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Rare 1851 Revolutionary War Pictorial Field-book Lossing History Battles 1st Ed For Sale
The Pictorial Field
Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution
CONDITION & DESCRIPTION:
Lossing's classic illustrated history
of the Revolutionary War.
The Pictorial Field-Book
of the Revolution; or Illustrations, by Pen and Pencil, of
the History, Biography, Scenery, Relics, and Traditions of the War
for Independence. By
Benson J. Lossing.
Volume I. With
several Hundred Engravings
on Wood, by Lossing and Barritt, Chiefly from Original Sketches
by the Author. Published by Harper & Brothers, 82 Cliff
Street, New York, 1851. First Edition.
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1850, by Harper
& Brothers, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the
Southern District of New York. THIS IS A HUGE VOLUME with 576 pages
and more than 362 Engravings &
Book is in good to very good condition
for its age. Binding is tight. The covers are well worn and scuffed
from age. Gold decorations on spine. Top of spine is missing a small peace as
you can see on the pictures. Gilt decorations on both covers. Gold decorations
on front cover. The binding is tight with no loose or missing pages.
The pages are toned from age and
have very little light foxing throughout which is amazing for a book its age. All pages are present.
engravings have a fine, excellent detail and paper quality for the age.
With 576 wonderful pages and with numerous
fine wood engravings. Don't miss
the chance of owning this great book. It measures
approx. 10" tall by 7"wide 2" thick. We have also
compiled just a small sample of the amazing Wood Engravings in the book as
they are too many to show in this listing. The pictures are on the bottom of
the page. I have included a list of Chapters & Illustrations below.
Please allow time for the pictures to load above. The pictures are a part of
the description & condition.
This book is so scarce, that the only copies
available are reprints of the originals which were published in the 1970s
which are quite scarce in their own right since were not many printed. These
copies, when you can find them, sell for $185 and up. If you are a true
aficionado of rare books on the revolutionary war, you cannot pass up this
chance to offer on such a wonderful piece of American history for your
collection. The Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution, will become
a household treasure to any American family that realizes the significance of
the stirring times that gave birth to the United States of America. Not many
will have the time to read all of the over 576 pages in this volume, yet
anyone can enjoy browsing, searching for the facts they want, and studying the
delightful wood engravings, of which are over 362 in this volume alone.
The courageous story of the American Revolution of
1776 has been told and retold in hundreds of books. However it is to Benson
John Lossing's The Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution that many writers
turn for facts. In this vast and unique source-reference work, based on five
years of patient travel in the mid-nineteenth century through the thirteen
original states and Canada, the events of the Revolution are intimately
explored. Lossing was a skillful writer who
knew his trade. He was also an accurate sketcher of sites or anything of
Revolutionary interest. His drawings were later converted into woodblocks by
his own hand with all the delicacy of that almost lost art. With graceful tact
he questioned thousands of people on the spot in places w the older folk could
recall exact events in relation to places. Younger informants were able to
recall the stories they had heard from their parents and grandparents as well
as local traditions of what had happened in that fateful time.
We also have
that we have available for sale right now. Don't miss
the chance of owning this great set.
The story of the American Revolution has been well and often told, and yet the most careless observer of the popular mind may perceive that a large proportion of our people are but little instructed in many of the essential details of that event, so important for every intelligent citizen to learn. Very few are ignorant of the more conspicuous circumstances of that period, and all who claim to be well-informed have a correct general knowledge of the history of our war for independence. But few even of that intelligent class are acquainted with the location of the various scenes depicted by the historian, in their relation to the lakes and rivers, towns and cities, whose names are familiar to the ears of the present generation. For example: the citizen of Saratoga may have a thorough knowledge of the memorable places in his own vicinage, and of the incidents which have hallowed them, yet how puzzled he would be if asked to tell the inquiring stranger, or his more inquisitive children, upon what particular stream, or lofty height, or broad plain, or in what mountain gorge, occurred the battles of Rocky Mount, King’s Mountain, Eutaw Springs, or the Cowpens. These are places widely known in their respective districts, and the events connected with them form as important links in the chain of circumstances which were developed in the progress of the colonies toward independence, as the surrender of Burgoyne and his army upon the plain at Saratoga. Among this class, claiming to be generally informed, but ignorant in many particulars, especially in relation to the character and situation of localities, the writer places himself; and to an appreciation of the necessity of a more thorough knowledge of these places, and of the men who are identified with the Revolution, the reader is partially indebted for the pages which follow this confession...
...In the pictorial department, special care has been observed to make faithful delineations of fact. If a relic of the Revolution was not susceptible of picturesque effect in a drawing, without a departure from truth, it has been left in its plainness, for my chief object was to illustrate the subject, not merely to embellish the book. I have endeavored to present the features of things as I found them, whether homely or charming, and have sought to delineate all that fell in my way worthy of preservation. To do this, it was necessary to make the engravings numerous, and no larger than perspicuity demanded, else the work would be filled with pictures to the exclusion of essential reading matter.
The plans of military movements have been drawn chiefly from British sources, for very few were made by the engineers in the Continental service. These appear to be generally correct, so far as they represent the immediate movements of the armies in actual conflict; but the general topographical knowledge possessed by those engineers, was quite defective. I have endeavored to detect and correct their inaccuracies, either in the drawings or in the illustrative descriptions.
With these general remarks respecting the origin and construction of the work, it is submitted to the reading public. If a perusal of its pages shall afford as much pleasure and profitable knowledge as were derived from the journey and in the arrangement of the materials for the press, the effort has not been unfruitful of good results. With an ardent desire that it may prove a useful worker in the maintenance of true patriotism
Classic Localities. – Departure for Saratoga. – Voyage up the Hudson. – Returning Volunteers. – Albany. – Troy. – Fulton’s Steam-boat. – Crossing the Hudson. – Cohoes’ Falls. – Van Schaick’s Island. – State of Affairs in 1777. – English Preparations for the Campaign of 1777. – Instructions of Lord George
Germain. – Biographical Sketch of Burgoyne. – Burgoyne’s Arrival in Canada. – His Preparations for the Campaign. – Appointment of General Schuyler to the Command. – Schuyler and Gates. – Advance of Burgoyne. – Condition of the Continental Army. – Retreat of Schuyler to the Mohawk. – St. Leger in the Mohawk Valley. – Relief of the Valley proposed by Schuyler. – Volunteers for the Relief of Fort Schuyler. – Position of the Americans at Cohoes. – Active Preparations to oppose Burgoyne. – Schuyler superseded by Gates. – Factions in Congress. – Noble Conduct of Schuyler.
Canal Voyage from Waterford to Bemis’s Heights. – Appearance of the Country. – Young Tourists from Saratoga Springs. – Gates and Burgoyne. – An Evening Visit to Bemis’s Heights. – View from Bemis’s Heights. – Topography. – Origin of the Name. – Headquarters of Revolutionary Officers. – Localities about Bemis’s Heights. – Gates’s Quarters. – Willard’s Mountain. – Condition of the Northern Army. – British Reverses in the Mohawk Valley. – Perplexity of Burgoyne. – Advance of Gates to Stillwater. – Kosciusko. – Fortifications at Bemis’s Heights. – Their present Appearance. – Preparations for Battle. – Approach of the two Armies. – Engagement between the Advance Corps. – Maneuvers of Arnold and Fraser. – Approach of a British Re-enforcement under Phillips. – View of the Battle-ground. – A Lull in the Battle. – Renewal of the Battle. – Loss sustained by both Armies. – The number and the particular Troops engaged. – Baroness Reidesel’s Notice of the Battle. – Major Hull. – Narrow Escape of Burgoyne. – Arnold, and the Testimony of History. – Colonel Varick’s Letter respecting Arnold. – General Gates’s Treatment of Arnold. – Rupture between them. – Condition of the Armies after the Battle. – Burgoyne’s Encampment. – Poverty of the American Commissariat. – Fortifications of both Camps. – Junction of Lincoln with the Army at Bemis’s. – Relative Position of the Armies. – Effect of the Battle on the People. – Diminution of Burgoyne’s Army, and increase of Gates’s. – Condition of the Enemy. – Hostile Movements of the British. – Preparations of the Americans for Battle. – Second Battle of Stillwater. – Bravery of both Armies. – Quick and bold Movements of Morgan. – Impetuosity and Bravery of Arnold. – General Fraser. – Death of General Fraser. – Censure of Morgan. – Panic in the British Line. – Timothy Murphy. – Bravery of General Arnold. – Assault on the German Works. – Arnold Wounded. – Gates and Sir Francis Clarke. – Retreat of the Germans, and Close of the Battle. – Preparations of Burgoyne to Retreat. – The Killed and Wounded. – Place of General Fraser’s Death. – Account of his Death by the Baroness
Reidesel. – Fraser’s last Request granted. – Burial of Fraser. – Humanity of the Americans. – Lady Harriet
Ackland. – Courage and Fortitude of Lady Harriet Ackland. – Burgoyne’s Request and Gates’s Generosity.
Present Peacefulness at Saratoga. – Curious Meteorological Phenomena. – Departure for Schuylerville. – Approach of a Tempest. – A violent Gale. – Misfortunes of an Irish Way-passenger. – Fraser’s Grove. –
Do-ve-gat or Coveville. – Colonel Van Vechten. – Origin of "Whig" and "Tory." – Arrival at Schuylerville. – Beautiful Evening Scene. – Commencement of Burgoyne’s Retreat toward Saratoga. – His Retreat anticipated by Gates. – Melancholy Condition of the British Army. – Gates’s Kindness to the Invalids. – Destruction of Schuyler’s Mills and Mansion. – Situation of Fellows’s Detachment. – Conduct of the American Militia. – Burgoyne’s Attempt to Retreat. – Unsuccessful Stratagem of Burgoyne. – Perilous Situation of two American Brigades. – Deserters from the British Army. – Retreat of the Americans to their Camp. – Perplexity of Burgoyne. – A scattered Retreat proposed. – Relative Position of the two Camps. – Exposed Condition of the British Camp. – Burgoyne determines to Surrender. – Proposition of Burgoyne to surrender his Troops. – Terms proposed by Gates. – Terms finally agreed upon. – Message to Burgoyne from General Clinton. – Disposition of Burgoyne to withhold his Signature. – Laying down of Arms. –Courtesy of General Gates. – The Place of Surrender. – First personal Meeting of Gates and Burgoyne. - Humiliating Review of the British Prisoners. – Burgoyne’s Surrender of his Sword. – The Spoils of Victory. – Yankee Doodle. – The Germans and Hessians. – Their Arrival at Cambridge and wretched Appearance. – Kindness of the People. – Relative Condition and Prospect of the Americans before the Capture of Burgoyne. – Effect of that Event. – Wilkinson before Congress. – Gold Medal awarded to Gates. – Proceedings of the British Parliament. – Speech of Chatham. – The Opposition in the House of Commons. – Policy of Lord North. – Exalted Position of the American Commissioners at Paris. – Our relative Position to the Governments of Europe. – Policy of Vergennes. – Beaumarchais's Commercial Operations. – Unmasking of the French King. – Independence of the United States acknowledged by France. – Letter of Louis XVI.
A Lady of the Revolution. – Sufferings of herself and Family. – Her Husband’s Pension allowed her. – Remains of the Fortifications of Burgoyne’s Camp. – The Reidesel House. – Narrative of the Baroness
Reidesel. – Companions in Misery of the Baroness Reidesel. – Wounded Soldiers. – Kindness of General Schuyler. – Arrival of the British Officers and Women at Albany. – Courtesy of General Schuyler and Family. – British Officers at Schuyler’s House. – Execution-place of Lovelace. – Active and Passive Tories. – Rendezvous of Lovelace. – Capture and Death of Lovelace. – Daring Adventure of an American Soldier. – Departure from Schuylerville. – Visit to the Site of old Fort Edward. – Tragedy of "Bloody Run." – Daring Feat by Putnam. – Fort Miller Fording-place. – Canal Voyage to Fort Edward. – Scene on Board. – Fort Edward. – National Debt of England. –Daring Feat of Putnam at Fort Edward. – Jane M‘Crea Tree. – Sir William Johnson and his Title. – Fortifications. – The Fort Edward Romance. – Mrs. M‘Neil and her Grand-daughter. – Narrative of the latter. – Residence of Jane M‘Crea at Fort Edward. – Her Betrothal. – Abduction of Mrs. M‘Neil and Jane. – Flight of the Indians toward Sandy Hill. – Treatment of Mrs. M‘Neil. – Indian Account of the Death of Jane. – The Spring. – Massacre of the Allen Family. – Gates’s Letter – Inquiry respecting the Death of Miss M‘Crea. – Desertion of Lieutenant Jones. – Effect of Miss M‘Crea’s Death on Lieutenant Jones. – Attack of Indians upon American Troops. – Reinterment of Miss M‘Crea. – Young Girl struck by Lightning. – Village Burial-ground. – Colonel Cochran and his Adventures. – Rogers’s Island. – Relics found on Rogers’s Island. – A remarkable Skull. – Silver Coin found at Fort Edward.
Ride from Fort Edward to Glenn’s Falls. – Appearance of the Country. – Interesting Character of the Region. – Scenery about the Falls. – "Indian Cave" and "Big Snake." – Departure for Lake George. – Williams’s Rock. – Approach of
Dieskau. – Hendrick, the Mohawk Sachem. – Speech of Hendrick. – Fight with the French, and Death of Colonel Williams and
Hendrick. – Bloody Pond. – Arrival at Caldwell. – Indian and French Names of Lake George. – Fort William Henry. – Attack upon Johnson’s Camp, 1755. – Battle of Lake George, and Death of
Dieskau. – Weakness of British Commanders. – The Six Nations. – Hendrick’s Rebuke. – Lord
Louden. – Montcalm’s first Attack on Fort William Henry. – Perfidy and Cowardice of Webb. – Vigilance of Stark. – Montcalm’s second Attack on Fort William Henry. – Surrender of the Garrison. – Perfidy of the French and Indians. – Destruction of Fort William Henry. – Brilliant Expedition under Abercrombie. – Visit to the Ruins of Fort George. – Storm upon Lake George. – Arrivals from Ticonderoga. – Departure from Caldwell. – Diamond Island. – Successful Expedition under Colonel Brown. – Long Point, Dome Island, and the Narrows. – Sabbath Day Point. – Skirmish in 1756. – Halt of Abercrombie’s Army. – Splendid Appearance of the Armament. – Skirmish at Sabbath Day Point, 1756. – Rogers’s Slide. – Narrow Escape of Major Rogers. – Prisoners’ Island. – Debarkation of British Troops. – A pleasant travelling Companion. – Trip from Lake George to Ticonderoga. – Topography of Ticonderoga. – The Fortress. – Its Investment by Abercrombie. – Bravery of Lord Howe. – Fight with the French, and Death of Howe. – Attack on Ticonderoga, and Defeat of the English. – Other Expeditions. – Siege and Capture of Louisburg. – Preparations for the Conquest of Canada. – Capture of Ticonderoga and Crown Point.
Ticonderoga and its Associations. – Visit to the Ruins of the Fort. – A living Soldier of the Revolution. – Isaac Rice. – Position of Affairs in the Colonies at the beginning of 1775. – Secret Agent sent to Canada. – Report of the Secret Agent. – Plan formed in Connecticut to Capture Ticonderoga. – Expedition under Ethan Allen. – Expedition against Ticonderoga. – Arnold joins Allen at Castleton. – Dispute about Rank. – Surprise of the Garrison. – Interview between Allen and
Delaplace. – Allen’s Order to surrender obeyed. – Trouble with Arnold about command. – Forbearance of the Colonists. – Consistent Course of their Delegates in Congress. – Various Addresses of the second Congress. – Military Preparations made by Congress. – The Continental Army. – Spirit of the People. – Ticonderoga. – Present Appearance of Fort Ticonderoga and Vicinity. – The Bakery. – Grenadiers’ Battery. – The floating Bridge. – View of the Ruins by Moonlight. – The old Patriot, his Memories and Hopes. – Trip to Mount Defiance. – Ascent of the Mountain. – An English Major and Provincial Subaltern. – View from the Top of Mount Defiance. – Mount Independence, Ticonderoga, the Lake, and the Green Mountains. – Crown Point and Ticonderoga invested by Burgoyne. – Material of his Army. – Weakness of the Garrison at Ticonderoga. – Outposts undefended. – Fort on Mount Independence. – Tardiness of Congress in supplying Men and Munitions. – Ticonderoga invested by the British. – Council of War in the American Camp. – The British on Mount Defiance. – Retreat of the Americans from Ticonderoga and Mount Independence. – Imprudence of
Fermoy. – Pursuit by the Enemy. – Washington’s Recommendation of Arnold. – Acquittal of Schuyler and St. Clair of Blame. – Return to Ticonderoga. – Arrival at Whitehall or old
Skenesborough. – Historical Notice of the Place. – Capture of Major Skene and his People. – Destruction of American Vessels at
Skenesborough. – Flight of the Americans toward Fort Anne. – Major Skene. – Whitehall in 1814. – Ride to Fort Anne Village. – Site of the Fort. – Present Appearance of the Locality. – Putnam and Rogers near Fort Anne. – Ambush of French and Indians. – Desperate Battle. – Perilous Situation of Putnam. – Humanity of Putnam’s Captor. – Preparation for Torture. – Interposition of
Molang. – Battle-ground near Fort Anne. – Battle near Fort Anne. – Return to Whitehall. – Visit to "Putnam’s Rock." – View of the Scene. – Putnam and Rogers on Lake Champlain. – Attack of the former on the French and Indians. – The Saratoga and
Confiance. – Departure from Whitehall. – Sholes’s Landing. – Ride to the Battle-ground of
Hubbardton. – Picturesque Scenery. – View of the Battle-ground. – The Battle. – Retreat and Surrender of Colonel Hale. – His reasonable Excuse. – Battle of
Hubbardton. – Defeat of the Americans. – Death of Colonel Francis. – General Schuyler’s Forces at Fort Edward. – Return to Lake Champlain. – An old Soldier. – Mount Independence. – Present Appearance of Mount Independence. – Graves of Soldiers. – Vandalism. – Money-digging. – Return to Sholes’s. – Darkness on the Lake. – View from Sholes’s Landing.
Chimney Point. – First Settlement by the French. – Fort St. Frederic. – Distant View of Crown Point. – Visit to Crown Point. – Description of the Fortress. – Its present Appearance. – Proposed Attack on the French at Isle Aux
Noix. – Approach of Winter. – Appearance of Crown Point. – Inscriptions. – Search for Treasure in the Well. – A venerable Money-digger. – Capture of Crown Point by the Patriots. – Seth Warner. – Expeditions of Allen and Arnold against St. John’s. – Preparations to oppose General Carleton on the Lake. – Commission from Massachusetts. – Re-enforcements for the Lake Forts. – Regiment of Green Mountain Boys. – General View of Affairs. – The "Canada Bill." – Opposition to it in Parliament. – Denunciations of
Barré. – Passage of the "Canada Bill." – Effect of the Measure in the Colonies. – Boldness of Orators and the Press. – The British Government caricatured. – Carleton’s attempt to seduce the Bishop of Quebec. – Consistency of the Prelate. – Royal Highland Regiment, how raised. – Our Departure from Crown Point. – Split Rock. – War-feast on the Bouquet River. – Burgoyne’s Interview with the Indians. – Speech of an Iroquois. – Approach to Burlington. – Sabbath Morning in Burlington. – Visit to the Grave of Ethan Allen. – Ira Allen. – Burlington and Vicinity. – Adjacent Lake Scenery. – Place of Arnold’s first Naval Battle. – Military Operations on the Lake. – Formation of a little Fleet. – Excursion down the Lake. – Appearance of the British Fleet. – Plan of the Battle. – Severe Battle on the Lake. – Escape of the Americans through the British Line. – Chase by the Enemy. – Another Battle. – Bravery of Arnold on the Congress Galley. – Desperate Resistance. – Retreat to Crown Point. – Effect of the Battle. – Battle of Plattsburgh. – Military Remains. – Incidents of the Naval Battle. – Relic of Washington. – Rouse’s Point and Military Works. – The Territorial Line. – Isle Aux
Noix. – Historical Associations. – St. John’s. – Custom-house Officer. – Suspicious of an Israelite. – Apparently treasonable Acts of leading Vermonters. – Military Remains at St. John’s. – Present Works. –
Athenaise. – Approach of the Americans in 1775. – Advance of Montgomery against St. John’s. – Mutiny in the American Camp. – Operations at St. John’s. – Attack upon and Surrender of Fort
Chambly. – Repulse of Carleton at Longueuil. – Surrender of St. John’s. – The Spoils. – Surrender of St. John’s. – Insubordination. – Retreat of the Americans out of Canada. – Rendezvous of Burgoyne’s Army at St. John’s. – Departure for
Chambly. – French Canadian Houses, Farms, and People. – The Richelieu and its Rapids. –
Chambly. – The Fort. – Beloeil Mountain. – Large Cross. – Francois Yest. – His Age and Reminiscences. – Temperance Pledge. – Ride to
Longueuil. – A Caleche. – Ride in a Caleche. – Safe Arrival of my Companion. – An Evening Stroll. – Aurora Borealis.
Montreal. – A Ride to the Mountain. – Interesting View. – Visit to the City Churches. – Parliament House. – Grey Nunnery. – The Grey Nuns at Prayer. – First Settlements at Montreal. –
Cartier. – Jealousy of the Indians. – Montreal in 1760. – Captured by the English. – Ethan Allen in Canada. – Proposed Attack on Montreal. – Battle near Montreal. – Capture of Allen. – Brutality of Prescott. – Harsh Treatment of the Prisoners. – Biography of Allen. – Montgomery’s March upon Montreal. – Flight and Capture of Prescott. – Escape of Carleton. – Mutiny in Montgomery’s Camp. – Return Home of the Disaffected. – Visit to
Longueuil. – The Village Oracle. – Fruitless Historical Research. – Arrival at
Sorel. – Voyage down the St. Lawrence. – Morning View of Quebec. – The Walls of Quebec. – Situation of Quebec. – Early Settlements and Growth. – French Operations in America. – Approach of Wolfe to Quebec. – Position of Montcalm’s Army. – British Possession of Orleans and Point Levi. – Land near
Montmorenci. – Junction of the English Division. – Severe Battle. – Wolfe disheartened. – Camp broken up. – Wolfe’s Cove. – Ascent of the English to the Plains of Abraham. – The Battle-ground. – Preparations for Battle. – Wolfe’s Ravine. – Battle on the Plains of Abraham. – Bravery and Death of Wolfe. – Death of
Montcalm. – Burial-place of Montcalm. – Monument where Wolfe fell. – Capitulation of Quebec. – Levi’s Attempt to recapture it. – His Repulsion. – Capture of Montreal. – Collection of an Army near Boston. – Washington’s Appointment. – His Generals. – Expedition under Arnold planned. – Arrival at Fort Western. – Norridgewock Falls. – The Ancient Indians. – Father
Ralle. – Fatiguing Portage. – Voyage up the Kennebec. – The Dead River. – Elevated Country. – A Freshet. – Return of
Enos. – His Trial and Acquittal. – Lake Megantic and the Chaudière. – Perilous Voyage. – Narrow Escape. –
Sertigan. – Timely Relief for the Troops. – Valley of the Chaudière. – Washington’s Manifesto. – Joined by Indians. – Arrival at Point Levi. – Incidents of the March.
American Army at Point Levi. – Alarm of the Canadians. – Storm on the St. Lawrence. – Passage of the Army. – Arnold’s Troops on the Plains of Abraham. – Expected Aid from within. – Arnold’s formal Summons to surrender. – Junction of Montgomery and Arnold. – Ineffectual Efforts against the Town. – Mutiny in the Camp. – Plan of Assault. – Montgomery’s Approach to Cape Diamond. – Opposing Battery. – His Charge upon the Battery. – His Death. – Arnold’s Operations. – Wounded. – Assailants led by Morgan. – Severe Fight. – Capture of Dearborn. – Loss of the Americans at Quebec. – Recovery and Burial of Montgomery’s Body. – His Life and Services. – Courtesy of Carleton. – Eminent Officers at Quebec. – Promotion of Arnold. – Blockade of Quebec. – Honor to the Memory of Montgomery. – Small-pox in the Army. – Preparations to storm Quebec. – Arrival and Death of General Thomas. – Temperance Cross. – French Canadian Children. – Falls of
Montmorenci. – Island of Orleans. – Point Levi. – Quebec in the Distance. – Religious Edifices in Quebec. – The Citadel and the Walls. – View from Dalhousie Bastion. – Plains of Abraham. – Historical Localities at Quebec. – An alarmed Englishman. – Wolfe and Montcalm’s Monument. – Departure for Montreal. – A Fop’s Lesson. – Arrival at La Chine. – The Cascades. – Dangerous Voyage. – Moore’s Boat Song. – Junction of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence. – Cedars Rapids. – Garrison there in 1776. – Conduct of Bedell and Butterfield. – Massacre of Sherburne’s Corps. – Attempt of Arnold to release the Prisoners. – Menaces of the Indians. – Letter from Sherburne. – Dishonorable Conduct of a British Commander. – Washington’s Opinion. – Final Adjustment. – Cairn on the St. Lawrence. – St. Regis and its ancient Church. – Passage of Rapids. – Wind-mill Point and
Ogdensburgh. – Loyalty of a British Veteran. – The "Patriots" of 1837. – Preparations for a Battle. – Fort Wellington. – Battle at Wind-mill Point. – Defeat of the "Patriots." – The
Oswegatchie. – Old French Fort at Ogdensburgh. – Putnam’s Feats. – Testimony of History. – Capture of Fort Oswegatchie by the English. – Attacks upon Ogdensburgh by the British in 1812-13.
Departure from Ogdensburgh. – The St. Lawrence and the Thousand Islands. – Kingston. – Fort
Frontenac. – Its Capture by Colonel Bradstreet. – His Life. – Bradstreet’s Officers. – Lake Ontario. – Oswego. – Expedition of
Frontenac. – Fort built by Governor Burnet. – Fort Niagara. – Description of Burnet’s Fort. – Erection of other Fortifications. – Fort Ontario. – Shirley’s Expedition against Niagara. – Remains of the "New Fort." – Shirley’s Preparations at Albany. – Montcalm’s Approach to Oswego. – Attack on the Works. – Surrender of the Forts and Garrison to
Montcalm. – His Courtesy. – Destruction of the Forts. – St. Leger. – Mrs. Grant. – Willett’s Attempt to Capture Fort Oswego. – Oswego in 1798. – Attack upon Oswego in 1814. – Fort Oswego. – Result of the Battle in 1814. – Oswego at Present. – Major Cochran. – Dr. John Cochran. – Attempted Abduction of General Schuyler by
Waltermeyer. – Alarm of the Family. – Narrow Escape of an Infant. – Robbery of General Schuyler’s House. – Retreat of the Marauders. – Abduction of other Patriots. – Mrs. Cochran. – Departure from Oswego. – The Genesee River. – Storm on the Lake. – Sea-sickness. – Fort Niagara. – Attack on Fort Niagara. – Stratagem of the French. – Traditions respecting the Fort. – A Refuge for Tories and Indians. –The Niagara River. – Events there of the War of 1812. – American Militia. – Brock’s Death. – His Monument. – Arrival at Niagara. – Falls Village. – View from Goat Island. – offerdle’s Tower. – Sublime Voyage in the "Maid of the Mist." – Buckingham’s Lines. – Voyage of the Maid of the Mist. – Romantic Marriage. – The Suspension Bridge. – Departure from the Falls. – A Day upon the Rail-Road. – Syracuse. – Early History of that Region. – The French. – Stratagem of a young Frenchman. – Escape of the French. – Early Explorations. – Monumental Stone. – Silver-bottomed Lake. – Rome. – Site of Fort
Stanwix. – Forts Newport and Ball. – The Portage and Canal. – The Mohawk Valley. – Sir William Johnson and his Associates. – Effect of Political Movements upon the People. – Formation of Parties. – Violence of Loyalists. – Assault upon Jacob Sammons. – Caughnawaga Church. – Meeting at Cherry Valley. – John Johnson. – Attempted Removal of Mr. Kirkland. – Hostile Movements of the
Johnsons. – Indian Councils. – Rev. Samuel Kirkland. – Alarm of the People of the Mohawk Valley. – Sir John Johnson and Highlanders. – Orders to General Schuyler. – Disarming of the Tories at Johnson Hall. – Perfidy of Sir John Johnson. – His Flight. – Royal Greens. – Repairs of Fort
Stanwix. – Brant at Oghkwaga. – His hostile Movements. – Expeditions of Herkimer and of Colonel Harper. – Conference with Brant. – His Frankness. – Herkimer’s precautionary Measures. – Haughty Bearing of Brant. – Breaking up of the Council. – Grand Council at Oswego. – Seduction of the Indians. – Their Coalescence with the Whites.
Indian Battle-ground. – Fort Schuyler. – Colonel Peter Gansevoort. – A Spy’s Intelligence. – Rumored Preparations for an Invasion. – Effect on the Whigs. – Approach of St. Leger. – Investiture of Fort Schuyler. – A curious Flag. – Arrival of St. Leger. – His pompous Manifesto. – Siege of Fort Schuyler. – Operations of the Indians. – Visit to the Oriskany Battle-ground. – General Herkimer and the Militia. – Herkimer’s Advance to
Oriskany. – Sortie from Fort Schuyler, under Colonel Willett. – Biographical Sketch of Willett. – Dispersion of Johnson’s Camp. – Capture of Stores and other Valuables. – View and Description of the Oriskany Battle-ground. – Indian Ambush. – Surprise of Herkimer and his Troops. – The General wounded. – His Coolness. – Desperate Battle. – Intermission in the Battle. – Its Resumption. – Unsuccessful Stratagem of Colonel Butler. – The Enemy routed. – Mutual Losses. – True Aim of History. – Capture of Billenger and Frey. – St. Leger’s Messengers. – Their Threats, Persuasions, and Falsehoods. – Reply of Colonel Willett to St. Leger’s Messengers. – St. Leger’s written Demand of Surrender. – Gansevoort’s Reply. – A Tory Address. – Continuation of the Siege. – Adventure of Willett and
Stockwell. – Gansevoort’s Resolution. – Hon-Yost Schuyler. – His successful Mission to St. Leger’s Camp. – Arnold’s Proclamation. – Alarm of the Indians. – Flight of St. Leger’s Forces to Oswego. – The Spoils. – Amusement of the Indians. – End of the Siege. – Captain Gregg. – Return to
Oriskany. – Whitesborough. – Utica. – Little Falls. – Visit to the German Flats. – Origin of the Name. – Stone Church, German Flats. – Its Pulpit. – The two Pastors. – Fort Herkimer, or Dayton. – Plan of Fort Herkimer. – Destruction of
Andrustown. – Expedition against the German Flats. – Destruction of the Settlement. – Incursion of the Oneidas into the Unadilla Settlement. – Damage to the Tories. – Brant, or
Thayendanegea. – Return to Little Falls. – Cole’s Pictures. – Scenery at Little Falls. – Evidences of a great Cataract. – Remarkable Cavity. – Gulf below Little Falls. – The Erie Canal. – Greatness of the Work. – An Indian Legend. – View of Little Falls. – First Settlement. – Night Attack upon the Settlement. – Escape of Cox and Skinner. – Ride to Danube. – Herkimer’s Residence. – His Family Burial-ground. – Public Neglect of the Grave. – Its Location. – Incidents of Herkimer’s Death. – Castle Church. – Residence and Farm of Brant. – Fort Plain. – Plan of the Fortification. – Fort Plain Block-house. – Trial of its Strength. – Invasion of the Settlement. – True Location of Fort Plain. – A Female’s Presence of Mind. – Burning of the Church. – Indians deceived. – Tardiness of Colonel
Aspect of Affairs in Tryon County. – The Western Indians. – Girty and his Associates. – Fidelity of White Eyes. – Council at Johnstown. – Disposition of the Different Nations. – Colonel Campbell and La Fayette. – Forts strengthened. – Settlers of Tryon County. – Destruction of Springfield. – M‘Kean and Brant. – Battle in the Schoharie Country. – Arrival of Regulars. – Escape of Walter Butler. – Treachery of Great Tree. – Butler and Brant march toward Cherry Valley. – Colonel Alden warned. – Capture of American Scouts. – Mr. Dunlap. – Mr. Mitchell. – Destruction of the Settlement. – Treatment of Prisoners. – Butler’s Stratagem and Brant’s Humanity. – Character of Walter Butler. – The Settlements menaced. – Expedition against the Onondagas. – Destruction of their Towns. – Alarm of the Oneidas. – Expedition against
Oswegatchie. – Attack on Cobleskill. – Scalping Parties. – Preparations to invade the Indian Country. – General Sullivan, Commander-in-chief. – General James Clinton. – Capture of Hare and Newberry. – Information from General Schuyler. – Mr.
Deane. – Damming of Otsego Lake. – Its Effects. – March of Sullivan’s Expedition. – Fortifications of the Enemy. – General Edward Hand. – The Battle. – The Effect of the Artillery. – Retreat of the Enemy. – Destruction of Catharinestown and other Villages and Plantations. – Approach to Genesee. – Council of the Indian Villages. – A Battle. – Capture and Torture of Lieutenant Boyd. – Destruction of Genesee and the surrounding Country. – Picture of the Desolation. – Name given to Washington. – Corn Planter. – Return of the invading Army. – A Celebration. – Arrival of the Expedition at Wyoming. – The Oneidas driven from Home. – Johnson’s Incursions into the Schoharie Country. – Attack on the Schoharie Forts. – Boldness of Murphy. – Johnson’s March to Fort Hunter. – Destruction of Property. – Expedition of General Van Rensselaer. – Death of Colonel Brown. – Pursuit of Johnson by Van Rensselaer. – Inaction of the latter. – Battle of Klock’s Field. – Capture of some Tories. – Pursuit of Johnson and Brant. – Conduct of Van Rensselaer. – Capture of Vrooman and his Party. – Threatened Invasion. – Gloomy Prospect in the Mohawk Country. – Patriotism of Colonel Willett. – His Command of the Tryon County Militia.
Changes in the Mohawk Country. – Present Aspect of the Mohawk Valley. –
Fultonville. – Fonda. – Caughnawaga. – John Butler’s Residence. – Johnstown. – An Octogenarian. – Biography of Butler. – Johnson Hall. – Its Stair-case and Brant’s Hatchet Marks. – Progress of Western New York. – Only Baronial Hall in the United States. – Sir William Johnson and his Wives. – The Dutch Girl. – Molly Brant. – Sir William Johnson’s Diploma. – His Amusements and sudden Death. – Flight of Sir John. – His Invasion of the Valley in 1780. – Capture of the Sammons Family. – Cruelties and Crimes of the Invaders. – Johnson’s Retreat. – Recovery of his Negro and Plate. – Pursuit of Johnson. – Incursion of Ross and Butler. – Action of Willett. – Battle at Johnstown. – Adventures of the
Sammonses. – Retreat of Ross and Butler. – Fight on West Canada Creek. – Death of Walter Butler. – Last Battle near the Mohawk. – Return to
Fultonville. – The Sammons House. – Local Historians. – The departed Heroes. – The Kane House. – Dutch Magistrate and Yankee Peddler. –
Currytown. – Jacob Dievendorff. – Indian Method of Scalping. – Attack on
Currytown. – The Captives. – Expedition under Captain Gross. – Battle at New
Dorlach, now Sharon Springs. – Death of Captain M‘Kean. – The Currytown Prisoners. –
Dievendorff. – Sharon Springs. – Analysis of the Waters. – Arrival at Cherry Valley. – Judge Campbell and his Residence. – His Captivity. – Movements of Brant. – Brant deceived by Boys. – Death of Lieutenant Wormwood. – Shrewdness of
Sitz. – "Brant’s Rock." – Morning Scene near Cherry Valley. – Light. – Departure for Albany. – Woodworth’s Battle. – Descent of Tories upon "Shell’s Bush." – Shell’s Block-house. – Capture of M‘Donald. – Luther’s Hymn. – Death of Shell and his Son. – Cessation of Hostilities. – Departure from Fort Plain. – Albany. – Hendrick Hudson. – Early History of Albany. – Fort Orange. – First Stone House. – The Church. – The Portrait of Hudson. – Kalm’s Description of Albany. – Its Incorporation. – Destruction of Schenectady. – Colonial Convention. – Walter
Wilie. – Proceedings of the Colonial Convention. – Names of the Delegates. – Plan of Union submitted by Franklin. – Early Patriotism of Massachusetts. – Albany in the Revolution. – General Schuyler’s Mansion. – Return to New York.
Departure for Wyoming. – Newark and its Associations. – The old Academy. – Trip to Morristown. – Arrival at Morristown. – Kimble’s Mountain. – Fort Nonsense. – September Sunset. – The "Head-quarters." – Spirit and Condition of the Continental Army. – Place of Encampment. – Free-masonry. – Inoculation of the Army. –
Jenner. – Proclamation of the Brothers Howe. – Disappointment of the People. – Washington’s counter Proclamation. – Opposition to Washington’s Policy. – His Independence and Sagacity. – Good Effect of his Proclamation. – Winter Encampment at Morristown. – The Life-guard and their Duties. – Pulaski and his Cavalry. – Effect of Alarum Guns. – Sufferings and Fortitude of the Army. – Sterling’s Secret Expedition. – Extreme Cold. – Chevalier
Luzerne. – Death of Miralles. – Mutiny at Morristown. – Excuses for the Movement. – Injustice toward the Soldiers. – Policy and Success of Wayne. – Final Adjustment of Difficulties. – Emissaries of Sir Henry Clinton. – Patriotism of the Mutineers. – Fate of the Emissaries. – Mutiny of the New Jersey Line. – Prompt Action of Washington. – Success of Howe. – Illustrations of Washington’s Character. – Prohibition of Gambling. – Washington’s religious Toleration. – Anecdote of Colonel Hamilton. – Room occupied by Washington. – View of an Eclipse of the Moon. – Reflections. – Finances of the Revolutionary Government. – Emission of Bills of Credit. – Continental Paper Money. – Form of the Bills. – Devices and Mottoes. – Paul Revere and cotemporary Engravers. – New Emissions of Continental Bills. – Plans for Redemption. – Counterfeits issued by the Tories. – First coined Money. – Depreciation of the Paper Money. – Confusion in Trade. – Foreign and Domestic Debt. – Specie Value of the Bills. – Unjust Financial Law. – Washington’s Deprecation of it. – Hopes of the Tories. – Cipher Writing of the Loyalists. – Charge against General Greene. – Excitement throughout the Country. – Riot in Philadelphia. – Convention at Hartford. – Battle-ground at Springfield. – Invasion by General
Knyphausen. – Clinton’s Designs. – Plan of the Springfield Battle. – Washington deceived by Clinton. – Second Invasion under
Knyphausen. – Disposition of opposing Troops. – The Battle. – Partial Retreat of the Americans. – Burning of Springfield. – Retreat of the Enemy. – Colonel Barber. – Connecticut Farms. – Murder of Mrs. Caldwell. – Her Murderer identified. – Timothy Meeker and his Sons. – His Idea of a Standing Army. – Burial-ground at Elizabethtown. – Caldwell’s Monument. – Dickinson’s Tomb. – Boudinot’s Vault. – Death of Mr. Caldwell. – Execution of his Murderer. – Mr. Caldwell’s Funeral. – His Orphan Family. – Old
Elizabethport. – Ancient Tavern and Wharf. – Fortification of the Point. – Naval Expedition. – Franklin Stove. – Capture of a Provision Ship. –
Privateering. – "London Trading." – "Liberty Hall." – Designs against Governor Livingston. – Scenes at "Liberty Hall." – Spirit of Governor Livingston’s Daughters. – Sketch of the Life of Livingston. – Arrival at
Middlebrook. – Place of the Encampment of the American Army. – Howe’s Stratagem. – Skirmishes. – Clinton’s Operations in New Jersey. – Disposition of the American Forces. – Encampment at
Middlebrook. – Pluckemin. – Steuben’s Head-quarters. – Recollections of Mrs. Doty. – Visit to the Camp-ground. – "Washington’s Rock." – View from it. – View from Washington’s Rock. – Another similar Rock at Plainfield. – Celebration at Pluckemin in 1779. – Incident at
Pluckemin. – Departure from Middlebrook. – Somerville. – Incidents by the Way. – Arrival at Easton. – Sullivan’s Expedition. – Indian Council. – Whitefield and Brainerd.
Departure for Wyoming. – Nazareth. – Its Origin. – A chilling Mist. – Nap in the Coach. – Passage through the Wind-gap. – The great Walk. – Roscommon Tavern. – An Office-hunter. – Ascent of the Pocono. – The Mountain Scenery. – Solitude of the Region. – A Soldier Coachman. – First View of Wyoming. – A charming Landscape. – Arrival at
Wilkesbarre. – Charles Minor, Esq. – His Picture of old Wyoming. – Ancient Beauty and Fertility of Wyoming. – Campbell’s "Gertrude of Wyoming." – Its Errors. – First Tribes in the Valley. – Count
Zinzendorf. – Jealousy of the Indians. – Attempt to murder him. – Providential Circumstance. – Toby’s Eddy. – Zinzendorf’s Camp-ground. – Alienation of the Indians. – Gnadenhutten. – The Susquehanna Company. – Purchase of Wyoming. – The Delaware Company. – Opposition of Pennsylvanians. – Death of
Teedyuscung. – Hostilities between the "Yankees" and "Pennymites." – Erection of Forts. – Capture of
Durkee. – Surrender of Ogden. – Treatment of Ogden. – Another Attack on the Yankees. – Capture of Fort
Durkee. – Pennymites Expelled. – New Fortifications. – Close of the Civil War. – Organization of a Government. – Effort to adjust Difficulties. – "Lawyers and Bull-frogs." – Peace and Prosperity of Wyoming. – Renewal of Hostilities. – Action of Congress. – Expedition of Plunkett. – The Colonies before the Revolution. – Indian Outrage. – Indian Speech. – Colonel Butler deceived. – Strangers in Wyoming. – Suspicions of the People. – The
Wintermoots. – Erection of a Fort. – Counteraction of the old Settlers. – Affair on the Millstone River. – Alarm in Wyoming. – Condition of the Settlement. – Apathy of Congress. – Patriotism of Wyoming Women. – Approach of Indians and Tories. – Preparations for Defense. – Council of War. – Position of the Wyoming Forts. – Decision of the Wyoming People. – Preparations for Battle. – Forces of the Enemy. – Campbell’s Injustice toward Brant. – Disposition of the Belligerents for Battle. – Speech of Colonel Zebulon Butler. – The Attack. – Colonel Zebulon Butler. – Battle of Wyoming. – Denison’s Order mistaken. – Retreat of the Americans. – Scene at Monocasy Island. – Escape of Colonels Butler and Denison. – Cruelties of the Indians. – Scene at "Queen Esther’s Rock." – Queen Esther. – Cruelties of Queen Esther. – Scenes at Forty Fort. – Negotiations for a Surrender. – Escape of Colonel Zebulon Butler. – Surrender of the Fort. – Treaty Table. – Conduct of the Tories. – Bad Faith of the Indians. – The Treaty. – Flight of the People over the Pocono. – Incidents of the Flight. – Providential Aid of Mr.
Hollenback. – Preservation of Papers. – Picture of the Flight. – Story of the Fugitives published at Poughkeepsie. – Errors of History. – Bad Faith of the Invaders. – Departure of the Invaders from the Valley. – Indian Cruelties. – Arrival of Succor. – Expedition against the Indians. – Return of Settlers. – Continued Alarm. – Murder of Mr. Slocum. – Sullivan’s Expedition. – Situation of Wyoming.
Present Scenery in Wyoming. – Allusion to Campbell’s Farm. – Visit to Kingston and Forty Fort. – The "Treaty Table" at Forty Fort. – Site of the Fort. – Visit to the Monument. – Inscription upon it. – Efforts to erect the Wyoming Monument. – Success of the Ladies. – Incidents of the Battle. – The Inman Family. – Residence and Grave of Colonel Zebulon Butler. – Mr. Slocum and his Family History. – Abduction of his Sister. – Mrs. Slocum’s Presentiments. – A Foundling. – Disappointment. – Singular Discovery of the "lost Sister." – Interview between the "lost Sister" and her white Kindred. – Her Narrative. – Her Condition. – Children and Grandchildren. – A Sabbath in Wyoming. – Visit to Mrs. Myers. – Incidents of her Life. – Escape of her Father and Brother from Indians. – Revival of Civil War in Wyoming. – Decree of Trenton. – Its Effect. – Injustice toward the "Yankees." – Inaction of Congress. – Great Deluge in Wyoming. – Danger and Distress of the Inhabitants. – Reappearance of the Soldiers. – Renewal of Hostilities. – Armstrong’s Expedition. – Stratagem. – Change in Public Sentiment. – The Censors. – Appeal for Relief. –
Luzerne. – Timothy Pickering in Wyoming. – Organization of the County. – Memoir of Pickering. – New Difficulties in Wyoming. – John Franklin. – Arrest of Franklin. – Ethan Allen. – Pickering’s Escape to Philadelphia. – His Return. – Abduction and Treatment. – Wyoming quieted. – Departure from Wyoming. – A Yankee Lumberman. – Carbondale. – The Coal Mines. – Fatal Accident. – Heroic Benevolence of Mr.
Bryden. – Escape of Mr. Hosea. – Effects of the Concussion. – Entrance and Exploration of the Mine. – Interior Appearance. – Fossils. – Ascent from the Mine. – Night Ride. – A Grumbler. – Change in the Coal Region. – A Coach Load. – Result of Politeness. – Bad Coach and Driver. – Milford. – The
Sawkill. – Delaware River and Valley. – Port Jervis. – The Neversink Valley. – Shawangunk Mountains. – Orange and Rockland.
Poughkeepsie. – Origin of its Name. – Condition of the State in 1777. – Meeting of the Legislature at Kingston and Poughkeepsie. – State Convention. – Federal Constitution. – Ann Lee. –
Huddlestone. – State Convention at Poughkeepsie. – Patriot Pledge. – Federal Constitution. – The Federalist. – The Livingston Mansion. – Henry A. Livingston, Esq. – Kingston, or
Esopus. – Its Dutch Name. – Early Settlement at Kingston. – Indian Troubles. – The Huguenots. – Formation of the State Constitution. – Completion and Adoption of the Constitution. – Its Character. – Subsequent Constitutions. – Effects of a Mixture of Races. – Marauding Expedition up the Hudson. – Landing at Kingston. – Burning of the Town. – Rhinebeck Flats. – Livingston’s Manor. – An Advantage thrown away. – Gates’s Letter. – Loyalists. –
Rondout. – An Octogenarian. – Landing-places of the British. – A frightened Dutchman. – Departure for the North. – Ride to the Hoosick Valley. – Van Schaick’s Mills. – Place of the Bennington Battle-ground. – Baume’s Dispatch. – Foraging Expedition to Bennington. – Burgoyne’s Instructions. – Baume’s Indian Allies. – Skirmish near Cambridge. – Measure for defending New Hampshire. – Langdon’s Patriotism. – Raising of Troops. – General Stark. – Stark’s Refusal to accompany Lincoln. – Censure of Congress. – The Result. – Movements to oppose
Baume. – Life of Stark. – Preparations for Battle. – Disposition of the Enemy’s Troops. – English Plans of Battles. – Errors, and Difficulties in Correction. – Skirmishing in the Rain. – The Hessian Encampment. – A bellicose Clergyman. – Stark’s Promise and Fulfillment. – Commencement of the Battle of Bennington. – Terror and Flight of the Indians. – Victory for the Americans. – Second Battle. – Pursuit of the Enemy. – Loss in the Battle. – Stark’s Popularity. – Visit to the Battle-ground. – Anecdotes. – View of the Walloomscoick Valley. – Incident while Sketching. – Insurrection in that Vicinity. – Its Suppression. – Stark and Governor
Chittenden. – End of the Insurrection. – Ride to Troy. – The Housatonic Valley. – Danbury.
Tryon’s Expedition to Danbury. – Trumbull’s "M‘Fingal." – Life of the Author. – Landing of the British at Compo. – Object of the Expedition. – Rising of the Militia. – Character of the People. – Enemy’s March to Danbury. – Entrance into the Village. – Anecdotes of Holcomb and Hamilton. – Officers’ Head-quarters. – Imprudence of some Citizens. – Retaliation of the British. – Destruction of Stores and of the Village. – Estimated Damage. – Revolutionary Men. – Levi Osborn. – Joel Barlow. – The
Sandemanians. – Obscurity of Wooster’s Grave. – Resolves of Congress. – A centenarian Loyalist. – Treatment by his Neighbors. – Tory Guides. – Night Ride toward Ridgefield. – Return to Danbury. – Ridgefield. – Military Movements. – The British attacked by Wooster. – Return Fire. – Death of Wooster. – Sketch of his Life. – Approach of Arnold. – Barricade at Ridgefield. – Bravery of Arnold. – Narrow Escape. – March to Compo. – Skirmishes. – Erskine’s Maneuver. – The Connecticut Militia. – Action of Congress concerning Arnold. – Place where Wooster fell. – Relic of the Revolution. – Reading. – Threatened Mutiny there. – Putnam’s Speech. – Putnam at Greenwich. – Tryon’s Expedition to
Horseneck. – Skirmish at Greenwich. – Defeat of the Americans. – Escape of Putnam. – Putnam’s Hill. – Its present Appearance. – Norwalk. – Fitch’s Point. – Landing of Tryon at Norwalk. – Destruction of the Village. – Conduct of
Tryon. – Scenes at Darien Church. – Visit to Gregory’s Point. – The Cow Pasture. – Ancient Regulations. – Grummon’s Hill. – Nathaniel Raymond. – Time of Tryon’s Landing. – Departure from Norwalk. – New England Villages. – The Green at Fairfield. –
Pequots. – Destruction of the Pequots. – Greenfield Hill. – Dwight’s Poem. – Journey to New Haven. – A Stroll to East Rock. – East Rock. – View from its Summit. –
Quinnipiack. – Settlement of New Haven. – Organic Law of the New Haven Colony. – The "Regicides." – The Concealment. – Friendship of Davenport. – Narrow Escape. – Goffe at Hadley. – Colonel
Dixwell. – Tomb-stones of the Regicides. – Stamp Act Proceedings. – Treatment of the Stamp-master. – Joy on the Repeal of the Act. – Patriotism of the People. – Boldness of Benedict Arnold. – March of Arnold and his Company to Cambridge. – Expedition under
Tryon. – Landing of the Troops near New Haven. – Alarm in New Haven. – Bravery of the Militia. – Battle on Milford Hill. – West Bridge. – Death of Campbell. – Campbell’s Grave. – Entrance of the Enemy into New Haven. – Dr. Daggett and his Treatment. – Landing of
Tryon. – Conduct of the Enemy. – People on East Rock. – Evacuation by the British. – Destruction of Fairfield. – Dwight’s Account of the Destruction of Fairfield. – Tryon’s Apology. – Extent of the Destruction. – The Buckley House. – Treatment of Mrs. Buckley. – Interference of General
Silliman. – Humphrey’s Elegy on the Burning of Fairfield. – Tryon’s Retreat from Fairfield. – Journey resumed. – Return to New Haven. – Visit to West Bridge and other Localities. – The Cemetery. – Humphrey’s Monument. – The Grave of Arnold’s Wife. – Her Character. – Colonel
Humphreys. – Arnold’s Disaffection. – Dr. Eneas Munson. – Death of Colonel
Scammell. – His Epitaph by Humphreys. – Nathan Beers. – Yale College. – Its political Character in the Revolution. – A Tory Student.
New England and its Associations. – Arrival at Hartford. – Continuation of the Storm. – First Settlement at Hartford. – First Meeting-house in Connecticut. – Government organized. – Union of New England Colonies. – Conjunction of New Haven and Connecticut Colonies. – James II. – Quo
Warranto. – Governor Andross. – The "Charter Oak." – Concealment of the Charter. – Expulsion of
Andross. – Accident at Hartford. – Washington’s Conference with Rochambeau. – Conference at the Webb House. – Its Object. – Junction of the allied Armies. – Attempt on New York. – Windsor. – Connecticut Historical Society. – Dr. Robbins’s Library. – Brewster’s Chest. – The Pilgrim Covenant. – Names of the Pilgrims. – Hand-writing of the Pilgrims. – Robinson’s short Sword. – Ancient Chair. – Putnam’s Tavern Sign. – Other interesting Relics. – The Connecticut Charter. – Ride to Wethersfield. – Arrival at Boston. – The May Flower. – Rise of the Puritans. – Bishops Hooper and Rogers. – Henry VIII. – Elizabeth. – Puritan Boldness. – Position of Elizabeth. – The Separatists. – Puritans in Parliament. – James I. – Robinson. – Character of the Puritan Pilgrims. – Preparations to sail for America. – Departure from
Delfthaven. – The May Flower. – Exploration of the Coast. – Attacked by Indians. – First Sabbath of the Pilgrims in New England. – Landing on Plymouth Rock. – Founding of Plymouth. – Destitution and Sickness. – Death of Carver. – Election of Bradford. – Defiance of the Indians. – Condition of the Colony. – Further Emigration from England. – Winslow. – Standish. – Settlement of Weymouth. – Shawmut. – Settlement of Endicott and others at Salem. – Arrival of Winthrop. – Founding of Boston. – Progress of free Principles. – The Puritan Character. – Witchcraft. – English Laws on the Subject. – The Delusion in New England. – Effects of the Delusion. – Religious Character of the Puritans. – Mildness of their Laws. – The representative System. – Influx of Immigrants. – Trade of the Colony. – First coined Money. – Marriage of the Mint-master’s Daughter. – The Quakers’ Conduct and Punishment. – Origin of the Quakers. – Their Peculiarities. – Sufferings in America of those calling themselves Quakers. – Arrival of
Andross. – His Extortions. – Revolution in England. – Government of Massachusetts. – Hostilities with the French. – First American Paper money. – Prowess of Colonial Troops. – The French and Indian War. – The Revolutionary Era. – First Step toward Absolutism. – Democratic Colonies. – Board of Trade. – Courts of Vice-admiralty. – Commercial Restrictions. – First Act of Oppression. – Colonial Claims to the Right of Representation. – The Right acknowledged. – Governor Burnet. – Wisdom of Robert Walpole. – Restraining Acts. – Loyalty and Patriotism of the Colonies. – Heavy voluntary Taxation. – Designs of the British Ministry. – Expenditures of the British Government on Account of America. – Accession of George III.
Death of George II. announced to his Heir. – Influence of the Earl of Bute. – Cool Treatment of Mr. Pitt. – Character of
Bute. – His Influence over the King. – Discontents. – Resignation of Pitt. – Secret Agents sent to America. – Writs of Assistance. – Opposition. – James Otis. – Episcopacy designed for America. – Enforcement of Revenue Laws. – Resignation of
Bute. – Grenville Prime Minister. – Opposition to Episcopacy. – The Stamp Act proposed. – Right to tax the Americans asserted. – Stamp Act not new. – Postponement of Action on it. – Opposition to Taxation by the Colonies. – Instructions to their Agents. – The Stamp Act introduced in Parliament. –
Townshend. – Barré’s Speech rebuking Townshend. – His Defense of the Americans. – Effect of his Speech. – Passage of the Stamp Act. – Excitement in America. – A Congress proposed. – The Circular Letter of Massachusetts. – Mrs. Mercy Warren. – Assembling of a Colonial Congress in New York. – Defection of Ruggles and Ogden. – The Proceedings. – Stamp-masters. – Franklin’s Advice to
Ingersoll. – Arrival of the Stamps. – Patrick Henry’s Resolutions. – "Liberty Tree." – Effigies. – Riot in Boston. – Destruction of private Property. – Attack on Hutchinson’s House. – Destruction of "Liberty Tree." – Destruction of Governor Hutchinson’s Property. – Character of the Rioters in Boston. – "Constitutional Courant." – Proceedings in Boston in Relation to the Stamp Act. – Effigies burned. – Effect of the Stamp Act. – Non-importation Associations. – The Non-importation Agreements. – Rockingham made Prime Minister. – Apathy in Parliament. – Domestic Manufactures. – Meeting of Parliament. – Speeches of Pitt and
Grenville. – Boldness of Pitt. – Proposition to repeal the Stamp Act. – Position of Lord Camden. – Repeal of the Stamp Act. – Causes that effected it. – Rejoicings in England and America. – Rejoicing in Boston. – Release of Prisoners for Debt. – Pyramid on the Common. – Poetic Inscriptions. – Hancock’s Liberality. – Liberality of Otis and others. – The Rejoicings clouded. – New Acts of Oppression. – Insolence of Public Officers. – Pitt created Lord Chatham. – Picture of his Cabinet by Burke. – New Scheme of Taxation. – Commissioners of Customs. – Fresh Excitement in the Colonies. – Increasing Importance of the Newspapers. – "Letters of a Pennsylvania Farmer." – Honors to John
Dickenson. – Massachusetts’s Circular Letter. – Boldness of Otis and Samuel Adams. – The
"Rescinders." – Treatment of a Tide-waiter. – Seizure of the Sloop Liberty. – Excitement of the People. – Public Meeting in Boston. – Attempted Bribery of Patriots. – Soundness of their Principles. – Proposed Convention in Boston. – Organization of the Meeting. – Governor Bernard’s Proclamation. – Meeting of the Convention. – Arrival of Troops at Boston. – Origin of Yankee Doodle. – Landing of the Troops. – Imposing Military Display. – Exasperation of the People. – Non-importation Associations. – The Duke of Grafton. – The King’s Speech, and the Response. – Proposed Re-enactment of a Statute of Henry VIII. – Lord North. – Colonel Barré’s Warnings. – General Gage in Boston. – No Co-operation. – Dissolution of Assemblies. – Bernard. – Departure of Governor Bernard for England. – Effect of the Non-importation Agreements. – Hillsborough’s Circular Letter.
Secret Workings of the Spirit of Liberty. – Brief Review. – Alternative of the Colonies. – The Newspaper Press. – Bickerstaff’s Boston Almanac. – Explanation of its Frontispiece. – Revival of the Terms "Whig" and "Tory." – Abuse of Mr. Otis. – Massachusetts Song of Liberty. – Evasion of the Non-importation Agreements. – Tea proscribed. – Spirit of the Women. – Spirit of the Boys. – Fracas at the Door of a Merchant. – Death of a Boy. – Its Effect on the Public Mind. – Pardon of the Murderer. – Riot in Boston. – Attack of the Mob upon the Soldiers. – Discharge of Musketry. – Three of the Citizens killed. – Terrible Excitement in Boston. – Delegation of Patriots before the Governor. – Boldness of the second Committee. – Concessions. – Removal of the Troops. – Defense of the Soldiers by Adams. – Result of the Trial. – New Ministerial Proposition. – Its Effects upon the Colonies. – James Otis. – The Boston Patriots. – Hutchinson made Governor. – His asserted Independence of the Assemblies. – Further Agitation in Boston. – Committees of Correspondence. – Letters of Hutchinson and others. – Petition for their Removal. – Franklin before the Privy Council. – Wedderburne’s Abuse. – Franklin’s Vow. – New Taxation Scheme. – East India Company. – Tea Ships sail for America. – Preparation for their Reception at Boston. – Treatment of the Consignees. – Hand-bills and Placards. – Arrival of Tea Ships. – Proceedings in Boston. – Monster Meeting at the "Old South." – Speech of Josiah Quincy. – Close of Quincy’s Speech. – Breaking up of the Meeting. – Destruction of Tea in the Harbor. – Apathy of Government Officials. – East India Company the only Losers. – Quiet in Boston. – A Smuggler punished. – Names of Members of the "Tea Party." – Age of Mr.
Kinnison. – Events of his Life. – Escape from Wounds during the Wars. – Subsequent personal Injuries. – No Knowledge of his Children. – His Person and Circumstances. – Speech at a "Free Soil" Meeting. – G. R. T.
Hewes. – Character and Patriotism of Hewes. – His Death. – Excitement in Parliament in Consequence of the Boston Tea Riot. – The Boston Port Bill proposed and adopted. – Debates in Parliament. – Apparent Defection of Conway and
Barré. – Burke. – Opposition in Parliament to the Boston Port Bill. – Passage of the Bill. – Goldsmith’s "Retaliation." – Epitaph for Burke. – Other oppressive Acts of Parliament. – Madness of Ministers. – Warnings of the Opposition unheeded. – The "Quebec Act." – Proceedings in Massachusetts on Account of the Port Bill. – Recall of Hutchinson. – Division of Sentiment. – Quebec Act. – Arrival of General Gage in Boston. – Meeting in Faneuil Hall. – Excitement among the People. – Newspaper Devices. – Real Weakness of the British Ministry. – Newspaper Poetry. – The Snake Device.
General Gage at Boston. – Proceedings of the Massachusetts Assembly. – Proposition for a General Congress. – Boldness of the Patriots. – Attempt to Dissolve the Assembly. – The "League." – Appointment of Delegates to a Continental Congress. – Denunciation of the "League." – Closing of the Port of Boston. – Peaceable Resistance of the People. – Preparations for War. – Recantation of the Hutchinson Addressors. – Spirit of the American Press. – Zeal of the Committees of Correspondence. – Their importance. – Fortification of Boston Neck. – Attempted Seizure of Arms and Ammunition at Cambridge. – Alarm concerning Boston. – Convention in Boston. – Revolutionary Town Meetings. – Order for Convening the Assembly countermanded. – Meeting of the Assembly. – Appointment of Committees of Safety and Supplies. – Appointment of military Officers. – Spiking of Cannons. – Efforts of Franklin and others. – Counteraction by Adam Smith and others. – Proceedings in Parliament. – Appearance of Pitt in Parliament. – His Speech on American Affairs. – His conciliatory Proposition. – Virtual Declaration of War against the Colonies. – Warm Debates in Parliament. – Chatham and Franklin. – Gibbon and Fox. – John Wilkes in Parliament. – His Character and Career. – Bill for destroying the New England Fisheries. – A conciliatory Bill. – Singular Position of Lord North. – His Triumph. – Action of the London Merchants. – The moral Spectacle in the Colonies. – Carrying Ammunition out of the City. – Detection. – Hostile Movements of Gage. – Counteraction of the Whigs. – British Expedition to Concord. – Its Discovery by the Americans. – Lexington aroused. – Midnight March of the Enemy. – The British Troops and Minute Men at Lexington. – Conduct of Major Pitcairn. – Battle on Lexington Common. – The Concord People aroused. – Assembling of the Militia. – Concord taken Possession of by the Enemy. – Colonel Barrett. – Destruction of Property in Concord. – Rapid Augmentation of the Militia. – Preparations for Battle. – March toward the Bridge. – Battle at Concord Bridge. – Retreat of the British to the Village. – The Scalping Story explained. – Retreat of the Enemy from Concord. – Their Annoyance on the Road by the Militia. – Re-enforcement from Boston. – Junction of the Troops of Percy and Smith. – Their harassed Retreat to Charlestown. – Skirmish at West Cambridge. – British Encampment on Bunker Hill. – Quiet the next Day. – General Effect of these Skirmishes. – Unity of the American People. – Massachusetts Provincial Congress. – Accounts of the Battles sent to England. – Excitement in London. – Government Lampooned. – List of the Names of the first Martyrs.
Preparations for Raising an Army in Massachusetts. – Zeal of the Committee of Safety. – Circular of the Provincial Congress. – Army collected at Boston. – Organization of the Troops. – Preparations to Besiege the City. – Issue of Paper Money. – Gage’s Restrictions. – Gloomy Prospects of the People of Boston. – Arrangements with the Selectmen. – Perfidy of Gage. – Benevolence of the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts. – Efforts of other Colonies. – Organization of the Army. – Increase of British Troops in Boston. – Arrival of experienced Officers. – Operations in the Vicinity. – American Military Works. – Disposition of the American Troops. – Preparations for Blockading Boston. – Charlestown and adjacent Grounds. – Night March to Bunker and Breed’s Hill. – A Fortification planned on Bunker Hill. – British Vessels in Boston Harbor. – Construction of the Redoubt on Breed’s Hill. – Discovery of the Works by the Enemy. – Surprise of the People of Boston. – Cowardice of the Tories. – Crossing of a British Force from Boston to Charlestown. – Bravery of Prescott. – New England Flag. – Excitement in Cambridge. – Re-enforcements for both Parties. – Sufferings of the Provincials. – Warren and Pomeroy. – March of the British toward the Redoubt. – Position of the American Troops. – Cannonade of the Redoubt. – The British Artillery. – Silence of the Americans. – Terrible Volleys from the Redoubt. – Flight of the Enemy. – Burning of Charlestown. – Second Repulse of the British. – Re-enforced by Clinton. – Ammunition of the Americans exhausted. – Death of Colonel Gardner. – Third Attack of the British. – Storming of the Redoubt. – Death of Warren and Pitcairn. – Confusion of the Americans. – Efforts of Putnam to Rally them. – Cessation of the Battle. – The Loss. – Spectators of the Battle. – Reflections on the Battle. – Burgoyne’s Opinion of the Conflict. – The Character of Warren. – The Energy, Boldness, and Patriotism of Warren. – Masonic Honors to his Memory. – The old Monument on Breed’s Hill. – Character of the Troops engaged in the Battle on Breed’s Hill. – Monument to Warren ordered by Congress.
Boston Common. – Trip to Concord. – Major Barrett. – His Connection with the Revolution. – Concealment of Stores at Concord. – Concord Monument. – The Village. – Ride to Lexington. – The Lexington Monument. – The "Clark House" and its Associations. – Tradition of the Surprise. – Abijah Harrington. – Incidents of the Battle at Lexington. – Jonathan Harrington and his Brother. – Anniversary Celebration at Concord in 1850. – Ride to Cambridge. – Early History of the Town. – Washington’s Head-quarters. – Description of Washington’s Head-quarters at Cambridge. –
Phillis, the black Poet. – Washington’s Letter to Phillis. – The "Riedesel House." – Description of the Place by Baroness
Riedesel. – Attestation of the genuineness of Phillis’s Poetry. – Autograph of
Riedesel. – The "Washington Elm." – Bunker Hill Monument. – Desecration of the Spot. – Description of Bunker Hill Monument. – View from its Chamber. – Its Construction and Dedication. – "Hancock" and "Adams." – View from Bunker Hill Monument. – The Past and the Present. – Dorchester Heights. – Condition of the Fortifications. – Mementoes of John Hancock. – The State House. – Chantrey's Washington. – Copp's Hill. – The Mather Tomb. – Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. – Colonial and other Relics. – Departure from Boston. – Appointment of a Commander-in-chief of the Continental Army. – Washington’s acceptance of the Office. – His Modesty. – Departure of Washington for the Camp. – Reception at New York, Watertown, and Cambridge. – Takes Command of the Army. – Council of War. – Character of the Army. – Punishments. – Riflemen. – Number of Troops in the Field. – A model Order. – Arrangement of the Army. – Location of the several Divisions. – Officers of the same. – General Joseph Spencer. – Relative Position of the belligerent Armies. – American Fortifications. – Emerson’s Picture of the Camp. – Action of Congress. – Treason of Dr. Church. – The New England Colonies. – Franklin’s Post-office Book. – The belligerent Armies at Boston. – Skirmishes and other hostile Movements. – Naval Operations on the Coast. – Navy Boards. – Capture of Ammunition. – Attempt to seize Manly. – Repulse of
Linzee. – Scarcity of Powder. – Expected Sortie. – Fortifications on Plowed Hill. – Heavy Bombardment. – Condition of Troops and People in Boston. – American Hand-bills in the British Camp. – Opinions concerning the Provincials. – Plan for relieving Boston. – Council of War. – Situation of the Army. – Washington’s Complaints. – Gage recalled. – His Life and Character. – Loyal Address to Gage. – Superiority of Howe. – Fortifications in Boston. – The "Old South" described. – Officers frightened. – Harsh Measures, and Retaliation. – Congress Committee at Head-quarters. – Little Navy organized. – Floating Batteries. – Vessels of War authorized by Congress. – Letters of Marque and Reprisal. – Condition of the Army before Boston.
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Ornamental Head for Preface and Initial Letter-Introduction*Portrait and Signature of Columbus*Portrait of Isabella*Spanish Caravel*View of Palos*Ruins of the Pinzon Mansion*Landing of Columbus*Banner of the Expedition*Portrait of Sebastian Cabot*Portrait of Amerigo
Vespucci*Portrait of De Soto*Portrait of Verrazzani*Initial Letter*The Clermont*Portrait of Lieutenant General Burgoyne*Portrait of General Schuyler*Localities at Bemis's Heights*Portrait of Thaddeus Kosciusko*Battle-ground of Stillwater*Burgoyne's Encampment on the Hudson*House in which General Fraser died*Tomahawks*Fraser's Burial-place*Lady Ackland proceeding to the American Camp*Schuyler's Mill, Saratoga*Schuyler's Mansion*General Gates's Head-quarters at Saratoga*Plan of the Armies at Burgoyne's
Surrender*Fac-simile of the Signatures of Burgoyne and Gates*View of the Place where the British laid down their Arms*Site of the first Interview between Gates and Burgoyne*Medal struck in Honor of General Gates and his Army*Portrait of Silas
Deane*The Riedesel House, Saratoga*Cellar of the Riedesel House*General Schuyler and Baroness
Riedesel*Place where Lovelace was executed*Bloody Run*Fort Miller, Fording-place*Fort Edward*Balm of Gilead at Fort Edward*Diagram illustrating a Fortification*Jane M'Crea Tree, Fort Edward*A River Bateau*Jane M'Crea Spring*Grave of Jane
M'Crea*Colonel Cochran's Monument*Mouth of Fort Edward Creek*A curious Skull*Two Sides of a
Cross-pistareen*View below Glenn's Falls*Williams's Rock*Portrait of King
Hendrick*Bloody Pond*Fort William Henry*Ruins of the Citadel of Fort George*Head of Lake George*Long Point and Vicinity*Sabbath Day Point*Lake George and part of Lake Champlain*Rogers's Rock*Ground Plan of Fort Ticonderoga*Portrait of Isaac Rice*Ruins at Ticonderoga*The Bakery*View from the Top of Mount
Detiance*Portrait of General St. Clair*Site of Fort Anne*Major Israel Putnam in British Uniforms*Battle-ground near Fort Anne*View at Putnam's Rock*The Battle-ground at
Hubbardton*Plan of the Battle*Head-stone, Mount Independence*View from Sholes's Landing*Plan of the Fort*Crown
Point*Inscibed Stone*Well at Crown Point*Virtual Representation a Caricature*Split Rock*Burgoyne addressing the Indians*Tomb of Ethan Allen*Scene of Arnold's Naval Battle*Plan of Arnold's first Engagement*Plan of Arnold's second Engagement*Washington's Hair-powder Pouch*Isle Aux
Noix, in the Sorel*Military Establishment at St. John's*Fort at Chambly*St. John's, on the Richelieu River*Portrait of Lord George
Germain*French Canadian House*Canadian Peasant Girl*Beloeil Mountain*Portrait of Francois
Yest*A Thunderstruck Rock*A Caleche -
Aurora Borealis*Grey Nun Praying*View of Montreal and its Walls in 1760*Signature of Ethan Allen*Portrait of Sir Guy Carleton*Walls of Quebec*View of Point Levi from Durham Terrace*Wolfe's Ravine*Portrait of General Wolfe*Wolfe's Monument*Norridgewock Falls, 1775*Arnold's Route through the Wilderness, 1775*St. John's Gate*Cape Diamond*Place where Arnold was wounded*Palace Gate, outside*Portrait of General Montgomery*Montgomery's Monument*Palace Gate, inside*Temperance
Cross*Montmorenci Falls*Wolfe and Montcalm's Monument*The Cascades, or St. Ann's Rapids*Cedar's Rapids, at St. Timothy*Lumber Raft on the St. Lawrence*Cairn*Sheldon House*Wind-mill Point*Portrait and Signature of Lord
Aherst*Bomb-proof Tower*Oswego in 1755*Forts at Oswego*Remains of New Fort, Oswego*View of Oswego and the Fort in 1798*View of Oswego Harbor, 1848*Portrait of Mrs. Cochran*Distant View of Fort Niagara*Niagara Suspension Bridge*Sepulchral Stone*Site of Fort
Stanwix*Portrait of Sir William Johnson*Fort Johnson*Caughnawaga Church*Guy Park*Portrait of Colonel Gansevoort*Order of March of St. Leger's Forces*Portrait of Colonel Marinus Willett*Battle-ground of
Oriskany*Bowl of a Pipe*Fort Schuyler and Vicinity*Old Stone Church, German Flats*The Pulpit of the Church*Fort Herkimer*Portrait of Joseph Brant*Hieroglyph of
Teyendagages, or Little Hendrick*Hieroglyph of Kanadadea. or Hans*Signature and Hieroglyph of King
Hendrick*Cross of Kanadagea*Cross of Tinyahasara, or Little Abraham*Signature of Daniel*Excavations at Little Falls*View of Little Falls*View below Moss Island*General Herkimer's Residence*Herkimer's Grave*Castle Church*Fort Plain*Fort Plain
Block-house*Lipe's House*Old Parsonage and Church*Armed Settlers*Signature of Walter Butler*Portrait of General Sullivan*Order of March against the Indians*The Butler House*Signature of John Butler*North Front of Johnson Hall*Signature of Sir John Johnson*Vignette on Sir William Johnson's Diploma*The Kane House*Portrait, House, and Signature of J.
Dievendorf*Mansion of Judge Campbell*Distant View of Cherry Valley*Brant's Rock*Portrait of Hendrick Hudson*Schuyler's Mansion at Albany*Washington's Head-quarters at
Morristwon*Schuyler's Head-quarters at Morristown*Fac-simile of the Continental Paper
Money*Fac-simile of the Money coined in the United Sates*Cipher Alphabet*Fac-simile of Cipher Writing*Old Apple-tree at Springfield*Mrs. Mathews's House*Caldwell's
Monument*Boundinot's Vault*Old Tavern at Elizabethport*Franklin's Stove*Liberty Hall*Portrait of Governor Livingston*Steuben's Head-quarters at
Middlebrook*Washington's Rock*Scene in the Wyoming Valley*Portrait of Count
Zinzendori*View near Toby's Eddy*Site of Wintermoot's Fort*Position of the Wyoming Forts*Signature of Colonel Z. Butler*The Susquehanna at Monocasy Island*Queen Esther's Rock*The Treaty Table*Wyoming Monument*Frances Slocum*Timothy Pickering*The Red House*Cars entering the Mines at Carbondale*Lamp of a Miner*Appearance of the Chambers in the Mines*View from the Shawangunk Mountains*The Van Kleek House, Poughkeepsie*The Livingstone Mansion*The Constitution House, Kingston*The Yeoman House*Monument in Church-yard, Kingston*View at the Mouth of the
Rondout*Van Schaick's Mill*Portrait of General Stark*Plan of the Battle of Bennington*The Bennington Battle-ground*Distant View of Campo*Head quarters of Agne and
Erskine*Dibble's Barn*Portrait of Joel Barlow*Portrait of Joseph Dibble*Portrait of General Wooster*Place of the Barricades, Ridgefield*Place where Wooster Fell*Putnam's Quarters*Putnam's Hill*Fitch's Point, the Landing-place of the British*Darien
Church*Grummon's Hill*The Green, Fairfield*The Regicides Tomb-stones*Arnold's Residence, New
Haven*Savin Rack*West Bridge and Milford Hill*Campbell's Monument*Landing-place of General
Tryon*The Buckley House*Humphreys's Monument*Portrait of Colonel Humphreys*Portrait of Dr. Eneas Munson*Signature of Nathan Beers*First Meeting-house in Connecticut*The Charter Oak*The Webb House*Elder Brewster's Chest, brought in the May Flower*Key of the
Chest*Fac-simile of the Signatures of the Pilgrims*Ancient Chair*Chopping-knife*Putnam's Tavern Sign*The old Colony Seal*Ancient Map of Massachusetts Bay*The Pine tree Shilling*The Beacon in
Boston*Fac-simile of the first American Paper Money*Seal of George III, the Purse, and Chancellor's Mace*Portrait of George III, at the Time of his Accession*Usual Appearance of King George III, 1776*Portrait of Queen Charlotte*Portrait of George
Grenville*Portrait of Colonel Barre*Liberty Tree*Portrait of Governor Hutchinson*Portrait of Charles, Marquis of Rockingham*Portrait of William Pitt*The Province House*Portrait of John
Dickinson*Feneuil Hall*Portrait of Augustus Henry, Duke of Grafton*Portrait of Lord North*Title-page of the Boston Almanac, 1770*Music of the Massachusetts Song of Liberty*The Old South Meeting-house*Signature of James Otis*Portrait of Lord Dartmouth*Portrait of David
Kinnison*Portrait of G. R. T. Hewes*Portrait of Edmund Burke*Hancock's House, Boston*Skull and Cross-bones*Disjointed Snake - device at the head of Newspapers*Portrait of Samuel Adams*View of Boston from Dorchester, 1774*View of the Lines on Boston Neck*Portrait of John Hancock*Medallion Likeness of Adam Smith*Portrait of Edward Gibbon*Medallion Likeness of John Wilkes*Clarke's House, Lexington*Skirmish at Lexington*Signature of Colonel James
Barret*Colonel Barret's House*Battle-ground at Concord*Reverse of a Massachusetts Treasury Note, 1775*Charlestown and adjacent Hills in 1775*Plan of the Redoubt on Breed's Hill*The New England Flag*Action on Breed's Hill*Portrait of Joseph Warren*Warren's Monument*Monument at Concord*Monument at Lexington*Near View of the Monument*Portrait of Jonathan Harrington*Washington's Head-quarters at Cambridge*The Riedesel House, Cambridge*Bunker Hill Monument*Signature of the Baroness
Riedesel*Chantrey's Statue of Washington*Mather's Vault*Cotton Mather's Writing*Speaker's Desk and Wintrop's Chair*King Philip's
Samp-pan*Captain Church's Sword*The Washington Elm, Cambridge*Boston with its Environs, 1776*The Pine-tree Flag*Signature of Governor Gage*British Fort on Bunker Hill*American Floating
Battery*Initial Letter Page*Gold Medal awarded to Washington*Medal struck in Honor of Lord North*Roxbury Fort*Ground Plan of the Fort*Initial Letter*Signatures of Uncas and his Sons*Uncas's Monument*Residence of General Huntington*Portrait of Jonathan Trumbull*Governor Trumbull's War Oflice*The Trumbull House*The Alden Tavern*The Williams House*The Trumbull Vault*Birth-place of Benedict Arnold*Governor Huntington's Mansion*Governor Huntington's Tomb*General Huntington's Tomb*Map of New London Harbor*New London Harbor, looking North*View of the Landing-place of Arnold*Monument at Groton*Portrait of Mrs. Bailey*Bishop Seabury's Monument*Initial Letter*Landing-place of Roger Williams*Signature of Roger Williams*Hopkins's Monument*Governor Cooke's Monument*Signature of Stephen Hopkins*Old Tavern in Providence*Stone Tower*Gaspee Point*Signatures of the Commissioners*Old Tower at Newport*Inscription on Dighton Rock*Prescott's Head-quarters*Perry's Monument*Topof Tonomyllill*Hubbard's House and Mill*Initial Letter*Portrait of Colonel William Barton*Prescott's Head-quarters*Portrait of D'Estaing*Plan of Operations upon Rhode Island in 1778*Scene of the Engagement on Rhode Island, August 29, 1778*Ancient Sycamore*Quaker Hill, from the Fort on Butts's Hill*View Northward from Butts's Hill*Portrait and Sign-manuel of King Philip*Three Signatures of chief Warriors of King Philip*Handwriting of Elliot and Gookin*Conannicut, or Dumplings Fort*Initial Letter*Washington's Head-quarters at Newburgh*The Dining-hall, or Room with seven Doors*Monument at Goshen*Signature of Lewis Nicola*Portrait of John Armstrong*Portrait of James Clinton*Remains of Fortifications at Plum Point*Head-quarters of Greene and Knox*Signatures of young Ladies on a pane of Glass*The Square, New Windsor*Residence of Mrs. Falls*The Temple*View of the Camp Ground*Ancient Stone House near the Temple*Portrait of Robert Burnet*Portrait of Usual Knapp*Signatures of the Officers of Washington s Life Guard*Banner of Washington's Life Guard*Fac Simile of a Return of the Commander-in-chiefs Guard*The Wharton House*Portrait of Enoch Crosby*Mutch Church, Fishkill*Trinity Church*The Verplanck House*Society of the Cincinnati Member's Certificate*Order of the Cincinnati*Initial Letter*Great Chain and Mortars*View from Fort Clinton, looking North*Koscuiszko's Garden*Koscuiszko's Signature*Interior of Fort Putnam*Signature of Bernard Romans*Plan of Fort Constitution*Plan of the Magazine*Signature of La Radiere*View of West Point in
17b0*Signature of Duportail*Map of West Point*Ruins of Fort Putnam, as seen from Fort Webb*View from Constitution Island*Arnold's Willow*The Robinson House*Portrait of Beverly Robinson*Portrait of Benedict Arnold*Fac Similes of a part of Arnold and Andre's Letters*Signature of Elisha Sheldon*Map showing the Scene of Arnold's Treason*Smith's House*Signature of Villefranche*Signature of Major Bauman*Fac Simile of Arnold's Pass*Signature of Joshua II. Smith*Initial Letter*Signatures of Arnold's Aids*The Breakfast Room*View at Beverly Dock*View near Fort Montgomery*Lake Sinnipink, or Bloody Pond*Portrait of Beverly Garrison*Picture of part of a Boom*Plan of Attack upon Fort Montgomery*View from Peekskill Landing*Signatures of Vaughan and Wallace*The Birdsall House*Signature of Philip Van Cortlandt*Paulding's Monument, and St. Peter's Church*View from Gallows Hill*Signature of Alexander M'Dougal*Signature of Samuel II. Parsons*Map of Vcrplanck's and Stony Points*Rear View at Stony Point*Portrait of General Wayne*Wayne's Monument*View of Stony Point from the Southwest*Fac Simile of Wayne's laconicDispatch to Washington*Gold Medal awarded by Congress to General Wayne*Medal awarded to Lieutenant-colonel De Fleury*Medal awarded to Major Stewart*Initial Letter*The Ferryman*King's Ferry Sign-board*View from Smith's House*View of the Place where Andre was captured*Colonel Jameson's Head-quarters*Ancient Dutch Church*Bridge over Sleepy Hollow Creek*The Vane*Communion-table*Receiving Tomb*Van Wart's Monument*View of "Sunnyside," the Residence of Washington Irving*View from the Ruins of the old Fort*The Livingston Mansion*Washington's Head-quarters at Tappan*Portrait of John Andre, from a Miniature, by himself*Major Andre, from a Pencil Sketch*Andre's Monument in Westminster Abbey*Portrait of Aaron Ogden*Major Andre, from a pen-and-ink Sketch, by himself*Place of Andre's Execution*The Captor's Medal*Ruins of a Forge near Rarnapo Village*Torn Rock*Remains of Intrenchments at the Ramapo Pass*The Hopper House*Hopper's Monument*Burr's Head-quarterstcg_rare
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Benson Lossing was an American
wood-engraver, author, and editor, whose Dutch ancestors settled in Albany, N.Y.
The only formal education he received was three years in the district schools in
New York. At age twenty-two he was joint editor and proprietor of the Poughkeepsie
Telegraph. He learned the art of engraving on wood, and in 1838 moved to
New York City where he established himself as a wood-engraver. From June 1839 to
May 1841 he edited and illustrated the weekly Family
Magazine. In 1848 Lossing conceived the idea of writing a narrative
sketchbook of scenes and objects associated with the American Revolution. Harper
& Brothers advanced him the funds to carry out the project, which ultimately
took the form of the Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution
in two large volumes. In gathering material for this work Lossing traveled more
than eight thousand miles in the United States and Canada. The book was
published in parts between 1850 and 1852, and gave Lossing a wide reputation.
For the next thirty-five years he was a prolific writer and editor of books
mostly on popular subjects in American history, including Our
Countrymen; or, Brief Memoirs of Eminent Americans (1855), The
Hudson, from the Wilderness to the Sea (1866), and A
Memorial of Alexander Anderson, M.D., the First Engraver on Wood in America
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Rare 1851 Revolutionary War Pictorial Field-book Lossing History Battles 1st Ed : $189