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The Story of Passover

About 3000 years ago the Israelites were enslaved by the Egyptians under the rule of the Pharaoh Ramses II. According to the Book of Exodus - Moses, a simple Jewish shepherd, was instructed by G-d to go to the pharaoh and demand the freedom of his people

Moses' plea of let my people go was ignored. Moses warned the Pharaoh that G-d would send severe punishments to the people of Egypt if the Israelites were not freed. Again the Pharaoh ignored Moses' request of freedom. In response G-d unleashed a series of 10 terrible plagues on the people of Egypt

  1. Blood
  2. Frogs
  3. Lice (vermin)
  4. Wild Beasts(flies)
  5. Blight (Cattle Disease)
  6. Boils
  7. Hail
  8. Locusts
  9. Darkness
  10. Slaying of the First Born

The holiday's name - Pesach, meaning "passing over" or "protection" in Hebrew, is derived from the instructions given to Moses by G-d . In order to encourage the Pharaoh to free the Israelites, G-d intended to kill the first-born of both man and beast. To protect themselves, the Israelites were told to mark their dwellings with lamb's blood so that G-d could identify and "pass over" their homes

The Pharaoh was unconvinced and refused to free the Jewish slaves

Until the last plague

When the Pharaoh finally agreed to freedom, the Israelites left their homes so quickly that there wasn't even time to bake their breads. So they packed the raw dough to take with them on their journey. As they fled through the desert they would quickly bake the dough in the hot sun into hard crackers called matzohs. Today to commemorate this event, Jews eat matzoh in place of bread during Passover

Though the Jews were now free, their liberation was incomplete. The Pharaoh's army chased them through the desert towards the Red Sea. When the Jews reached the sea they were trapped, since the sea blocked their escape

It was then that a miracle occurred. The waves of the Red Sea parted and the Israelites were able to cross to the other side. As soon as they all reached the other side the sea closed trapping the Pharaoh's army as the waves closed upon them

Then as the Israelites watched the waters of the Red Sea sweep away the Pharaoh's army they realized they were finally free

Passover celebrates this history. The first 2 nights of the 8 day holiday are celebrated with lavish meals called Seders in which the stories and history of Passover are celebrated. Special foods, plates, silverware are all a part of the Seder


Related Articles:
Yahrzeit Candle / Yizkor Service
Miriam's Cup
Why is this Night Different from all Other Nights
Five Easy Steps To A Seder Everyone Can Enjoy
The Passover Seder Plate

Add Comment
10:11 10/18/2011
i h8 work
elizabet from Kenya
04:44 09/23/2011
its a nice and good message
Emmanuel from Nigeria
12:36 09/22/2011
Good work, nice job, i was looking for a good summission on passover for bible study and i dabble into this site and i was blessed. God you more. Good work, nice job, i was looking for a good summission on passover for bible study and i dabble into this site and i was blessed. God you more.
Enise Dumesle
12:33 09/11/2011
Why is dash in the place of "O"?
Cutiecamille12 from Philippines
06:27 09/05/2011
Hello! to who ever made this im a grade 5 student and im doing thios for my assignment really nice story thanks!
Jordan from Australia
00:20 08/14/2011
Im doing this for an assignment and i find this story amazing.
melissa from United Kingdom (Great Britain)
14:56 05/10/2011
this story is amazing for the reality of the atmosphere. they sound harsh and painful.
23:05 04/20/2011
i love this story i am thankful for the jewish
Becky Parker from Alabama, US
08:53 04/20/2011
I am not Jewish. I am a Christian, but I was reading the history of the Passover because I do not have disrespect for other religions and was curious about the holiday. However, I notice God was spelled G-d. Why is that?
James from Arkansas, US
02:11 04/20/2011
Thank you for this summary. Very well written.

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