Ww2 Newspaper August 27 1945 Yanks To Take South Korea Gen. Macarthur Bnp 7 For Sale
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Chamberlain resigned and Winston Churchill became British Prime Minister.
After the German army defeated the French and France capitulated the British evacuated their armies from Dunkirk. The British also retreated from Norway. King Hakon of Norway escaped to Britain.
Italy declared War on Britain and France. The German Air Force sought victory with sustained attacks on the Royal Air Force.
The Luftwaffe was defeated and invasion of Britain delayed. Japan joined the Axis powers. Romania and Hungary also joined the Axis powers as did Yugoslavia. A coup in Yugoslavia with the army taking power led to a German invasion. After a failed attempt by Mussolini&rsquo s Italian forces to occupy Greece the German army took over and defeated the British and the gallant Greek defenders. In the Mediterranean the British Navy defeated the Italian fleet off Cape Matapan.
The turning point of WWII was the German invasion of The Soviet Union in June 1941. In North Africa the British and Commonwealth forces had defeated the Italians but this lead to the the German Afrika Corps under General Erwin Rommel joining the Italians and defeating the British forces. On December 7 1941 Japanese aircraft attacked the United States navy at Pearl Harbour. The United States immediately declared war on Japan and Hitler declared war on the United States. The Japanese land forces attacked Hong Kong, Singapore, Philipines and Thailand.
The United States navy defeated the Japanese navy at Midway. The Japanese captured Singapore, Malaya, Hong Kong and the Philipines. In North Africa Army Commander General Montgomery defeated and routed the Africa Corps in the Battle of El Alamein. The German armies in the Soviet Union were defeated by the Russian armies and the Russian winter. Subsequently the German army was defeated at Stalingrad the army and Von Paulus surrendering. The British led by Montgomery and American forces under Ike Eisenhower and Patton forced the surrender of the remnants of Rommel&rsquo s army in North Africa. British and American forces landed on the island of Sicily and subsequently the mainland of Italy leading to the surrender of Italy and Italy joining the Allies. On June 6 1944 Allied forces landed on the beaches of Normandy and after fierce fighting destroyed a German army in theFalaise pocket.
The critical battle for the future of Europe.
Normandy was the critital battle for the future of europe. The allied forces laned at five points code named: Utah Omaha Gold Casino Sword.
Eisenhower was supreme commander Montgomery Bradly and Dempsey commanded the British American and Canadian forces respectively.
Prior to the invasion the transport system in France had been bombed successfully on the orders of Portal; Tedder and Leigh Mallory. Radar installations where destroyed with the exception of the installations between Calais and Brittany.
Under the command of Major Harrod infantry men landed near Benouville and captured two bridges code named Pegasus and Horsa. In total 18000 British and American parachutists landed prior to the main invasion.
A deception had successfully convinced the German high command and particularly Hitler that the main invasion was the take place in the Pas De Calais area by a phantom army commanded by Patton.
The prime target for the American forces was the Contetin Peninsula and particularly the port of Cherbourg. The British and Canadians had the task of protecting all the bridge heads from the panza forces attacking the Caen area and to capture Caen and the nearby airfield.
Prime Minister Chuchhill (remembering the Dardanelles.), Roosevelt, Eisenhower and Marshall where desperately concerned to avoid a battle getting bogged down on the beaches. Monty was confident that his battle plan was in fact succeeding. The US armies broke out in the west and cut off the German forces defending Cherborg.
As was predictable the American forces on reaching the outskirts of Cherbourg demanded the surrender of the German forces commanded by General Karl Wilhelm. On the orders of Hitler, Rommel ordered General Karl Wilhelm von Schlieben not to surrender. Bombardment by naval vessels virtually destroyed the port and forced the surrender.
Hitler, Von Runstedt and Nazi high command still believed the main landing would be in the Pas de Calais. To stiffen resolve Hitler travelled to the Hitler bunker at Marival near Soissons ordering no retreat but still refused to deploy the Fifteenth army still defending Pas de Calais. In fact another landing was to take place on the French Riviera code named Anvil.
Bombardment by Allied aircraft continued and road and rail junctions were attacked at Etampes, Amiens, Arras, Caen, Cambrai and a synthetic oil plant at Gelsenkirchen.
The French Resistance was courageously active in destroying road and rail communications preventing reinforcements reaching German defenders. The combined efforts destroying bridges across the Loire between Orleans and the Bay of Biscay meant that a German Panzer division took 17 days to reach Normandy. A particular act of valour involved Violet Szabo flown in from London valiantly undertaking acts of saboutage who was captured after 3 days; tortured by the Gestapo and despite an unsuccessful rescue attempt from Limoges prison was executed in a Nazi Concentration Camp.
The battle for Caen was particularly destructive and fierce. Edward Heath then a British Officer later Prime Minister and Maurice Schuman later Foreign Minister of France both fought in this crucial battle. The German Armour attacking the bridgeheads at Caen was gradually destroyed in accordance with Montgomery’s plan and the British and Canadians under Dempsey were ready to break out. Thus the battle plan was vindicated with the Americans under Bradley and Patton who had arrived from England were attacking to the south east and the British and Canadians were going east. The conclusive objective was to trap the German forces in a pocket at Falaise.
Again and fatally Hitler ordered “no retreat” and the consequence was the destruction of the German armies in the Falaise pocket.
During this critical and decisive period the plot to kill Hitler failed and as a consequence Rommel committed suicide. Many other German officers were executed or took their own lives including Klaus Von Stauffenburg who placed the bomb, General Friedrich, General Olbricht, General Karl Heinrich von Stuelpnagel. General Fromm, General Olbricht, General Ludwig Becht, Field Marshal Von Witzleben, General Erich Hoepner, General Erich Fellgiebel, General Caesar Von Hofacker, a diplomat Adam Von Zu Solz and many more.
At this time Hitler was hoping to use his new secret weapons to change the course of WWII. His new jet fighter to allow the Luftwaffe to gain control of the air and the V1 flying bomb and the V2 rocket bomb to dest roy London and other British cities. Fortunately allied intelligence had anticipated the attacks and the V1 was not a success and strategic bombing destroyed many V2 rockets before launching.
The newspapers we are listing cover this decisive period of the War in the west leading to the defeat and unconditional surrender of the Axis armies in 1945.
Eisenhower having taken control of allied forces instructed Montgomery to advance across the Lower Seine and the Picardy and Flemish Plain towards Brussels and Antwerp. Bradly was to attack towards the Lower Rhine and the Ruhr. Devers' American and French forces where to advance on Metz and Nancy advancing from the Rhone toward Alsace. Patton in the meantime was advancing in Lorraine. Operation Markey Garden had been agreed by Eisenhower and involved leap frogging the Rhine at Arnhem, the Raal at Nijmegen and the Maas by using paratroopers. Events proved that Arnhem was a bridge too far and after incurring heavy loses British and Polish paratroopers where withdrawn. Meanwhile Hitler had managed to put together substantial forces for the defence of the Reich. He was however to squander these reserves in the desperate attack which almost succeeded in Ardennes.
Soviet forces commanded by Zhukov on the orders of Stalin drove forward on a 300 mile front between the Carpathians and the Black Sea crossed the river Pruth into Rumania. Bulgaria sued for peace and Greece Yugoslavia and the Danuve Valley and Austria where open to the advancing Russians.
As the battle for Western Europe continued Field Marshall Alexander (Alex) continued to advance through Italy having captured Rome and now threatened Kasselring and the defences on the Pisa Rimini Line. The possibility remained of an invasion of Austria through the Ljubjiana gap and Venetia thus linking with Soviet Russian forces in the Danube Valley advancing through Rumania and the Balkans. Churchill hoped that the victor of the Tunis would smash through the Gothic line to Lombardy. Field Marshall Alanbrooke on a visit to Italy to meet Alex also met Paget, Churchill, MacMillan Portal Jumbo Wilson and at the front Murray, Kirkman, Portal and Russell finally departing by air from Sienna Aerodrome for Ancona.
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To help preserve this newspaper the tissue we use is acid free but still the newspaper is vunerable and deserving of great care. Therefore no sunlight and not to be exposed to high temperatures. For centuries our priceless history has been preserved intact by libraries, universities and colleges and museums.However progress demanded that we preserve our newspaper history by microfilming.This was done and the decades of history were simply dumped. Microfilmed editions it was discovered had a far far shorter life than the original and digital storage was decided was the perfect solution. Sadly the hardware and necessary software becomes quickly dated and keeping storage systems accessible requires vigilance and continued investment.
The original vintage newspaper is endangered.
We have briefly outlined the history of the vandalised newspaper because we are emphasising the importance of preserving this totally irreplaceable historical resource.There is no better place than in the security of individuals and families and the more newspapers and magazines find their way to such homes the less likely that progress will destroy what remains.
And who knows the content might now or in the future attract collectors, researchers or historians anxious to locate an only remaining copy.
To whom it may concern-----“read happily and please take care of this precious newspaper”
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