Naval,andrew Foote, Carte De Visite,1860's,civil War, Blockading Squadron
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Naval,andrew Foote, Carte De Visite,1860's,civil War, Blockading Squadron:
scrape on mount at bottom, not photo.
W. L. Troxell Photographer St. Louis, Mo.add $2.00 for 1st class/Insured to U.S...add $2.00 for Airmail Overseas...Andrew Hull FooteFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaAndrew Hull FooteAdmiral FooteBornSeptember 12, 1806
New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.DiedJune 26, 1863(aged56)
New York,New York, U.S.Place of burialGrove Street Cemetery,New HavenAllegianceUnited StatesService/branchU.S. Navy(Union Navy)Yearsof service1822–1863RankRear admiralCommands Gunboat FlotillaBattles/wars
Suppression of the Slave TradeSecond Opium War
- Battle of the Pearl River Forts
American Civil War
- Battle of Fort Henry
- Battle of Fort Donelson
- Battle of Island No. 10
Andrew Hull Foote(September 12, 1806 – June 26, 1863) was an American naval officer who was noted for his service in theAmerican Civil Warand also for his contributions to several naval reforms in the years prior to the war. When the war came, he was appointed to command of the Western Gunboat Flotilla, predecessor of theMississippi River Squadron. In that position, he led the gunboats in theBattle of Fort Henry. For his services with the Western Gunboat Flotilla, Foote was among the first naval officers to be promoted to the then-new rank ofrear admiral.[a]
Foote was born atNew Haven, Connecticut, the son ofSenatorSamuel A. Foot(or Foote) and Eudocia Hull.As a child Foote was not known as a good student, but showed a keen interest in one day going to sea.His father compromised and had him entered at theUnited States Military AcademyatWest Point, New York.Six months later in 1822, he left West Point and accepted an appointment as amidshipmanin theUnited States Navy.Antebellum naval service
Between 1822 and 1843, Foote saw service in theCaribbean, Pacific, andMediterranean, African Coast and at thePhiladelphia Navy Yard. He first began as a midshipman on theUSSGrampus. In 1830, he was commissioned a lieutenant, and was stationed in the Mediterranean.In 1837, Foote circumnavigated the globe in theUSSJohn Adams. After serving on sea, Foote was put in charge of thePhiladelphia Naval Asylum. After serving on land he went back to sea, and organized a Temperance Society aboard group developed into a movement that resulted in ending the policy of supplyinggrogto U.S. Naval personnel.Foote's USSPerryconfronting the slave ship Marta of Ambriz on June 6, 1850
From 1849 to 1851, Foote commanded theUSSPerry, cruising the waters off the African coast. He was active in suppressing theslave tradethere.This experience persuaded him to support the cause ofabolition, and in 1854, he published a 390 page book,Africa and the American Flag.In this book, Admiral Foote described the geography of the African continent, the customs of many of the African people, the establishment of American colonies in Africa, the slave-trade and its evils and the need to protect American citizens and commerce abroad. He also became a frequent speaker on the Abolitionist circuit.
Foote was promoted to Commander in 1856, and took command of theUSSPortsmouthin theEast India Squadron. With this command, Foote was assigned the mission of observing British operations againstCanton, China, during theSecond Opium War. This eventually resulted in his being attacked from Chinese shore batteries.Foote led a landing party thatseized the barrier fortsalong thePearl Riverin reprisal for the attack.This led to a short occupation by the U.S. Navy of Chinese territory.
Foote returned to the Continental United States in 1858, and took command of theBrooklyn Navy Yard, inBrooklyn, New York, a post he held until the outbreak of the hostilities of the Civil War.Civil War and death
When theAmerican Civil Warbegan in 1861, Foote was in command of theNew York Navy Yard. On June 29, 1861 Foote was promoted tocaptain. From 1861 to 1862, Foote commanded theMississippi River Squadronwith distinction, organizing and leading the gunboat flotilla in many of the early battles of theWestern Theater of the American Civil War. Even though Foote was an officer in the United States Navy, the Western Flotilla was under the jurisdiction of the Union Army. In early February 1862, now holding the rank ofFlag officer(equivalent to the moderncommodore), he cooperated with GeneralUlysses S. GrantagainstFort Henryon theTennessee River. Despite heavy damage to one of the gunboats, Foote was able to quickly subdue the fort. Several days later Grant, with three divisions, and Foote with his fleet of ironclads, along with the assistance of CaptainSeth Ledyard Phelpsand his fleet oftimberclad warships, moved againstFort Donelsonon theCumberland River. Hoping for a repeat of the success at Fort Henry, General Grant urged Foote to attack the fort's river batteries. Fort Donelson's guns, however, were better-placed than Fort Henry's were. Three of Foote's gunboats were damaged including theFlagship,USSSt. Louis. Foote himself received a wound in his foot.For his service at Forts Henry and Donelson, Foote received theThanks of Congress. After repairing his flotilla, Foote joined with GeneralJohn Popein a campaign againstIsland Number Tenon theMississippi River. In July 1862 Foote received a secondThanks of Congress, this time for the battles of Fort Henry, Fort Donelson and Island Number Ten.
Later in 1862, Foote was promoted torear admiral.In 1863, on his way to take command of theSouth Atlantic Blockading Squadron, he suddenly died. His untimely death in New York shocked the nation.He was interred atGrove Street CemeteryinNew Haven.Namesakes
Three ships were namedUSSFootefor him. Civil WarFort Footeon the Potomac,now aNational Park, was named for him on September 17,