George Bancroft Als Sfl Historian Diplomat Boston Waterville College Maine 1841 For Sale
IMPORTANT! PLEASE READ BEFORE BUYING!
I DO NOT ACCEPT PAYPAL.
I DO ACCEPT U.S. CREDIT CARDS AND DEBIT CARDS.
FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE THE "SHIPPING & PAYMENT" SECTION AT THE
BOTTOM OF THE PAGE.
HANDWRITTEN AND SIGNED LETTER
AMERICAN HISTORIAN & DIPLOMAT
Folded Stampless Letter (Handwritten, ALS)
George Bancroft to Geo. W. Keely (George Washington Keely)
Boston (Massachusetts) to Junior Officer of Waterville College,
July 14th, 1841
9 3/4 x 7 3/4 inches
Postmark - Boston, Massachusetts red CDS with “Mas”
Content & History:
This is a handwritten and autographed letter (ALS) from George
Bancroft. The letter is an invitation from George W. Keely of
Waterville College for Bancroft to speak at commencement. Bancroft
declines due to other pre-existing commitments in the most polite
way. He also mentions the Kennebec. George Bancroft (1800-1891) was
an American politician, historian, author, diplomat, and educator.
He served as U.S. Secretary of the Navy (1845-46) and established
the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis. He also served as
minister plenipotentiary to London, was the founding member of the
American Geographical Society, played an important role in the
Mexican-American War, was U.S. minister to Berlin, and was the
driving force of the “Bancroft treaties” which were the first
international recognition of the right of expatriation. He wrote
numerous books, including “History of the United States of
America, from the discovery of the American continent” which was
published by Little, Brown, and Co. in Boston in 1854 and went
through numerous editions from 1854 to 1878. George Washington Keely
(1803-1878) was a graduate of Brown University and became a
professor of mathematics and natural philosophy at Waterville
College (today Colby College) in Maine in 1829. He was also a
scholar in ancient languages such as Latin and Greek, plus numerous
other subjects. He was born in Northampton, England.
The letter has two vertical folds, three horizontal folds, small
creases, tiny holes at fold junctions, cover has tear holes where
the wax seal was, some soiling, etc.
Below from -
George Bancroft (October 3, 1800 – January 17, 1891) was an
American historian and statesman who was prominent in promoting
secondary education both in his home state and at the national
level. During his tenure as U.S. Secretary of the Navy, he
established the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1845.
Among his best-known writings is the magisterial series, History of
the United States, from the Discovery of the American Continent.
His family had been in Massachusetts Bay since 1632, and his father,
Aaron Bancroft, was distinguished as a revolutionary soldier, a
leading Unitarian clergyman and author of a popular life of
George Washington. Bancroft was born in Worcester, and began his
education at Phillips Exeter Academy and entered Harvard College at
thirteen years of age. At age 17, he graduated from Harvard and went
to study in Germany. Abroad, he studied at Heidelberg, Göttingen and
Berlin. At Göttingen he studied Plato with Arnold Heeren; history
with Heeren and Gottlieb Jakob Planck; Arabic, Hebrew, New Testament
Greek and scripture interpretation with Albert Eichhorn; natural
science with Johann Friedrich Blumenbach; German literature with
Georg Friedrich Benecke; French and Italian literature with Artaud
and Bunsen; and classics with Georg Ludolf Dissen. In 1820, he
received his doctorate from the University of Göttingen.
Bancroft capped off his education with a European tour, in the
course of which he sought out almost every distinguished man in the
world of letters, science and art, including Johann Wolfgang von
Goethe, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher,
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Lord Byron, Barthold Georg Niebuhr,
Christian Charles Josias Bunsen, Friedrich Karl von Savigny,
Varnhagen von Ense, Victor Cousin, Benjamin Constant and Alessandro
Bancroft's father had devoted his son to the work of the ministry.
While the young man delivered several sermons shortly after his
return from Europe in 1822 which produced a favorable impression,
the love of literature proved the stronger attachment.
His first position was that of tutor of Greek at Harvard.
Instinctively a humanist, Bancroft had little patience with the
narrow curriculum of Harvard in his day and the rather pedantic
spirit with which classical studies were pursued there. Moreover, he
had brought from Europe a new manner, imbued with ardent Romanticism
and this he wore without ease in the formal, self-satisfied and prim
provincial society of New England; the young man's European air was
subjected to ridicule, but his politics were sympathetic to
A little volume of poetry, translations and original pieces,
published in 1823 gave its author no fame. As time passed, and
custom created familiarity, his style, personal and literary, was
seen to be the outward symbol of a firm resolve to preserve a
philosophic calm, and of an enormous underlying energy which spent
itself in labor. He found the conversational atmosphere of Cambridge
uncongenial, and with Joseph Cogswell he established the Round Hill
School at Northampton, Massachusetts. This was the first serious
effort made in the United States to elevate secondary education to
the plane on which it belonged.
In spite of the exacting and severe routine of the Round Hill
School, Bancroft contributed frequently to the North American Review
and to Walsh's American Quarterly; he also made a translation of
Heeren's work on The Politics of Ancient Greece. In 1826 he
published an oration in which he advocated universal suffrage and
the foundation of the state on the power of the whole people. In
1830, without his knowledge, he was elected to the Massachusetts
legislature, but refused to take his seat, and the next year he
declined a nomination, though certain to have been elected, for the
In 1834 appeared the first volume of the History of the United
States, which would appear over the next four decades (1834–74) and
established his reputation. In 1835, he moved to Springfield,
Massachusetts, where he completed the second volume of his history.
The year of his move, he also drafted an address to the people of
Massachusetts at the request of the Young Men's Democratic
His first wife was Sarah Dwight, of a rich family in Springfield,
Massachusetts; they married in 1827 but she died in 1837. His second
wife was Mrs Elizabeth Davis Bliss, a widow with two children to add
to his two sons; she bore him a daughter.
Bancroft, having trained in the leading German universities, was an
accomplished scholar, whose magisterial History of the United
States, from the Discovery of the American Continent covered the new
nation in depth down to 1789. Bancroft was imbued with the spirit of
Romanticism, emphasizing the emergence of nationalism and republican
values, and rooting on every page for the Patriots. His masterwork
started appearing in 1834, and he constantly revised it in numerous
editions. Along with John Gorham Palfrey (1796–1881), he wrote the
most comprehensive history of colonial America. Billias argues
Bancroft played on four recurring themes to explain how America
developed its unique values: providence, progress, patria, and
pan-democracy. "Providence" meant that destiny depended more on God
than on human will. The idea of "progress" indicated that through
continuous reform a better society was possible. "Patria" (love of
country) was deserved because America's spreading influence would
bring liberty and freedom to more and more of the world.
"Pan-democracy" meant the nation-state was central to the drama, not
specific heroes or villains.
Vitzthum argues that Bancroft was the historian as artist and
philosopher. He used past events to exemplify his moral vision,
based on his Unitarian faith in progress. The history of America
exemplified the gradual unfolding of God's purpose for mankind - the
development of religious and political liberty. The tone of moral
certainty made his volumes popular, in combination with their grand
artistic sweep, intensity, and coherence.
Bancroft was an indefatigable researcher who had a thorough command
of the sources, but his rotund romantic style and enthusiastic
patriotism annoyed later generations of scientific historians, who
did not assign his books to students. Furthermore, scholars of the
"Imperial School" after 1890 took a much more favorable view of the
benign intentions of the British Empire than he did.
His entry into politics came in 1837 with his appointment by Martin
Van Buren as Collector of Customs of the Port of Boston. In this
position, two of Bancroft's appointees were Orestes Brownson and
Nathaniel Hawthorne. In 1844, he was the Democratic candidate for
the governorship of Massachusetts, but he was defeated. In 1845, in
recognition for his support at the previous Democratic convention,
he entered Polk's cabinet as Secretary of the Navy, serving until
1846, when for a month he was acting Secretary of War.
During his short period in the cabinet, he established the United
States Naval Academy at Annapolis, gave the orders which led to the
occupation of California, and sent Zachary Taylor into the contested
land between Texas and Mexico. He also continued his pleadings for
the annexation of Texas as extending "the area of freedom," and,
though a Democrat, opposed slavery.
The Naval Academy was devised and completely set at work by Bancroft
alone, who received for the purpose all the appropriations for which
he asked. Congress had never been willing to establish a naval
academy. Bancroft studied the law to ascertain the powers of the
Secretary of the Navy, and found that he could order the place where
midshipmen should wait for orders. He could also direct the
instructors to give lessons to them at sea, and by law they had
power to follow them to the place of their common residence on
shore. With a close economy, the appropriation of the year for the
naval service met the expense, and the secretary of war ceded an
abandoned military post to the navy.
So when Congress came together they found the midshipmen that were
not at sea comfortably housed at Annapolis, protected from the
dangers of idleness and city life, and busy at a regular course of
study. Seeing what had been done, Congress accepted the school,
which was in full operation, and granted money for the repairs of
the buildings. Bancroft introduced some new professors of great
merit into the corps of instructors, and he suggested a method by
which promotion should depend, not on age alone, but also on
experience and capacity; but this scheme was never fully developed
or applied. Bancroft was also influential in obtaining additional
appropriations for the United States Naval Observatory.
He likewise made himself the authority on the Oregon boundary
dispute, with the result that in 1846 he was sent as minister
plenipotentiary to London, where he lived in constant companionship
with the historian Macaulay and the poet Hallam. With the election
of Zachary Taylor his post was not renewed; on his return to the
United States in 1849 he withdrew from public life, residing in New
York and writing history. While in New York, Bancroft acted as a
founding member of the American Geographical Society and served as
the society's first president for nearly three years (Feb. 21,
1852—Dec. 7, 1854).
In April 1864, at Bancroft's request, President Lincoln wrote out
what would become the fourth of five known manuscripts of the
Gettysburg Address. Mr. Bancroft planned to include this copy in
"Autograph Leaves of Our Country's Authors," which he planned to
sell at a Soldiers' and Sailors' Sanitary Fair in Baltimore.
Bancroft was elected an Associate Fellow of the American Academy of
Arts and Sciences in 1863. In 1866, He was chosen by Congress to
deliver the special eulogy on Lincoln; and in 1867 he was appointed
minister to Berlin, where he remained until his resignation in 1874.
Then he lived in Washington, D.C., summering at Rose Cliff, Newport,
His latest official achievements are considered the greatest. In the
San Juan arbitration he displayed great versatility and skill,
winning his case before the emperor with brilliant ease. The
naturalization treaties, named the "Bancroft treaties" in his honor,
which he negotiated successively with Prussia and the other north
German states were the first international recognition of the right
of expatriation, a principle since incorporated in the law of
nations. He died in 1891. He had been the last surviving member of
the Polk cabinet.
Below from -
The Centennial History of Waterville, Kennebec County,
Maine, 1802-1902: Including the Oration, the Historical Address, and
the Poem Presented at the Celebration of the Centennial Anniversary
of the Incorporation of the Town, June 23d, 1902 by Edwin Carey
Whittemore. Executive Committee of the Centennial Celebration, 1902
- Waterville (Me.)
George Washington Keely, for twenty-three years professor of
mathematics and natural philosophy in Colby College, was born,
December 25, 1803, in Northampton, England. He was the son of Rev.
George and Mary Ramsay Keely. He came to Haverhill, Mass., with his
father's family in 1818. He graduated from Brown University in 1824.
He served as a tutor of Latin and Greek at Brown for three years and
in 1829 was called to a professorship in Colby College. "He engaged
early in original research, but published very little; yet his few
brief articles in English and American scientific journals gained
for him high reputation among scientific men. In 1847 he was invited
by the head of the British Colonial Surveys to make a series of
magnetic observations in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, the results
of which were published in England the following year. For several
months in 1833, and again from 1839 to 1841, he was called upon as
senior professor to administer the government of the college, but he
refused to assume the presidency permanently, as being an office
wholly incompatible with his temperament and tastes." [From
Professor Hamlin's memorial.] After his withdrawal from the college
in 1852 he continued his residence in Waterville until his death,
June 13, 1878. He was given the degree of LL. D. by Brown University
in 1849. He was married in 1829 to Mrs. Jane Whitman Bailey of
Providence, R. I., who died in 1866. They had two children, Eliza,
who died in infancy, and Mary, wife of Professor J. D. Taylor of
SHIPPING & PAYMENT
FREE SHIPPING FOR THIS ITEM! All items are mailed out by Priority
Mail in a box.
I accept U.S. Credit and Debit Cards.
I do not
accept Paypal. Please contact me if you have any questions.
The Credit Card and Debit Card processor I use is ProPay.
(1) What is ProPay?
It is a secure and safe payment processor
approved by .
(2) Do I need an account with ProPay to pay?
No. ProPay is simply a payment processor. All you need is a U.S. credit or
debit card in order to pay.
(3) How do I pay with ProPay if I
purchase an item or have won an sale?
Once you purchase an item you will be sent an invoice. When you get the invoice you will hit the pay
button. You will then be asked to enter your credit card or debit card
Once that is completed your item will be mailed out the next
Special Note: There has been some issues related to
changes done by in the last few weeks, like the "view order
detail" page, and it appears not all the bugs have been fixed. This
has caused some connection problems between and ProPay. Some of
the problems are that the checkout process was cut off early or when
completing the process an error message appears. Basically the
payment information never was sent by to ProPay, but for
whatever reason sticks the order into a "pending mode" where it gets
stuck never to be changed. Once that situation occurs the buyer may
not be able to get it out by trying to pay again and the seller
can't remove it. You, the buyer, may see an hourglass symbol or
something of that nature on your end. I will be able to tell quickly
on my end if the information was sent by or not.
When this situation occurs I will contact you at once letting you
know what has happened. I will then send a invoice to you directly
from ProPay to your e-mail allowing you to pay. You will not be
double charged, because never sent the payment info and never
will because the checkout was never completed. I also give the
option of cancelling the transaction all together if you feel
uncomfortable for any reason if this situation occurs. Once again
contact me if you have any questions.
(4) Is ProPay safe?
Yes. It is approved by as a
payment processor because it has passed ’s stringent rules for
protecting you the buyer. I never see your credit card or debit card
information. All I see is that the transaction has taken place and
that your order is completed. ProPay is rated by the BBB (Better
Business Bureau) A+ which is the highest rating you can get.
AUTHENTICITY & REFUNDS
All items I sell are guaranteed authentic for a lifetime. If for
some reason the item proves to not be authentic at any time in the
future, I will give a full refund (including return shipping costs)
upon the return of the item. I give full refunds for all orders that
are lost in the mail. I put tracking on all orders, so once it has
been established the item is lost a full refund will be given. I
also give full refunds (including return shipping costs) for any
other reason if you contact me within two weeks of delivery of the
order. The refund will be given upon the return of the order. The
order must be returned within one week from the time you contacted
me wanting a refund.
IF YOU HAVE A PROBLEM OR ANY QUESTIONS JUST CONTACT ME.
This item has been shown times.
George Bancroft Als Sfl Historian Diplomat Boston Waterville College Maine 1841: $100