New archaeological finds include a lighthouse and concrete Roman fort @ Hastings
New archaeological finds include a lighthouse and concrete Roman fort @ Hastings:
PublisherPeter T. Reynolds1 Lever StreetHazel groveStockport SK74ENUnited Kingdom(business details and contact info below, editor Kim Rathbone)Owners of copyright and to whom licensing enquiries should be addressed.
I lay claim to the copyright of the below ideas by virtue of their first publication and a share in the finds at the site of Cross In hand Beacon as belonging to the Battle Of Hastings (particularly the 'Battle of Heathfield' as it should be known at the exact site here pictured in the listing) now at Cross In hand at the hill of the now site of the English Tree Nursery) Previously the site of the beacon at 'cross in hand'.By virtue of my discovering the said location of the final Battle Of Hastings (at Senlac) as the site of the Battle of Hastings at Senlac - now the ridge at Cross In Hand (previously believed to be at Battle)The site at Cross In Hand (Prior Heathfield) being named Senlac because it is between 'sandy lakes' which still exist at its foot..And which can be identified as Malfosse - a location into which cavalry would fall because of the lay of the land and their charge - along the foot of the hill being precarious - balanced at its edge.Although the Battle Of Hastings has previously been claimed the to be at Heathfield - I show exactly the site of the battle and thus where finds should be made and therefore lay claim to a share in those finds.Moreover I lay claim to the use of the Bayeux Tapestry in the context that it embodies a light or signal house, adjacent and or integral to William's castle at Hastings), the site of which I locate at the foot of what is now the castle headland and I contest marked Boum (French and High german (Bohon oe similar) for signal beacon using resonance or amplification of light and sound) on a 1798 map (Hastings Observer 12th Feb 2021). The site being on top of a Roman fort I discovered (and reported in the hastings Observer) in a 1776 Grose print of Hastings Castle looking down at the beach.) and I contest is made using a sea-curing Roman concrete made with the admixture of volcanic Ash from Naples and or ash locally from iron workings and lime from the lime kilns on the headland at Hastings. (The lighthouse used as a beacon for William's landing at Hastings, navigating through a narrow rocky channel to make an unopposed landing in the unique tidal lagoons of Hastings beach. Shown by myself for the first time in this painting by Joseph Farington.I'd be interested in any legally qualified person who would wish to defend this copyright covering , film. media. print and television rights.PTR 23/03/2021William would take an oath - The so-called 'WILLEM OATH' never to reveal the role of the Hestengs in his invasion. This defended to this day by the Knights Templar and Order of Garter of the Royal Household etc.I demonstrate in this short exposition aided by annotated pictures and maps, never before seen and based upon my discovery of William's castle at Hastings by comparison with a 1797 painting, by Joseph farington - I obtained at sale in 2018 and its cross referencing with a print from 1776, detail of which never realized or noticed, as disclosed in the Hastings Observer (12th Feb 2021) that William did in fact land at Hastings and build his castle there to close the door on Harold's warships and their archers, behind him. (see article Did William land his horses at Hastings? Hastings Observer 12th Feb 2021)) Exactly how, where and why he did it - I provide the answers in a 6 page dossier printed on A 4 sheet detailing my discovery and its implications to the future history of Britain. The most important castle in British history.It might on the face of it be just a simple castle. But it embodied 'William's belief as expressed when he first set foot at the site in saying 'I have taken England between both my hands'.- Which history proved to be true. Indeed I show the site - also to be the site of his landing in 1066 and the unique geography of the site to be the catalyst for this world changing event.This is really based on what is effectively the only first hand evidence of William's invasion ever found, a painting by Joseph Farington, conducted in 1797 (which I own). It is important because Farington was employed as a military artist 4 years prior in 1793 - precisely for his accuracy and military precision, to record 'the Siege Of Valenciennes' - upon which their actions could be founded (- his paintings from that occasion can be seen on-line).. In the present painting, of 1797, he is also recording the imminent potential invasion of Napoleon, at this exact site, at the foot of Hastings cliff, where soon after its execution, 3 cannon were mounted,captured from the Spanish at the battle of Cape St.Vincent in the same year, and aimed across the beach shown.Thus William's invasion perceived in 1797 to have been at this beach by military leaders of the time rather than at Pevensey as described on the Bayeux tapestry, 1066 clearly weighing on the mind of the military commander of the area- as the beach itself in 1797 - unpopulated and strategically insignificant given that the French had adopted the tactic of bombarding towns into submission from the sea. (see Leon Morel Fatio - The Invasion of North Africa c 1819) (Of interest I also have a painting of his showing the French frigates leaving Brest on that campaign)William had revealed an Achilles heel in Harold's sea-borne defenses, the tidal inlet and shallow beach, as shown in the Farington painting, never before seen before the revelation of the present painting. This unique tidal site, with shallow beach, tidal lagoons and a deep narrow tidal inlet to the hinterland, which William stealthily and innovativelybuilt his fleet bespoke to land upon utilizing previously unknown Viking technology,. The geography would not only defend William's castle from Harold's army but it would totally block access to the tidal haven of Hastings for William's deep keeled warships, designed to carry his archers. The British had successfully used them before to repel the Danes, but upon this critical occasion - their size was to work against them and William could easily block their access to his beach-head because of the pivotal location of his castle.This then - 6 A4 pages of print and pictures with hand drawn maps showing the site of William's castle and its strategic significance to William's invasion and showing evidence for its concrete foundation - never before reported outside of the Mediterranean and reporting for the first time in a thousand years its stone-built signal tower, support by the novel Roman concrete foundation. Enabling William to make a psychologicalstatement of his intent to stay. Supporting the storythat on setting foot at the very site shown in Farington's painting, William said' I have taken England between both my hands'Thus the discovery of the most important castle in British history, its building, marking the beginning of the end of Williams invasion by stopping William's navy and crucially its archers, from landing to support Harold. Harold's archers crucially the missing component at the final battle as the site was pre-selected by Harold to utilize his archers, so that they would out-range William's on lower ground. William knowing that Harold's archers were not present (despite not being able to see them) thus placed his archers in his front rank. Not so much as an effective weapon in the first part of the engagement - but incredibly to show Harold that he knew where his archers were and that his own archers would have free range in the latter parts of the battle. So this, a unique insight from the discoverer of William's castle, as reported in the Hastings Observer (12th Feb 2021) and the owner of a painting which extends its scope beyond the paper it is is painted on and far backward and forward in time to provide a unique insight into the mind of William and Harold and of both there tactics. Harold's highly evolved from the stone age and William's; a simple new methodology based upon fine analysis of the old ways of fighting and his invention of a simple effective way of combating it.
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New archaeological finds include a lighthouse and concrete Roman fort @ Hastings: