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Rare 1883 Our Wild Indians War Old West Antique Plains Custer Horrors Red Men For Sale

Rare 1883 Our Wild Indians War Old West Antique Plains Custer Horrors Red Men


tcgciber Store Our Wild Indians

Our Wild Indians; Thirty-three Years' Personal Experience Among the Red Men of the Great West

Our Wild Indians; Thirty-three Years' Personal Experience Among the Red Men of the Great West: A Popular Account of Their Social Life, Religion, Habits, Traits, Customs, Exploits, Etc. With Thrilling Adventures and Experiences on the Great Plains and in the Mountains of Our Wide Frontier. By Colonel Richard Irving Dodge. With an Introduction by General Sherman. Fully Illustrated with Portraits on Steel, Full-page Engravings on Wood, and Fine Chromo-Lithograph Plates. Hartford, Conn: A. D. Worthington and Company 1883.

Brown Ornate decorated cover and spine. Gold embossed title on front cover & spine. Illustration of an Indian War Shield with Tomahawk and War Axe. All six beautiful color chromo-lithograph plates are present with tissue guards. Beautiful full-page and black/white illustrations, including full-page colored illustrations. Thread Binding good. Both hinges broken but still holding. Text block secure. Title page loose. No missing pages. Tips and spine ends are bumped and rubbed. Text is clean and unmarked. Complete with wonderful 653 pages. Pages lightly toned from ages with very light if any foxing which is amazing for a book this age. Shelf wear. The pictures are on the bottom of the page. Pictures are a part of the description.

This thoroughly first-class book gives a truthful and minute account of Our Wild Indians and pictures their every-day inner life; it vividly describes their habits, customs, religion, manners and amusements; it give graphic accounts of thrilling and exciting adventures among them; it narrates daring exploits and hair-breadth escapes, not only of the author and of other white men, but of Indians as well; and it records desperate encounters, hand-to-hand combats, sudden surprises, remarkable defences, and heroic achievements incident to frontier life. The author's narrative is spiced with the most thrilling accounts of famous Scouts and Guides; of their desperate adventures and wonderful achievements; of Trappers, Frontiersmen, Squatters, Squaw Men, Texas Cow Boys, Miners, Gold Hunters, Border Ruffians and Desperadoes; of instances of cool courage, undaunted heroism, and marvelous escapes from apparently certain death, none f which have ever before been published.

Superbly Illustrated with Steel Plates, Fine Wood Cuts, and Chromo-Lithograph Plates printed in fifteen colors, from ninety engraved stones. These Plates represent articles of Dress, Ornaments, Weapons, fac-similes of Indian Drawings and remarkable Objects of Interest and Curiosity, all of which were original objects, expressly for this work.

To give you a better idea about this interesting book, we write the contents and list of illustrations so you can see what the book is about and how much information the book holds. If you are a true collector of rare books, you cannot pass up this chance to offer on such a wonderful piece of American history for your collection. We hope you will take few moments to look at the listing to find what you looking for, if you find some information and you are interested. Thank you very much for looking at our listing.



Greater part of the past thirty-four years of my life has been spent on the frontier in more or less direct contact with Indians. It was not, however, until 1872 that I was induced to attempt to excite for them the interest of others. From and after that year I occasionally wrote short articles on Indians and the Indian question, some of which were contributed anonymously to the press.

In 1877 I published a book entitled "The Plains of the Great West," a work mainly descriptive of the topography, climate, game, etc., of that portion of our country known as the "Plains," to which I added some sketches of Indian life. Determined to be entirely unbiassed in my opinions, and with, I hope, a not unpardonable vanity to be original, I carefully abstained from consulting contemporaneous authorities, — either books or men.

The extremely flattering reception which that book met at the hands of the critics, and, more especially the unexpected encomiums bestowed upon the brief and imperfect Indian sketches (which I had added to the volume more as a. finale than with any hope of attracting particular attention to the subject) encouraged me to continue my studies of Indian life, but in a wider field. In those sketches I had briefly given my opinions; I now determined to know the facts; and this could only be done by comparison of my opinions with those of other men who had written on the Indian. I therefore procured the works of Catlin, Schoolcraft, and many other " lesser lights," and studied them assiduously, comparing their ideas with my own. For many years past I have been most fortunately situated for such study, having been stationed directly among the wild tribes, whose characteristics have always been of most interest to me. Whenever I have found that my ideas differed from those of " an authority," I have taken the case directly to the Indians themselves. My position as commanding officer — "Big Chief" — enabled me always to get a hearing and an answer on any subject; and my well-known friendship for the race caused the Indians to give me more frank confidence than a white man usually obtains. I have thus been enabled to get at facts; to correct the errors of my previous desultory writings, as well as errors of accepted Indian "authorities."

For two years past I have been importuned by friends whose opinions I value most highly, to give to the world the result of my observations and labors. I have consented to do so, not without hesitation, because having previously written on the same subject, I must occasionally repeat myself, or commit the affectation of clothing the same ideas in different words. My friends have overruled this objection, and I present in this volume a detailed account of the characteristics, habits, and,— what I particularly desire to invite attention to, — a minute and careful study of the social or inner life of the wild Indian of the present day.




LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ON STEEL AND WOOD.


ENGRAVINGS ON STEEL.

1. PORTRAIT OF THE AUTHOR
2. GENERAL GEORGE CROOK
3. GENERAL NELSON A. MILES
4. GENERAL GEORGE A. CUSTER
5. GENERAL RANALD S. MACKENZIE

ENGRAVINGS ON WOOD.

PEACE OR WAR - AN INDIAN COUNCIL - SPOTTED TAIL'S SPEECH
SPOTTED TAIL ASSASSINATING BIG MOUTH, A RIVAL CHIEF
HOCH-E-A-YUM - THE GREAT MEDICINE DANCE
INDIANS SELF-TORTURE - ENDURANCE AND DEFIANCE OF PAIN
THE LAST RESTING - PLACE OF THE INDIANS - A CEMENTERY AMONG THE TREES ON MEDICINE LODGE CREEK, INDIAN TERRITORY
OUR STEALTHY FOES - THE ATTACK ON THE WAGON TRAIN
FATE OF LIEUT. KIDDER AND HIS ENTIRE COMMAND - DISCOVERY OF THEIR BODIES
GEN. CUSTER'S SUPRISE OF AN INDIAN CAMP OF OVER TWO THOUSAND WARRIORS
A SUCCESSFUL WAR PARTY CELEBRATING VICTORY - THE SCALP DANCE
A CHRONOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL CHART OF A BAND OF SIOUX
SURROUNDED - DESPERATE CHARGE OF GEN. CROOK'S CAVALRY AT THE BATTLE OF THE ROSEBUD
HEROISM AND DEATH OF SERGEANT-MAJOR KENNEDY
WINTER ON THE PLAINS - A TERRIBLE EXPERIENCE IN THE TEETH OF A NORTHER
SAM CHERRY'S LAST SHOT
AT THE MERCY OF SAVAGE CAPTORS - TORTURE BY SLOW FIRES
A SUDDEN SURPRISE - THE ATTACK ON THE UNITED STATES MAIL COACH
RESCUING A WOUNDED COMRADE - HEROIC EXPLOIT OF AMOS CHAPMAN


LIST OF CHROMO-LITHOGRAPHS PLATES, with Descriptions and Explanations.

These chromo-lithograph plates are extremely accurate in drawing and coloring, no expense or pains having been spared to distinguish them in these respects for their Hdelily to the objects they represent. Kach group was first photographed to the proper size, thus insuring fulness of detail and perfect accuracy, and at the same time preserving the relative size of one object to another. The original objects and the photographs were then placed in the hands of a skilful artist, who exercised the most painstaking care ill painting the photograph of each article directly from the object itself. These painted photographs were then transferred to stone, from which the plates herewith presented were printed. Each plate requires no less than nfteen printings to produce the various colors and tints absolutely necessary to a faithful representation of the objects shown, thus requiring ninety engraved stones to produce these six plates. The engraving and printing were done by Messrs. Bingham, Dodd & Co., Hartford, Conn.


PLATE I. RED CLOUD'S WAR BONNET DOUGLAS'S TOBACCO POUCH FAMOUS PIPES, &c.

1. WAR BONNET OF RED CLOUD, PRINCIPAL CHIEF OF THE SIOUX
2. UTE BEADED TOBACCO POUCH.
3. SIOUX WAR CLUB.
4. WATER JAR, MADE OF GRASS AND LINED WITH PITCH.

Once belonging to Chipeta, wife of Ouray, head chief of the Utes.

5. SIOUX GOURD RATTLE.
6. BEADED TOBACCO POUCH.

Formerly owned by Douglass, the chief of Utos who murdered the Meeker family.

7. TOBACCO PIPE OF THE SHOSHONES, OR SNAKES.
8. TALL BULL'S TOBACCO PIPE, ORNAMENTED WITH FEATHERS AND SCALP-LOCKS.

Tall Bull was chief of a band of outlaw Cheyennes and Sioux. He was killed at the battle of Summit Springs, Colorado. His wife, who was captured at the time, said the scalps attached to the pipe were those of white settlers on the Salina River, Kansas, taken only two weeks previously. Seventy-two savages were killed at the battle of Summit Springs.

10. SIOUX TOBACCO PIPES.
11. A FAMOUS PEACE PIPE.

This pipe was used at the grand council held at Red Cloud Agency when the question of the surrender of the Black Hills to the United States was discussed.


PLATE II. SIOUX WAR SHIRT-APACHE CAPS MOCCASINS FROM THE BATTLE-FIELD OF GEN. OUSTER'S DEATH TOTEMS, &c.

1. APACHE CAP.

Made of red flannel, and ornamented with feathers and buttons.

2. APACHE CAP.

Ornamented with turkey-feathers and buttons.

3. A PAIR OF SIOUX MOCCASINS.

Found oa the battle-field of Gen. Custer s death.

4. A SIOUX WAR SHIRT.

This elaborate war shirt is made of fine-dressed buckskin. It is ornamented with
beads and skins, and fringed with many scalp-locks.

5. TOTEM, MADE OF A TURTLE-SHELL.

Worn suspended from the neck.

6. TOBACCO POUCH, ELABORATELY BEADED.
7. TOTEM, MADE OF A BEAVER-SKIN.
8. TOBACCO POUCH, BEAUTIFULLY BEADED.
9. MEDICINE BAG, MADE OF THE SKIN OF A BEAK S FOOT.


PLATE III. SQUAW'S DRESS, BOW-CASE AND QUIVER MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS CRADLE RATTLES, &c.

1-2. UTE BOW AND ARROWS.
3. SIOUX FLAGEOLET, OR FLUTE.
4. CHEYENNE FLUTE.
5. SIOUX BATTLE.

Made of the ends of buffalo-toes.

6. A PAIR OF CHEYENNE MOCCASINS.

Beautifully embroidered with beads.

7. BOW-CASE AND QUIVER, MADE OF A PANTHER-SKIN.

This once belonged to the wife of Yellow Bear, a prominent chief or the Cheyeunes.

8. A CHEYENNE TOBACCO POUCH.
9. A CHEYENNE SQUAW DRESS.

This elaborate and valuable dress is ornamented with the eye-teeth of Elk. Each pair of teeth represents one Elk. The Indians valued the dress at eight ponies, or about two hundred dollars.

10. A CHEYENNE RATTLE.

Made of the ends of Buffalo-toes.

11. A CHEYENNE BEADED CRADLE.

This once belonged to the wife of a prominent chief. It is most elaborately embroidered Avith beads, and had cradled an Indian baby a year, before coming into possession of the author.


PLATE IV. FAC-SIMILES OF INDIAN DRAWINGS.


INDIAN COURTING SCENES.

The Approach. The Couple wrapped in one Blanket.

GENERAL MACKENZIE'S FIGHT WITH THE CHEYENNES, AND DEATH OF LIEUT. McKINNEY.

Only prominent chiefs who were killed at this fight are represented on the Indian side, and the fatal wound of each is indicated by blood flowing from it, or in some cases from the mouth. The names of the chiefs thus shown in this picture are: (1) High Bull; (2) Walking Calf ; (3) Whirlwind; (4) White Face Bull ; (5) Bull Hump; (6) Old Bull. Short lines with a dot at one end represent flying bullets. The bullet passing through Lieut. McKinney's body (7) Indicates the manner of his death.


PLATE V. INDIAN WEAPONS TOMAHAWKS, WAR SHIELD, CLUBS, Bows, ARROWS, &c.

1. COMANCHE TOMAHAWK.

Ornamented with red flannel, scalp-locks, and feathers.

2. UTE TOMAHAWK PIPE.
3-4. SIOUX WAR CLUBS.
5-7. SIOUX BOWS AND ARROWS.
8. COMANCHE WAR SHIELD.

Ornamented with feathers, and the tail of a horse. This shield is proof against rifle bullets.

9. BOW-CASE AND QUIVER OF THE BANNOCK INDIANS.

Made of very tine buckskin, and elaborately embroidered with beads.

10-11. SIOUX WAR CLUBS.
12. TOMAHAWK PIPE.

Once belonging to Little Bear, a prominent chief of the Northern Apaches.

13. KIOWA WAR CLUB.
14. COMANCHE TOMAHAWK PIPE.


PLATE VI. OBJECTS OF INTEREST AND CURIOSITY: SCALPS OF INDIANS AND WHITE PEOPLE ORNAMENTS MADE OF HUMAN SKIN AND BONES, &c.

1. KIOWA MEDICINE RATTLE.
2. SHEATH OF SCALPING KNIFE (Sioux).
3. SHEATH OF SCALPING KNIFE (CHEYENNE).
4. SCALPING KNIVES.
5. SCALPS OF Two WHITE MEN, ARRANGED ON A WAND FOR THE SCALP DANCE.
6. SCALP OF A SIOUX INDIAN.

Elaborately ornamented with feathers and beads.

7. SCALP OF A SIOUX INDIAN, TAKEN ENTIRE.
8. SCALP OF A LITTLE WHITE GIRL.

This scalp was taken from the Comanches. The little girl was about nine years old.

9. UTE MATCH SAFE, BEADED.
10. UTE NEEDLE CASE, BEADED.
11. UTE NECKLACE, WITH MEDICINE.

Made of shells from the Gulf of California, passed in barter from tribe to tribe.

12. CHEYENNE SQUAW'S GAMBLING IMPLEMENT.

Made of the bones of a bear's foot.

13. NORTHERN CHEYENNE NECKLACE.

Made of the first joints of human fingers.

14. GAMBLING BONES, AND BEADED CASE.
15. BELT MADE OF HUMAN SKIN.

This was taken from a Tonkaway Indian, who had made it from the skin of a Comanche.



CHAPTER I.

MY EARLY LIFE FIRST EXPERIENCES WITH INDIANS ADVENTURES AMONG THE COMANCHES.

My Early Home First Sight of Warriors A Thrill of Horror Re-called Sudden Transformation of My Views A Beardless Lieutenant The Texan Frontier Nights with the Comanches Their Cunning and Treachery The Sleepless Foe A Fatal Stumble On a Cavalry Scout Adventurous Pursuit Surprising an Indian Camp Invited to be the Guest of an Indian Chief Warned of Danger Outbreak of Hostilities Young Warriors with "Bad Hearts" The Bandera Pass An Exciting Adventure Separated from My Command Making the Best of It Ruined Ammunition On the Edge of Peril Reconnoitring the Indian Camp My Flight and Pursuit The Race for Life My Escape Rejoining My Command Thirty Years of Indian Warfare.


CHAPTER II.

BEYOND THE MISSISSIPPI THE LANGUAGE, NUMBERS, HABITS, ETC., OF THE INDIANS OF THE GREAT WEST.

Origin of the American Indians The Defect of Writers on the Indians Wonderful Diversity of the Indian Language Curious Facts and Tendencies The Effect of War Stupendous Vanity Invention of Dialects The Passion for War The Crafty and Bloodthirsty Apaches The Cheyennes and Arrapahoes A Marvellous Alliance The Sign Language Estimates of Population Superstitious Dread of being Counted Indian Extermination Nomadic Proclivities The Winter Encampment Home Attachments Love for an Old Encampment Cherished Memories "Home Sickness" Mental Peculiarities Acute Perceptions Ill-Directed Efforts Indian Schools Indian Orators How they Rehearse their Speeches Swaying a Savage Audience.


CHAPTER III.

WILD LIFE ON THE PLAINS INDIAN CHARACTER, TRAITS, AND PECULIARITIES.

The Country of the Plains Indians The Dream of an Enthusiast The Indian as he is His Conduct in the Presence of Strangers Clothes Only for Show His Conduct in his Own Camp A Rollicking Miscreant Night Scenes in an Indian Camp The Disgrace of being Surprised A Pair of Climbing Boots The Hero of the Telegraph Pole How a Lady Excited Surprise and Admiration A Comical Incident The Story of a Wooden Leg Carrying a Joke too Far A Summary Ejectment Endurance of Pain Patience, an Indian Virtue Blowing his Own Trumpet Extravagant Self-Praise An Indian s Idea of Modesty Honor among Thieves Kicked Out of Camp Early Lessons in Stealing Apt Pupils A Flagrant Case A Fair Field and No Favor Differences of Opinion


CHAPTER IV.

INDIAN CHIEFS AND RULERS TRIBAL GOVERNMENT HOW PLACE AND POWER ARE WON.

Powers of the Head Chief The Avengers of Blood The Death Penalty Deadly Hostility Sitting Bull's Indomitable Band Ouray's Lost Prestige Little Robe and Little Raven Two Tribes that are Firm Friends Disobeying Spotted Tail's Orders Fate of Deserting Warriors Severe Punishment A Secret Society The "Picked Corps" of Warriors The Chief's Body Guard Expiating a Sin-A Noted Cornanche Chief: His Courage and Daring Death from a Broken Heart Red Cloud's Career War to the Knife A Thrilling Episode Rival Suitors Spotted Tail's Duel Locked in Death's Embrace Big Mouth's Assassination.


CHAPTER V.

SWINDLING AND ROBBING THE INDIANS MY OWN OBSERVATIONS.

The "Treaty System" Its Absurdity Stipulations that cannot be Kept How Indians are Swindled and Robbed "Wards of the Nation" Modoc Jack General Canby's Murderers Expiation on the Gallows The "Indian Agent" His Absolute Power How Massacres are Invited Poor old Mr. Meeker Our "Indian Policy" Forcible Contrasts My Own Observations What I Have Seen Unexampled Scoundrelisra Stone Calf's Daughter The Flower of the Wigwam An Ill-fated Journey Concealed in a Thicket Threatened with Instant Death Escape to a Friendly Teepe The Old Chief's Agony A Heart-broken Warrior My Inability to Help Him Praying for the "White Man's Road"


CHAPTER VI.

RELIGION OF THE INDIAN A STRANGE FAITH THE GREAT MYSTERY OF INDIAN "MEDICINE."

The Indian Idea of God The Good God The Bad God The Perpetual Struggle between Them "The Happy Hunting Grounds" How the Indian Soul is Excluded from Paradise Horror of Being Scalped Desperate Efforts to Save a Friend's Soul How the Soul Escapes from the Body The Indian Idea of Hell "Good Medicine" versus "Bad Medicine" Ridiculous Superstition How
Medicine is Made Its Great Mystery A Sacred Secret Deciding on the Ingredients Appeasing the Wrath of the Bad God Sacred Ponies Driving a Sharp Bargain with the Devil Sticking to the Faith of their Fathers Spotted Tail's Argument with Captain Randall " Black Beard " My Talk with an Aged Chief Who Made the World ? Fetichism Digger Indians.


CHAPTER VII.

THE MEDICINE CHIEF HIS GREAT POWER AND INFLUENCE AN OFFICE WON BY RECKLESS DARING.

The Medicine Chief His Power and Standing in the Tribe How the Office is Won Proving His Own Medicine A First-Class Aristocrat The Idol of the Squaws An Indian Physician His knowledge of Herbs No Cure no Pay A Pandemonium of Howls Incantations Over the Sick A Remedy Worse than the Disease Heroic Treatment My Reception in an Indian Camp Black, Beady Eyes An Aspirant for Fame Sitting Bull Medicine Arrow A Favorite of Fortune The Most Remarkable Chief of His Time His Famous Arrows Arrows for Ponies and Ponies for Rum End of a Strange Career Splendid Types of Courage The Charge on Forsythe s Rifle Pits Indian Quacks.


CHAPTER VIII.

SECRET RITES AND RELIGIOUS CEREMONIES AN INDIAN MYSTERY THE SACRED "SOMETHING."

The Sacred Conclave How One of My Officers Gained Admittance What He Saw There Curious Solemnities Sacred Mysteries The Medicine Pipe How an Indian Smokes a Cigar A Blazing Stub How the Pipe is Used for Casting Lots How the Fatal Signal is Determined Secret Societies, Pass Words, and Grips Medicine Arrow s Great Influence The Sacred " Something "- What is it ? An Object of Awe and Veneration Capture of the Sacred Symbol by the Pawnees A Pious Fraud The Utes and the Squat Stone Its Capture by a Hostile Tribe Their Flight with It Consternation at its Loss Wild Pursuit and Vengeance Burial of the Sacred Insignia The Lost Treasure Sitting Bull's "Medicine,"


CHAPTER IX.

H6CH-E"-A-YUM THE GREAT MEDICINE DANCE SUFFERING AND ENDURANCE OF THE DANCERS.

The Cotton Wood Lodge The Medicine Dance Preparations for the Ceremony Extent of the Suffering Involved In the Circle The Spectators Selection of Warriors for the Dance Death the Penalty of Failure Stripped for the Struggle Eyes Fixed The Suspended Image-: Wild Enthusiasm The Dance of Endurance The Weary Round Shouts of Encouragement Wail of the Squaws An Exhausted Dancer Dragged from the Fatal Arena The Victim Death of the Dancer The Furies of Hell Let Loose Fleeing From Wrath Rallying the Bands Four Days of Suffering Sticking it Out to the Bitter End Recognition and Reward Rushing in at the Eleventh Hour Carrying off the Prize


CHAPTER X.

INDIAN METHODS OF SELF-TORTURE ENDURANCE AND DEFIANCE OF PAIN.

The Warrior s Ordeal Panting for the Knife How Suffering is Courted Stalwart Endurance of Pain The Greatest of Indian Virtues Remarkable Religious Fervor Indian Pride in Self-Torture Preparations for the Trying Ordeal Fasting, Silence, and Meditation The Candidates Brought before the Medicine Chief Deciding on the Kind and Amount of Torture The Merciless Thrust of the Knife Inserting Horsehair Ropes The Wounded Devotee Muscles Torn from the Breast Incredible Suffering The Victim s Tragic Efforts to Break Loose Suspended in Mid-air Indescribable Agonies Lips that Never Murmur Dressing the Wounds The Consequences of Flinching under the Knife The "Sun Dance" of the Sioux Expiation of Crime Exasperating Forms of Torture


CHAPTER XI.

THE INDIAN'S LAST BE STING-PLACE BURIAL OF THE DEAD.

The Excitement Caused by a Death in Camp An Indian Cemetery Depositing the Body in a Tree The Burial Case How the Body is Dressed My Horrible Discovery Following the Trail Another Discovery The Dead Body of the Comanche War Chief How He Died Treating His Body with Indignity Comical Epitaph Stealing a Body for Dissection The Body-Snatchers at Work The Midnight Foray Unexpected Arrival of Squaws Consternation of the Thieves Terror and Flight of the Women What I saw in a Deserted Ute Camp Graves Safe from Mortal Eyes Secrets Betrayed by Human Bones Ouray's Death His Secret Burial Discovery of His Grave


CHAPTER XII.

MOURNING FOR THE DEAD HOW INDIANS FEEL AND SHOW THEIR GRIEF.

In "Sackcloth and Ashes" The Mark of God's Displeasure Parental Anguish The Death of a Son A Warrior s Tearless Eyes Real Grief Mourning for a Dead Wife What Happens at the Death of a Chief How the Squaws Mourn A Chorus of Howls from the "Blessed Sex" Self-Mutilation Inflicting Horrible Wounds A "Good Cry" versus a "Good Howl" Inconsolable Widows Midnight Wails Letting off Superfluous Unhappiness Joining in the Howl The "Luxury of Grief" Vigorous Lamentation How an Indian Makes his Will Scene at Ouray's Death Bed His Will Clamoring for the Destruction of his Property A Narrow Escape The Sacrifice of Seventeen Horses Firing the Pyre.

CHAPTER XIII.

THE FUTURE LIFE THE INDIAN S IDEA OF HEAVEN THE HAPPY HUNTING GROUNDS.

Conceptions of the Hereafter Indian Horror of Being Strangled or Scalped Explained An Eternity of Green Fields and Pastures Equipped for the Long Journey Death Overcome Touching Traits of Character Complete Outfit for the Dead The Warrior s Grave Starvation and Death Preferred to Robbing the Dead How Physical Defects are Carried into the Next World Fate of an Emaciated Form Mutilations of the Body Transfixed with Arrows A Dismal Superstition Why Indians Rarely Make Night Attacks The Effect of Being Killed in the Dark Crawling into Camp Stealth and Cunning Avenging the Slain Incident of the Campaign of 1873 Fate of a Band of Surveyors


CHAPTER XIV.

CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH LIFE AND TRAINING OF INDIAN BOY? AND GIRLS.

The Redskin Baby An Original Outfit Feathers and Fur A Real "Nest of Comfort " Tossed into a Corner " In the Tree Top " Learning to Ride Stopping the Baby s Cry A Novel Method Rough Schooling Adoption of Captive Children The Comanche Women A Coveted Baby Ready to Swap or Buy An Interesting Experience The Warrior s Pride A Touching Story Bound to the Stake The Old Chief s Sacrifice Childhood Sports Freedom of the Lodge Trained for the Chase Roaming at Large Cold-Blooded Atrocities Daring Attacks In Pursuit of Fame A Momentous Hour What I saw at an Indian Dance Matrimonial Hankerings Married at Sixteen Old Age at Thirty-five


CHAPTER XV.

LOVE-MAKING IN AN INDIAN CAMP COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE.

Indian Lovers Suitors for a Maiden s Hand Going to "See His Girl " At His Inamorata s Lodge " The Old Folks at Home " - Indian Match-Makers The First Real Meeting Picturesque Reluctance and a Pretty Surrender Tete-a-Tete Engaged at Last Appearance of Rivals An Indian Flirt A Dozen Lovers at Her Feet Competition the Life of Trade Plans for the Wedding How Paternal Consent is Obtained Indian Elopements Love Defiant of Locks and Bars Escape from the Lodge Flight and Pursuit Assessing the Damages The GiiTs Market Value A White Admirer s Perfidy Gushing Frankness An Unfortunate Dilemma "So Glad You Asked Me" A Widow s Pathetic Appeal



CHAPTER XVI.

INDIAN WOMEN THEIR VIRTUES AND VICES LIFE IN AN INDIAN LODGE.

The Life of an Indian Woman Where the Bead and Feather Work Comes From A "Model" Wife A Squaw s Right Seeking a New Husband How the Custom Originated The Go-Between Secret Conferences Winning the Affections of Another Man's Wife Scandal in the Camp The Old Warrior s Darling Flight with a Youthful Admirer The Honey-Moon Housekeeping in a Friendly Teepe A Dark Day A Terrible Punishment Tickling a Girl's
Vanity Liaisons Among the Arrapahoes Curious Safeguards The Story of Powder Face A Notable Couple A Precocious Young Rascal First-Class Sensation Madmen and Idiots A Professional Tramp His Capture by Hostile Sioux.


CHAPTER XVII.

INDIAN NAMES, TITLES, AND EPITHETS THEIR MEANING AND SIGNIFICANCE. THE TOTEM.

Indian Idea of their Origin Traditions The Family Coat of Arms The Totem, and What It Is Surnames Pet Names Titles Nicknames Palpable Hits The Original "Punch" Odd Traits and Fancies Indicated by Names Why Indians Name Themselves Curious Titles "White Eagle" "Lone Wolf" "Yellow Bear" Powder Face "Man-Afraid-of-His-Horses" Loafing "Jims" and Indolent "Tonys" Unblushing Beggary Effect of Incident and Adventure An Ill-Fated Expedition An Unsolved Mystery The Place of Lost Souls The "Great American Bull-Whacker" The "Picketwire" Indian Nicknames of Army Officers Ridiculons Appellations Gray Beard General Crook's Indian Name Why they Call Him "The Gray Fox"


CHAPTER XVIII.

EVERYDAY INDIAN LIFE SIGHTS AND SCENES IN INDIAN HOMES, TEEPES, AND WINTER CAMPS.

An Indian Teepe How it is Made The " Wicky-Up " Its Construction Teepe Furnishings Beds that are Never ** Made Up " Meal Hours The Luxury of Baker s Bread Indian Hospitality The First Chance at the Pot Scenting a Dinner from Afar Entertaining You To-day and Taking Your Scalp To-morrow How Indians Select a Camping-Place Looking Out for Danger The " Public Square " and Crier Selecting a Site for the Winter Camp An Indian Village General Custer s Exploit His Fortunate Escape A Cold-Blooded Ruffian Paid "by the Scalp" Two Hundred and Fifty Scalps at One Fight Days and Nights of Feasting and Revelry " Love Rules the Camp" Sketches from Life



CHAPTER XIX.

INDIAN SKILL AND HANDIWORK -OCCUPATIONS OF CAMP AND LODGE.

In Winter Quarters Preparations for War and the Chase How Indian Saddles and Bridles are made The Mexican Device Fancy Reins The Art of Plaiting Horsehair The Lariat and the Lasso How They are Made A Winter s Task The Great Fall Hunt Scenes of Joy and Excitement Preserved Buffalo Real Indian Bread Skill in Dressing Skins Family Heirlooms The Elkhorn Handle A Priceless Treasure A Suit of Deer-skin Original Needlework Spending a Year on a Single Garment Bead Work Beautiful Ornamentation Behind the Plough The Indian Maiden of Fiction Wrestling with the Sportive Hoe A Square Day s Work The Chopping Match Startling Facts


CHAPTER XX.

TRADE AND BARTER THE VICTIMS AND PREY OF INDIAN " TRADERS."

Systems of Barter "Sold Out" Fleeced and Victimized by the "Trader" Indian Wants and Necessities The Charm of Novelty An Incident at Fort Sedgwick The Ornamented Buffalo Robe A Warrior with a Sweet Tooth The First Lot of Matches An Astonished Indian Curiosity Aroused A Wonderful Box Testing the Matches One by One Scorched Fingers My Treasures from the Ute Campaign Blanket of Rare Beauty and Design A Dishonored Statute The Trapper Thirty Years Ago Domiciled with Savages A Wild Free Life Admitted to the Indian Brother hood Sharing Hairbreadth Escapes The Gaming Table The Trader's Grip on the Red Man's Throat Barefaced Swindling An Open and Shut Game Hobson's Choice The Traders Prey


CHAPTER XXI.

INDIAN COOKS AND COOKING FAVORITE FOOD AND ODD DISHES AMUSING EXPERIENCES.

Indian Cooks Teepe Manners " Fingers before Forks " The " Tonish " Thing in Serving How Indians Cook for Themselves An Off-Hand Roast The Marrow-Bones The Choicest Bonne Bouche Enormous Feeders Eating Twenty Pounds at One Meal Gluttony of the Red Skins The Call for More Cunning and Strategy Accumulated Breakfasts An Astonishing Appetite Job's Turkey A Tough One An Abandoned Fowl An Odd Superstition Unblushing Cheek Eating Ten Feet of Marrow Guts The Use of Salt Red Pepper and Black Selection of the Entrails The Indian's Most Delicious Morsel My Invitation to Dine with the Pawnee Chief A Disgusting Repast Dog Flesh Fat Puppy Skunk My Interview with Stone Calf


CHAPTER XXII.

THE BUFFALO AND ITS DESTRUCTION THE INDIAN S GREAT FALL HUNT EXCITING ADVENTURES.

The Indian and the Buffalo The Old Days of Plenty Habits and Instincts Immense Herds A Column Fifty Miles Wide, and of Unknown Depth A Thrilling Adventure at Pawnee Rock Danger from a Stampeded Herd Splitting " the Column Safe at Last Scenes of Wild Animation Mistaken Ideas of Old Plains men How the Indians Hunt Buffalo The "Surround" Closing In for the Attack The Signal Wild Onset of Warriors Desperate Resistance The Slaughter The Sioux Plan My Camp on Big Coon Creek My Adventure with a Panic-stricken Herd A Camp Aroused at Midnight Hairbreadth Escape The Extinction of the Buffalo Wanton Slaughter Barbarous Practices


CHAPTER XXIII.

CLOTHING, FINERY, AND PERSONAL ADORNMENT OF INDIANS.

The Breech-cloth Donning a "Biled" Shirt How Little Raven " Received " " Fixed up " for White Company Ludicrous Combinations Remarkable Appearance of Turkey Leg in Council The Green Veil and Stove-Pipe Hat Bugbears of Indian Life A Disgusted Warrior Ceremonial Costumes Fringe Made of Scalp Locks Dressing the Hair The " Pig-tail " Style The Receptacle for Odds and Ends Female Attire The Buckskin Skirt and Jacket The Kirtle of Fringe How Indians Paint their Bodies Bracelets and Beadwork A Good Story The Captain s False Teeth A Cheyenne Chief s Glass Eye Terror Caused by its Removal Kicked out of Camp as Doubtful " Medicine"

CHAPTER XXIV.

DISEASE AND DEATH THE STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE.

Homesickness Driven from Pillar to Post Fate of the Pawnees Frightful Mortality The "Policy" that Drives Indians to Desperation The Only Misfortune Over which an Indian Broods Rude Remedies The Sweat House A Cold Plunge Disease among Indian Children A Shocking Suspicion Wild Flight Superstitious Terror Abject Prostration and Alarm The Wail of Despair Dead and Dying Left by the Wayside Scenes of Indescribable Horror Hydrophobia Curious Facts Concerning the Bite of a Skunk Awaiting the Worst of Fates Suicide Defiance of Torture Preparing for a Desperate Raid Shot Dead in his Saddle Deathbed Scenes Chanting the Death Song The Final Fare well


CHAPTER XXV.

INDIAN GAMBLERS THEIR GAMES OF SKILL AND CHANCE-DRUNKENNESS SCENES FROM LIFE.

Indian Gamblers A Favorite Pastime Preparations for the Game The Stakes The Whirlpool of Fortune An Exciting Contest Dexterous Manipulation Counting the Points Sweeping the Stakes Experts with Cards The Mysteries of " Monte " " Ways that are Dark " Cheating a Fine Art The Loaded Hand Heavy Stakes Bad Luck Wives and Children Lost The Comanche Gambler The Fatal Throw Gambling Customs " Passing the Bone " In a Whirl of Excitement Aboriginal Dice Lucky Numbers Favorite Game with the Cheyenne Women Born and Bred Swindlers Anything for Whiskey - Enjoying his Whiskey Alone Sneaking off for a Debauch A Sound Thrashing A Blubbering Warrior


CHAPTER XXVI.

INDIAN AMUSEMENTS AND SPORTS - WONDERFUL FEATS AND MARVELLOUS EXPLOITS.

An Indian Story Teller The Favorite of the Women The Sign Language Outdoor Sports Life in the Saddle Wonderful Beats of Horsemanship Marvellous Exploits at Full Gallop Novel Races An Arrant Jockey Tricks of the Trade An Adroit Comanche Mu-La-Que-Top s Scheme Sharp Practice A Sheep of a Pony against a Kentucky Mare Fastest Race on Record A Pat-up Job Disgusted Army Officers Bow and Arrow Games Scandal Mongers Indian Rumors The Outbreak at Fort Reno Beating the Telegraph Incredible Despatch Scouts and Runners Something New about Wives Squaw Fights Off with the Wrong Man Facing the Consequences An Unequal Contest


CHAPTER XXVII.

INDIAN MUSIC AND MUSICIANS - CURIOUS MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS - POETRY AND SONGS.

Indian Musical Instruments The Cheyenne Tom-tom A Curious Work Constructive Skill My Wonderful Present The Sioux Rattle " Flutes and Soft Recorders " Weird but Winsome Notes An Indian Serenade The War Song The Indian "German" Thrilled with Military Frenzy Transported with Adoration " Songs Without Words " Permanence of Indian Music The Celebration of Valor Selection of the Tune Fitting the Words Practising in Chorus Night After Night at Work The Song Completed Odd Indian Melodies Every One His Own Poet The Cheyenne Courting Song Winning a Married Woman's Love The Conditional Elopement The Round Dance Music of the Kiss Dance Wild Notes Recovered An Interesting Result.


CHAPTER XXVIII.

INDIAN DANCES SCENES OF WILD EXCITEMENT AND FRENZY LUDICROUS EXPERIENCES.

Indian Dancing Customs Preparations for the Scalp Dance A Hideous Picture The Circle of Wands On the Border of Frenzy Bringing Out Old Scalps Enlisting for the War " Striking the Post " My First Sight of a Scalp Dance Prisoners Gracing the Ceremony A Boy s Pluck Exasperated by Ridicule Begging Dance Reconciling Old Foes Interesting Incident of Crook's Campaign Indian Diplomacy Disastrous Blow to New-made Friends Impoverished by Hugs The Lost Chance An Every day Scene Virtue and Vice Side by Side Stolen Bodily from the Indians The Sign Dance The " Kissing Dance " Mischievous Couples Practical Jokes The Indian Love of Humor Ludicrous Experiences A Delicious Bit of Masquerading


CHAPTER XXIX.

THE SIGN LANGUAGE WONDERFUL EXPERTNESS OF INDIAN SIGN-TALKERS.

The Need of a Common Language The Great Battle Ground of the Plains The Struggle for Existence Imperilled Interests A Question of Fate Desperate Encounters Common Methods of Communication Signs and Gestures Origin and Extent of the System The Cheyennes and Arrapahoes Enforced Companion ship Fighting, Racing and Gambling Together Ignorance of Signs Among the Utes Ouray s Explanation Sign Pictures Rank of the Kiowas as Founders of the System Oral Language Skeleton Forms of Speech Individual Styles First Lessons in Signs Curious and Interesting Illustrations A Powerful Sys tem Its Effect upon Indian Life The Expert Sign-talker Conversation under Difficulties Talking under a Blanket


CHAPTER XXX.

INDIAN CHRONOLOGY DEVICES FOR RECKONING TIME KEEPING TRACK OF THE YEARS.

Keeping Track of the Years Counting by "Days," "Sleeps," "Moons," and "Winters," My Personal Observations The Fruits of Research The Moon when Corn is Planted New Year's The First Snow-fall A Puzzling Interview An Old Cheyenne's Opinion "Some Years Have More Moons than Others" The Sioux Calendar A Wonderful Chronological Chart In the Hands of Curiosity-hunters Excited Hopes Provoking Revelations Fac Simile of the Calendar Seventy Years in a Nutshell Tell-tale Hieroglyphics Solution of the Mystery Applying the Key Finding an Old Woman in a Buffalo Old Folk Lore A Legend of the Pacific Coast A "Boston Man,"


CHAPTER XXXI.

INDIAN ART AND ARTISTS SIGNIFICATION OF THEIR PICTURES AND INSCRIPTIONS.

Progress in the Arts Semi-Civilized Indians Obtaining an Education Their Knowledge of the Industrial and Mechanic Arts The Pueblos- Spinning, Weaving and Tailoring The Navahoes How their Dwellings are Constructed Beauty and Excellence of their Blankets The Apaches Canoes of Bark Adepts at Carving The Making and Ornamentation of Pipes Bead-work, Paint, Feathers, and Fringes Indian Artists Their Delight at Pictures Portraying their Remarkable Exploits My Exploring Expedition to the Black Hills What I Found under a Cairn of Stones Indian Hieroglyphics Inscriptions on Rocks and Trees Indian Signatures How Warriors Keep a Record of their Lives Indian Pictures


CHAPTER XXXII.

INDIAN WEAPONS HOW THEY ARE MADE SKILL AND EXPERT-NESS IN THEIR USE.

Bows and Arrows How Indian Boys Learn to Use them Forays for Scalps and Plunder The First Gun An Incident of My first Fight with Indians Why They Still Cling to the Bow How the Bow is Made Its Strength and Elasticity Arrows and How they are Made Their Penetrating Power War Arrows Indian Marksman Beaten by a White Man The War Club The Tomahawk The Scalping Knife "Keen as a Razor" The Lance A Formidable Weapon The Shield Patience, Care, and Thought Bestowed upon its Manufacture How the Indians Obtain their Firearms A Party of Sioux Visit my Camp A Well- Armed Warrior Fate of a Wealthy Sportsman


CHAPTER XXXIII.

INDIAN DRILL SIGNAL FIRES AND SMOKES WONDERFUL METHODS OF COMMUNICATION.

How Indian Boys Learn to Ride Testing the Speed of Every Horse The Most Skilful Riders in the World Indian Boys Fun In for a Good Time Making Bets In Search of Adventure How Indians Drill Show Drills Secret Signals Sacredness of an Indian Oath "I have Sworn " A Well-guarded Mystery How Warriors are Drilled with a Piece of Looking-glass The Best Cavalry in the World Indian Methods of Communication at Long Distances How it is Done Signal Smokes Their Variety and What they Mean Night Signals Signal Fires Indian Scouts Wonderful System of Telegraphing Marvellous Feats of Horsemanship Practising at Carrying off the Dead and Wounded


CHAPTER XXXIV.

INDIAN FIGHTING THEIR MODE OF WARFARE THRILLING AD VENTURES AND EXPERIENCES.

Indian Courage, Craft, Patience and Cunning The Effect of Surprise Their Fights with Each Other Danger from a Wounded Indian Tenacity of Life My Command Ordered to Protect a Railroad The "Talking Wire" Discovering the Position of the Enemy Indian Strategy The Battle of the Rosebud under Gen. Crook A Terrible Conflict The " Valley of the Shadow of Death " Personal Experiences Jumped " by Indians A Thrilling Adventure Surrounded by Sixty Hostile Sioux An Exciting Experience Charge of the Yelling Savages We are Again Surrounded A Narrow Escape My Adventure near Fort Dodge Preparations for the Fight Stowing away "Julia" A Ludicrous ExperienceDiplomacy Saves our Lives A Disgusted Indian


CHAPTER XXXV.

ARMY LIFE ON THE PLAINS THRILLING ADVENTURES AMONG THE INDIANS.

The Real Pioneer General Ouster s Attack on Black Kettle A Desperate Conflict Undaunted Savages The Story of the Massacre of Major Elliott and His Nineteen Men Three Thousand Warriors Rush to the Assistance of Black Kettle Wild Alarm The Indians surround Major Elliott s Command Hasty Preparations for the Worst Attacked on all Sides The Fight for Life The Death of Twenty Brave Men The Last One to Die Courage and Heroism of Sergeant-Major Kennedy Alone, Sabre in Hand Exulting Savages Inviting Instant Death Kennedy Suddenly Kills a Chief An Instant of Terrified Surprise Death of Kennedy, Pierced by Twenty Bullets The Battle of White Stone Hill Every Man for Himself


CHAPTER XXXVI.

ARMY EXPERIENCES ON THE FRONTIER POWELL'S FIGHT THE HEROISM OF THIRTY-TWO MEN.

The Phil Kearney Massacre Annihilation of the Whites Preparations to Strike Back Red Cloud s Resentment War to the Knife The Situation at Fort Phil Kearney Major Powell Ordered to Piney Island Surrounded by Indians Improvised Defences Iron Walls and Breech-loaders The Heroism of Thirty-two Men Cool Heads, Brave Hearts, and Steady Nerves The Carnival of Death Repulse with Desperate Loss Red Cloud's Consternation The Bloodthirsty Advance Awaiting the Deadly Onset Heroic Defence of the Corral Routed and Driven Back Recovering the Wounded Dragging off the Dead The Gallant Band Relieved An Old Trapper's Story of the Fight.


CHAPTER XXXVII.

GENERAL MACKENZIE'S FIGHT WITH THE CHEYENNES A DESPERATE HAND TO HAND COMBAT.

Indian Tactics Surprises and Ambuscades Attacking Detachments in Detail Appalling Massacres Courage and Craft The Night March General Crook's Indian Allies Pursuit of Crazy Horse His Escape Discovery of the Cheyenne Encampment A Night of Horror The Surprise at Daybreak Desperate Attack and Resistance Hand to Hand Combat Death of Dull Knife's Favorite Son Holding the Victors at Bay Lieutenant McKinney's Splendid Dash The Dead Hero Reinforcements Summoned My Command Ordered Forward Our Forced March in the Dead of Winter We Lose the Trail Sleeping on the Snow Flight of the Indians Untold Hardships Endured The Fatal Route.


CHAPTER XXXVIII.

WINTER ON THE PLAINS ITS DANGERS AND HARDSHIPS INCIDENTS AND PERSONAL EXPERIENCES.

Difficulty of Surprising Indians Starvation and Cold their Worst Enemies The Remarkable Winters of the Plains Piercing Winds Excessive Cold Certain Death to Every Exposed Living Thing - Flying to Shelter A " Norther " Terrible Hardships and Sufferings of Fifteen Men Braving the Dangers of the Elements The Pluck of Captain Mix Threats of Instant Death An Incident in My Own Experience Horses Frozen to Death A Stirring Incident Captain Henry's Experience In the Teeth of a Furious " Norther " Wandering Blindly through the Snow Horses Frantic with Cold Hands and Faces Frozen Utter Helplessness of the Party Looking Death in the Face The Race for Life


CHAPTER XXXIX.

TAKING THE SCALP HOW AND WHY IT IS DONE THRILLING INCIDENTS.

The Indian Custom of Taking the Scalp Origin of the Practice What Becomes of the Scalps Strange Superstition attached to them The Head Chief of the Pawnees Pays me a Visit He Discloses a Freshly Taken Scalp A strange Performance How the Pawnees Wear their Hair Custom of the Cheyennes, Arrapahoes, Kiowas and Comanches How the Scalp is Taken Different ways of Doing it Taking the Ears with it What I saw in an Indian Camp Why Colored Soldiers are never Scalped Mutilation of the Body Why General Ouster s Body was not Scalped Sam Cherry the Guide A Thrilling Incident Fears for his Safety Working Out the Story of the Tragedy His Last Shot

CHAPTER XL.

PRISONERS AMONG INDIANS VICTIMS FOR THE TORTURE CAPTIVE WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

Certain Fate of Captives Held only for Torture Savage Instincts Delight in the Agonies of his Enemy Torture by Fire Terrible Fate of a Little Drummer Boy Human Fiends Tied to a Tree Setting Fire to Pine Knots Stuck in His Body Sufferings of the Poor Boy Death s Relief " Staked Out " Devilish Ingenuity - Horrible Brutality Building a Fire on the Breast of Living Victims Female Captives A Fate worse than Death Unhappy Slaves A Favorite Stake at the Gambling-Board Passing from Hand to Hand A dozen Owners in a Single Day A Terrible Situation Giving up Prisoners Experiences of Three White Women Captives A Story of Horrors Captive Children Their Fate



CHAPTER XLI.

THE CAPTIVE S FATE INDIAN CRUELTY AND HORRIBLE DEVICES OF TORTURE TRAGEDIES.

The Indian s Chief Pleasure in Life Relishing the Agony of a Victim Cruelty to Animals Indian Women in the Role of Torturers Hellish Ingenuity Exultation over a Captive Cruelty of the Apaches The Fate of Chihuahua A Band of Fiends Bound Naked to the Cactus Left to Die The Fate of Captive Women Bondage Worse than Death An Exciting Scene Horrible Cruelties New Devices of Torture Experimenting with Prisoners Dissecting Living Human Beings Torture of a Mexican Captive Digging His Own Grave Buried Alive with the Head Out of Ground Partial Flaying Dislocations Scalped and Abandoned A Ghastly Tragedy The Story of an Apache Girl Yellow Legs


CHAPTER XLII..

A RACE OF THIEVES AND PLUNDERERS THEIR DARING AND SKILL ADVENTURES.

The Successful Thief His Standing in the Tribe The Gravest of Crimes Horse Stealing Doom of the Captured Thief Reckless Warriors Disguised as Whites The False Trail Accomplished Sneak-Thieves Comanche Experts Crawling into a Bivouac Indian Wiles Old Texans Caught Napping My Night Adventure at Fort Lincoln The Blacksmith s Death Shot Dead in his Tracks The Prince of Trailers A Thrilling Incident My Experience with a Comanche The Fiend's Bravado A Wild Leap A Race of Thieves A Wagon Train Stampeded The Night Attack The Old Rifle Regiment A Remarkable Ruse Horses Frantic with Fear Unearthly Yells The Mystery Explained


CHAPTER XLIII.

HOW INDIANS TRAVEL THEIR MARVELLOUS JOURNEYS AND EXPLOITS PLAINS CRAFT.

Unerring Instinct Straight as a Bee Line Over Trackless Wastes Without Star or Compass The Only Instance of an Indian being "Lost" Memory of Landmarks Acute Observers Born Explorers Penetrating Unknown Lands The Old Guide Espinosa's Story A Batch of Young Raiders The Solitary Wanderer Exemption from Danger On the Alert for Enemies The Love of Adventure Meandering Delawares A Notable Tribe An Indian Explorer A Wonderful Story-Teller A Strange Ambition Gratified Across the Rocky Mountains Life in Mexico Black Beaver's Career General Marcy's Guide Female Instinct In the Thicket Breaking Camp The Advance Guard The Mound Builders


CHAPTER XLIV.

TRAILING INDIAN EXPERTNESS IN READING "SIGN" THE WONDERFUL CAREER OF PEDRO ESPINOSA.

A Savage Art Expert Trailers Frontiersmen and Indians An Inimitable Faculty Mexican Competitors The Best Trailer I, ever Saw Pedro Espinosa A Wonderful Career Captured in Childhood Made a Warrior at Thirteen Suspected by his Captors Leading a Savage Life Nineteen Years of Captivity A Fortunate Bear Hunt The Midnight Flight Entrusted with Union Despatches Arrested and Shot by the Enemy Thrilling Reminiscences Pursuit of Comanches Six Days on the Trail An Exciting Manoeuvre Indian Tactics Cunning and Skill The Wrong Scent Scouting for Apaches The Fresh Track A Successful Ruse Every Man for Himself An Extraordinary Feat Cheyennes at Bay Major Munck's Victory The Pawnee Guide


CHAPTER XLV.

INDIAN HUNTERS ADVENTURES ON THE PL AINS EXCITING SCENES THE HAUNTS OF GAME.

The Best Hunters in the World Their Stealth, Cunning, and Endurance Getting Position "Many a Slip" The Lost Chance An Astonished Indian My Successful Shot The Indian's Disgust The "Pot-Shot" Exciting Scenes The Buffalo Surround The Square Chase Hunting the Elk Cutting the Hamstring Butchered at Leisure The " Good OM Times " Terrified Animals Fun in Mid- Winter Traps and Snares Luckless Anglers Abhorrence of Fish The Staked Plains Origin of the Buffalo A Curious Superstition Stone Calf and the Legend Lieutenant Ogle and the Sioux Preparing for the Surround The Onslaught Discovery of a Fresh Herd The Indians Dissatisfied Threatened Attack



CHAPTER XLVI.

DOMESTIC ANIMALS SPEED AND ENDURANCE OF INDIAN PONIES ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS.

Indian Stockbreeders Chief Ouray s Ambition " Animal-Stealing " Tribes The Cherokee Ponies An Inseparable Companion Ponies a Necessity, Wives a Luxury Where "Blood" Doesn't Count The Express Rider and his Wonderful Pony The Daring Mail Carrier Riding by Night and Hiding by Day A Marvellous Roadster The Indian s Treatment of his Horse An Animated Skeleton Browzing on Cottonwood The Diet of Bark Thrilling Chapter in Indian History Escape from the Agency Marching like Victors Encounters with Troops An Ambuscade Turning the Tables on the Redmen Col. Lewis Shot Flight of the Indians Horrors of the Kansas Raid Munck's Cavalry Pursuit Speed and Endurance Race and Trick Animals The War Pony.


CHAPTER XLVII.

ON THE FRONTIER TRAPPERS AND SQUAW MEN TRADING POSTS AND INDIAN AGENTS.

On the Frontier The Border Line The Early Trappers Playing the Wild Rover Romantic Adventures Adoption by the Tribe The Old Trading Posts A Winter s Work for Whiskey The Indian Trader Perambulating Groggeries Indian Wives and Half-breed Children Growing Rich Influence with Washington Magnates The Squaw Men Adventurers and Outcasts The Asylum of Thieves and Murderers Pliant Tools of Corrupt Agents Treachery and Debauchery Leading a Band of Sioux Horse-thieves Inciting the Indians to Deeds of Atrocity A Thousand of such " Missionaries " Indian Marriages Social Degradation The Black Hills War A Costly Sacrifice Dishonest Interpreters How the Indians are Misled Escape from a Disastrous Contest.


CHAPTER XLVIII.

FRONTIERSMEN TEXAS COW-BOYS AND BORDER DESPERADOES A STRANGE AND THRILLING STORY.

Frontiersmen Who They Are The Miners and Gold Hunters Un savory Buffalo Hunters Texas Cow-Boys A Life of Privation, Hardship and Danger A Plains "Norther" The Most Reckless of all Desperadoes Utter Disregard of Life Spoiling for a Fight The Terror of the Frontier Cattle Thieves A Strange and Thrilling Story History of a Bloodthirsty Combat A Remarkable Incident of Border Life A Noted Desperado His Gorgeous Appearance Stealing a Herd of Cattle Tracking the Thieves Their Discovery Watching for a Favorable Opportunity Killing his Victims One by One A Merciless Foe Death of the Sixth Ruffian -r- He Proves to be the Leader of the Band A Question of Time.


CHAPTER XLIX.

BORDER RUFFIANS - A LIFE OF PRIVATION AND DANGER - THRILLING PERSONAL EXPERIENCES.

Fugitives from Justice Escaped Criminals Beyond the Settlements Commencing Life Anew An Exploring Expedition in Northern Texas Thrilling Incident in My Early Military Life My Camp near the Squatter s Cabin Alone with a Frontier Ruffian A Dangerous Companion He Threatens my Life Strange Hospitality A Reckless Frontiersman The Monomania of Assassination A Wonderful Two-handed Shot Desperate Combat of Two Border Ruffians Dying Happy Slade, the Notorious Desperado An Arrant Coward The Influence of Drink Strange Freak of a Man of Wealth A Tender Heart Beneath a Rough Exterior Burying Himself in the Wilderness A Lawless Life.


CHAPTER L.

FRONTIER SCOUTS AND GUIDES HEROIC ACHIEVEMENT OF AMOS CHAPMAN FACING DEATH.

Plains craft Importance of Guides The Old Trappers Lessons from the Indians How an Experienced Guide was Lost Old Bridger Kit Carson The Requisites of a Good Scout Boots Hill California Joe Wild Bill Buffalo Bill Amos Chapman His Wonderful Achievement What Gen. Miles Said of Him Heroic Conduct of Chapman Surrounded by Indians A Thrilling Deed "Amos! Amos ! We have got you now " Remarkable Pluck Facing Death to Rescue a Wounded Comrade Major Forsyth s Fight The Alarm, "Indians!" Gallant Defence The Charge of Roman Nose and His Band Terrific Volley from the Whites Secret Departure of the Scouts for Help Threatend Starvation Living on Decaying Mule Flesh Succor at Last.


CHAPTER LI.

THE PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE INDIANS MY IDEA OF WHAT SHOULD BE DONE.

Wards of the Nation " Charity Begins at Home Official Tyranny Hidden Crimes Against the Indians Their Need of Help and Sympathy Their Future Contrasts Between Their Condition a Few Years Ago and Now On the Verge of Starvation Why They Do Not Progress The Indian Ring A Powerful Organization How the Indian is Robbed, Swindled and Imposed Upon The Source of all Indian Ills Neglect by the Government Criminal Responsibility My Idea of What Should Be Done The Tide of Immigration Only a Question of Time.

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