Saboya Regiment Spanish Colonial Copper Alloy Button 22.5mm Served In Mexico


Saboya Regiment Spanish Colonial Copper Alloy Button 22.5mm Served In Mexico

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Saboya Regiment Spanish Colonial Copper Alloy Button 22.5mm Served In Mexico:
$50


From a fortunate find by a metal detectorist is this late Spanish Colonial period uniform coat button for the Saboya Regiment, also known in Mexico after 1818 as Regimiento de la Reina Expedicionario. Saboya was formed as Regiment No. 3 in 1702, becoming No. 22 and then No. 5 in 1741. After suffering capture by the French and a complete reduction of its three battalions in 1808 (making obsolete the older battalion numbered button versions sometimes seen), the regiment was resurrected as the wholly new single battalion No. 5 later that same year. Ordered "Ultramar" and sent for service in New Spain during 1813, Saboya arrived in Veracruz as that single battalion of 900 men under the command of Coronel Melchior Alvarez - it campaigned there until 1822, occasionally receiving Spanish reinforcements though mostly drawing replacements for its dwindling ranks from locally conscripted drafts. The battalion participated in a number of named battles and smaller engagements. It facilitated the capture of Oaxaca in 1814, and then took six rebel colors during the battle of Hayotlan two months later. While serving in Oaxaca, it recovered the 16th Century banner used by Hernan Cortes. Service during 1818 included battles at Cuesta de la Sangre, Paso de San Juan, and Barranco de Moral. The campaign of 1819 was punctuated by sanguinary actions at Rincon de las Casas, Camarrona, Cantarranas, Paso de Savila, and Sonora. Saboya was present during the attempted reduction of Cordoba in March, 1821, being ultimately forced back to Orizaba by heavy losses after two failed assaults. Attrition was a constant problem both from this arduous field service and pestilence. By the time of its evacuation back to Spain, the battalion consisted of just 251 veterans. Completely disbanded in 1822, it was resurrected with fresh faces (and new uniforms with different buttons) the following year. The offered copper alloy button is of the style adopted by regulation in 1802 or 1805, having "SABOYA" within a beaded copper rim - this one specifically proper post 1808, at which time buttons showing the old multiple battalion designations were removed from use. When a totally different almost French style of button was proposed for infantry regiments around 1816, the reality was that these older buttons continued to serve. In fact, I have never even seen a Saboya example of the mentioned type. The new design may never have reached the battalion so far from Spain, the old buttons making do for some years until a depletion of all available stocks. Buttons to this regiment are sometimes encountered on Peninsular battle sites, though be aware they are not nearly so common as those from units of which no part was ever ordered "Ultramar". That said and if the late Spanish Colonial time frame is your period of interest, this is one you want. Condition is quite good for a field find though not absolutely pristine perfect, with strong detail and some typical burial incrustations and expected wear to the surfaces from ground action. The integral shank is present and strong, a nice bonus. In all, just enough "salt" for visual charisma and as evidence it genuinely saw the elephant. Size is about 22.5mm. I have decided to concentrate on only a few specific regiments pertinent to the colonial period, or would not give this up. I'm not sure what else to say, so there you are.

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