Renaissance Lexicon First Polyglot Dictionary/linguistics Rare Aldine Press 1564 For Sale
VERY RARE, ORIGINAL 1564 ALDINE EDITION OF "DICTIONARIUM". This important 16th century work was written by Ambrogio Calepino and printed by Paulo Manutium [i.e., Aldine Press], Venice. Author was the first of the great European lexicographers and is closely linked with the origin of the polyglot [i.e., polylingual] dictionary. The present treatise containsCalepino's seminal lexicon which initially appeared under the title "Cornucopiæ" (1502), eventually passing through innumerable editions and encompassing several languages.
This is a particularly desirable early Adline edition of Calepino's foundational work, consisting of Latin, Italian, and Greek text. Folio bound in contemporary full limpvellum, with title page bearinglarge versionAldine's inconic dolphin and anchorlogo. [Not in STC Italian].
"The first, most successful, and most influential of the early printed dictionaries was a voluminous Latin-Italian dictionary by an Augustinian monk, Ambrogio Calepino (c.1440-1510), published in Reggio di Calabria in 1502. In successive editions it became increasingly polylingual. By 1590, when Calepino's successors published their edition in Basel, it helped the reader into eleven languages, including Polish and Hungarian. 'Calepino' became the Italian word for dictionary. Like 'Webster' later in the English-speaking world, 'calepin' entered the English language, too, in the sixteenth century and remained current for a century. Calepino's spirit lived on into the eighteenth century, reincarnated in the Italian philologist Jacopo Facciolati's 'Dictionary of Eleven Languages' (1718)" [See: "The Discoverers" by Daniel J. Boorstin (1985), p. 550].
"Being bound to extant texts and to certain domains of intellectual (philosophical and scientific) interest imposed limits on practical lexicography. Its works did not aim at inventorizing the whole language, whether Latin or the vernaculars. However, the usefulness of these early glossaries and dictionaries increased with the number of entries in alphabetical order. An inbuilt tendency towards exhaustiveness arose which, boosts by a general interest in the older languages during the period of Humanism, eventually led to comprehensive Latin dictionaries. The best known in Europe was perhaps Ambrogio Calepino's 'Dictionarium latinarum e greco pariter derivatium [...] of 1502. It started as a monolingual work with occasional Greek references and was later developed into a multilingual work with up to eleven languages complementing, in parallel, the corpus of Latin lexemes. Consequently, it was used all over Europe" [See: "A History of Roget's Thesaurus" by Werner Hüllen (2004), p. 121].
Aldine Press was a celebrated printing concern originally begun by Aldus Manutius in 1494 at Venice, from which were issued the celebrated Aldine editions of the classics [Latin and Greek masterpieces]along withvarious other prizedworks. The Aldine Press is famous in the history of typography for, among other things, the introduction of italics. The press was alsothe first to issue printed books in the small octavo size, similar to that of a modern paperback, intended for portability and ease of reading. The press issued some 127 editions during the lifetime of Aldus.It wascontinued after Aldus’s death in 1515 by his wife and her father until his son Paolo (1512-1574) assumed control. His grandson Aldo then ran the firm until his death in 1597. Due to the firm's unparalleledcommercial success, many pirated editions were also produced in Lyons and elsewhere. Today, antiquarian books printed by the Aldine Press in Venice are commonly referred to as Aldines.
Condition: Rare book remains in good overallcondition [see images]. Folio bound in contemporary full limp vellum; cover worn, old writing to fore edges and old institutional stamp to title page, outer blank margin of title reinforced, couple of tiny wormholes to outer margin of first few leaves, scattered foxing and dampstaining, a few page repairs,old manuscript notations to final to verso of last page and rear endpaper. Text in Latin, Italian and Greek; organized in parallel columns throughout. Folio contains 458 leaves [i.e., 916 pages] including 2 blank leaves;and measures approx 12.5" tall x 8.5" wide x 2.75" thick. Quite a find and a very worthy acquisition indeed.
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Renaissance Lexicon First Polyglot Dictionary/linguistics Rare Aldine Press 1564: $528