Skythia, Geto-dacians, Koson (1st Century Bc) Gold Stater Coin. Rr
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Skythia, Geto-dacians, Koson (1st Century Bc) Gold Stater Coin. Rr:
Skythia, Geto-Dacians, Koson (1st Century BC) Gold Stater Coin. RR!
Denomination: AV Stater
Mint Period: 1st Century BC
Reference: Friedberg -, RPC 1701; SNG Ashm. 3780. RR!
Condition: Double-struck obverse, light weakness of strike in reverse, otherwise a nice lustre XF of this rare and popular type!
Obverse:Roman consul accompanied by two lictors.
Reverse: Stylized horseman right. Ground-line below, without other symbols in fields.
The conventional belief that these coins were struck by a Thracian dynast named Koson striking on behalf of Brutus was first proposed by Theodor Mommsen. Mommsen based his theory on Appian' s statement (B Civ. IV.10.75) that Brutus struck coins from the gold and silver provided to him by the wife of a Thracian dynast. The coins' similarity to known Roman types of the period, in particular the issue Brutus struck as a moneyer in 54 BC (Crawford 433/1). Max Bahrfeldt ("Ãœber die ÎšÎŸÎ£Î©Î�-MÃ¼nzen," Berliner MÃ¼nzblÃ¤tter 1912), however, cogently challenged this interpretation, arguing instead a connection to Coson-Cotiso(n), a Getic king with whom Octavian had apparently been arranging an alliance-by-marriage (Suetonius, Aug. 63.2; cf. Horace, Carm. II.18.8; Flor. II.28.18). Nonetheless, Mommsen's academic reputation and the appeal of associating these coins with Caesar's assassin favored the earlier interpretation. Thus, this attribution has largely been unchallenged (but see M. Crawford, CMRR, p. 238: "A remarkable issue of gold staters, imitated from the denarii of M. Brutus.... Showy and useless, it was probably produced in the area of modern Transylvania in the second half of the first century.").Re-examining the evidence, Octavian Iliescu has argued for support of Bahrfeldt's interpretation based on the following reasons: first, both hoards as well as individual specimens of these coins can be traced for the most part to Transylvania (northern Romania), rather than Thrace (southern Bulgaria); second, the average weight of known specimens conforms not to the aureus-standard of 8.10 gm established by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, and at which Brutus struck coins for his troops, but to that of the staters struck on behalf of Mithradates VI during the First Mithradatic War; third, the coin types do not directly copy the corresponding types of Brutus' denarius, but combines the type's reverse with the reverse of a denarius of Q. Pomponius Rufus struck three decades earlier. The discovery of many coins in a number of local archaeological excavations that combine different Roman types from various periods further undercuts the specific historical meaning to the use of the Brutus-type. It is this king Cotiso(n) to whom Octavian had sought to arrange an alliance-by-marriage (Suetonius, op. cit.), with his daughter Julia marrying Koson's son, and himself, Koson's daughter. This act further angered Mark Antony, to whose son Julia had originally been promised, and exacerbated the rift between Octavian and himself. The local usage of Roman coin types in the region during the last century BC demonstrates the economic ties between Dacia and Rome, but the struggle between Antony and Octavian revealed the region's strategic and diplomatic influence, by increasing the local kings' power and prestige and affording them the opportunity to strike their own coins.
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The Dacians were an Indo-European people, part of or related to the Thracians. Dacians were the ancient inhabitants of Dacia, located in the area in and around the Carpathian Mountains and east of there to the Black Sea. This area includes the present-day countries of Romania and Moldova, as well as parts of Ukraine, Eastern Serbia, Northern Bulgaria, Slovakia, Hungary and Poland. The Dacians spoke the Dacian language, believed to have been closely related to Thracian, but were culturally influenced by the neighbouring Scythians and by the Celtic invaders of the 4th century BC.
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