored in wooden forms as they dry, in which their uncapped ends are cut to a uniform size.From this stage, the cigar is a complete product that can be "laid down" and aged for decades if kept as close to 21°C (70°F), and 70%relative humidity, as the environment will allow. Once cigars have been purchased, proper storage is usually accomplished by keeping the cigars in a specialized wooden box, orhumidor, where conditions can be carefully controlled for long periods of time. Even if a cigar becomes dry, it can be successfully re-humidified so long as it has not been handled carelessly and done so gradually. The loss of original tobacco oils, however, will greatly affect the taste.
Some cigars, especially premium brands, use different varieties of tobacco for the filler and the wrapper.Long filler cigarsare a far higher quality of cigar, using long leaves throughout. These cigars also use a third variety of tobacco leaf, called a "binder", between the filler and the outer wrapper. This permits the makers to use more delicate and attractive leaves as a wrapper. These high-quality cigars almost always blend varieties of tobacco. Even Cuban long-filler cigars will combine tobaccos from different parts of the island to incorporate several different cigars, chopped tobacco leaves are used for the filler, and long leaves or a type of "paper" made from tobacco pulp is used for the wrapper which binds the cigar together.This alters the burning characteristics of the cigar, causing handmade cigars to be sought-after.
Historically, alectoror reader was always employed to entertain cigar factory workers. This practice became obsolete onceaudio booksfor portable music players became available, but it is still practiced in some Cuban factories. The name for theMontecristo cigar brandmay have arisen from this practice.
Two firms dominate the cigar industry.Altadis, the world's largest cigar producer, produces cigars in the United States, the Dominican Republic, and Honduras, and has a 50% stake in Corporación Habanos in Cuba. It also makes cigarettes.Swedish Match, the second largest producer, produces cigars in Honduras, Belgium, Germany, Indonesia, the United States, and the Dominican Republic; it also makeschewingand pipe tobacco,snuff,lighters, andmatches. Other manufacturers includeGeneral Cigar Co.(owned bySwedish Match) and theOliva Cigar Co.
Families in the cigar industry
Nearly all modern premium cigar makers are members of long-established cigar families, or purport to be. The art and skill of hand-making premium cigars has been passed from generation to generation; families are often shown in many cigar advertisements and packaging
In 1992,Cigar Aficionadomagazine created the "Cigar Hall of Fame" and recognized the following six individuals:
Edgar M. Cullman, Chairman, General Cigar Company, New York, United States
Zino Davidoff, Founder, Davidoff et Cie.,Geneva, Switzerland
Carlos Fuente, Sr., Chairman, Tabacalera A. Fuente y Cia.,Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic
Frank Llaneza, Chairman, Villazon & Co.,Tampa, Florida, United States
Stanford J. Newman, Chairman,J.C. Newman Cigar Company, Tampa, Florida, United States
Ángel Oliva, Sr. (founder); Oliva Tobacco Co., Tampa, Florida, United States
Marketing and distribution
Pure tobacco, hand rolled cigars are marketed via advertisements,product placementin movies and other media, sporting events, cigar-friendly magazines such asCigar Aficionado, and cigar dinners. Since handmade cigars are a premium product with a hefty price, advertisements often include depictions ofaffluence, sensual imagery, and explicit or impliedcelebrity endorsement.
Cigar Aficionado, launched in 1992, was credited both by cigar companies and readers in transforming the U.S. cigar smoking market from a smallblue-collarsegment to an upscale market promoted in places like luxury hotels and golf courses. The magazine presents cigars as symbols of a successful lifestyle, and is a major conduit of advertisements that do not conform to the tobacco industry's voluntary advertisement restrictions since 1965, such as a restriction not to associate smoking with glamour. The magazine also presents pro-smoking arguments at length, and argues that cigars are safer than cigarettes, since they don't have the thousands of chemical additives that cigarette manufactures add to the cutting floor scraps of tobacco used as cigarette filler. The publication also presents arguments that risks are a part of daily life and that (contrary to the evidence discussed inHealth effects) cigar smoking has health benefits, that moderation eliminates most or all health risk, and that cigar smokers live to old age, that health research is flawed, and that several health-research results support claims of safety.Like its competitorSmoke,Cigar Aficionadodiffers from marketing vehicles used for other tobacco products in that it makes cigars the focus of the entire magazine, creating a symbiosis between product and lifestyle.
Cigar delivery truck,Salt Lake City, 1913
In the U.S., cigars are exempt from many of the marketing regulations that govern cigarettes. For example, thePublic Health Cigarette Smoking Actof 1970 exempted cigars from its advertising ban,and cigar ads, unlike cigarette ads, need not mention health risks.As of 2007, cigars were taxed far less than cigarettes, so much so that in many U.S. states, a pack oflittle cigarscost less than half as much as a pack of cigarettes.It is illegal for minors to purchase cigars and other tobacco products in the U.S., but laws are unevenly enforced: a 2000 study found that three-quarters of Internet cigar marketing sites allowed minors to purchase cigars.
Inexpensive, non-pure cigars are sold inconvenience stores, grocery stores, and pharmacies, mostly asself-serveitems. Premium cigars are sold intobacconists,cigar bars, and other specialized establishments.Some cigar stores are part ofchains, which have varied in size: in the U.S.,United Cigar Storeswas one of only three outstanding examples of national chains in the early 1920s, the others outlets for cigars include hotel shops, restaurants, vending machinesand the Internet.