HISTORICAL SADDAM HUSSEIN INTERNATIONAL ORDER TO BOLIVIA SIGNED PSA/DNA RAREST
HISTORICAL SADDAM HUSSEIN INTERNATIONAL ORDER TO BOLIVIA SIGNED PSA/DNA RAREST :
S A D D A M H U S S E I NPRESIDENT TO PRESIDENTSUPER RARE DOCUMENT ONLY ONEOFTHIS KIND IN EXISTENCE INTHE WORLD 1/1
FROM THE DESK OF SADDAM HUSSEIN IRAQ PRESIDENT SADDAM HUSSEIN SIGNED INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENT AS PRESIDENT OF IRAQ TO PRESIDENT OF BOLIVIA ONLY OF A KIND AND ONLY ONE IN EXISTENCE EXTREMELY RARE
Saddam Hussein became President of Iraq and ruled with his Iron Fist from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. As a leading member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Bath Party, a mix of Arab Nationalism and Arab Socialism, Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup, In the late 1960s and early 1970s as Vice chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council, formally the al-Bakr's second-in-command, Saddam built a reputation as a progressive effective politician.After the Ba'athists took power in 1968, Saddam focused on attaining stability in a nation riddled with profound tensions.Saddam actively fostered the modernization of the Iraqi economy.Saddam oversaw the seizure of international oil interests,which, at the time,dominated the country's oil sector.Within just a few years, Iraq was providing social services that were unprecedented among Middle Eastern countries.Saddam established and controlled the "National Campaign for the Eradication of Illiteracy" and the campaign for "Compulsory Free Education in Iraq" and largely under his auspices, the government established universal free schooling up to the highest education levels; hundreds of thousands learned to read in the years following the initiation of the program.The government also supported families of soldiers, granted free hospitalization to everyone and gave subsidies to farmers. Iraq created one of the most modernized public health systems in the Middle East, earning Saddam an award from the United Nations Educatioanl, Scientific and Cultural orgaganization.With the help of increasing oil revenues, Saddam diversified the largely oil-based Iraqi economy.Saddam implemented a national infrastructure campaign that made great progress in building roads,promoting mining,and developing other industries.The campaign helped Iraq's energy industries. Electricity was brought to nearly every city in Iraq and many outlying areas.Before the 1970s, most of Iraq's people lived in the countryside and roughly two-thirds were peasants. This number would decrease quickly during the 1970s as global oil prices helped revenues to rise from less than a half billion dollars to tens of billions of dollars and the country invested into industrial expansion.Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces.In the early 1970s, Saddam nationalized oil and other industries.Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as oil money helped Iraq's economy to grow at a rapid pace.
In 1972 Saddam started developing his chemical weapons program. In 1973 he signed a 15-year Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation with the Soviet Union.At this time, Saddam moved up the ranks in the new government by aiding attempts to strengthen and unify the Ba'ath party and taking a leading role in addressing the country's major domestic problems and expanding the party's following.
In 1976, Saddam rose to the position of general in the Iraqi armed forces, and rapidly became the strongman of the government. As the ailing, elderly al-Bakr became unable to execute his duties,Saddam took on an increasingly prominent role as the face of the government both internally and externally. He soon became the architect of Iraq's foreign policy and represented the nation in all diplomatic situations. He was the De facto leader of Iraq some years before he formally came to power in 1979. He slowly began to consolidate his power over Iraq's government and the Ba'ath party.Relationships with fellow party members were carefully cultivated, and Saddam soon accumulated a powerful circle of support within the party.As a sign of his consolidation of power, Saddam pervaded Iraqi society.He had thousands of portraits, posters, statues and murals erected in his honor all over Iraq. His face could be seen on the sides of office buildings, schools, airports, and shops, as well as on Iraqi currency.
In early 1979, Iran's Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution, thus giving way to an Islamic republic led by the Ayatollah Khomeini.The influence of revolutionary Shi'ite Islam grew apace in the region, particularly in countries with large Shi'ite populations, especially Iraq. Saddam feared that radical Islamic ideas hostile to his secular rule were rapidly spreading inside his country among the majority Shi'ite population.There had also been bitter enmity between Saddam and Khomeini since the 1970s.
Iraq invaded Iran on 22 September 1980 and declared it a new province of Iraq. With the support of the Arab states, the United States, and Europe, and heavily financed by the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Saddam Hussein had become "the defender of the Arab world" against a revolutionary Iran. Iraq quickly found itself bogged down in one of the longest and most destructive wars of the 20th century.During the war,Iraq used chemical wepons against Iranian forces fighting on the southern front and Kurdish separatists who were attempting to open up a northern front in Iraq with the help of Iran. These chemical weapons were developed by Iraq from materials and technology supplied primarily by GermanWest companies as well as the Reagan administration of the United States which also supplied Iraq with "satellite photos showing Iranian deployments" and advised Hussein to bomb civilian targets in Tehran and other Iranian cities.France sold 25 billion dollars worth arms to Saddam.
In 1988 tensions grew with Kuwait, Saddam had always argued that Kuwait was historically an integral part of Iraq, and that Kuwait had only come into being through the maneuverings of British imperialism; this echoed a belief that Iraqi nationalists had voiced for the past 50 years. This belief was one of the few articles of faith uniting the political scene in a nation rife with sharp social, ethnic, religious, and ideological divides.The Ronald Reagan gave Saddam roughly $40 billion in aid in the 1980s to fight Iran, nearly all of it on credit. The U.S. also gave Saddam billions of dollars to keep him from forming a strong alliance with the Soviets. Saddam's Iraq became "the third-largest recipient of U.S. assistance.
On 2 August 1990, Saddam invaded Kuwait, initially claiming assistance to "Kuwaiti revolutionaries" thus sparking an international crisis.On 28 August Kuwait formally became the 19th Governate of Iraq. Just two years after the 1988 Iraq and Iran truce, "Saddam Hussein did what his Gulf patrons had earlier paid him to prevent." A UN coalition led by the United States drove Iraq's troops from Kuwait in February 1991. The ability for Saddam Hussein to pursue such military aggression was from a "military machine paid for in large part by the tens of billions of dollars Kuwait and the Gulf states had poured into Iraq and the weapons and technology provided by the Soviet Union, Germany, and France.Shortly before he invaded Kuwait, he shipped 100 new Mercedes 200 Series cars to top editors in Egypt and Jordan Two days before the first attacks, Saddam reportedly offered Egypt's Hosni Mubarak 50 million dollars in cash, "ostensibly for grain.
IRAQ 's Army was the largest in the middle east. United Nations Security Council giving Iraq a deadline to leave Kuwait and approving the use of force if Saddam did not comply with the timetable. U.S. officials feared Iraqi retaliation against oil-rich Saudi Arabia, since the 1940s a close ally of Washington, for the Saudis' opposition to the invasion of Kuwait. Accordingly, the U.S. and a group of allies, including countries as diverse as Egypt, Syria and Czechoslovakia.deployed a massive amount of troops along the Saudi border with Kuwait and Iraq in order to encircle the Iraqi army.
During the period of negotiations and threats following the invasion, Saddam focused renewed attention on the Palestinian problemby promising to withdraw his forces from Kuwait if Israel would relinquish the occupied territories in the West Bank, the Golan Heights, and the Gaza Strip. Saddam's proposal further split the Arab world, pitting U.S.- and Western-supported Arab states against the Palestinians. The allies ultimately rejected any linkage between the Kuwait crisis and Palestinian issues.
Saddam ignored the Security Council deadline. Backed by the Security Council, a U.S.-led coalition launched round-the-clock missile and aerial attacks on Iraq, beginning 16 January 1991. Israel, though subjected to attack by Iraqi missiles, refrained from retaliating in order not to provoke Arab states into leaving the coalition. A ground force consisting largely of U.S. and British armoured and infantry divisions ejected Saddam's army from Kuwait in February 1991 and occupied the southern portion of Iraq as far as the Euphrates.Some 175,000 Iraqis were taken prisoner and casualties were estimated at over 85,000.Saddam publicly claimed victory at the end of the war.
The United States, which had urged Iraqis to rise up against Saddam, did nothing to assist the rebellions. The Iranians, despite the widespread Shi'ite rebellions, had no interest in provoking another war, while Turkey opposed any prospect of Kurdish independence, and the Saudis and other conservative Arab states feared an Iran-style Shi'ite revolution. Saddam, having survived the immediate crisis in the wake of defeat, was left firmly in control of Iraq, although the country never recovered either economically or militarily from the Gulf War.
Intrusion of Iraq were on over the next decade.
In 2003 US Invaded Iraq Baghdad fell to U.S-led forces.In April 2003, Saddam's whereabouts remained in question during the weeks following the fall of Baghdad and the conclusion of the major fighting of the war. Various sightings of Saddam were reported in the weeks following the war, but none was authenticated.Saddam was placed at the top of the U.S. list of most wanted Iraqis. In July 2003, his sons Uday and Qusay were killed. On 13 December 2003, Saddam Hussein was captured by U.S. forces at a farmhouse in Tikrit in a hole. Saddam was trailed and executed on 30 December 2006.
President Saddam Hussein in the midst of the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980's, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein endorsed this Letter of State to Bolivian President Victor Paz Estensoro. The open folder type historical document, which appears on Official Iraqi Government Letterhead, Announces Hussein's designation of Qais Tawfiq Al-Mukhtar as Iraq's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Bolivia. It is dated June 29, 1986, displays a raised Government Seal, measures 9" x 13-1/4", and grades Near Mint. All of the black-ink script, Saddam Hussien has Signed Largely and Saddam Hussein's signature, grades "10". The letter's envelope carries the Iraqi Government emblem on the front and a large Intact Crimson Seal on the reverse. An English translation of the Letter of State from the Arabic also accompanies this prestigious document. Letter of Authenticity from Psa/Dna.
SADDAM HUSSEIN EMBLEM THE COAT OF ARMS ON TOP OF HIS GOVERNMENT REGIME
AMBASSADOR PLENIPOTENTIARY DOCUMENT LETTER HEAD SADDAM HUSSIEN SIGNED INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENT
SADDAM HUSSEIN REGIME EMBLEM THE COAT OF ARMS ON FRONTAL COVER OF PLENIPOTENTIARY DOCUMENT "THE EAGLE OF SALADIN" WITH SHIELD OF TRI COLOR OF NATIONAL Flag,HOLDING A SCROLL WITH THE WORDS AL- JUMHURIYA AL-IRAQIYA THE IRAQI REPUBLIC"SADDAM HUSSEIN SIGNED INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENT in the name of god merciful compassionate presidency iraqFrom Saddam Hussein President of the Republic of Iraq To His Excellency Dr Victor Paz Estensoro President of the Republic of Bolivia Greetings Being Sincerely desirous to maintain the relations of friendship and cooperation that happily exist between our two countries, we have made choice of Mr. Qais Tawfiq Al-Mukhtar to be our non resident Ambassador Extraordinary Plenipotentiary to your Excellency.
HISTORICAL SADDAM HUSSEIN INTERNATIONAL ORDER TO BOLIVIA SIGNED PSA/DNA RAREST :
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