Treasure Of Poore Men 1541 Petyt Seynge Of Urynes & Harbal Herbal Medicine Nr For Sale

  NOT IN ESTC, NOT IN WORLDCAT, NOT IN THE sale RECORD OF THE 20TH CENTURY. THIS 1541 EDITION OF ‘A GOOD BOOKE OF MEDECINES CALLED THE TREASURE OF POORE MEN’ IS UNIQUE. PRINTED AT LONDON BY WILLIAM PETYT, THIS IS ONLY COPY OF THE 1541 EDITION STILL IN EXISTENCE.

MORE REMARKABLY STILL, ‘THE TREASURE OF POORE MEN’ IS HERE BOUND WITH THE VANISHINGLY RARE ‘SEYNGE OF URYNES’ AND THE 1541 PETYT EDITION OF ‘A BOKE OF THE PROPERTYES OF HERBES THE WHICHE IS CALLED AN HARBAL,’ WHICH IS ITSELF KNOWN IN ONLY ONE OTHER COPY.

  OFFERED WITH is AN EXTRAORDINARY SAMMELBAND COMPRISING THE UNIQUE SURVIVING EXAMPLE OF THE 1541 ‘TREASURE OF POORE MEN,’ BOUND WITH THE 1541 EDITION OF THE ‘SEYNGE OF URYNES,’ ITSELF KNOWN IN ONLY FOUR INSTITUTIONAL COPIES, AND WITH THE 1541 PETYT EDITION OF ‘A BOKE OF THE PROPERTYES OF HERBES THE WHICHE IS CALLED AN HARBAL,” KNOWN IN ONLY 1 INSTITUTIONAL COPY, ‘The Treasure of Poore Men’ complete in all respects, IN ENGLISH THROUGHOUT, printed in small octavo, BEAUTIFULLY ADORNED THROUGHOUT WITH WOODCUT INITIALS. The 1541 ‘Treasure of Poore Men’ has, of course, no STC number. The ‘Seynge of Urynes’ may be referenced as STC 22155. The 1541 ‘Harbal’ may be referenced as STC 4724 and 13175.8.

AN ENGLISH RENAISSANCE MEDICAL SAMMELBAND OF THE VERY GREATEST RARITY. IT IS EXCEPTIONALLY RARE TO ENCOUNTER ANY BOOK THAT IS NOT ONLY NOT HELD IN THE BRITISH LIBRARY, BUT NOT RECORDED IN ESTC – THIS IS TRUE OF THE 1541 ‘TREASURE OF POORE MEN’ INCLUDED IN THE SAMMELBAND OFFERED HERE. The key to identifying this copy of ‘The Treasure of Poore Men’ as unique is the ‘e’ at the end of ‘begynnethe’ on the title page. In no other edition recorded in ESTC, whether dated or undated, is the ‘e’ present. The dating of this edition to 1541 is supported by the two 1541 imprints with which it is bound, and the extreme similarity of the ‘Treasure’ with the ‘Harbal,’ both of which were printed by Thomas Petyt.

The full title of ‘The Treasure of Poore Men’ reads as follows:

“Here begynnethe a good booke of medecines called the trea-sure of poore me[n].”

The colophon of ‘The Treasure of Poore Men’ reads as follows:

“Imprinted at Londo[n] for Tho-mas Petyt, dwellynge in Paules churche yarde at the sygne of the Maydens head.”

The full title of ‘Seynge of Urynes’ reads as follows:

“Here begyn-neth the seygne of Urynes of all the couloures that Urynes be of / with the medicines annexed to every Uryne / & every Uryne his Urynal muche profitable for every man to knowe.”

The colophon of ‘Seynge of Urynes’ reads as follows:

“Here endeth the boke of seynge of waters / Imprinted at London in Fleete Streete / by me Elysabeth late wife unto Robert Redman, dwelling at the sygne of the Georg / nexte to Saynt Dunstones churche.”

The full title of ‘The Boke of the Propretyes of Herbes’ reads as follows:

“A boke of the propertyes of herbes the whiche is called an harbal, M.D.XLI [141].”

The colophon of ‘The Boke of the Propretyes of Herbes’ reads as follows:

“Imprynted at London in Paules church yearde, at the sygne of the may-dens head by Thomas Petyt. / M.D.XLI [1541].”

NO SAMMELBAND OR COMBINED EDITION OF THESE THREE WORKS FROM ANY EDITION OF THE 1540s OR 1550s APPEARED AT sale DURING THE 20TH CENTURY. ALL 16TH CENTURY EDITIONS OF THE THREE WORKS ARE OF THE MOST EXTREME RARITY.

The extraordinary rarity of all of these books without doubt is caused by their role in English Renaissance medicine: they were intended to serve as substitutes for living physicians, since the cost of a physician was prohibitive for nearly the whole of early 16th century English society. As such, all three of the works in this volume would have been used in practice and under less than ideal circumstances for the preservation of a book; indeed, nearly all copies were undoubtedly read to destruction.

THE RARITY OF THESE BOOKS IN SUM:

THE 1541 THOMAS PETYT EDITION OF ‘A GOOD BOOKE OF MEDECINES CALLED THE TREASURE OF POORE MEN’ IS NOT IN ESTC AND IS NOT KNOWN IN ANY OTHER COPY.

THE ‘SEYNGE OF URYNES,’ PRINTED IN 1541 BY ELYSABETH REDMAN, IS KNOWN ONLY IN 4 INSTITUTIONAL COPIES: BRITISH LIBRARY, BODLEIAN LIBRARY, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (LOS ANGELES), AND YALE.

THE ‘BOKE OF THE PROPERTYES OF HERBES, THE WHICHE IS CALLED AN HARBAL’ PRINTED BY THOMAS PETYT IN 1541, IS KNOWN IN ONLY 1 OTHER COPY, WHICH IS AT THE BODLEIAN. THERE IS, THEREFORE, NO COPY AT THE BRITISH LIBRARY OR IN NORTH AMERICA.

‘The Treasure of Poore Men’ is a collection of herbal remedies that undoubtedly derives from a medieval work of the same nature,. Equally undoubtedly, it has been updated by the publisher or an anonymous author to reflect the most up to date herbal wisdom of Renaissance England. The tenor of the work is amply demonstrated by the entry for ‘Aqua Vite,’ which opens the work, and which reads as follows:

“NOWE IN THE BEGYNNYNG FYRSTE I WYLL MAKE PERFYTE TO YOU THE COMPOCION OF AQUA VITA, THE WHYCHE IS CALLED IN ENGLYSHE WATER OF LYFE. Fyrste fyll a potte of olde red wyne cleare and str[n]ge and doe there in pouder of Canell, gylofer, genger, pelytory, nutmig, Galyngale spigured, maces, quibiles, graynes of Paris, longe peper, blacke siromonten, comin, fenell fede, smalage, perslye, sage, rewe, calaminte, and horshowe of eche of the[m] lyke muche, & beware that they dyffer not the wayght of a dram under or above at ye most. The wayghte of a dram is two pens halfpenny, than put all the above sayd pouders in ye wine and after put them in a styllatory and distyll it with a softe fire, and loke ye thy stillatorye be well claymed, so that no fumositie go out, & loke ye thy fyre bee good cole, also receive thy water out of a Lembecke in a vial of glas. This water is called the water of lyfe, and it may be likened to baine, aud put in the stede of bame naturall, for it hathe all the natures of kynde of bane. Thys water is clere and lighter than the water of roses, for it wyll flete above all lycours, for if oyle be put above ths water, anone it seeketh ye ground.”

THE ‘SEYNGE OF URYNES’ is actually a translation, no doubt with amendments and additions, of the famous medieval tract, ‘De Urinis’ by the Byzantine physician Johannes Zacharias Actuarius. The ‘Actuarius’ is actually a dignity conferred by the Byzantine  court upon physicians. Wikipedia gives the following description of ‘De Urinis’: “A treatise on urine in seven books. Actuarius treated of this subject fully and distinctly, and, though he goes upon the plan which Theophilus Protospatharius had marked out, yet he has added a great deal of original matter. It is the most complete and systematic work on the subject that remains from antiquity, so much so that, till the chemical improvements of the 19th century, he had left hardly anything new to be said by the moderns, many of whom transcribed it almost word for word.”

“THE BOKE OF THE PROPERTYES OF HERBES THE WHICHE IS CALLED AN HARBAL,” is an edition of the ‘Herbal’ by Richard Bankes, WHICH IS IN FACT THE EARLIEST BOOK IN ENGLISH TO BE CALLED A ‘HERBAL.’ It is a description of the nature, properties, appearance and use of all of the different herbs known in England during the early 16th century. For example, the entry for sage, or ‘Salvia,’ reads as follows: “Sage is hote in the fyrste degree and drye in the seconde degree / the leves only be taken in medecynes both grene and dry / he may be kepte a yere. There be ii. maners of Sages, the garden and ye wylde Sage, If thou wyl have Sage for medecynes take ye leves of garden Sage for that co[n]sumeth more and comforteth more the[n] the other doth.”

‘The Treasure of Poore Men’ is complete. It is foliated as follows: [4], 80. The headline changes from gothic to roman type at folio 73, and back to gothic type at folio 80 (which is incorrectly numbered 71). The text follows without a break. The catchword follows between folios 72v and 73r, but with an extra ‘e’ in the ‘handefull’ of the catchword. The catchword on 79v has been excised. It is therefore possible but not at all certain that folios 73 through 79 have been supplied from another 1540s edition. It is, however, equally likely (especially considering that this copy is unique) that different printers were used at the time of publication, or that the leaves were printed in this manner in 1541 as a result of a vicissitude in the life of the printer or the availability of the type.

‘The Seynge of Urynes’ comprises 48 leaves unpaginated (ESTC records this as 96 pages). The final five leaves are in good facsimile. The first 43 leaves (of the total of 48) are genuine. The title page is genuine. With the 5 facsimile leaves included, ‘The Seynge of Urynes’ is complete.

‘A Boke of the Propertyes of Herbes’ comprises 76 leaves unpaginated (ESTC records this as 152 pages). The first 14 leaves are in good facsimile. The final 62 leaves (of the total of 76) are genuine. The colophon, dated 1541, is genuine. With the 14 facsimile leaves included, ‘A Boke of the Propertyes of Herbes’ is complete.

The volume measures about 13.0 cm by 9.0 cm by 3.0 cm; each leaf measures about 125 mm by 78 mm.

The volume is very attractively bound in full modern calf that replicates a 17th century binding with remarkable accuracy. It is in excellent condition and is essentially without wear.

Internally, the volume is solidly in very good to excellent condition, with generally clean pages, clear print and sufficient to ample margins throughout. The leaves are moderately toned at their edges but remain supple. The title of the ‘Treasure of Poore Men’ is a little more noticeably toned, as are the subsequent 3 leaves. There is a small dampstain visible at the upper outer corner upon the final 12 leaves of the ‘Harbal,’ not affecting legibility.

In all, this AN EXTRAORDINARY SAMMELBAND COMPRISING THE UNIQUE SURVIVING EXAMPLE OF THE 1541 ‘TREASURE OF POORE MEN,’ BOUND WITH THE 1541 EDITION OF THE ‘SEYNGE OF URYNES,’ ITSELF KNOWN IN ONLY FOUR INSTITUTIONAL COPIES, AND WITH THE 1541 PETYT EDITION OF ‘A BOKE OF THE PROPERTYES OF HERBES THE WHICHE IS CALLED AN HARBAL,” KNOWN IN ONLY 1 INSTITUTIONAL COPY, ‘The Treasure of Poore Men’ complete in all respects, IN ENGLISH THROUGHOUT, printed in small octavo, BEAUTIFULLY ADORNED THROUGHOUT WITH WOODCUT INITIALS, and OFFERED WITH .

Please take the time necessary to review the photos below in order to gain a better understanding of the content and condition of the volume. Please also take a moment to view my other sales of rare and desirable English and Continental printed books dating from the 15th through the 19th century.

Shipment is free for customers in the United States and Canada. For U.S. clients we ship either FedEx Ground for large shipments or USPS Priority for single books or smaller amounts. We ship using Canada Post for Canadian customers.

 Canadian buyers please note that we list on .com which automatically charges for international shipment. Your invoice will be amended to reflect free shipping.

 Please note as of January 2013 USPS has increased International shipping charges on average by 25%.

We charge for shipment of international orders.  We try to ship using USPS flat rate priority-mail boxes and we charge for shipment at cost or slightly below. Small 12mo books are shipped for USD 24.00. The cost of shipment for any book in Octavo, Quarto or small folio format is USD 60.00. The cost of shipment for large folios or quartos of equivalent size is USD 78.00. Multiple folio volumes and sets are, of course, generally more expensive and the cost of their shipment will always be quoted in the listing. With all of our sales if an individual client wins multiple books we charge only charge for the shipment of one book and cover the cost of shipment of the rest. Please note that mobile devices do not yet display correctly the shipment costs for international customers. Please enquire or consult the non-mobile site in order to obtain complete information concerning the cost of shipment.

 

All purchases save those by Canadian clients are shipped from New York State once per week, weather permitting. If you require faster service or special handling please let us know and we will do our best to accomodate.


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On Jun-11-13 at 06:32:38 PDT, seller added the following information:

Having received inquiries concerning the edition points of the ‘Treasure of Poore Men’ we thought to provide additional bibliographical information from ESTC for comparison.

ESTC lists 7 entries related to the Treasure of Poore men. Of these seven entries including in ESTC, the three earliest were printed by Thomas Petyt, 1539, 1540 and 1546. The remainder, printed by various different printers, are dated between 1555 and 1601 and are clearly later editions reprinted and/or updated from the Petyt (and contemporary) printings.

The three earliest entries are placed below, with the copy offered here inserted for comparison between the 1541 and 1546 entries.

STC (2nd ed.), 24201 Here begynneth a good boke of medycynes: called the treasure of poore men Imprynted at Londo In Paules churche yearde at the sygne of the maydens heed, by Thomas Petyt, MDXXXiX

STC (2nd ed.), 24202 Here begynneth a good boke of medycynes: called the treasure of poore men Prynted at London In Paules churche yearde, at the sygne of the Maydens heade: by Thomas Petyt, MD and XI [1540]

Our Copy Here begynnethe a good booke of medecines called the trea-sure of poore me[n]. Imprinted at Londo[n] for Tho-mas Petyt, dwellynge in Paules churche yarde at the sygne of the Maydens head.”

STC (2nd ed.), 24203.3 Here begynnethe a newe booke of medecines called the treasure of poore me[n] Imprinted at Londo[n] [by N. Hill] for Thomas Petyt, dwellinge in Paules churche yarde at the sygne of the Maydens head, [1546?]

According to the ESTC data, the copy offered here represents a unique edition with a new title page. ‘Boke’ has changed to ‘Booke,’ ‘e’ has been addeded to ‘begynnethe,’ and 'medycynes' has changed to 'medecines.'

For the 1546 edition, according to ESTC, ‘Newe’ replaced ‘Booke’ in the title. It makes sense, therefore, to surmise that the replacement of ‘Booke’ with ‘Newe’ in the 1546 edition signifies a new edition and possibly an update.

It is also noteworthy that a search on ESTC of the exact title of the example offered here yields no result.

The above is of course not conclusive; we therefore strongly urge every potential buyer to satisfy himself or herself with respect to the scarcity and the edition points of the book offered in this listing. We also welcome any help or further information concerning this book. Finally, all early editions of ‘The Treasure of Poore Men’ are vanishingly rare and very desirable. Thus, while the above points have their importance and are more than quibbles, it is also the case that they can at times be given undue importance, particularly with reference to the severe incompleteness of the historical record and the many contingencies of printing in mid-16th century London.


Treasure Of Poore Men 1541 Petyt Seynge Of Urynes & Harbal Herbal Medicine Nr

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