RUSSIAN SILVER PAVEL OVCHINNIKOV & IVAN KHLEDNIKOV GILT CLOISONNE ENAMEL CASKET
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RUSSIAN SILVER PAVEL OVCHINNIKOV & IVAN KHLEDNIKOV GILT CLOISONNE ENAMEL CASKET:
Royal House Antiques is delighted to offer for sale this stunning and very rare full-sized Imperial Russian1891 Cloisonné Enamel casket box made from solid silver with gold gilding bythe highly coveted Pavel Ovchinnikov, whilst he worked withIvanKhlebnikov complete with the Romanov Eagle silver stamp for the last Czar andTsarina of Russia.
Attached you can see ascreen shot of some lots due for sale on the 26th November at Christie's, I forone will be very excited to see the end results.
For those die hard Russiansilver collectors out there this piece is just about as rare and important asthey come, it confused me to begin with because it’s clearly made byPavelOvchinnikov, his other works of this kind are known and easily found with alittle internet research, however it is stamped forIvan Khlebnikov, aftersome hunting I found the following from "Museum collection" which isthe name of a veryprestigiousmuseumin Moscow, you can readthe full details below and the link class="MsoNormal" 4.0pt 1.0pt 4.0pt">The importextract isas follows "The growing fame helped the factory to receive the honoraryorders. Together with the firm "Nicols and Plinke", as well as withjewelers Pavel Akimovich Ovchinnikov (1830 – 1888) and Ivan Ekimovich Morozov(1825-1885) he was involved in the renovation of the Palace silver dinner sets."
The two silversmiths wereworking at the same time, in the same pallet of materials and on the sameprojects, this link inexplicably solves the mystery of how two of the threegreatest silversmiths in Russia (Faberge being the third of course) came to collaboration.
The casket itself is anexceptionally rare find, I’ve only ever seen one other of this type come up forsale, it was just over 10 years ago in Christies, it was half the size, youcan see on 1stdibs for the current market value of Ovchinnikov pieces, they arearound the £15-£20,000 for small objects and £20-£40,000 for medium to largeobjects like this.
The piece is solid silverwith gold gilding and cloisonné polychrome enamel, it’s detailed with scrollsand stylised flowers on stippled grounds within geometric borders, the twohandles formed as cockerels and its finished with clawed ball feet.
The box is fully andclearly hallmarked A.O 1891, 84 with a rearing horse, then KhlebnikovinRussian Cyrillic below the Imperial warrant which as mentioned was awardedtoKhlebnikov by the then Czar Nicholas II (18 May 1868 - 17th July 1918)and his wike the Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June 1872-17th July 1918)
Condition wise the piece tomy eyes and hands looks amazing, the finish around one of the claw feet at thetop looks slightly different to the others so it may have possibly beenrepaired at some point, otherwise its museum quality.
Please note allmeasurements are taken at the widest point, if you would like any additional orspecific measurements please ask.
Appointed official purveyorto Tsar Alexander III (1865), King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy (1873), Grand DukeMikhail Nikolaevich (1878) and King Christian IX of Denmark (1888). Awarded theLégion d’honneur (1867) and the Order of the Iron Crown (1873). Founded aschool for 130 goldsmiths and silversmiths (1871). Opened a factory and shopsin St Petersburg at 35 Bolshaya Morskaya Street (1873) and the former premisesof Sazikov at 29 Bolshaya Morskaya Street (1900). Member of the Moscow CityDuma (1876–88). Died and buried at Kalitniki (Moneybags) Cemetery in Moscow(1888), where his work was continued by his sons Mikhail, Alexander, Pavel andNikolai (1888–1917).
Contributed to exhibitions(from 1865). Contributed to the Pan-Russian Manufacturing Exhibition in Moscow(1865, gold medal), Exposition Universelle in Paris (1867), Weltausstellung inVienna (1873), Pan-Russian Exhibition of Art and Industry in Moscow (1882,silver medal), Exposition Universelle in Paris (1900), Princess Dagmar –Empress Marie Feodorovna at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen (1997), GoldenTreasure Trove of the Russian Museum at the Russian Museum in St Petersburg(1998), Treasures of the Moscow Kremlin at the Alexander Radischev Museum ofArt in Saratov (2005) and Samara Regional Museum of Art in Samara (2005–06),Empress Maria Fedorovna: A Life and Fate at the Federal Archives ExhibitionHall in Moscow (2006), Russian Silver of the 18th–20th Centuries from theCollection of the Moscow Kremlin Museums at the Samara Regional Museum of Artin Samara (2007–08), Enamels of the World 1700–2000 from the KhaliliCollections at the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg (2009–10), Russian Silver(18th to Early 20th Centuries) at the Ivan Shemanovsky Museum and ExhibitionComplex of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District in Salekhard (2010–11), GoldenAge of Russian Jewellery Art at the Vladimir-Suzdal Museum Complex of History,Architecture and Art in Vladimir (2010–11), Russian Jewelry – Traditions andModern Day at the Estet Jewelry House in Moscow (2011), Splendour and Glory:Art of the Russian Orthodox Church at the Hermitage Amsterdam in Amsterdam(2011), Gold: Metal of Gods and King of Metals at the History Museum in Moscow(2012), Fabergén aika at the Museum Centre Vapriikki in Tampere (2006), Ilgioielliere degli ultimi Zar at La Venaria Reale in Turin (2012), World ofFabergé at the Shanghai Museum in Shanghai (2012–13), Fabergé: Legacy ofImperial Russia at the Hong Kong Heritage Museum in Hong Kong (2013) andFabergé: A Brilliant Vision at the Houston Museum of Natural Science in Houston(2013).
Khlebnikov factory Thehistory
The founder of the dynasty,Ivan Petrovich Khlebnikov was born in 1819 in Moscow, in the burgher family inLuzhniki region. Practically nothing was known about his works until heestablished a private firm. It might be possible that the son followed up thefather’s business. Piotr Khlebnikov had been enlisted in merchantry since 1832and was the owner of the trading and manufacturing jewellery establishment.Very little is known about the history of the firm.
According to someresearchers, Ivan Petrovich was working in St. Petersburg until 1867. Hefounded the manufacturing firm in Moscow in 1870. He wrote, "being engagedin the silver and gold articles trading for about forty years, I opened amanufactory of my own...» It is possible that in the 1830s, I. Khlebnikov alreadyowned a shop, but he opened the factory later, at the turn of 60-70s of the19thcentury. One hundred people were working at the factory and theturnover of production was 56 thousand rubles in 1871. Since that time, thefirm began to grow. Several shops were opened: a store at the Kuznetski Bridgein the house of Solodovnikov, a store on Ilijnskaya street in the house ofNovgorod courtyard in the silver row. New shops were opened in other cities: inSaint Petersburg in Nevsky Prospekt and in the main line of the Nizhny Novgorodfair.
The factory was wellequipped with the latest technique for all types of works, produced articles inall major styles of the second half of the 19th - early 20thcentury. TheRussianand Modern styles were very popular, as well as various historicstyles: theNeo-Baroque, Neo-Rococo, and Neo-classicism styles.
In addition to the mainfactory with special space for painting and sculpture, about 300 workers wereemployed; there were special workshops for stone cutting, metal processing,etc. Khlebnikov matured as a jeweller in the period of his close collaborationwith the Petersburg firm Gasse.
He regularly participatedin various exhibitions. For the first time Ivan Petrovich exhibited his workstogether with P. A. Ovchinnikov at the Moscow Polytechnic exhibition in 1872.His works were awarded with two large gold medals.
The growing fame helped thefactory to receive the honorary orders. Together with the firm "Nicols andPlinke", as well as with jewelers Pavel Akimovich Ovchinnikov (1830 –1888) and Ivan Ekimovich Morozov (1825-1885) he was involved in the renovationof the Palace silver dinner sets.
Khlebnikov factory producedfor Anichkov and Gatchina palaces 160 new items of The Golden Set made byartists G. F. Eckart and J. G. Blom in 1759-1784; The missing items were madefor other sets of these same palaces; The Dessert set with the monogram ofCatherine II, donated by Prince G. Potemkin was renovated; The Orlovsky dinnerset was manufactured in 1772-1776; The Fourth Camping set was made. It wassubmitted to the Imperial Palace in 1797 as a gift from merchant Glazunov;Coffee pots, teapots, sugar bowls, milk jugs, teaspoons and spoons for salt,quadrangular flat serving dishes for several dinner sets from the Winter Palaceon the old models were manufactured according to the old models.
From the first years of itsexistence, the factory gained the right to be ranked as the Supplier of theImperial family due to high quality of the produced silver and gold articles.Khlebnikov supplied with his production Grand Dukes since 1869. He was titledthe supplier of the court of the Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich in 1869,continually had been receiving orders for the wardrobe of Her Majesty theEmpress Maria Alexandrovna since 1873. This fact was an honorary distinctionand evidenced about his good reputation among the customers. Khlebnikov’sjewellery came to fashion. Having achieved recognition, Ivan dreamed of themost honorable title "The Supplier of the Imperial Court". He wrotein 1875, "the right to be called the Supplier of the court... will serveme and my heirs, the successors of my business – the most invaluableencouragement to continue honest labor and precious estimation of myfirm". Finally, in 1879 he received the long-awaited title of 'TheSupplier of Russian Imperial Court" and the right to depict the nationalarmorial bearings on the factory sign.
The firm of Khlebnikov wasawarded with the title of "The Supplier of the Danish, Dutch and SerbianKings’ Courts", as well as "THe SUpplier of Montenegrian PrinceCourt". Ivan Petrovich died in 1881, at the age of 62, was buried in theSpaso-Andronikov monastery. His sons inherited his business: Michael, Alex,Nicholas and Vladimir. 300 artisans were working at their factory"Partnership I. P. Khlebnikov, Sons & Co” in 1882. There were thegoldsmiths, coppersmiths, chasers, haberdashers, enamellers and filigreeartists. They represented all sectors of goldsmith. There were specializedworkshops, the number of workers in which amounted 1,000 people. The fame ofthe factory and its authority after the death of Ivan Petrovich did notdiminished. Together with the best Moscow jewellers-manufacturers, the firmparticipated in the decoration of the temple of Christ the Savior. TheKhlebnikov’s family created nearly 50 religious articles according to theirsketches and drawings: ostensories, chalices, Holy-water bowls, and jugs forHoly water, incense burners, serving dishes, and icon-lamps.
Nevertheless, themass-market production mainly provided the financial wellbeing of the company.Large quantity of medium-priced silver objects, dinnerware, cutlery andjewellery was produced. A trading-industrial enterprise under the namePartnership for production of silver, gold and jewellery “I. P. Khlebnikov,Sons and Co” was established on the basis of the company. It expanded andassimilated well-known jewellery shops and factories owned by Sazikov, both inMoscow and St. Petersburg. The catalog of M. M. Postnikov “Gold and Silver Manufacturingof the 15th-20thcenturies" narrated that by 1897 the factory ofbrothers Khlebnikov possessed two steam engines and one steam boiler. Theymanufactured production for the total amount of 172 372 rubles.
The achievements of thefirm "I. P. Khlebnikov, Sons & Co" were distinguished in thedevelopment of Russian jewellery”. Ivan Petrovich was awarded with a bronzemedal on the Anninskaya ribbon and five Golden medals. His elder son, MikhailIvanovich was awarded with the order of Stanislaus of the third degree in 1881and was ranked as an honorary citizen of St. Petersburg in 1883. Other brotherswere ranked as honorable citizens in 1887.
The factory was closed onJune 24, 1917. Under the will of one of the Khlebnikov’s brothers, the sharesof the company were donated to Moscow County Zemstvo. The main enterprise wasreorganized in the Moscow platinum factory in 1918. It mainly produced allkinds of items for the electrochemical industry and research laboratories, andin addition, a small amount of silver jewellery, mainly utensils, cutlery andglass holders, which were marked with the seal "platinum-device".
The memory remained fromthe firm P. Khlebnikov, Sons and Co”, jewellery treasures and the facade of thefactory building (it was built on the crossing of Ryumin lane and UpperRadischevskaya street).
Anyquestions please feel free to ask before you offer.
Royal House Antiques is a privately owned familyran business founded in Wimbledon SW19 and now based in Pulborough RH20. Wespecialise in finding, restoring very fine luxury antique leather seating,along with every single other type of antique ranging from the 16thcentury to the 20th century. We also stock a number of designerbrands such as Fritz Hansen, Ralph Lauren, Cavalli, Charles & Ray Eames,Vitra, David Linley, Rolex, Tiffany, Jager Le Coulter and so on
We accept payment via Bitcoin, Bitcoin cash,Ethereum, Bacs, Chaps, PayPal or Card, we would kindly ask that all items arepaid for within 48 hours and collected within 7 working days, we can hold allpaid items for 14 days free of charge, there after a £20 a week storage feewill apply. We have long term storage which is very economically priced, we arehappy to hold stock for as long as needed providing it is arranged prior to thepurchase
If sold items aren’t collected within three monthsand no arrangements have been made for long term storage you will forfeit theitem and payment
Please view the very detailed pictures astheyform part of the descriptionpertaining to the condition. Please also ask any questionsbefore you offerand not after, all of our items are sold as seen and as listed
Royal House Antiques cannot be held liable for anyindependent assumptions made regarding the items we sell, if you are unsure onany point, please feel free to ask for clarity
Please note vintage period and original items suchas leather seating will always have natural patina in the form of creasing andwear, we recommend annual waxing to ensure no moisture is lost, also hand dyedleather is not recommended to sit in direct sunlight for prolonged periods oftime as it will dry out and fade
Most countries charge some kind of import dutyhowever almost all of our items won’t incur any charges as the items are exemptfrom tax due to the age and materials used
For European deliveries the price you will bequoted will include all clearance documentation and any customs charges sothere won’t be any additional fees
For international deliveries such as the UnitedStates there can be some import duty to pay and or a clearance fee, I wouldestimate that 99% of all deliveries clear customs without being stopped foreither
All duties are the responsibility of the purchaserwho is the importer, they can’t be covered by the seller or shipping agent orfactored in with additional retrospective discounts
Royal House Antiques offers a no quibble returnpolicy if the item is not as described, if there are any issues with the pieceyou will be refunded in full once the item has been returned and inspectedwithin 14 days, alternatively if there is a small issue, we can discuss findinga mutual resolution that makes all parties happy
We don’t offer a sale on approval service whichmeans you can purchase the item, have it delivered and if you simply don’t likeit, return it, this comes under change of mind or doesn’t fit. There is a lotof time, money and work involved in transporting goods around the world, thecosts incurred can be vast so my advice would be if you are unsure on a pieceplease ask as many questions as you like to make sure you understand everythingbefore you buy, if you are still unsure then please either arrange a viewing inperson or if that’s not possible then don’t buy from an online retailer,perhaps look for a local gallery instead
RUSSIAN SILVER PAVEL OVCHINNIKOV & IVAN KHLEDNIKOV GILT CLOISONNE ENAMEL CASKET: