Rare Original James A. Garfield Signature On Envelope. Franking Privilege 1873
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Rare Original James A. Garfield Signature On Envelope. Franking Privilege 1873:
C I R Q L A R
Original antique prints, books, maps and atlasesImage Name An original Signature by James A. Garfield. Author/Artist James A. Garfield. Date of Document Dated April 6, 1873 on verso of envelope. Type of Print N/A
Size of Image
The envelope measures 3 1/4" X 5 3/4".Condition In overall very good to excellent condition with an ink smudge on the front of the envelope.
We are pleased to offer this original signed envelope by then Congressman James A. Garfield to one Burke A. Hinsdale. James Garfield was a Congressman for 20 years before he ascended to the Presidency for but 200 days before he was assassinated in New Jersey.
One privilege of members of Congress (both houses) as well as the Presidency is the use of franking privileges, ie: these politicians can send letters to anyone without cost. Back in the day these politicians simply signed their name where the postage stamp would otherwise have been placed.
The gentleman to whom Congressman Garfield sent the letter (we are offering the envelope only; we do not have the letter that presumably was inside) was a man named B.A. Hinsdale. He and Mr. Garfield were best friends (wiki). Garfield was a student at Hiram College (near Cleveland) between 1851-53 then a teacher there beginning in 1856, after which time he was a "principal" (President) at Hiram College. One of his students was B.A. Hinsdale who ultimately succeeded him as President at Hiram College.
James A. Garfield was in the Ohio Volunteer Infantry when he was elected to Congress for the first time in 1862. He chose to stay in the Army and was commissioned a major general on September 19, 1863 following his gallantry at Chickamauga. He resigned his commission a few weeks later, finally taking his seat in Congress, a position he would hold for nine terms until his election as president in 1880. Hinsdale was a longtime friend and correspondent of Garfield's, and was the author of an often-referenced two-volume book, Works. Much of their correspondence was published in the Garfield-Hinsdale Letters, edited by Mary L. Hinsdale in 1949.
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