Ca1900 Chiricahua Apache Camp Cabinet Card Photograph Fort Sill Indian Territory
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Ca1900 Chiricahua Apache Camp Cabinet Card Photograph Fort Sill Indian Territory:
Outstanding and very rare, original, ca1900 Cabinet Photograph of a Native American Chiricahua Apache Indian Camp on the land surrounding Fort Sill in the Indian Territory (Oklahoma) by photographer William Irwin. This fantastic Cabinet Card Photo is titled in pencil on the back "Apache Indian Camp near Ft. Sill".
The Photograph measures approx. 5 1/2" by 4" and is mounted on the original photographer's card mount (overall size of mount is 7 5/8" by 5 1/4"). It is a fantastic view of a Chiricahua Apache Indian camp on the plains in the area of Fort Sill. There are a number of typically decorated Apache teepees and both Native Americans and ponies scattered throughout the camp. The "feel" of this Photo is simply wonderful as it truly captures a moment in time in this quiet and peaceful village of a Native People who just a few years before had been at war in an effort to save their land and their way of life. The mark of the photographer is not visible on the mount - for some reason the textured surface of the card mount surrounding the photograph has been scuffed (likely from a previous matting and framing where the matt was affixed to the card mount). While this does not affect the image in any way it has caused the loss of the photographerÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s mark however, the Cabinet Card came to us with a few others on identical format mounts and others are printed with the photographer's mark that reads "Irwin / Chickasha, Ind. Ter.".
The site of Fort Sill was staked out on 8 January 1869, by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, who led a campaign into Indian Territory to stop hostile tribes from raiding border settlements in Texas and Kansas. Sheridan's massive winter campaign involved six cavalry regiments accompanied by frontier scouts such as Buffalo Bill Cody, Wild Bill Hickok, Ben Clark and Jack Stilwell. Troops camped at the location of the new fort included the 7th Cavalry, the 19th Kansas Volunteers and the 10th Cavalry, a distinguished group of black "buffalo soldiers" who constructed many of the stone buildings still surrounding the old post quadrangle. The first post commander was Brevet Maj. Gen. Benjamin Grierson and the first Indian agent was Colonel Albert Gallatin Boone, grandson of Daniel Boone.
In June 1874, the Comanches, Kiowas and Southern Cheyennes went to war and the South Plains shook with the hoofbeats of Indian raiders. The resulting Red River War, which lasted a year, was a war of attrition involving relentless pursuit by converging military columns. Without a chance to graze their livestock and faced with a disappearance of the great buffalo herds, the tribes eventually surrendered. Quanah Parker and his Kwahadi Comanches were the last to abandon the struggle and their arrival at Fort Sill in June 1875, marked the end of Indian warfare on the south Plains.
In 1894, Geronimo and 341 other Chiricahua Apache prisoners of war were brought to Fort Sill, where they lived in villages scattered around the post. Geronimo and the other Apache prisoners had free range of Fort Sill. He was a member of Fort Sill's Native Scouts and is buried at Fort Sill. The photograph offered here pictures one of a number of camps of the Chiricahua Apache who came to Ft. Sill with Geronimo.
The photographer, William E. Irwin was born in Red Oak, Missouri in 1871. It is believed he learned photography in Indian Territory or Texas in the early 1890s. Irwin operated photography studios first in Chickasha, Indian Territory, and later in Silver City and Bisbee, Arizona, where he operated a studio from 1904 to 1922. In 1922 he opened a studio in Douglas, Arizona, which he operated until his death in 1935. In the 1890s and early 1900s, Irwin produced a body of work that consisted of images documenting the Chiricahua Apache, Comanche, and Kiowa Indians who lived near Anadarko, Indian Territory and Fort Sill.
This very rare and very beautiful Cabinet Card photo is in very good to excellent condition. The Photograph itself is exceptionally well preserved and in excellent to near mint condition - the focus is razor sharp, the contrast strong and the tonality rich and warm. The image itself is clean and crisp with no soiling, staining, chipping, scuffing, tears, repairs or damage of any kind. As mentioned above, the surface of the card mount surrounding the Photograph is scuffed but the mount both front and back is clean and the mount is sound and strong with no significant edge wear.
A very rare and beautiful, turn of the century, Cabinet Card Photograph of a Native American Chiricahua Apache Indian Camp near Fort Sill, Indian Territory by William E. Irwin and a fantastic addition to any collection!!!
Be sure to check out this seller's other sales two other Native American Indian / Fort Sill Cabinet Card Photograph by William E. Irwin which are also being offered for sale this week on !!
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