Winston Churchill Gold Silver Coin Medal World War I Planes Ii London Old Retro
This item has been shown 77 times.
Winston Churchill Gold Silver Coin Medal World War I Planes Ii London Old Retro:
Sir Winston ChurchillUnCirculated Silver and 24Kt Gold Plated Commemoration Coin
One side has a image of the great man in gold behind a silver cityscape of London with Big Ben on the House of Parliament and St. Pauls Cathedral. There are also some small German Planes flying about London during the Blitz.
It also has his name and the year he was born 1874 and the year he died 1965. Around the edge of the coin is one his most famous quotes"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few"
The othersidehas a red, white and blueunion jack with the Great Man with his famous V for Victory Gesture. Around the side of the coin is another of his inspirational quotes"Never, Never, Never give up. if your going through hell keep going"
The coin is 40mm in diameter, weighs 30 grams.Comes in air-tight acrylic coin holder and with a Coin Holder
A Beautiful coin and Magnificent KeepsakeSouvenirto Commemorate a Great Leader and a man who was voted the Greatest Ever Britain.In Excellent Condition
I have a lot more Churchill Items on >>> CLICK HERE TO VISIT MY
Buy with Confidence please read my response from over 14,000 satisfied customer
Read how quickly they receive their items - I post all my items within 24 hours of receiving payment
International customers are welcome. I have shipped items to over 120 countries
International orders may require longer handling time if held up at customs
If there is a problem I always give a full refund
Returns are acceptedIf your unhappy with your item please return it for a full refundI am a UK Seller with over 10 Years of Selling Experience
Why not treat yourself?
I always combine multiple items and send an invoice with discounted postage
I leave instant response upon receiving yours
All payment methods accepted from all countries in all currencies
Are you looking for a Interesting conversation piece?
A birthday present for the person who has everything?A comical gift to cheer someone up?
or a special unique gift just to say thank you?You now know where to look for a bargain!
Please Take a Moment Click Here to Check Out My Other items
*** Please Do Not Click Here ***
Click Here to Add me to Your List of Favorite Sellers
Thanks for Reading and Good Luck with the offerding!
Who Was Winston Churchill?Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (November 30, 1874 to January 24, 1965) was a British politician, military officer and writer who served as the prime minister of Great Britain from 1940 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1955. Born to an aristocratic family in 1874, Churchill served in the British Army and worked as a writer before earning election to Parliament in 1900. After becoming prime minister in 1940, Churchill helped lead a successful Allied strategy with the U.S. and Soviet Union during World War II to defeat the Axis powers and craft post-war peace. Elected prime minister again in 1951, he introduced key domestic reforms.As with other influential world leaders, Churchill left behind a complicated legacy. Remembered by his countrymen for defeating the dark regime of Hitler and the Nazis, he topped the list of greatest Britons of all time in a 2002 BBC poll, outlasting other luminaries like Charles Darwin and William Shakespeare. To critics, his steadfast commitment to British imperialism underscored his disdain for other races and cultures.
(Photo: Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images)(Photo: Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images)
Books and Movies on ChurchillChurchill has been the subject of numerous portrayals on the big and small screen over the years, with actors from Richard Burton to Christian Slater taking a crack at capturing his essence. John Lithgow delivered an acclaimed performance as Churchill in the Netflix series The Crown, winning an Emmy for his work in 2017. That year also brought the release of two biopics. In June, Brian Cox starred in the titular role of Churchill, about the events leading up to the World War II Invasion of Normandy. Gary Oldman took his turn by undergoing an eye-popping physical transformation to become the iconic statesman in Darkest Hour, scheduled for release in November 2017.Churchill's standing as a towering figure of the 20th century is such that his two major biographies required multiple authors and decades of research between volumes. William Manchester published volume 1 of The Last Lion in 1983 and volume 2 in 1986, but died while working on part 3; it was finally completed by Paul Reid in 2012. The official biography, Winston S. Churchill, was begun by the former prime minister's son Randolph in the early 1960s; it passed on to Martin Gilbert in 1968, and then into the hands of an American institution, Hillsdale College, some three decades later. In February 2015, Hillsdale published volume 18 of the series.
Churchill’s Wife and KidsIn 1908, Winston Churchill married Clementine Ogilvy Hozier after a short courtship. The couple had five children together: Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigold (who died as a toddler of tonsillitis) and Mary.
Knighting and Nobel PrizeIn 1953, Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. The same year, he was named the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
World War II and Appointment as Prime MinisterWinston Churchill was the prime minister of Great Britain from 1940 to 1945, leading the country through World War II until Germany’s surrender. Although Churchill didn't initially see the threat posed by Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1930s, he gradually became a leading advocate for British rearmament. By 1938, as Germany began controlling its neighbors, Churchill had become a staunch critic of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement toward the Nazis.On September 3, 1939, the day Britain declared war on Germany, Churchill was appointed first lord of the Admiralty and a member of the war cabinet; by April 1940, he became chairman of the Military Coordinating Committee. Later that month, Germany invaded and occupied Norway, a setback for Neville Chamberlain, who had resisted Churchill's proposal that Britain preempt German aggression by unilaterally occupying vital Norwegian iron mines and sea ports.In May, debate in Parliament on the Norwegian crisis led to a vote of no confidence toward Prime Minister Chamberlain. On May 10, 1940, King George VI appointed Churchill as prime minister and minister of defense. Within hours, the German Army began its Western Offensive, invading the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. Two days later, German forces entered France. Britain stood alone against the onslaught.Quickly, Churchill formed a coalition cabinet of leaders from the Labor, Liberal and Conservative parties. He placed intelligent and talented men in key positions. On June 18, 1940, Churchill made one of his iconic speeches to the House of Commons, warning that "the Battle of Britain" was about to begin.Churchill kept resistance to Nazi dominance alive, and created the foundation for an alliance with the United States and the Soviet Union. Churchill had previously cultivated a relationship with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s, and by March 1941, he was able to secure vital U.S. aid through the Lend Lease Act, which allowed Britain to order war goods from the United States on credit.After the United States entered World War II, in December 1941, Churchill was confident that the Allies would eventually win the war. In the months that followed, Churchill worked closely with U.S. President Roosevelt and Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin to forge an Allied war strategy and post-war world. In meetings in Teheran (November-December 1943), Yalta (February 1945) and Potsdam (July 1945), Churchill collaborated with the two leaders to develop a united strategy against the Axis Powers, and helped craft the post-war world with the United Nations as its centerpiece.As the war wound down, Churchill proposed plans for social reforms in Britain, but was unable to convince the public. Despite Germany's surrender on May 7, 1945, Churchill was defeated in the general election in July 1945.
Cold War and Election as Prime MinisterIn the six years after Churchill’s defeat, he became the leader of the opposition party and continued to have an impact on world affairs. In March 1946, while on a visit to the United States, he made his famous "Iron Curtain" speech, warning of Soviet domination in Eastern Europe. He also advocated that Britain remain independent from European coalitions.With the general election of 1951, Churchill returned to government. He became prime minister for the second time in October 1951, and served as minister of defense between October 1951 and January 1952. Churchill went on to introduce reforms such as the Mines and Quarries Act of 1954, which improved working conditions in mines, and the Housing Repairs and Rent Act of 1955, which established standards for housing.These domestic reforms were overshadowed by a series of foreign policy crises in the colonies of Kenya and Malaya, where Churchill ordered direct military action. While successful in putting down the rebellions, it became clear that Britain was no longer able to sustain its colonial rule.
When and Where Was Winston Churchill Born?Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, England, on November 30, 1874.
Family, Early Life and EducationFrom a young age, Winston Churchill displayed the traits of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill, a British statesman from an established English family, and his mother, Jeanette "Jennie" Jerome, an independent-minded New York socialite.As a young child, Churchill grew up in Dublin, Ireland, where his father was employed by his grandfather, the 7th Duke of Marlborough, John Spencer-Churchill. Churchill proved to be an independent and rebellious student; after performing poorly at his first two schools, Churchill in April 1888 began attending Harrow School, a boarding school near London. Within weeks of his enrollment, he joined the Harrow Rifle Corps, putting him on a path to a military career.At first it didn't seem the military was a good choice for Churchill; it took him three tries to pass the exam for the British Royal Military College. However, once there, he fared well and graduated 20th in his class of 130. Up to this time, his relationship with both his mother and father was distant, though he adored them both. While at school, Churchill wrote emotional letters to his mother, begging her to come see him, but she seldom came. His father died when he was 21, and it was said that Churchill knew him more by reputation than by any close relationship they shared.
Military CareerChurchill enjoyed a brief but eventful career in the British Army at a zenith of British military power. He joined the Fourth Queen's Own Hussars in 1895 and served in the Indian northwest frontier and the Sudan, where he saw action in the Battle of Omdurman in 1898. While in the Army, he wrote military reports for the Pioneer Mail and the Daily Telegraph, and two books on his experiences, The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) and The River War (1899).In 1899, Churchill left the Army and worked as a war correspondent for the Morning Post, a conservative daily newspaper. While reporting on the Boer War in South Africa, he was taken prisoner by the Boers during a scouting expedition. He made headlines when he escaped, traveling almost 300 miles to Portuguese territory in Mozambique. Upon his return to Britain, he wrote about his experiences in the book London to Ladysmith via Pretoria (1900).
Parliament and CabinetIn 1900, Churchill became a member of Parliament in the Conservative Party for Oldham, a town in Manchester. Following his father into politics, he also followed his father's sense of independence, becoming a supporter of social reform. Unconvinced that the Conservative Party was committed to social justice, Churchill switched to the Liberal Party in 1904. He was elected a member of Parliament in 1908, and was appointed to the prime minister's cabinet as president of the Board of Trade.As president of the Board of Trade, Churchill joined newly appointed Chancellor David Lloyd George in opposing the expansion of the British Navy. He introduced several reforms for the prison system, introduced the first minimum wage and helped set up labor exchanges and unemployment insurance. Churchill also assisted in the passing of the People's Budget, which introduced taxes on the wealthy to pay for new social welfare programs. The budget passed in the House of Commons in 1909, and was initially defeated in the House of Lords before being passed in 1910.In January 1911, Churchill showed his tougher side when he made a controversial visit to a police siege in London, with two robbers holed up in a building. Churchill's degree of participation is still in some dispute: Some accounts have him going to the scene only to see for himself what was going on; others state that he allegedly gave directions to police on how to best storm the building. What is known is that the house caught fire during the siege and Churchill prevented the fire brigade from extinguishing the flames, stating that he thought it better to "let the house burn down," rather than risk lives rescuing the occupants. The bodies of the two robbers were found inside the charred ruins.Named first lord of the Admiralty in 1911, Churchill helped modernize the British Navy, ordering that new warships be built with oil-fired instead of coal-fired engines. He was one of the first to promote military aircraft and set up the Royal Navy Air Service. He was so enthusiastic about aviation that he took flying lessons to understand firsthand its military potential.Churchill also drafted a controversial piece of legislation to amend the Mental Deficiency Act of 1913, mandating sterilization of the feeble-minded. The bill eventually passed in both Houses with only the remedy of confinement in institutions.
World War IChurchill remained in his post through the start of World War I, but was forced out for his part in proposing what became the disastrous Battle of Gallipoli, and resigned from the government toward the end of 1915.For a brief period, Churchill rejoined the British Army, commanding a battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Front and seeing action in "no man's land." In 1917, he was appointed minister of munitions for the final year of the war, overseeing the production of tanks, airplanes and munitions.
Post-WWI and 'Wilderness Years'From 1919 to 1922, Churchill served as minister of war and air and colonial secretary under Prime Minister David Lloyd George. As colonial secretary, Churchill was embroiled in another controversy when he ordered air power to be used on rebellious Kurdish tribesmen in Iraq, a British territory. At one point, he suggested that poisonous gas be used to put down the rebellion, a proposal that was considered but never enacted.Fractures in the Liberal Party led to the defeat of Churchill as a member of Parliament in 1922, and he rejoined the Conservative Party. He served as chancellor of the Exchequer, returning Britain to the gold standard, and took a hard line against a general labor strike that threatened to cripple the British economy.With the defeat of the Conservative government in 1929, Churchill was out of government. He was perceived as a right-wing extremist, out of touch with the people. Over the subsequent decade, known as his "wilderness years," he concentrated on his writing, publishing a memoir and a biography of the First Duke of Marlborough. During this time Churchill began work on his celebrated A History of English-Speaking Peoples, though it wouldn't be published for another two decades.
When and How Did Winston Churchill Die?On January 15, 1965, Churchill suffered a severe stroke that left him gravely ill. He died at his London home nine days later, on January 24, 1965, at age 90. Britain mourned for more than a week.Churchill had shown signs of fragile health as early as 1941, when he suffered a heart attack while visiting the White House. Two years later, he had a similar attack while battling a bout of pneumonia. In June 1953, at age 78, he endured a series of strokes at his office. That particular news was kept from the public and Parliament, with the official announcement stating that he had suffered from exhaustion.Churchill recuperated at home, and returned to his work as prime minister in October. However, it was apparent even to the great statesman that he was physically and mentally slowing down, and he retired as prime minister in 1955. Churchill remained a member of Parliament until the general election of 1964, when he did not seek reelection.There was speculation that Churchill suffered from Alzheimer's disease in his final years, though medical experts pointed to his earlier strokes as the likely cause of reduced mental capacity. Despite his poor health, Churchill was able to remain active in public life, albeit mostly from the comfort of his homes in Kent and Hyde Park Gate, in London.Who’s Biggest? The 100 Most Significant Figures in HistoryWho’s bigger: Washington or Lincoln? Hitler or Napoleon? Charles Dickens or Jane Austen? That depends on how you look at it.When we set out to rank the significance of historical figures, we decided to not approach the project the way historians might, through a principled assessment of their individual achievements. Instead, we evaluated each person by aggregating millions of traces of opinions into a computational data-centric analysis. We ranked historical figures just as Google ranks web pages, by integrating a diverse set of measurements about their reputation into a single consensus value.Significance is related to fame but measures something different. Forgotten U.S. President Chester A. Arthur (who we rank as the 499th most significant person in history) is more historically significant than young pop singer Justin Bieber (currently ranked 8633), even though he may have a less devoted following and lower contemporary name recognition. Historically significant figures leave statistical evidence of their presence behind, if one knows where to look for it, and we used several data sources to fuel our ranking algorithms, including Wikipedia, scanned books and Google n-grams.To fairly compare contemporary figures like Britney Spears against the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, we adjusted for the fact that today’s stars will fade from living memory over the next several generations. Intuitively it is clear that Britney Spears’ mindshare will decline substantially over the next 100 years, as people who grew up hearing her are replaced by new generations. But Aristotle’s reputation will be much more stable because this transition occurred long ago. The reputation he has now is presumably destined to endure. By analyzing traces left in millions of scanned books, we can measure just how fast this decay occurs, and correct for it.We don’t expect you will agree with everyone chosen for the top 100, or exactly where they are placed. But we trust you will agree that most selections are reasonable: a quarter of them are philosophers or major religious figures, plus eight scientists/inventors, thirteen giants in literature and music, and three of the greatest artists of all time. We have validated our results by comparing them against several standards: published rankings by historians, public polls, even in predicting the prices of autographs, paintings, and baseball cards. Since we analyzed the English Wikipedia, we admittedly measured the interests and judgments of primarily the Western, English-speaking community. Our algorithms also don’t include many women at the very top: Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) [at number 13] is the top ranked woman in history according to our analysis. This is at least partially due to women being underrepresented in Wikipedia.Each year since 1927, TIME Magazine has selected an official Person of the Year, recognizing an individual who “has done the most to influence the events of the year.” Our rankings provide a way to see how well these selections have stood up over time. Adolf Hitler  proves to be the most significant Person of the Year ever. Albert Einstein  was the most significant modern individual never selected for the annual honor, though TIME did name him Person of the Century in 1999. Elvis Presley  is the highest ranked figure that has been completely dissed: no author or artist has ever so been honored.The least significant Person of the Year proves to be Harlow Curtice , the president of General Motors for five years during the 1950s who increased capital spending in a time of recession, which helped spur a recovery of the American economy. Other obscure selections include Hugh Samuel “Iron Pants” Johnson , who Franklin Roosevelt appointed to head the depression-era National Recovery Administration, and fired less than a year later. John Sirica  was the District Court Judge who ordered President Nixon to turn over tape recordings in the Watergate Scandal. David Ho  is credited with developing the combination therapy that provided the first effective treatment for AIDS. His contributions to human health arguably deserve a better significance rank than our algorithms gave him here.The 100 Most Significant Figures in History1 Jesus2 Napoleon3 Muhammad4 William Shakespeare5 Abraham Lincoln6 George Washington7 Adolf Hitler8 Aristotle9 Alexander the Great10 Thomas Jefferson11 Henry VIII of England12 Charles Darwin13 Elizabeth I of England14 Karl Marx15 Julius Caesar16 Queen Victoria17 Martin Luther18 Joseph Stalin19 Albert Einstein20 Christopher Columbus21 Isaac Newton22 Charlemagne23 Theodore Roosevelt24 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart25 Plato26 Louis XIV of France27 Ludwig van Beethoven28 Ulysses S. Grant29 Leonardo da Vinci30 Augustus31 Carl Linnaeus32 Ronald Reagan33 Charles Dickens34 Paul the Apostle35 Benjamin Franklin36 George W. Bush37 Winston Churchill38 Genghis Khan39 Charles I of England40 Thomas Edison41 James I of England42 Friedrich Nietzsche43 Franklin D. Roosevelt44 Sigmund Freud45 Alexander Hamilton46 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi47 Woodrow Wilson48 Johann Sebastian Bach49 Galileo Galilei50 Oliver Cromwell51 James Madison52 Gautama Buddha53 Mark Twain54 Edgar Allan Poe55 Joseph Smith, Jr.56 Adam Smith57 David, King of Israel58 George III of the United Kingdom59 Immanuel Kant60 James Cook61 John Adams62 Richard Wagner63 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky64 Voltaire65 Saint Peter66 Andrew Jackson67 Constantine the Great68 Socrates69 Elvis Presley70 William the Conqueror71 John F. Kennedy72 Augustine of Hippo73 Vincent van Gogh74 Nicolaus Copernicus75 Vladimir Lenin76 Robert E. Lee77 Oscar Wilde78 Charles II of England79 Cicero80 Jean-Jacques Rousseau81 Francis Bacon82 Richard Nixon83 Louis XVI of France84 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor85 King Arthur86 Michelangelo87 Philip II of Spain88 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe89 Ali, founder of Sufism90 Thomas Aquinas91 Pope John Paul II92 René Descartes93 Nikola Tesla94 Harry S. Truman95 Joan of Arc96 Dante Alighieri97 Otto von Bismarck98 Grover Cleveland99 John Calvin100 John Locke