Antique Imam Ali Hasan Hussain Islam Painting Original Oil On Canvas Persian

Antique Imam Ali Hasan Hussain Islam Painting Original Oil On Canvas Persian

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Antique Imam Ali Hasan Hussain Islam Painting Original Oil On Canvas Persian:

Imam Ali & Hasanein with the lion and GhanbarOrdered By Abbas Nahvi Pouri [ Written in persian at the bottom right]ANTIQUE PERSIAN ART AROUND 100 YEARS OLD


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Ali From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Imam Ali) Jump to: navigation, search For other persons named Ali, see Ali (name). For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). See also: Nahj al-Balagha This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
  • Its neutrality is disputed. Tagged since January 2010.
Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib
Artistic depiction of Ali Commander of the Faithful
(Amir al-Mu'minin) Reign 656–661[1] Full name Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib Titles Abu al-Hasan ("Father of Hasan")
Abu Turab ("Father of Dust/Soil)
Murtadha ("One Who Is Chosen and Contented")
Asad ("Lion of God")
Haydar ("Lion")[1]
First Alī Born October 23, 598(598-10-23),[2]March 17, 599(599-03-17) or March 17, 600(600-03-17)[1]
Mecca[1] Died January 28, 661(661-01-28) (aged62)
Kufa[1] Buried Imam Ali Mosque, Najaf, Iraq Predecessor Uthman Ibn Affan (as Sunni Islam Caliph); Muhammad (as Shia Imam) Successor Hasan[3] Wives Fatimah[1]
Fatima bint Hizam al-Qilabiyya ("Ummu l-Banin") Offspring of Ali ibn Abi Talib) Father Abu Talib Mother Fatima bint Asad

Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب;Transliteration: ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib, [ʕaliː ibn ʔæbiː t̪ˤɑːlib]; 13th Rajab, 24 BH–21st Ramaḍān, 40 AH; approximately October 23, 598 or 600[2] or March 17, 599– January 27, 661[4]). His father's name was Abu Talib.[5] Ali was also the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and ruled over the Islamic Caliphate from 656 to 661,[5] and was the first male convert to Islam.[6][7] Sunnis consider Ali the fourth and final of the Rashidun (rightly guided Caliphs), while Shias regard Ali as the first Imam and consider him and his descendants the rightful successors to Muhammad, all of which are members of the Ahl al-Bayt, the household of Muhammad. This disagreement split the Ummah (Muslim community) into the Sunni and Shia branches.[1]

Muslim sources, especially Shia ones, state that during Muhammad's time, Ali was the only person born in the Kaaba sanctuary in Mecca, the holiest place in Islam.[1] His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad,[1] but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first male to accept his message, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.[4][8][9][10]

Ali migrated to Medina shortly after Muhammad did. Once there Muhammad told Ali that God had ordered Muhammad to give his daughter, Fatimah, to Ali in marriage.[1] For the ten years that Muhammad led the community in Medina, Ali was extremely active in his service, leading parties of warriors on battles, and carrying messages and orders. Ali took part in the early caravan raids from Mecca and later in almost all the battles fought by the nascent Muslim community.

Ali was appointed Caliph by the Companions of Muhammad (the Sahaba) in Medina after the assassination of the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan.[11][12] He encountered defiance and civil war during his reign. In 661, Ali was attacked one morning while worshipping in the mosque of Kufa, and died a few days later.[13][14][15]

In Muslim culture, Ali is respected for his courage, knowledge, belief, honesty, unbending devotion to Islam, deep loyalty to Muhammad, equal treatment of all Muslims and generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies, and therefore is central to mystical traditions in Islam such as Sufism. Ali retains his stature as an authority on Quranic exegesis, Islamic jurisprudence and religious thought.[16] Ali holds a high position in almost all Sufi orders which trace their lineage through him to Muhammad. Ali's influence has been important throughout Islamic history.[1]

Ali's father Abu Talib was the custodian of the Kaaba and a sheikh of the Banu Hashim, an important branch of the powerful Quraysh tribe. He was also an uncle of Muhammad. Ali's mother, Fatima bint Asad, also belonged to Banu Hashim, making Ali a descendant of Ishmael, the son of Ibrahim or Abraham.[17]

Many sources, especially Shia ones, attest that during Mohammad's time Ali was born inside the Kaaba in the city of Mecca, where he stayed with his mother for three days. According to a tradition, Muhammad was the first person whom Ali saw as he took the newborn in his hands. Muhammad named him Ali, meaning "the exalted one".[1][18]

Muhammad had a close relationship with Ali's parents. When Muhammad was orphaned and later lost his grandfather Abdul Muttalib, Ali's father took him into his house.[1] Ali was born two or three years after Muhammad married Khadijah bint Khuwaylid.[19] When Ali was five or six years old, a famine occurred in and around Mecca, affecting the economic conditions of Ali's father, who had a large family to support. Muhammad took Ali into his home to raise him.[1][8][20]

Acceptance of Islam See also: Identity of the first male Muslim

The second period of Ali's life begins in 610 when he declared Islam at age 10 and ends with the Hijra of Muhammad to Medina in 622.[1] When Muhammad reported that he had received a divine revelation, Ali, then only about ten years old, believed him and professed to Islam.[1][4][8][9] According to Ibn Ishaq and some other authorities, Ali was the first male to embrace Islam. Tabari adds other traditions making the similar claim of being the first Muslim in relation to Zayd or Abu Bakr.[7][21] Some historians and scholars believe Ali's conversion is not worthy enough to consider him the first male Muslim because he was a child at the time.[22]

Shia doctrine asserts that in keeping with Ali's divine mission, he accepted Islam before he took part in any pre-Islamic Meccan traditional religion rites, regarded by Muslims as polytheistic (see shirk) or paganistic. Hence the Shia say of Ali that his face is honored— that is, it was never sullied by prostrations before idols.[8] The Sunnis also use the honorific Karam Allahu Wajhahu, which means "God's Favor upon his Face."

The reason his acceptance is often not called a conversion, is because he was never an idol worshipper like the people of Mecca. He was known to have broken idols in the mold of Abraham and asked people why they worshipped something they made themselves. Ali's grandfather, it is acknowledged without controversy, along with some members of the Banu Hashim clan, were Hanifs, followers of a monotheistic belief system, prior to the coming of Islam.

After declaration of Islam

For three years Muhammad invited people to Islam in secret, then he started inviting publicly. When, according to the Quran, he was commanded to invite his closer relatives to come to Islam[23] he gathered the Banu Hashim clan in a ceremony.

According to al-Tabari, Ibn Athir and Abu al-Fida, Muhammad announced at invitational events that whoever assisted him in his invitation would become his brother, trustee and successor. Only Ali, who was thirteen or fourteen years old, stepped forward to help him. This invitation was repeated three times, but Ali was the only person who answered Muhammad. Upon Ali's constant and only answer to his call, Muhammad declared that Ali was his brother, inheritor and vice-regent and people must obey him. Most of the adults present were uncles of Ali and Muhammad, and Abu Lahab laughed at them and declared to Abu Talib that he must bow down to his own son, as Ali was now his Emir[24] This event is known as the Hadith of Warning.

During the persecution of Muslims and boycott of the Banu Hashim in Mecca, Ali stood firmly in support of Muhammad.[25]

Migration to Medina See also: Hijra (Islam)

In 622, the year of Muhammad's migration to Yathrib (now Medina), Ali risked his life by sleeping in Muhammad's bed to impersonate him and thwart an assassination plot so that Muhammad could escape in safety.[1][8][26] This night is called Laylat al-Mabit. According to some hadith, a verse was revealed about Ali concerning his sacrifice on the night of Hijra which says, "And among men is he who sells his nafs (self) in exchange for the pleasure of Allah"[27][28]

Ali survived the plot, but risked his life again by staying in Mecca to carry out Muhammad's instructions: to restore to their owners all the goods and properties that had been entrusted to Muhammad for safekeeping. Ali then went to Medina with his mother, Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and two other women.[4][8]

In Medina During Muhammad's era See also: Muhammad in Medinaand Military career of Ali

Ali was 22 or 23 years old when he migrated to Medina. When Muhammad was creating bonds of brotherhood among his companions, he selected Ali as his brother.[4][8][29] For the ten years that Muhammad led the community in Medina, Ali was extremely active in his service as his secretary and deputy, serving in his armies, the bearer of his banner in every battle, leading parties of warriors on raids, and carrying messages and orders. [30] As one of Muhammad's lieutenants, and later his son-in-law, Ali was a person of authority and standing in the Muslim community.

Family life Main article: Ali marital life See also: Ahl al-Bayt, Hadith of the Event of the Cloak,and the verse of purification A Syrian image of Ali, 1989.

In 623, Muhammad told Ali that God ordered him to give his daughter Fatimah Zahra to Ali in marriage.[1] Muhammad said to Fatimah: "I have married you to the dearest of my family to me."[31] This family is glorified by Muhammad frequently and he declared them as his Ahl al-Bayt in events such as Mubahala and hadith like the Hadith of the Event of the Cloak. They were also glorified in the Quran in several cases such as "the verse of purification".[32][33]

Ali had four children born to Fatimah, the only child of Muhammad to have surviving progeny. Their two sons (Hasan and Husain) were cited by Muhammad to be his own sons, honored numerous times in his lifetime and titled "the leaders of the youth of Jannah" (Heaven, the hereafter.)[34][35]

At the beginning they were extremely poor. For several years after his marriage, Fatimah did all of the household work by herself. The shoulder on which she carried pitchers of water from the well was swollen and the hand with which she worked the handmill to grind corn were often covered with blisters.[36] Fatimah vouched to take care of the household work, make dough, bake bread, and clean the house; in return, Ali vouched to take care of the outside work such as gathering firewood, and bringing food.[37] Their circumstances were akin to many of the Muslims at the time and only improved following the Battle of Khaybar when the wealth of Khaybar was distributed among the poor. When the economic situations of the Muslims become better, Fatimah gained some maids but treated them like her family and performed the house duties with them.[38]

Their marriage lasted until Fatimah's death ten years later. Although polygamy was permitted, Ali did not marry another woman while Fatimah was alive, and his marriage to her possesses a special spiritual significance for all Muslims because it is seen as the marriage between two great figures surrounding Muhammad. After Fatimah's death, Ali married other wives and fathered many children.[1]

Hasan ibn Ali From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Imam Hasan) Jump to: navigation, search "Imam Hassan" redirects here. For the city in Iran, see Imam Hassan, Iran. Hasan al-Mujtabā
Imams of Shi'a Islam
Rank Second Twelver/Mustaali/Zaydi Imām Name Hasan ibn ‘Alī Kunya Abu Muhammad[1] Birth 15th Ramadhān 3 AH[2]
≈ March 1, 625 C.E. Death 7th[3] or 28th[4] Safar 50 AH
≈ March 6, 670 C.E. Birthplace Madīnah[2] Buried Jannatul Baqī‘, Madīnah Life Duration

Before Imāmate: 37 years
(3 - 40 AH)
- 8 years with his grandfather Muhammad
- 8 years with his mother Fātimah
- 37 years with his father ‘Alī

Imāmate: 10 years
(40 - 50 AH) Titles
  • al-Mujtabā[5]
    (Arabic for The for The Grandson)
  • Sayyidush Shabābi Ahlil Jannah[6]
    (Arabic for Leader of the Youth of for The Pure)
  • at-Taqī[5]
    (Arabic for The Pious)
  • as-Sayyid[5]
    (Arabic for The Master)
  • İkinci Ali
    (Turkish for Second Ali)
  • Umme Farwa
  • Khawla binte Manzoor
  • Umme Hassan
  • Bint-e-umrul qais
  • Ju'da bint al-Ash'ath ibn Qays
  • Umm Is'hāq bint Talha ibn ‘Ubaydallāh
Father ‘Alī Mother Fātimah Children al-Hasan (Maymūnah),
  • Umm al-Husayn.[3]

  • Ali · Hasan · Husayn
    al-Sajjad · al-Baqir · al-Sadiq
    Musa (Twelver) · Ismail (Ismaili)

    Al-Hasan ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Arabic: الحسن بن علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب‎)‎ ( born March 1, 625 CE (Ramadhān 15th, 3 AH) – died 669CE (Safar 7th[7] or 28th, 50 AH) aged 47)[8] is an important figure in Islam, the son of Fatimah the daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and of the fourth Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib.[9] Hasan is a member of the Ahl al-Bayt and Ahl al-Kisa. He briefly succeeded his father Ali ibn Abi Talib as the righteous Caliph following the latter's death, before retiring to Madinah and entering into an agreement with the first Umayyad ruler, Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan, who assumed the Caliphate. Both Sunni and Shia Muslims regard Hasan as a martyr.

    Hussein ibn Ali From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Imam Hussain) Jump to: navigation, search This article is about Husayn ibn Ali (626–680). For the modern political figure (1852–1931), see Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
    • Its neutrality is disputed. Tagged since September 2011.
    Husayn al-Shahīd
    Imams of Shi'a Islam
    The Imam Husayn Shrine in Karbala, Iraq
    Rank 3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah/Mustaali
    2nd Nizari Imamah Name Husayn ibn ‘Alī Kunya
    • Abu al-Ahrār[3]
      (Arabic for Father of Freedom)
    Birth 3rd[1] or 5th[4] Sha'aban 4 AH[1][4]
    ≈ 8 Jan., 626 C.E. Death 10th Muharram 61 AH[1]
    ≈ 10 Oct., 680 C.E. Birthplace Medina[1] Buried Imam Husayn Shrine, Karbala Life Duration

    Before Imamate: 46 years
    (4 – 50 AH)
    – 7 years with his grandfather Muhammad
    – 7 years with his mother Fatimah
    – 36 years with his father Ali
    – 46 years with his brother Hasan ibn Ali

    Imāmate: 11 years
    (50 – 61 AH) Titles
    • ash-Shahīd[3]
      (Arabic for The for The Grandson)
    • Sayyidush Shabābi Ahlil Jannah[3][5]
      (Arabic for Leader of the Youth of for The Rightly Guided)
    • at-Tābi li Mardhātillāh[3]
      (Arabic for The Follower of Gods Will)
    • al-Mubārak[3]
      (Arabic for The for The Pure)
    • Sayyidush Shuhadā[1]
      (Arabic for Master of the Martyrs)
    • al-Wafī[3]
      (Arabic for The Loyal)
    • Üçüncü Ali
      (Turkish for Third Ali)
    • Shahr Bānū,
    • Umm Rubāb,
    • Umm Laylā.
    Father Ali Mother Fatimah Children
    • ‘Alī ibn al-Ḥussein ibn ‘Alī (Zayn al-‘Āofferīn),
    • Ali al-Akbar,
    • Ali al-Asghar,
    • Fatema Kubra,
    • Fatimah Sughra,
    • Sukayna.

    Ali · Hasan · Husayn
    al-Sajjad · al-Baqir · al-Sadiq
    Musa (Twelver) · Ismail (Ismaili)

    Hussein ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: حسين بن علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب‎)‎ (3rd Sha'aban 4 AH – 10th Muharram 61 AH; 8 January 626 CE – 10 October 680 CE, also spelled Hussayn) was the son of ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (final Rashidun Caliph and first Shia Imam) and Fātimah Zahrā (daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad) and the younger brother of Hasan ibn Ali. Husayn is an important figure in Islam as he is a member of the Ahl al-Bayt (the household of Muhammad) and Ahl al-Kisa, as well as being a Shia Imam, and one of The Fourteen Infallibles of Shia Twelvers.

    Husayn ibn ‘Alī is exalted by all the Shia as a martyr who fought tyranny as he refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid I,[6] the Umayyad caliph. He rose up to create a regime that would reinstate a "true" Islamic polity as opposed to what he considered the unjust rule of the Umayyads.[6] As a consequence, Husayn was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Karbala in 680 (61AH) by Shimr Ibn Thil-Jawshan.[7] The annual funeral in the memory of him, his family, his children and his As'haab (companions) is called Ashura (tenth day of Muharram) and is a day of mourning for Shia Muslims.

    Revenge for Husayn's death was turned into a rallying cry that helped undermine the Umayyad Caliphate and gave impetus to the rise of a powerful Shia movement.[6]

    Antique Imam Ali Hasan Hussain Islam Painting Original Oil On Canvas Persian:

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