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Saint John Chrysostom Greek/eastern Orthodox/catholic Church Rare Early Ed 1543 For Sale
EXTREMELY RARE, ORIGINAL 1543 EDITION OF: "OPERUM DIUI IOANNIS CHRYSOSTOMI". This important 16th century work was written by Saint John Chrysostom and printed by Hugo and Heirs of Porta, Paris. Author was bishop of Constantinople who studied law and theology at Antioch. After living as a hermit in a cave formany years, he returned to Antioch where he became famous as a preacher, earning the name Chrysostom, or "golden-mouthed." His great powers of oratory were without equal during his time. This present folio contains volumethree of his collected works.
Early printed works by this revered saint are extraordinarily scarce in any state. WorldCat locates no other copies of the present edition,nor couldwe find another copy held in private hands. The majority of 16th century [and earlier] imprints by Chrysostom are institutionally held,often inodd volumes. Our extensive search yielded just two other 16th century imprints by Chrysostom in circulation, dated 1547 and 1599 respectively. Apart from an incunable dated 1470 [andobtainable at$95,000], this is the earliest printed work we could glean. Foliostrikingly bound in full tanned sheepskin, decorated in blind with roll tools and raised spine bands.
"Born at Antioch, Syria, in about 349, John Chrysostom is considered the most important father in the Greek church. Due to his elegance, he was dubbed Chrysostomos, or 'golden mouthed'...Once he left home, John pursued his ascetic study, scarcely slept, and committed the Old and New Testaments to memory. An obvious believer in the fundamental principles of asceticism, he engaged in extreme fasting and other practices...John proved to be an avid reformer, winning many enemies at the imperial court, including Empress Eudoxia (r.395-404)...His writing is defined by an advanced and informed rhetorical style, a stress on literal biblical exegesis, and extensive reference to the ascetic schools...His preaching, both in content and style, was unequalled in his lifetime and for years after" [see: "Holy People of the World: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia" by Phyllis G. Jestice, p. 437, Santa Barbara, CA, 2004].
John Chrysostom (c. 347-407), Archbishop of Constantinople, was an important Early Church Father. He is known for his eloquence in preaching and public speaking, his denunciation of abuse of authority by both ecclesiastical and political leaders, the "Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom", and his ascetic sensibilities, but also his role in the development of antisemitism. After his death in 407 [or, according to some sources, during his life] he was given the Greek epithet "chrysostomos", meaning "golden mouthed" in English, and Anglicized to Chrysostom.
The Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches honor him as a saint and count him among the Three Holy Hierarchs, together with Basil the Great and Gregory Nazianzus. He is recognized by the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church as a saint and as a Doctor of the Church. Churches of the Western tradition, including the Roman Catholic Church, some Anglican provinces, and parts of the Lutheran Church, commemorate him on 13 September. Some Lutheran and many Anglican provinces commemorate him on the traditional Eastern feast day of January 27th. The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria also recognizes John Chrysostom as a saint [with feast days on Thout 16th and Hathor 17th].
John is known in Christianity chiefly as a preacher, theologian and liturgist. Among his homilies, eight directed against Judaizing Christians remain controversial for their impact on the development of Christian antisemitism. Beyond his preaching, the other lasting legacy of John is his influence on Christian liturgy. Two of his writings are particularly notable. He harmonized the liturgical life of the Church by revising the prayers and rubrics of the Divine Liturgy, or celebration of the Holy Eucharist. To this day, Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches of the Byzantine Rite typically celebrate the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom as the normal Eucharistic liturgy, although his exact connection with it remains a matter of debate among scholars.
During a time when city clergy were subject to criticism for their high lifestyle, John was determined to reform his clergy in Constantinople. These efforts were met with resistance and limited success. He was an excellent preacher whose homilies and writings are still studied and quoted. As a theologian, he has been and continues to be very important in Eastern Christianity, and is generally considered the most prominent doctor of the Greek Church, but has been less important to Western Christianity. His writings have survived to the present day more so than any of the other Greek Fathers.
Condition: Rare book remains in good overall condition [see images]. Foliohandsomely bound in full tanned sheepskin, decorated in blind with roll tools and raised spine bands; cover worn with clasps and catches lacking, spine tips well bumped, free endpapers lacking, printer's woodcut device on title, old ownership inscription rubbed out at the foot of the title, couple ofold rubber stampings, first and last few leaves damp stained along top blank margin, text printed in parallel columns throughout, criblé initials, scattered minor foxing and marginal worming, etc., generally clean internally. Text in Latin. Folio numbers 213 leaves [i.e., 426 pages] and measures approx 16" tall x 10" wide x 2" thick. Quite a find and a very worthy acquisition indeed.
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On Mar-15-13 at 02:04:58 PDT, seller added the following information:
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Saint John Chrysostom Greek/eastern Orthodox/catholic Church Rare Early Ed 1543: $522