Antique Splendid Sistema Roskopf 30353 Large Swiss Pocket Watch C.1900 Rare
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Antique Splendid Sistema Roskopf 30353 Large Swiss Pocket Watch C.1900 Rare:
The gilted movement is in good condition, but show signs of oxidation.
The nickel case opens and closes nicely and show minimal signs of ware. The case is beautifuly engraved with floral and ocean motifs. The watch is a medium-largesize. Diameter of the watch excluding the crown is ~60.20 mm. Thickness is ~21.50 mm.The casing is in great condition, and show minimal signs of ware or scratches.All the imperfections arepresented inpictures,but this does not affect the quality of this watch.Dial reads: SistemaRoskopf. Second cap reads: Remontoir, SUISSE, Garanti.It will be shipped in a nice presentation box.
The watch is in running condition and it was recently serviced and oiled.Movement
Splendid, Roskopf Patent, Patent 30353 mechanical movement; Swiss-madeWatch Function
Nickel casewith crown at 12 o'clockDimensions
Ø 60.20 mm w/o crown, Ø 84.20 mmwith stem & key bolt.Thickness 21.50 pre-1920 / 1890'sWarranty
NO - It will be shipped in a nice presentation box non-Roskopf, Wille FreresAccording to the archives:Splendid P. Obrecht & Cie. Grenchen, Schweiz; St. Ludwig, Ober-Elsaß; Konstanz, DeutschlandSplendid Imowa SA Zürich, Schweiz; registriert am 30353 (15/12/1904)...Ch.L. SchmidPatente 30353 (23/02/1904)..Ch. Leon Schmid & Cie Chaux de Fonds
NICKEL CASED LEVER WATCH
LA CHAUX DE FONDS, 1900's
SIGNED: 'Sistema Roskopf' , 'Splendid'
George Frédéric Roskopf was born on 15 March 1813 at Niderwiller in Baden, Germany. He was the son of a butcher, Johann Georg Roskopf, and his wife, Maria Elisabeth. In 1829 he went to La Chaux de Fonds in Switzerland, where he was apprenticed as a sales clerk in the firm of Mairet & Sandoz, selling hardware and watchmakers' materials. In 1834 he began an apprenticeship with the watchmaker J. Biber, but left after just one year and married a widow, Françoise Lorimier, who already had two children. His new wife's money allowed George Frédéric to set up in business as a watchmaker in his own right at Leopold Robert Street, La Chaux de Fonds, buying in watch components and assembling them for retail. By 1850, however the firm was not doing well and Roskopf sold it and moved on to become a manager in the Swiss branch of B.J. Guttmann, a German company that assembled watches for retail primarily in America. After ten years or so in this business Roskopf set out to make a watch that was affordable to ordinary people, aiming at a retail price of about twenty francs.
By 1867 Roskopf had designed a new form of watch movement incorporating basic features that were to be used in cheap watches by many other makers. The escapement he chose was the pin-pallet lever invented by the French watchmaker L. Perron in Besançon in 1798. This was a cheap form of the detached lever escapement, in which the escapement pallets took the form of steel pins. His aim was to reduce the number of parts in the watch, and he deviated from standard practice by removing the centre wheel so that the third wheel was driven directly from the going barrel. For his cases, Roskopf initially intended to use brass but, this proving impractical, he settled on German silver, an alloy mainly consisting of copper, nickel and zinc, which has a 'silver' appearance. Another innovation intended to lower costs was to make the dials from printed card rather than enamelled copper, which at the time was the universal and much more expensive method.
Roskopf aimed to reduce the number of components in the watch and to make assembly relatively simple. He employed the Malleray Watch Company to produce the necessary movement ébauches, dials and cases, which were fitted together to produce the finished product. To draw attention to his new watch, Roskopf exhibited at the Paris Universal Exhibition in 1868 where, perhaps unexpectedly, he won a Bronze Medal; this undoubtedly did much to further the establishment of the watch. It is not unusual to see Roskopf watch cases adorned on the back with medallions, proclaiming the various medals won at international exhibitions in subsequent years. He took out patents in France, Belgium and the United States, but was unable to do so in Switzerland because that country did not establish a Patent Office until 1888. This resulted in numerous other manufacturers adopting his methods to produce similar watches, but these had to be marked 'System Roskopf'.
This example, dating from around 1900's, was made by Splendid, buying the movement from Wille Freres & Ciewho took over the business in 1873 when Roskopf became ill (he died in 1889). Together with Leon Schmid, one of Roskopf's former employees,Wille Frerestook over management of production, which continued well into the twentieth century. This watch has the refinement of jewelled bearings for the escape wheel, the pallets and the balance, but in other respects it is a simple watch made using the principles established by Roskopf in order to make the luxury of a watch affordable to the general public.The condition is exactly as shown in the pictures ! If you need more details don't hesitate to contact me first. This is a fabulous time piece! Don't miss this great opportunity!
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