Very Rare Original Historic Photograph Of Bass Reeves & Other Us Marshals,1880's For SaleVERY RARE ORIGINAL Historic Photograph of BASS REEVES & other US Marshals,1880's BASS REEVES GEORGE SCARBOROUGH SAM SIXKILLER
~ Guaranteed 100% Authentic~
EXTREMELY RARE CIRCA 1880's PHOTO FEATURING U.S. MARSHALS:
BASS REEVES (Back row far left)
GEORGE SCARBOROUGH (Front row far left)
SAM SIXKILLER (Back row far right)
And three other men beleived to be U.S. Marshals involved in Ned Christie's capture.
This is an ORIGINAL, hand-tinted photograph. It is in good condition and has been professionally restored. There are VERY few known photographs of these men, making this a very special and historic piece.
Framed Dimensions 23-5/8 x 19-5/8 inches
It will ship insured. Let me know if you prefer to have it shipped without the frame so I can adjust the shipping cost for you.
Bass Reeves (July 1838 – 12 January 1910) was one of the first African Americans (possibly the first) to receive a commission as a Deputy U.S. Marshal west of the Mississippi River.
Reeves was born a slave in 1838 in Crawford County, Arkansas, and took the surname of his owner, George Reeves, a farmer and politician. He moved to Paris, Texas with George Reeves. During the American Civil War, Bass parted company with George Reeves. "Some say because Bass beat up George after a dispute in a card game. Others believe that Bass heard too much about the 'freeing of slaves' and simply ran away." Bass Reeves fled north into the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) and lived with the Seminole and Creek Indians until the end of the war. He learned to be a crack shot with a pistol.
Later Reeves moved to Arkansas and farmed near Van Buren. He married Nellie Jennie from Texas, by whom he had ten children, five boys and five girls.
Reeves and his family farmed until 1875, when Isaac Parker was appointed federal judge for the Indian Territory. Parker appointed James F. Fagan as U.S. Marshal, directing him to hire 200 deputy U.S. Marshals. Fagan had heard about Reeves, who knew the Indian Territory and could speak several Indian languages. He recruited him as one of his deputies.
Reeves worked for thirty-two years as a Federal peace officer in the Indian Territory. He was one of Judge Parker's most valued deputies. Reeves brought in some of the most dangerous criminals of the time, but was never wounded, despite having his hat and belt shot off on separate occasions. Once he had to arrest his own son for murder.
Reeves was a marksman with a rifle and pistol. During his long career, he also developed superior detective skills. When he retired in 1907, Reeves claimed to have arrested over 3,000 felons. He said he had had to shoot and kill fourteen outlaws to defend his own life.
When Oklahoma became a state in 1907, Reeves, then 68, became an officer of the Muskogee, Oklahoma police department.
He was himself once charged with murdering a posse cook. At his trial before Judge Parker, Reeves was represented by former United States Attorney W. H. H. Clayton, who had been his colleague and friend, and was acquitted.
Reeves' health began to fail, and he died of Bright's disease in 1910. He was an uncle of Paul L. Brady, the first African-American appointed a Federal Administrative Law Judge (in 1972).
In 2007, the U.S. Route 62 bridge crossing the Arkansas River between Muskogee and Fort Gibson, Oklahoma, was named the Bass Reeves Memorial Bridge in his honor.
On May 16, 2012 a bronze statue of Reeves by sculptor Harold Holden, of Enid, Oklahoma, was cast at a foundry in Norman, Oklahoma. It was moved to its permanent location at Pendergraft Park in Fort Smith, Arkansas.
In popular culture
Reeves figures prominently in an episode of How It's Made in which a Bass Reeves limited edition collectors' figurine is shown in various stages of the production process.
Bass Reeves, a fictionalized film of his life and career was released by Ponderous Productions of San Antonio in 2010.
Bass Reeves is also mentioned in passing in episode 2 of season 3 of Justified (TV series), along with other US Marshals of distinction Bat Masterson and Wyatt Earp.
Morgan Freeman has expressed interest in playing Reeves in a motion picture about his life.
Reeves' story has also been presented to kids. Bad News for Outlaws: The Remarkable Life of Bass Reeves, Deputy U.S. Marshal by Vaunda Micheaux Nelson won the 2010 Coretta Scott King Award for best author.
It has been suggested that Reeves was the inspiration for the fictional character The Lone Ranger.
George Scarborough (October 2, 1859 - April 5, 1900) was a cowboy, lawman, and possible outlaw (disputed) who lived during the time of the Wild West. He is best known for having killed outlaw John Selman, killer of John Wesley Hardin, and for his partnership with lawman Jeff Milton, with the pair bringing down several outlaws during their time together.
Early life, controversial killingGeorge Scarborough was born in Louisiana. His family moved to Texas, where for a while he worked as a cowboy. In 1885, he was appointed sheriff for Jones County. He would later work as a Deputy US Marshal in and around El Paso, Texas. On June 21, 1895, while working alongside El Paso police chief Jeff Milton, Scarborough shot and killed Martin McRose, a Texas rustler. McRose is buried near John Wesley Hardin, and Texas Ranger Ernest St. Leon. Jeff Milton was Chief of Police in El Paso at that time, and Scarborough was a US Marshal. McRose had been captured, and was killed while being brought back from Mexico by the two lawmen on an outstanding warrant. Outlaw and gunman John Wesley Hardin claimed that he had paid Scarborough and Milton to kill Martin McRose. Milton and Scarborough were arrested, but Hardin later withdrew his comments and the men were released.
Scarborough became well known for his unusual tactics when tracking a wanted outlaw. Often, he would drop himself down to the level of those he was pursuing. This tactic was extremely effective, and made him a hated and feared man among the outlaw element. There are many accusations that he was actively and ambitiously involved in outlaw gangs which he betrayed, but no one ever conclusively proved he was involved in unlawful actions. In July, 1898, Scarborough and Milton tracked, shot and captured outlaw "Bronco Bill" Walters, killing another member of Walters gang, and scattering the rest from their hideout near Solomonville, Arizona. In late 1899 and into 1900, Scarborough pursued the Burt Alvord gang. The beginning of the gangs end came during a February 15, 1900 gunfight between five of the gang members and Jeff Milton in Fairbank, Arizona, during which gang member "Three Fingered Jack" Dunlop was killed, and both gang member Bravo Juan Yaos as well as Milton were wounded.
Killing of John SelmanOn August 19, 1895, lawman/outlaw John Selman shot and killed John Wesley Hardin at the Acme Saloon Bar in El Paso. Scarborough had long been feuding with Selman. Selman had, as Constable of El Paso, shot and killed a former Texas Ranger named Bass Outlaw on April 5, 1894, who was a close friend to Scarborough. Selman had been tried for the shooting, and found not guilty.
In reality, Bass Outlaw was not innocent in his own death that night. Intoxicated, and having already been ordered by Selman, a constable at the time, to return home and sleep off his intoxication, after he had verbally threatened to kill a local judge, Outlaw instead visited a brothel then a saloon. He became involved in an argument with Texas Ranger Joe McKirdict, who was attempting to talk him into leaving. Outlaw shot and killed Ranger McKirdict, then turned on Selman, who engaged him in a gunfight. Constable Selman was wounded twice, in the thigh, and Outlaw was killed. The shooting of Bass Outlaw was found justified by the court.
On the second anniversary of his friend's death, Scarborough called Selman into the back alley behind the Wigwam Saloon, the two men argued and began fighting. Scarborough claimed both drew their guns, and Scarborough fatally shot Selman. However no gun was found on Selman's body. Conveniently, a thief was arrested before the trial, who claimed to have stolen Selman's gun immediately after the supposed gun fight. Therefore, Scarborough was acquitted at his murder trial. Scarborough then moved to Deming, New Mexico, where he worked as a gunman for the Grant County Cattlemen's Association. He was also associated with the arrest of Pearl Hart.Death
On April 1, 1900 Scarborough was involved in a shootout with George Stevenson and James Brooks. He killed one of the men, but during the shootout he was shot in the leg and was taken back to Deming where he had his leg amputated. He died four days later - coincidentally six years to the day after the death of his friend Texas Ranger Bass Outlaw and four years after he shot Bass' killer, John Selman.
Sam Sixkiller (1842–December 24, 1886) was a prominent Native American leader during the American Civil War and the postbellum period.
Sixkiller was born in the Going Snake district of the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory—now Adair County, Oklahoma. He served on both sides during the Civil War, offering his support to the Confederacy as a private in the 1st Cherokee Cavalry before switching allegiance to the Union and serving with his father at Fort Gibson in an artillery battery.
Following the war, he became the first captain of the Indian Police, providing police services for the lands of all five tribes. He was also a Deputy U.S. Marshal and a special agent for the Missouri Pacific Railroad.
Sixkiller was murdered December 24, 1886, in Muskogee, Indian Territory.Ned Christie (December 14, 1852 – November 3, 1892), also known as NeDe WaDe in Cherokee, was a Cherokee statesman. Ned was a member of the executive council in the Cherokee Nation senate, and served as one of three advisers to Chief Bushyhead. He was notable for holding off American lawmen in what was later called Ned Christie's War, after being accused, wrongfully according to testimony in 1918, of murdering a United States Marshal. This gave him notoriety as an outlaw, and he was eventually killed by lawmen.
Early lifeChristie was born at Wauhillau (located at 35.85550°N 94.77426°W), Going Snake District, Cherokee Nation, in the present-day state of Oklahoma. He was the son of the Removal Era, Trail of Tears, survivors, Watt and Lydia (Thrower) Christie. They were of the Keetowah band, the most traditional of Cherokee peoples. As a child and young man, Christie was a marble champion, stick ball player and popular fiddle player.
Marriage and familyHe was married first to Nannie Dick (about 1871). Next he married Peggy Tucker (1875). Third he married Jennie Scraper (about 1877). Fourth he married Nancy Greece (about 1888).
By religion Ned was a member of the Keetoowah Society. His father, Watt, and grandfather (Lacy Christie), were Chiefs of their ceremonial ground near the family home at Wauhillau (present-day Adair County, Oklahoma).
Work and alleged murderChristie was a big man at 6'4", and became a blacksmith and gunsmith. In 1885 he was elected to the tribal Senate.
In May 1887 a U. S. Marshal Daniel Maples was shot and killed in the Cherokee Nation. Christie was accused of the murder by a companion, John Parris, who was at first arrested for the crime. Parris told authorities that Christie had fired the shot that killed Maples. Friends convinced Christie to hide, but he also appealed to the United States Court of the Western District of Arkansas in Fort Smith for bail to allow time to prove his innocence. (This court also had oversight over the Indian Territory.) US Judge Isaac C. Parker did not believe he could comply with the request. Parker's sensational cases and record of executions dominate the period's history, although he also worked to rehabilitate offenders, reform the criminal justice system, and advocate the rights of the Indian nations in the territory.
Fearing a trial before white people in a U. S. court, Christie fortified his home to resist arrest. He began a stand-off with the U. S. that would last almost five years. He was advertised as an outlaw "wanted, dead or alive." In an attack in 1889, lawmen burned his house to the ground, but Christie escaped with friends, although he was wounded by a gunshot. Christie never went to trial.
In 1891 marshals served another warrant for Christie's arrest. He had moved to a more isolated area away from Tahlequah, and built a fortified house at Wauhillau. Today it is often referred to as Ned's Fort. The "fort" was a double log-thick home with sand poured between the logs. He made openings only large enough to see from and put a rifle through.
In 1892, Christie was killed by a posse of lawmen, who attacked his fort with cannon and dynamite. He was shot and killed while running toward the posse. They tied his body to a cellar door for transport by train to Fayetteville, Arkansas. There lawmen had themselves photographed with Christie's body as a trophy of their capturing the "notorious outlaw" who had held off the government for years. Then they transported the body by train to Fort Smith, Arkansas to gain their reward. Again people had their pictures taken next to Christie's body. The Cook photography studio took a photo to reproduce and sell as postcards. Christie's body was released by authorities to his family, who took it to Wauhillau for burial.
In 1918, a man named Dick Humphreys came forward to authorities and stated he had seen the killing of the marshal Maples. He said that Christie didn't shoot him; but that a man named Bud Trainer did. Christie was cleared at last. Christie's opposition to railroad development in Indian Territory made him many powerful enemies. Some researchers believe that this may have contributed to him being falsely accused of the murder of Maples.
Legacy and honorsToday Christie is honored by a plaque at the Cherokee Court House in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, the oldest public building in the state. The memorial reads that he was "assassinated by U. S. Marshals in 1892." The Fort Smith Historical Site also has material recognizing Christie's assassination.
Many articles about Christie were published in newspapers and western magazines, as his story captured people's imaginations. Christie was also the subject of novels, such as Zeke and Ned by Larry McMurtry and Diana Osana and Ned Christie's War by Robert Conley. Several non-fiction books have been written, including He Was a Brave Man by Lisa LaRue. Christie's great-great-nephew Roy J. Hamilton wrote a non-fiction account of his life, titled Ned Christie: Cherokee Warrior.
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