1874 Ottoman Empire Turkey Belgium Brussels Edhem Pasha Humanitarian Conference For SaleOTTOMANEMPIRE TURKEY BELGIUM BRUSSELS
EDHEM PASHA TOUGHRA on Obverse; Edhem Pasha on reverse!!
1874 BRUSSELS BELGIUMHUMANITARIAN CONFERENCE MEDAL.... RARE RARE !!!
The 1874 Humanitarian Conference in Brussels,Belgium Medal by Ch.Wurden.The shape of the medal is the most interesting aspect of the medal.The medal is 64.84 mm in diameter and is made of bronze (with a total weight of 2.754 ounces)The medal has gorgeous medium brown surfaces and wonderful detailed surfaces.It is very rare.
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On the initiative of Czar Alexander II of Russia the delegates of 15 European States met in Brussels on 27 July 1874 to examine the draft of an international agreement concerning the laws and customs of war submitted to them by the Russian Government. The Conference adopted the draft with minor alterations. However, since not all the governments were willing to accept it as a binding convention it was not ratified. The project nevertheless formed an important step in the movement for the codification of the laws of war. In the year in which it was adopted, the Institute of International Law, at its session in Geneva, appointed a committee to study the Brussels Declaration and to submit to the Institute its opinion and supplementary proposals on the subject. The efforts of the Institute led to the adoption of the Manual of the Laws and Customs of War at Oxford in 1880. Both the Brussels Declaration and the Oxford Manual formed the basis of the two Hague Conventions on land warfare and the Regulations annexed to them, adopted in 1899 and 1907. Many of the
provisions of the two Hague Conventions can easily be traced back to the Brussels Declaration and the Oxford Manual.
Ibrahim Edhem PashaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaIbrahim Edhem
PashaPhotograph of Ibrahim Edhem Pasha
taken by Abdullah Frères of Constantinople around 1890.257thGrand vizier of the Ottoman EmpireIn office
5 February 1877– 11 January 1878Preceded byMidhat PashaSucceeded byAhmed Hamdi PashaOttoman Minister for the InteriorIn office
1883–1885Ottoman Ambassador at BerlinIn office
1876–1876Ottoman Ambassador at ViennaIn office
1879–1882Personal EmpireReligionGreek OrthodoxChristian, Islam (after abduction)
Ibrahim Edhem Pasha(1819–1893) was anOttomanstatesman who held the office ofGrand Vizierin the beginning ofAbdulhamid II's reign between 5 February 1877 and 11 January 1878.He served numerous administrative positions in theOttoman Empireincluding Ottomanminister of foreign affairsin 1876and Ottoman ambassador toViennafrom 1879 to 1882.He also served as Army Engineer and Ottoman minister of interior from 1883 to 1885.In 1876-1877 he represented the Ottoman Government at theConstantinople style="line-height: 1.5em; list-style-type: none; margin: 0.3em 0px; padding: 0px; list-style-image: none;">
He was born a ChristianGreek Orthodoxvillageon the island ofChios.As a young boy in 1822 he was orphaned and captured as a prisoner of war by Ottoman soldiers during themassacre of the Greek population of Chios.He was sold into slaverybrought to Constantinopleand adopted by the (later) grand vizierHusrev Pasha. Lacking his own children and family, Hüsrev Pasha raised several children who had been orphaned or bought as slaves, he had adopted up to ten children as such, many of them ascending to important positions in society in time.
The child, now named İbrahim Edhem, quickly distinguished himself with his intelligence and after having attended schools inTurkey, he has been dispatched along with a number of his peers, and under the supervision of his father, then grand vizier, and of the sultanMahmud IIhimself, toParisto pursue his studies under state scholarship. There he returned abachelor of arts, and was one of the top pupils at theEcole des Mines.He has been a classmate and a friend ofLouis Pasteur. He has thus become Turkey's first mining engineer in the modern sense, and he started his career in this field.Edhem Pasha lineage
Ibrahim Edhem Pasha was the father ofOsman Hamdi Bey, a well-known archaeologist and painter, as well the founder of theIstanbul Archaeology Museumand of theIstanbul Academy of Fine Arts. Another son,Halil Edhem Eldemtook up the archaeology museum after Osman Hamdi Bey's death and has been a deputy for ten years under the newly foundedTurkish Republic. Yet another son,İsmail Galib Bey, is considered as the founder ofnumismaticsas a scientific discipline in Turkey. Later generations of the family also produced illustrious names. Whereas the architectSedat Hakkı Eldem, a cousin, is one of the pillars of the search for modern architectural styles adopted by theRepublic of Turkey(called theRepublican stylein theTurkishcontext) in its early years and which marks many important buildings dating from the period of the 1920s and the 1930s inTurkey. A great-grandson,Burak Eldem, is a writer while another,Edhem Eldem, is a renowned historian.
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