Rare 1734 Large Flan 8 Reale Pillar Dollar Rooswijk Shipwreck Voc 1739 For Sale
This beautiful rare LARGE FLAN solid silver Spanish 8 Reales or Pillar Dollar is dated 1734, only 2 years after the first Pillar Dollar was produced. Itmeasures 40mm across and weighs in ata hefty 26.2 gmsfrom the Mexico City Mint. These large flan coins were only minted from 1732 - 1736 and then the diameter was reduced in the latter part of 1736.The majority of this coinis absolutely beautiful but the front has suffered some corrosion from its 260 years under water but it is all sharp and clear . .It was recovered from the wreck of the Dutch East India company ship ROOSWIJK which sunk in 1739 . IT COMES COMPLETE WITH A COLOUR CERTIFICATE AND IN A PRESENTATION BOX. There were not too many 34's raised from this or any other wreck !
.ROOSWIJK- Dutch East Indiaman
Holland gets its sunken treasure back
The silver had been on a Dutch East India Co. ship that vanished in a storm in the English Channel in 1739.
Although wreckage was found at the time on Britain's south coast, nobody knew precisely where it had sunk. The disaster meant that the Dutch East India Co. lost around 250 crew and soldiers, and a large silver treasure, which was on the way to the East Indies to be converted into local coinage.
Despite the disappearance of the ship, the Rooswijk, the lost vessel and its treasure remained the property of the Dutch East India Co. When the company was taken over by the Dutch government in 1798, the Netherlands became the legal owners of the vanished bullion.
In 2005 a British sports diver, Cambridgeshire carpenter Ken Welling, found the wreckage. The Dutch Government was contacted, and the discovery was kept secret until this week, when Holland's Finance Minister, Joop Wijn, took possession of original wooden chests full of bullion.
The silver was handed over at a ceremony in Plymouth Harbour aboard a frigate of the Royal Dutch Navy, the De Ruyter.
The loss of the Rooswijk in December 1739 was a financial disaster for the Dutch East India Co. and for Holland as a whole, as well as being a catastrophe in human terms.
There were no survivors, and the world learned of the disaster because English fishermen, looking for potentially valuable storm debris found a wooden chest full of letters that identified the ship as the Rooswijk.
It had sank just a day after sailing from the Dutch coastal island of Texel.
Underwater excavations have recovered all the silver bullion, and more than a thousand artefacts. Other cargo seem to have included substantial quantities of sheet copper, sabre blades and masonry, presumably for some construction project in the Dutch East Indies.
Evidence of life on board was found in layers that reflected the vessel's social and architectural stratification.
When some time after the disaster the floor timbers had collapsed, the contents of each deck had simply fallen on top of one another.All the silver had been stored near the officer's dining area. The archaeologists knew how much they were looking for because the Dutch Government still has precise records of what was lost.
The silver, mainly in 1.9-kilogram bars, had all been mined in Spanish-ruled Mexico. Originally it had been carried by Spanish vessels from Mexico to Cadiz.
It had then been sold to the Dutch and shipped to Holland, where it had been melted down and converted into silver bars bearing the imprint of the Amsterdam Chamber of the Dutch East India Co. The "re-branded" treasure was then loaded onto the Rooswijk, bound for Batavia, modern Jakarta.
There, some of it would have been converted into Javanese currency, while much would have been shipped to Siam (modern Thailand) or Bengal to be converted into local coinage.
Before the handover to the Dutch, a full archaeological study has been carried out into the recovered. Most were still in their original wooden chests.
The discovery of so many silver bars complete with "packaging" is unique, and is helping archaeologists understand the scale and nature of the 18th-century international bullion trade, which financially underpinned most of the European colonial ventures of that time.
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Rare 1734 Large Flan 8 Reale Pillar Dollar Rooswijk Shipwreck Voc 1739: